Pages 706-712

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 17, 1542. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1900.

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Harl. MS. 4990 f. 1. B. M. [1540-2].
1. John Hales.
i. John Hales to Sir Anthony Browne, master of the Horse.
Although the King is a prince of so fatherly love towards his subjects that he forbids none to come to his presence, but rather by his gentleness encourages them, yet it is well to remember that "they have not to do with man but with a more excellent and divine estate," and therefore to observe the reverence due to rulers. Some men, too, are so abashed by the majesty of a prince that they are unable to speak for trembling, and therefore princes, from the first, have maintained about them noble and virtuous men, such as Sir Anthony, "a man (without flattery be it spoken) in whose personage nature hath showed her cunning," whose wisdom has gained him place in the King's secret council, and whose valiantness the post of master of the horse and captain "of lusty youth his Grace's gentlemen pensioners." Begs him to exhibit this "rude oration" to the King.
ii. Dedication of the accompanying oration to King Henry VIII., whose tender care of his subjects (not wasting their lives in war but providing that they may live in peace and quiet, by fortifying the borders and frontiers with strong castles and by setting forth God's holy word), binds them to bless God for a prince whose mind is thus set on the common wealth of his realm.
iii. "An oration in commendation of laws." Being a collection of sayings of ancient authors (sacred and profane) in praise of law and justice. Complains (f. 19) that Duns and his disciples cried out upon lawyers and blasphemed man's law. The strumpet of Kent (f. 20) in her trance, wherein she saw the Deity as she said, saw burning and tormented in Hell divers judges of this realm. By such means young gentlemen of good wit were drawn from the Inns of Court to monasteries of Carthusians and Observants, which may be one cause why the laws of this realm are not more plainly set forth. A papist might ask (f. 22d.) why we altered the law that made the bp. of Rome God's vicar on earth, but we answer that that law was itself but new, and a confirmation of a false doctrine. As a tree cannot hold two "robyn rucks," so a realm cannot have two rulers (f. 23) and all dissensions amongst us (f. 24) have proceeded from "the pestiferous makebate, the bishop of Rome." Proceeds with a long historical account of that bishop's usurpations in England. Opposes (f. 31d.) the introduction of "civil" or "canon" law as contrary, in instances given, to the ancient law of the realm : in other instances he shows the superiority of the ancient law of the realm. If he were asked what jewel or treasure was most meet for the King he would answer (f. 44d.). "Ten such judges as the lord Chancellor is." Does not wish to dispraise the canon laws (f. 45)— would to God ours were as well set forth and as pure Latin as they!— but thinks our own better for this country.
Pp. 92. Modern copy.

Faustina C. II. 5. B. M.
2. Moryson to Henry VIII.
A discourse touching the reformation of the laws of England. Suggests the reducing of the common law to writing in Latin, and remarks on the advisability of having it also in English. While speaking of the necessity of education for lawyers, he says, "How shall a lawyer be able to make an oration . . . without the knowledge of rhetoric ?" After "lawyer," is inserted, "Mr. Chomley excepted." The discourse was evidently written after the dissolution of the monasteries, from the mention of abbots as a "kind of people" that "were." Proposes a yearly memorial of the destruction of the bp. of Rome out of the realm, as the victory of Agincourt is annually celebrated at Calais, and the destruction of the Danes at Hoptide. It would be better that the plays of Robin Hood and Maid Marian should be forbidden, and others devised to set forth and declare lively before the people's eyes the abomination and wickedness of the bishop of Rome, monks, friars, nuns, and such like, and to declare the obedience due to the King. Presents to the King a rude plot in the Latin tongue of the tenures of lands and of services.
Pp. 35. In a clerk's hand with corrections by Morison. Begins : "Whosoever is adourned with wisedom, most godly King."
6 Feb.
Balcarres MS. II. 85. Adv. Lib. Edin. [1539-42].
3. The Duke Of Lorraine to the Queen Of Scotland.
Your father and I met eight days ago, making a great cheer with all our race. Your son, De Longueville, is very well, and a fine child. Jainville, 6 Feb. Signed : Vostre bien humble et bon oncle, Anth'e.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Endd. : M. le Duc de Lorraine.
17 March.
Balcarres MS. IV. 116. Adv. Lib. Edin.
4. A. De Barbançoys to the Queen [Of Scotland].
In obedience to your commands, Mons. de Fonpertuys and I have returned "en ce leau du petit (?) Lit" with all the company "atendant le bon vant et la mysericorde de Dieu." If you had let me go by land you would have done much for my health, for never woman was so ill, little as I have been there (at sea ?), and I have got a sickness of stomach which I fear will do me much harm before I reach France. "Du Pety lyt" (Leith ?), 17 March.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add. : A la Royne. Endd., Madlle. de Fontpertuys.
18 March.
Balcarres MS. IV. 86. Adv. Lib. Edin.
5. Jehan De Rouvray to the Queen Of Scotland.
After finishing with your mother the estat of your son, and giving order to his affairs with Piguillon, Sarundey (?) and the controller "Jehannaute (?), voulant que par chacun an les principaulx serviteurs de votre maison se y tiennent pour entendre ce quelle fait" she commanded me to come to this town of Paris for the process of Lanut (?), and other great suits ready to be judged. Never saw such extreme poursuite as is made of that of Lanut (?) and that of Borgemy (?), &c.
I send two letters from your mother, and from the Queen of Sicily (de Secylle), who is in good health. Your mother writes that though the King "a casse tous los greniers de France, elle ne touche a voz dix mil livres," &c. Notifies sending of some wools, and other business matters. Complains of his letters being unanswered for 18 or 20 months. Her son is getting better and better every day. Paris, 18 March, 1541.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3. Add. : A la Royne d'Escosse.
21 March.
Add. MS. 5,752 f. 380. B. M.
6. J. Lord Russell to Sir Ric. Long.
With commendations to him and Mr. Stanhoppe, advertises them of the King's prosperous health. Declared the contents of his letter of the 13th inst., with the article enclosed, to the King, who says that he has already declared to you his pleasure as to the duties of constable, sergeant porter, and other officers there, and as for the chief porter and chief sergeant he will send his pleasure hereafter, but is content to admit Alred as chief constable. As to the number of gunners, the physician and surgeon, and their wages, you shall be advertised shortly, "albeit his Majesty thinketh the wagers to be somewhat with the least." The artillery and munition shall be likewise appointed out. You and others must take wages from the day of your admission. The cleansing of the town ditch may be deferred until next winter, and the gate where Constable hangeth (fn. 1) may remain open, as the mayor and his brethren require, and Myton Gate be mured up. You shall be master of the game of Beverley park and have the herbage and pannage, as you desire, and have any farm that you can spy thereabouts for provision of your house. Has spoken with Mr. Chancellor about the tenths of Long's hospital of Southwark, and will bring him to speak with the King. The King rejoices at the forwardness of his works there. All of the Privy Chamber are well, and send commendations. Westm., 21 March. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : at Hull.
14 April.
Balcarres MS. II. 115. Adv. Lib. Edin.
7. The Card. Of Bourbon to the Queen Of Scotland.
Cannot thank her sufficiently for keeping him in mind and writing her news, which have given him the greatest possible pleasure. All our house is prospering. Desires to be humbly recommended to the King, her husband. La Fere, 14 April, 1542. Signed : V're treshumble oncle et serviteur, Loys Caral de Bourbon.
Fr., p. 1. Add. : A la Royne d'Escosse.
26 April.
Rutland Papers (Hist. MSS. Com.) I. 30.
8. William Levenyng's Daughters.
Robert Rawson to Mrs. Levening.
Her daughters by Mr. Levening have been found wards to the King, and the writer has the wardship and marriage of them by his grant. (fn. 2) Charges her to keep them uncontracted till she sends for them; but if she or any of her friends wish to buy them he will set a reasonable price.
Dated 26 April in Report.
Ib. 2. John Swynhowe to Roger Forest, Comptroller to the Countess of Rutland.
Has spoken to Mr. Roos concerning one of Leveniag's daughters and is told that Mr. Rawson (Radeston), one of the King's feodaries, had received her, but if my lady obtained her he would pay 10l. as he promised.
Dated 23 Nov. in Report.
9 May.
Hatfield MS. 231, No. 105. [Cal. of Cecil MSS. Pt. I., 157.]
9. The Privy Council to Hertford.
Albeit Thos. Bodenham, gentleman, has been by verdict of twelve men "cast and hitherto not adjudged," for robbing John Allshire, servant to Wm. Webbe of Sarum, it is now said that Allshire gave him the money without compulsion. The King desires him, being now in the country, to try out the whole truth of the matter. Charing, 9 May. Signed by Russell, Durham, Browne, Wingfield, and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. : To, etc., "therle of Hertforde."
10 May.
Epistolæ Tigurinæ, 149. Original Letters I. 224. (Parker Soc.)
10. Richard Hilles to Henry Bullinger.
Since returning home from Venice, has received Bullinger's letter of the 17th March, and was delighted to learn he proposed to publish commentaries on Matthew. His transactions in cloth with H. Falckner at Frankfort. Meant to devote the produce to the use of exiles, for whom he has given Calvin some money. Is glad to have his commendations of Peter Hurtzel and Andrew Rappenstein. If his wife had known as much at last fair she would not have required C. Froschover to be surety for them. Hears that his brother Butler sold all his patrimony in England last Lent, but he has not yet received the full amount. Fears if it comes to the King's ears through his sister's husband at the Court he may be forbidden again to leave the kingdom. Elliot is studying the civil law, or rather the laws of England, and has made such proficiency that he now holds an office that brings him nearly 200 fl. a year. But Barth. Traheron has with much difficulty returned into the country, where he is about to marry the daughter of a gentleman who favours godly doctrine, with whom he will have an income of 120 fl. for 60 years from a lease made by his father-in-law. He intends moreover to teach grammar and keep a school for little boys in some small town in that district.
Has nothing certain to report of the state of the kingdom, except what Bullinger must have heard three months ago, that the King has beheaded his wife Katharine Howard, whom he married after divorcing Anne of Cleves. She was condemned on great suspicion of adultery (as universally reported by the English) with two gentlemen before the King married her; and lady Rochford was beheaded at the same time, who was privy to her licentiousness. The old duchess dowager of Norfolk is also delivered to perpetual imprisonment in the Tower of London, and likewise lord Will. Howard, because they knew of Katharine's vicious life when the King fell in love with her, and did not inform him before that hasty marriage. One of the parties who was first hanged and afterwards beheaded and quartered for adultery with the Queen was one of the King's Chamberlains, (fn. 3) and two years before or less had violated a park keeper's wife, whom three or four attendants held down for him in a thicket. But for this he was pardoned by the King, and likewise for a murder committed when some villagers tried to apprehend him for the crime.
You cannot without danger to my affairs write me anything about the Christian religion; besides, if you could, I am not worthy of the honour. I am sorry you have spent so much money on my account, and, most of all, that you are ill of a fever. My wife salutes you.
Strasburg, 10 May 1542.
10 June.
R. O.
11. Ninian Sanderson, the King's servant.
To be a gunner in the Tower of London, with 6d. a day vice Luke de la Arche, dec. Hampton Court, 10 June, 34 Hen. VIII. No date of delivery.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 14 (undated).
17 June.
R. O.
12. Paul, Bishop Of Bristol.
Licence (in support of his episcopal dignity) to retain for life his canonry and prebend of Bushopstone in the cathedral church of Salisbury, with the house in the cathedral close in which he still dwells and his other privileges (detailed) as a resident canon. Moore, 17 June. No date of delivery.—P.S. Pat. 34 Hen. VIII. p. 6, m. 4.
18 June.
Balcarres MS. Adv. Lib. Edin. II. 12.
13. Anthoinette De Bourbon to the Queen Of Scotland.
Has received her two letters by Jan. "Par la premiere voy comme aves prins vostre desp[ens] en mains, de quoy suis tres ayse, et encore pleus de se que [le] Roy vous donne connesanoe de la syene et de ses affaires [que] vous sera occasion deusersysse (?) et honneste pasetans, et sy [vous estes] en sete creanse le dit Sieur sen trouvera myeux servy et [vous] pleus estymee je croy nesparaguere (?) vostre peine a y . . . . et entandre." Prays God will help her that the King may have no occasion "de vous en oster la co . . . " Advises her to take care of her health "pour ses (ces) rumes," and sends the opinion of doctors here. Recommends, as she has been always so "pareseusse," that she should wash her head every month, "ou que ne faces couper vos che[veux] lesant seullement la greue pour vous coyfer, car vous aves le cer[veeau] moyste, et toujours les cheveux plain de grese quy sata[chant a] la teste garde les humeurs nen peulle sortir et p[our] defaute et font ainsy cracher. Set (C'est) mon opynyon et par espe[rience] men suis ainsy trouvee a set heure, que jay este mes che . . . encore lavoie aucune fois ma teste, et sy les coupe de sys semaines en sis semaines ansy je me y trouve le myeulx d[u] monde. Quant a ce que vous me dites le (de) lestat encoy vous [estes] au reste je pence myeux soyes grose que aultrement . . . . ce point uses se degoustement sy grant ny ses maux de cueur [p]our la june ny aultre mal, et de se que voyes aucune fois veu . . en sy petite quantite vous ne leyries a lestre. Je (J'ay) grant envye [de] savoir la verite," for I am very anxious to see you again. Speaks of her (the writer's) sister of Vendôme and her children, and means to have some consultation while the King is here (tandis que le Roy est pardesa) when she will deliver everything to the Cardinal of St. Andrews to be sent to her, for she is told, [he ?] returns shortly hither. "Il vous sara bien a dire [les] nouvelles de nous tous (?), mesmement de mon petit [fils] (fn. 4) . . yl a veu je luy ay fait faire la reverance au Roy . . . st demeure sys jours a la Court y fesant tres bien son [dev]oir. II y a este voullentiers veu et luy a tant le Roy que les [d]ames fait tres bonne chere. Sa painture vous est envoyee que [t]rouvares myeux faite que les aultres. Il y a deja pres de trois [se]maines que le Roy est a Escleron ou je (j'ay) toujours este fame de [Co]urt synon puis deus jours que suis revenue en ce lieu de Joinvylle, pour faire ma feste Dieu (fn. 5) et ausy pour ayder a dreser [l'equi]page de Mons. vostre pere pour la guere que je pence [bie]n est bien pres commenser. Le Roy luy donne bien honneste [c]harge. Il estet hier ycy pour cet affaire, et mon filz aysne ausy. II sen sont retournes. Je demeure encore quelque jour pour achever leur affaire; puis, sy la Court n'ellongne, de quoy . . est nouvelle, je my retrouvare. Le Roy tient pourpos aller la . . uent(?) Monstier sur Saux et ycy; il trouve tant de grans sors (cerfs) ycy quy (qu'il) dit il ne fut james en lieu ou il eut pleus de plesir, m[ais sur] tout il ayme Escleron. Il a tant pleu depuis la Court y est que D[ieu] set sy ly auet (s'il y avoit) crostes. Il nest a crere la bonne chere que le [Roy] fait a Monsr. vostre pere." I will take note of what you write about Mons. de Curel. Joinvyl[le], 10 June.
P.S.—Since writing, the King has arrived here. I am much delighted with the news brought by Jacques Senot eight days ago, especially that you still expect "es[tre]grose." I hope soon to make answer to what you write by him. "Dauentaie" (?), 18 June.
Hol. Fr. pp. 2. Add.

Balcarres MS. IV. 117. Adv. Lib. Edin.
14. The Queen Of Scotland.
A medical opinion [addressed to t†That is to say, to keep the feast of Corpus Christs, which fell on the 8 June in 1542.he Queen of Scots] on her illness (palpitation of the heart).
Fr. pp. 2.
13 July.
Add. MS. 5,754 f. 89. B. M.
15. Sir Thomas Wharton.
Indenture of receipt, 13 July, 34 Hen. VIII., by Sir Thos. Wharton, deputy Warden of the West Marches, from Robert bp. of Carlisle, by the hands of Ralph Sacheverell, his clerk, and upon warrant dated Hampton Court, 26 June, 34 Hen. VIII. (quoted), of 40l. for "the provision appointed to him of a certain proportion of hay." Signature cut off.
P. 1.
R. O.
16. [Sir Ric. Riche] to —.
The King commands me to levy 100 archers, 100 billmen, and 20 horsemen, as well within mine office of the Augmentations, as within mine own lands; and, considering that you are one of the King's farmers within the same, this is to pray and command you to provide a good gelding or horse with an able archer for the war, harnessed, to serve in my said number, to be ready at one hour's warning. London, — (blank) of August.
Copy, p. 1.
R. O. 2. Four other copies, two of them much mutilated.
31 Aug.
R. O.
17. Thomas Mildemaie to Mr. Gates of the Privy Chamber.
My brother, the bearer, says his master has written in his favour to Mr. Denny for an office which Assheton lately occupied, called "Buckynghames Lands," now in the King's gift. Would come myself but for a matter of importance, which my brother will show you. I pray your favour for both of us. Let me know whether to conclude with my father Mr. Gonson for Beileigh, and what you will give, as I expect to speak with him in Essex within 4 days. Chelmsford, last of August.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
[Aug.] (fn. 6)
Harl. MS. 442 f. 187. B. M.
18. Musters.
Mandate to the sheriff of Essex to make a proclamation (recited) prohibiting the retaining and presting of mariners by those who have received the King's letters to retain and prest any person to serve the King in his "affairs of war." Terling,—(blank).
Modern copy, p. 1. Headed : 34 Hen. VIII.
5 Oct.
R. O.
19. Thomas Flection to Sabyon Johnson.
At Calys, 5 Oct., anno 42. Her bedfellow is well and will be with her at Hallowtide. Here living on fresh herring and French wine and the like, they miss the fat venison and good wine that is at Owndyll. Commendations to his cousin Sir Thomas Saxbye, that good parson of Polbroke.
Hol. p. 1, much mutilated. Add. : at Polbroke in Northamptonshire.
7 Oct.
R. O.
20. John Rotz.
Denization to John Rotz, a native of Paris, Coleta his wife, and their children. Greenwich, 7 Oct. 34 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Without date of delivery. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII. p. 15, m. 19 (undated).
R. O.
21. — to John Gate.
"Sir, you shall understand that these parcels that follow are dd. and the rest remaineth till the King's pleasure be further known." In another hand : Stuff (described) delivered by the King's command in November, 34 H. VIII. :—to Mr. Paston, John Gate, Mr. Butcher, and Philip van Wyelde.
P. 1. Add. : My very trusty friend John Gate of the Privy Chamber.

R. O.
22. Sir John Wallop to Henry VIII.
Has forborne to write of the state of the works here until they might be brought to some completion. Those "ingeneros," being Italians or of any other nation, who shall see them must recognise that they are no borrowed designs but a pure new invention. Enlarges upon their beauty. The surveyor can best describe them, and say what gunners are requisite. Could get 10 or 12 here if enough cannot be spared out of England. A master gunner is necessary as the present master gunner is impotent and lame. Castle of Guisnes. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.


  • 1. Sir Robert Constable was hanged in chains at Hull over the highest gate in the town. See Vol. xii. Pt. ii., No. 229. According to Tickell's "History of Hull," p. 167, it was "Beverley Gate."
  • 2. By the Escheatcor's Inquisitions, taken 3 May 33 Hen. VIII. (Ebor, 32-33 Hen. VIII., No. 22), it appears that William Levenyng died in the feast of St. Wilfrid (12 Oct.) 32 Hen. VIII., leaving two daughters, Anne and Elizabeth, aged respectively fifteen and eight years.
  • 3. Thomas Culpeper, who was a gentleman of the Privy Chamber.
  • 4. The infant Duke of Longueville.
  • 5. That is to say, to keep the feast of Corpus Christs, which fell on the 8 June in 1542.
  • 6. See No. 670.