Letters and Papers: September 1539, 21-25

Pages 58-67

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 14 Part 2, August-December 1539. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1895.

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September 1539

[21 Sept.]
R. O.
Cromwell shall receive, signed, the bills which Mr. Hennege left with Denny unsigned. The King retains Cromwell's own bill to deliver to himself. The King is quiet and merry, considering God's goodness showed to him in his affairs, which by him and his ministers are so prudently handled as it passeth wishing. "God loving us will force us or rather overcome us with heaped benefits." Fears to trouble Cromwell, being already overbusied, "and, by Mr. Hennege's absence, compelled to wait." The More, this Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Sept.
R. O.
On the 12 Sept., I received possession, from Mr. Pollard and other commissioners, of the abbey of Reading and the demesnes as the late abbot left them. Mr. Vachell intends to labour to your lordship for part of the demesnes, a wood called the Kentwodde and the fishing of certain water here: your lordship knows how necessary is wood and fish to one who intends to keep an honest house in a place where many strangers doth resort. I beg your favour that he may not interrupt me. Reading, 21 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
21 Sept.
Titus F. III.
B. M
Arrived at Newcastle on 25 August last, and, in accordance with a letter from the Council, dated Wulfall, 11 Aug., we consulted with lord Dacre, Sir Thos. Wharton, John Heron of Chipches, and Edw. Charleton, for the apprehension of the offenders of Tyndale, the murderers of Roger Fenwike and takers of Sir Reynolde Carnabye, so that they should not flee into Scotland. It was agreed that Sir Thos. Warton should practise with lord Dacre's tenants and officers in Gillesland, with John Musgrave and others in the West Marches; that Heron and Charleton should practise with their friends in Tynedale, Riddesdale, and thereabouts, for the apprehension of the most notable offenders; and that Robert Colyngwood and John Horsley should be asked to assist. We remained at Newcastle for the administration of justice.
Before carrying out our plans, Heron received a letter from the lord Privy Seal, desiring him to compass the means that 12 of the most notable offenders of Tyndale should come in frankly and submit themselves. Thereupon he had communication with the Tynedales, who desired fifteen days to answer. To this he neither assented nor refused, but did not proceed to any further enterprise against them.
Meanwhile they kept so secret and close that we could not perceive whether their answer would be affirmative or negative: but, at the expiration of the time, the chief offenders, as men desperate of your mercy, refused to submit without your pardon, or make redress towards Scotland, to perform which they had no goods. The others, who do not esteem themselves guilty, answered that, if they might have redress for their just complaints against Scotland, they would make like redress, otherwise they could not.
We therefore proceeded in our devices to apprehend the most notable offenders. Robert Colyngwood, sheriff of Northumberland, sent ten light horse to Watirfall Rigge on Fylton More, between Tyndale and Riddisdale, and took some cattle belonging to the people, in hopes that the men of Tyndale would have pursued and fallen into an ambush; but they, suspecting such a thing, did not attempt a rescue. We fear it will be very difficult to apprehend them. We hear from Sir Thos. Wharton, that the principal offenders, after their refusal to submit, fed their horses and laid watches as men always in dread, being always ready to flee into Scotland. Since the setting at large of Sir Reynolde Carnabye, they have done no notable robberies, except a few foot thieves, who sometimes steal poor men's cattle, although there has been no officer to keep them in order since Carnabye's departure save only the persuasions of John Heron. How long they will continue, we doubt, as this season is so fit for their ill purposes. We think force must be used, as we wrote on Aug. 4. We enclose devices for executing the premises. We shall remain here till Oct. 14. Newcastle, 21 Sept. Signed by Robt. bp. of Llandaff, Sir W. Eure, Sir Thomas Tempest, Sir R. Ellerton, jun., Rob. Bowes, Wm. Babthorp, Rob. Chaloner, and John Uvedale.
Pp. 8. Add.
R. O. 2. "Devices for punishment, just correction, and reformation of the Tynedalis."
1. Proclamation to be made for them to submit before the _ (blank) day of _ (blank). 2. In our former letters Tyndale means North Tyndale; for South Tyndale is in good obedience. 3. The houses and winter provisions, of such as do not submit, to be burnt by three companies coming from the West Marches under Sir Thomas Wharton, from the East under Sir Wm. Eure, and from Durham and up the valley of Tyne under Sir John Wetherington. 4. If this cannot be done all on one day, the three companies must unite. 5. The next full moon after Michaelmas would be a convenient time to execute this. 5. Before this enterprise, a garrison of 300 men of Yorkshire and Durham to be put at the command of the deputy warden of the Middle Marches. 7. This garrison to remain in their lodgings on the day of the enterprise, so that their horses may be fresh to resist the "malicious incources" of the rebels of North Tyndale. 8. Every 50 of the said 300 to have an expert and active gentleman as their particular leader, and to be quartered on the frontiers of North Tyndale as follows. 9. The deputy warden or chief leader of the said garrison to make his headquarters at Hexham with 50 men. 10. Five or six score men to be lodged at Haydene Brigge, Willymontis Wike, Nicholas Crahawes house, Fetherstonhaugh, Carrawe, Langley, Hawtwisell, and other small "fortellettis" on the water of South Tyne. 11. The rest of the garrison to be lodged north and east of Hexham at Haughton, Gonnerton, Swyneburne, Chipches, &c. Six other articles about the treatment of the rebels, repair of Hartbottel Castel, &c. Signed by Robt. bp. of Llandaff, Sir Wm. Eure, Sir Thomas Tempest, Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., Robert Bowis, Wm. Babthorp, Robt. Chaloner, and Jo. Uvedale.
Pp. 7.
21 Sept.
R. O.
John Browne, the man of arms, has laid an information in the Exchequer against persons in Guisnes who have let their lands to strangers contrary to the Act of Parliament (27 Hen. VIII. c. 63). Both the takers and the letters have been summoned in the Exchequer. They say that, when the Act was proclaimed, they expected to have to leave the country, but, immediately after, the serjeants proclaimed in the churches that you had given them licence to tarry until the King's further pleasure was known. I wish to know whether you gave such commandment, for I can do nothing till I hear from you, as master Treasurer will show you. I have sent, by Court, of the retinue, two letters concerning the Cousward, and a letter that came from Paris. To-night, George Leonard, one of the retinue, is dead. I have given his room to one of my servants, in accordance with your promise. It would be a good deed to remember Goodall, your old servant, for the next vacant room. My lady is in good health, but she never went further than the chapel and her chamber since you left, and I think will not till your return, of which she will be very glad to hear, and I shall not be sorry. She makes me very good cheer. Calais, 21 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
21 Sept.
R. O.
Since your letter came, I was perplexd how to accomplish your wish for provision of wine. I proposed to send to Abbeville and also to St. Omer. However, I have been released of that care. Two ships laden with French wine have come here, from which I obtained two pieces of the best. John Owghters has been diligent in this. I have paid for it 14 crowns, at the rate of 21 crowns per tun. I send it you by Kirby. I have no little grudge in the town, because I gave so much for it, and had great trouble to get it, as the ships refused to unload. I sent you partridges by Nich. Eyres, and now I send you a partridge pasty, and a baked crane, praying you to present one of them to the Palsgrave. I trust you have got your sables, but the weather has been very bad. Whereas I wrote to you that I would rather have two lines in your own hand than a hundred in another man's, I did not mean in your ordinary business, but only of such secrets as you might think fit to communicate at your leisure. No woman ever thought her husband's absence longer than I have done. Also I wish to hear how you have sped with the King, beseeching you so to use yourself towards his Majesty, that it may be to your honor and profit. I beseech you trust to yourself; for, if redress be not now had, I know not when it will be. Advertise me if I shall send over your steward to make provision for beef, and whether you can provide him with money. The bearer will tell you how I have been treated by some since your departure. Clare is come home, but has brought no money, which grieves me not a little. I am sorry you did not ride to the King immediately on your coming to London, as you said you would. Had you done so, it would have been accepted. Now, I fear lest you should be circumvented by fair words. Leonard, who has 6d. a day is dead. Give his place to one of your own servants. Calais, 21 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
22 Sept.
Tanner, MS.
343 f. 32.
Burnet, VI. 234.
Supp. of Mon.
Came to Glastonbury on Friday last at 10 a.m. Went to the abbot, at Sharpham, about a mile from the abbey, and examined him on certain articles. As his answer was not to our purpose, advised him to call to mind what he had forgotten and tell the truth. Visited the abbey, searched his study, and found a book against the King's divorce from the lady Dowager, and divers pardons, copies of bulls, and the counterfeit life of Thos. Bequet in print; but could not find any letter that was material. Examined him again on the articles received from Cromwell. His answers which we send will show his cankered and traitorous heart. "And so, with as fair words as we could, we have conveyed him from hence unto the Tower, being but a very weak man and sickly." Will now proceed to discharge his servants and the monks. We have in money over 300l., and how much plate precisely we cannot yet say. Have found a gold chalice and other articles which the abbot hid from previous commissioners, and as yet he knows not we have found it. Desire to know to whom to deliver the custody of this house. It is the goodliest house of the sort we ever saw,—meet for the King and no man else; and we trust there shall never come any double hood within it again. There is never a doctor within that house, but three bachelors of divinity, meanly learned. Glastonbury, 22 Sept. Signed by Ric. Pollard, Thos. Moyle, and Ric. Layton.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Privy Seal.
22 Sept.
R. O.
I have received yours by Nich. Eyre. The one part, in which you write that you have been well entertained, and your journey shall be worth to you 1,000l., rejoiceth me much, but the other, wherein you say you will trust no fair words and do your own business with the King, pleaseth me much more. I trust no persuasions will move you from the same, but you will continue in your resolutions. I am glad you have had good communication with my lord Privy Seal. I have sent your sables by Ravon. Since my request that you should give the place of 6d. to one of your own servants, I hear you have given it to Sir Edw. Ryngeley. Remember who first complained of you for giving rooms to little men, as Worth and other, and setting them in the retinue, "howbeit I will not know it." Thank you for your credence by John Toborow. I am glad you answered as you did my lord Privy Seal; "and even so I pray you to hold him, for so shall you have best of him. And whereas he saith that you be ruled by me therein, he taketh his pleasure; but mine own good lord, if I had not both loved you a'drad you, he should never have had of me that he hath." I send you my tooth-picker, which I thought to have given to the Palsgrave while he was here, but it was not then at my hand. Please present it him. "I send it to him because when he was here I did see him wear a pen or call to pick his teeth with." Tell him I have had it seven years. Calais, 22 Sept. Signed.
You may keep your pasties, for, as the ship tarried, I have sent him another pasty of partridges. I am glad your partridges pleased you, "but I care not greatly if my lord Privy Seal had not had them." I bid you farewell as she that doth endure with as little sleep as any woman living.
Pp. 2. Add.
22 Sept.
R. O.
Since my lord Chamberlain (Sandys) promised to be his good lord, he, as well as Mr. Wallop, Mr. Porter, and Mr. Rowkewoode, have showed one evident sign of friendship and love. That is, they have commanded divers of every parish to appear before them at Guisnes Castle, as appears "by bills whereof the like is in every parish," and set their hands to a book of complaints against him, copies of which Sandys refused to give to those that signed, saying "it became them not to demand such things." The poor men have denied that they ever found any fault in him. Begs Cromwell not to give credit to the book. Calais, 22 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
R. O. 2. Monition to summon, in the King's name, the persons named in the schedule annexed, to appear before the captain of Guisnes at the castle, on Sunday 21 Sept.
P. 1. Headed: To the Curate of Froyton.
ii. Schedule annexed, with the following names—Peter Man, John Carpenter, sen., Symon Tyse, Nic. Logell, John Hollond, Cone Launce, Hugh Ballyard, Simon Snowe, Peter Best.
Glba B. x.,
B. M
After the enterprise of Castell Nuovo, the 7th ult., Barbarossa asked a castle called Ri[sano], in the Venetian territory. The answer was as you will see by the letters enclosed. (fn. 1) He then went to Cattaro, hoping his master would order him to take it, but seeing that the people prepared to defend themselves, he would not violate the truce without his master's commission, and left the place on the 21st and 22nd. On the 25th he entered the channel of Corfu, to go into the Levant. Some think he will stay some days in the Pr[evisa] to make his places secure against the Imperial army, and to make his enemies suspect some other enterprise. I do not think he will go to Constantinople, as some believe, but it is not likely he will make another enterprise this year. Doria was at Bryndytio with 44 galleys ready to defend the Kingdom (Naples). There are 40 more at Corfu and 48 in Dalma[tia], which will unite when Barbarossa's going to the Levant is ascertained.
The last letters from Constantinople, of the [6th] (fn. 2) ult., contain the news of the death of Lorenzo Gritti, which perhaps will prolong this so long desi[red] peace, for he had the treating of the whole matter.
Caesar would fain come into Italy, but is prevented by lack of money. He greatly desires peace or truce with the Turk, but is not likely to have either without the consent of France, to please whom things must be done which he will never consent to willingly.
22 Sept.
Galba B. x.,
105 b.
B. M
210. NEWS from ANTWERP.
From Antwerp, 18 Sept.
Some write that the bp. of Rome will in [any] wise have the signory of Syena, but I do no[t yet] hear of the return of Farnese from Spain. There is a new sickness at Rome, 100 dying in a day. The scarcity also increases there. I beg you to procure for me the licence of the corn.
As soon as the duke of Cleves knew "of the [being] there of the count Palatine, he hath sent there new [men] besides them that he hath there already. And h[ere] they be in great jealousy that their amity shall i ... to a double marriage with Cleves," and they therefore send the bearer to the count Palatine.
I hear that this Court shall have to do with m[oney], but I cannot know for what intent. The suspicion of war does not cease, for the French king is still upon the frontiers, making preparation for war. The mutiny at Guanto (Ghent) continues, and will be more important than was at first thought.
1b. f. 105. From Antwerp, 22 Sept.
By letters from Venice, Milan, and Geyna, Andrea Doria was "alle Prevose," toward Albanya, and had done some small hurts. Barbarossa was returning to the Levant, and it is thought that Doria will also retire; for, if they should meet, "it should be but a pear in a bear his mouth." Nothing is yet known of the accord between the Turk and the Venetians. Some have good hope of it, but others think the death of Lorenzo Grytti will "prolong" it.
Some letters state that the Turk, French Kiug, and Venetians, have agreed, to the hurt of the Emperor with whom your King is agreed. If so the King must furnish him with money, for he is very ill supplied. Cannot yet find out why this Court should have to make money. Munitions and other things might be conveyed by Gelders.
Pp. 2.
22 Sept.
Reform, III.
Yesterday, when the messenger brought your letters, I was engaged in turning an "aulicum scriptum" into Latin; for the Englishman has sent an envoy to our Prince, (fn. 3) and softens (I know not by what sophistry) those impious articles which he issued against the doctrine of the Gospel, and asks that we may not write against those articles—an impudent request. Our Prince replies, criticising those tyrannical articles and refusing to prohibit their being refuted. Being engaged with this writing, I have not yet been able to compose the epitaph, but will do it in the time of the fair. No news except these English affairs lowast lowast lowast lowast * * * 22 Sept.
22 Sept.
Poli Epp.,
II. 191
Are hourly expecting Montepulciano, upon whose news from the Emperor Pole is commanded to regulate his departure. The Nuncio wrote, upon Montepulciano's arrival at the Emperor's court, that Covos said the Emperor was not averse to Pole's being recalled to be employed in Germany or elsewhere. Is preparing accordingly to leave for Italy. The Nuncio also wrote that the Emperor had given up the idea of Pole's going to France. Ludovicus "tuus," or rather "noster," whose fever might have detained them, is better and ready to travel; so that there will be no delay, although, as he wrote, he would gladly have been spared the pressure of society at Rome. Even that of this little town of Carpentras annoys him, and he has hidden himself these three months within this monastery; but this is solitude compared to that Theatre of the World. Moreover, as to personal safety there is no place where their enemies and God's could more easily perpetrate their pernicious plans against him than Rome and its environs. The emissary for procuring his destruction whom at present he most suspects, designs to effect it in Rome or its environs, although there is no place to which his malice cannot penetrate. Heard, when in Spain, from Granvelle, of the impiety and profound malice which the then ambassador (fn. 4) with the Emperor expressed against him; which indeed he was aware of, for he had known the man before. But this further fact he learned, that he had said in public, that if the King of England would only get Pole publicly proclaimed an enemy in the cities of England and release him from that embassy and commit to him the business of Pole's murder, with 10,000 pieces of gold, he would pledge his possessions in England, which are great, that with that money he would within six months procure Pole's death; and he suggested Rome and its neighbourhood as most suitable for the crime. Thought these things only "temere et impie dicta a furioso juvene." But, observe the sequel. Immediately after Pole's departure, he (the ambassador) was recalled from that embassy and in England Pole was proclaimed an enemy, as appears by letters to one of Pole's household, which came with those of the Nuncio about Montepulciano. The ambassador has not yet landed in England, nor does anyone know where he is. Will journey very cautiously into Italy to Verona, and begs the Pope's leave that he may not have to come to Rome so soon (when his arrival is expected), but may come thither unexpectedly, and, meanwhile, tarry a month or two in the province of Verona under the care of the bishop. As the German business, for which the Pope desired Pole's presence, is deferred, there is nothing in this request not consonant with the Pope's wishes. Wishes this declared to the Pope. Writes also confidentially. Carpentras, ex Monasterio Montilii, 22 Sept. 1539.
P.S.—If Contarini obtains the above request, asks him to send a messenger to Verona to meet Pole, who otherwise will go on to Rome.
Has since received his letters of the 18th. Grief at the loss of Castelnovo and reflections thereupon.
Received letters from Card. Farnese, on the same day, directing him to tarry here until the return from Spain of the Pope's chamberlain, (fn. 5) who, in passing Avignon towards Spain sent the letters to him. It appears to them that one of the chamberlain's commissions was to excuse Pole's "tergiversation" in not going to France. Denies that he made any "tergiversation" and insists that he was restrained by the service of the cause and the honour of the Pope, not by any fear of danger to himself, although it was evident. Since it seems he can be of no service he desires the Pope's leave to retire from public affairs and settle here or in Italy.
You have heard, I believe, of my mother being condemned by public council to death, or rather, to eternal life. Not only has he who condemned her condemned to death a woman of seventy, than whom he has no nearer relation except his daughter, and of whom he used to say there was no holier woman in his kingdom, but, at the same time, her grandson, son of my brother, (fn. 6) a child, the remaining hope of our race. See how far this tyranny has gone which began with priests, in whose order it only consumed the best, then [went on] to nobles, and there too destroyed the best. At length it has come to women and innocent children; for not only my mother is condemned, but the wife of that marquis (fn. 7) who was slain with my brother, whose goodness was famous and whose little son is to follow her. Comparing these things with what the Turk has done in the East, there is no doubt but that Christians can suffer worse things under this western Turk. Seeing that enemy of God inclining to impiety and first striking at the honour of the Emperor and his family, Pole expected to see the Emperor, with his known piety, avenge the cause of God; and so he said openly on leaving the Emperor's palace. Why is the Emperor less ready than other princes in such a cause ? Carpentras.
Grieves at the death of the card. of Trent (fn. 8) it reminds him that the Church has lost other pillars these few years, namely the card. of Liege and Duke George.
23 Sept.
R. O.
Has put in fashion all things commanded to him yesterday at Mortlake, of which he trusts "to furnyshe all cawces within XV. days nextt," the four ships from Portsmouth having come into the Thames, which yesterday came into the Downs with "Thary Gracydwe" (the Harry Grace Dieu). The painter can furnish the 14 streamers in 15 days, but the 180 flags and 600 small pendents must be made upon "Twyke," of which there is scarcely any to be bought here, and it must be procured from Flanders. They cannot be done in less than 80 days after the King's pleasure is known. Can save about 50l. on the estimate. Wright, the King's painter, is meetest for the purpose. London, 23 Sept. 1539.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Lord Privy Seal. Endd.
23 Sept.
R. O.
"Maister Vicar," on Tuesday, 23 Sept., Doctor Dracotts, chancellor of the bp. of Lincoln, held his court at Horncastle. Four honest men being sworn to present crimes against the spiritual jurisdiction, he refused their bill twice, asking them why they did not present their parish priest, for he had grievously offended. They answered that they did not know in their conscience that he had offended, and he told them that their conscience was nought, but they still refused to present what they did not know. They are Ric. Boosse, Thos. Raythbek, Thomas Huchekynson, and Hew Johnson, all men of good reputation. Notwithstanding, the same day, the chancellor made "a new inquisition of the parish priest," and Sir Bullock, Sir Hew Samond, Sir Edward Long (fn. 9) and others of their affinity invented a new bill against the priest, and, at their desire, the chancellor sent for Robert Neyll, Robert Forman, Robert Lovell, Robert Bladwing, John Barker, smith, Thomas Smith, Arthur Jackson, Richard Freman and others, all of whom complained of the priest except the first three. The chancellor impanelled them, with Sir Edward Longe for their clerk, and they gave in a verdict. "Would God my lord of Suffolk's grace did know the truth of everything with us, and how the most part of us favours the word of God and what a great number favours the Pope's doctrine, and especially our priests."
They have too many priests and none of them good. Can prove that in the deaneries of Horncastle, Hyll, and Gartree, there are 40 Testaments lacking in the parish churches, but the chancellor made no inquisition about them according to the King's commandment. He has now forbidden the priest to preach any more. None of the accusers is an honest man. Begs the vicar to send good preachers in haste, or they will be all undone and the word of God forgotten; and to fetch up to London Richard Boosse and the others, to show the lord Privy Seal and the Council how the Chancellor behaved. All these honest men desire this. Wishes him also to send for the accusers, Sir Henry Bolok, Sir Edw. Long, Sir Thomas Dodyngton alias Flecher, John Barker, smith, Arthur Jackson and others. "By yours to his little power, Thomas Stephynson, Alderman, and his brethren that loves the Word of God and their Prince."
Hol., pp. 2.
23 Sept.
R. O.
Kaulek, 129.
Received, by bearer, the letter of the 15th. Marillac shall be as gentle and gracious as he can to the king of England, and shall carefully find out about that which concerns the Count Frederic Palatine. Has arrived here to commence his progress in Picardy. Compiègne, 23 Sept. Countersigned by Bouchetel.
To the same effect. Wants, especially, to know the cause of the Count Palatine's going thither and what despatch he receives. Compiègne, 23 Sept.
French. Modern transcript, pp. 2. Headed: "Autre despeche du Roy et de Monseigneur le Connestable que je reç Par Vaily qui fust renvoye de France par Monseigneur le Connestable."
23 Sept.
R. O.
Thanks him for his late letters and news of England. Wishes to assure him of the good health of the King, who is pleased with Marillac's services, as are also the Constable and others who manage his principal affairs. Begs him to continue to write to her. Compiègne, 23 Sept.
French. Modern transcript, p. 1.
24 Sept.
R. O.
Has received her letters and the sables. Hopes his gowns will be finished by Sunday, and will serve him as well as if he had brought them with him, as did the fur of bogye, "which I have laid in a gown of black velvet." She is to send him the two pieces of French wine, but he will have the piece of old French wine kept for his own drinking. Was never more welcome to the King, who asked after her. Will speak for himself, and declare to the King his full mind, and not trust promises and fair words, or follow my own suits by other men's means and meditations, "for I do well know what that hath already cost me." The King has feasted the Palsgrave, and was with him this day almost two hours alone. The duke of Suffolk received him beyond Eton bridge with a goodly band of men. I have seen Mr. Marshal's letter. ["As touching Harrys, I say it is pity he liveth."] (fn. 10) Will write to my lord Russell to be in hand with the earl of Bridgwater, for destroying my son's (fn. 11) woods. I would he were in Abraham's bosom, for he will do as much hurt as he can. Commendations to the lord Chamberlain, Wallop, Mr. Porter, and Rockwood. Windsor, 24 Sept.
P.S., in his own hand, blotted out: That he has not received any money at present, as the treasurer of Augmentation has not paid him. Has spoken to Sir Anthony Wyndsor to get him some.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
24 Sept.
Add. MS.
28,591, f. 220.
B. M
Deliberations in Council upon the points of the league with the king of France against the Turk, in Madrid, 24 Sept. 1539.
Spanish. Modern copy from Simancas, pp. 16.
See Spanish Calendar VI. I., Nos. 84, 86.
25 Sept.
R. O.
Begs he will speak to the lord Admiral, that the writer may be discharged of the pension he pays to Rob. Wetthell. My lord Chamberlain will befriend him, to whom Master Porter has spoken. Is sorry his business is such he cannot wait upon him. His father desires to be remembered to Lisle. Calais, 25 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Deputy of Calais, in London.
Harl. MS.296, f. 165.
"Things to be considered and determined by the King's majesty":—
1. What dote he will require ? 2. What dower he will appoint, "with the qualification of the same ?" 3. What number of lords, ladies, &c., shall accompany her ? 4. To appoint some noble personage to go over and make the espousals, and to remember his way thither and furniture. 5. Who shall be captains in the King's ships ? 6. What number of gentlemen shall go in them, and what apparel the soldiers, mariners, and gunners shall have ? 7. To remember the furniture of her own ship. 8. To appoint the place where she shall land. 9. What great personage shall meet her at landing, and how accompanied ? 10. To remember the furniture of the landing-place and of the lodgings she shall lie in by the way. 11. Who shall eftsoons meet her if the King shall be distant from the place of landing ? 12. Where she shall repair to his Majesty ?
II. "Covenants with the duke of Saxe."
The duke of Saxe had in dote 25,000 florins, paid in three years, and gave 6,600 in dower, "jewels, and municipalls if she (fn. 12) overlive." The old duke of Cleves covenanted that if the Duke that now is died without issue male, his dukedoms of Cleve, Gulik, and Bergys, and the marchionate of Ramesburgh (Ravensburg) should go to the duke of Saxe, who should pay 160,000 florins in four years "towards the marriage of the other daughters, whereof there be now two living."
III. "Covenants with Lorayn."
The dote with the lady Anne to have been 30,000 florins, the dower 5,000, with like conditions of inheritance after the duke of Saxe, in case he should die without heirs.
IV. "Instructions."
The Duke's humble recommendations. The authority to proceed. For the dote they trust that, seeing the Duke's poverty, the King will demand no more than was given with the eldest sister; and for the dower, they trust she shall have what other queens of England have had. They refer her traduction to the King, when and how, and will bear the charges to their power. "They have a clause to know the provision for the children that shall come of this marriage, both men and women." That if she overlive (which God forbid!), she may leave the realm with jewellery and household stuff, and have her dower paid. "They have a secret instruction t'offer the Duke's marriage to be at the King's majesty's appointment, wherein they make mention of espousals passed between him and the duchess of Myllan."
V. "Other things declared to the King's majesty."
"That Geldres came never yet in pact, and how all, saving Julyers, moveth by the mother. The effect of the commission with the double of the same, as they wrote it, ad verbum. The carte for the passage. That it should be meet to treat with the orators of both princes, considering the covenant of Saxe."
VI. "Touching the Count Pala" (Palatine).
"He desireth aid for Denmark. His overture to travail to make a new king of Romans or a new Emperor. What letters he received out of Spain touching the ruin of all there by the evil persuasion of counsellors. His being at the Tower, &c.
"Md. th'entry into the League. The merry end of Master Wotton's letter."
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 5.
Vitell. C. XI., 211. B.M.
2. Imperfect modern copy of the preceding, down to the end of § IV. Pp. 4.


  • 1. See. No. 56.
  • 2. See No. 134.
  • 3. The Elector of Saxony.
  • 4. Wyatt.
  • 5. Montepulciano.
  • 6. Of lord Montague.
  • 7. Exeter.
  • 8. Bernard Cle si.
  • 9. These three names appear as an endorsement with those of four local gentlemen viz., John Hennege, Mr. Dymoke (cancelled), Robt. Dighton, and Mr. Bellow.
  • 10. Blotted out.
  • 11. John Bassett.
  • 12. His wife Sibilla, the sister of Anne of Cleves.