Henry VIII: October 1545, 16-20

Pages 276-286

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2, August-December 1545. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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October 1545, 16-20

16 Oct. 599. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 257.
Meeting at Windsor, 16 Oct. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Cheyney, Wingfield, Petre, Paget. Business:—Warrant to Sir Thos. Seymour to deliver to Cheyney, for the castle of Dover, certain wheels and stocks for guns (specified).
16 Oct. 600. For the Scotch War.
R. O. Warrant similar to No. 441, to deliver Lionel Duckett, of London, mercer, 200l., in prest towards payment of 900 and odd qr. of rye by him already provided at Newcastell, for the King's wars Northward. London, 16 Oct. 1545. Signed by Winchester and Ryther.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Sol per Joskyn.
16 Oct. 601. John Capelyn to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. Desires Bourchier to get him this last year's fee of Bremmer whereof he was bailiff and is (by procurement of one he knows) put from it. Will declare certain conveyances by the old bailiff which never came to the Queen. Left the names with Mr. Richard Merkes. Has a reversion at Lymyngton, of one Borrard, for which he must pay 5l. in two years. Begs Bourchier to pay the 50s. due now. Hopes to meet him at Exeter. "Lostwythell awdett" this 16 Oct. ao 37o
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "the Quynes awdetter."
16 Oct. 602. J. Dymock to Paget.
R. O. Repeats the substance of the first paragraph of No. 598 with a few additions, such as that the duke of Scowenborch and the city of Hamborowe had provided victuals for the king of Denemark's men, that he met Courte Penyncke at the house of borowe master Here Jan Roedenborech, that the borowe master of Breame, named Here Diricke Vassemer, declared that by the 18th inst. the Lantgrave of Hesse would have 60,000 men in the field, and that the dukes of Luneborech and Wareborech were gone in person to the Lantgrave, and the cities belonging to the duke of Brwenswyke were ready to go, viz., Gasseler, Cassell, Helychson and Browensewycke. Prays God "that you have the ways to give fair words as the Spaniards have, and to keep him (fn. n1) at the end of the staff; and so doing you shall obtain your pleasure of him now or never, for surely the Prodestantts does put him now to prove his friends and also to seek them, and that shall your mastership see or ever that xv. days do pass."
Yesterday Elderycke Pemell, one of the chief merchants of Almayen, received a letter from Awesbrocke stating that Duke Mowryche of Sackeson begins to take part of the bpric. of Myncke, which belonged to the bp. of Mense, dec.; so that it is reckoned that the Duke will become one of the Religion, who hitherto "has been but half one and half other." Sends a letter from the city of Breame to the King, "with another letter answering unto their articles required by me of them." I pray you to continue my good master, for I have lost him (fn. n2) which would have done me good; also I have lost mine occupying this two years' day for to serve the King's Majesty whereof I am not (sic) but yet it has been a great hindrance unto me, for I have no fee of his Majesty as other has." In haste, at Andwarppe, 16 Oct. 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
17 Oct. 603. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 257.
Meeting at Windsor, 17 Oct. Present:—Norfolk, Privy Seal, Cheyney, Wingfield, Petre, Paget. Business:—Recognisance (cited) of George Lasenbeye, of London, grocer, to import 400 tons of French wares under stated conditions.
[17 Oct.] 604. Gardiner's Embassy.
R. O.
St. P., x. 629.
Instructions for the bp. of Winchester whom the King "sendeth presently as his ambassador unto the Emperor."
Upon knowledge from, the Emperor that the French king would send commissioners to treat of peace or truce, the King lately commissioned the bp. of Westminster and Sir Edward Carne, his ambassadors resident with the Emperor and Regent; and now, understanding, by the Emperor's ambassador resident, that the French king has sent a special minister, viz. the Admiral of France, and that the Emperor would have him send the bp. of Winchester, the King appoints Winchester to proceed thither; who, after conferring with the other ambassadors there upon the King's former instructions, which he and they are to follow, shall declare to the Emperor that at the instance (as above) of the ambassador here, he is sent to join with the former commissioners to treat with the Admiral; the King expecting that the Emperor will send Skipperus to conclude the practice for continuance of the old amity between them, and that Winchester's going thither will not impeach the conclusion here of what Skipperus has commenced.
As the Admiral, being a man of such credit in France, may come for some other purpose than is pretended, Winchester shall spy out the true cause, and, "if any such thing be in hand indeed," shall devise to hinder it. If it appear that the Emperor, contrary to the proceedings of his ambassadors here, works to defeat the King's other practice with France, meaning to do nothing himself and to break his other practice with the King, Winchester shall, with the advice of the other ambassadors, insinuate himself to the Admiral and secretly practise to hinder the purpose with the Emperor and treat an amity between the King and France.
At his first coming to the Emperor, he shall declare the King's intention that his army of Almains should not damage the Emperor's countries and the instructions sent to his Commissioners for their despatch at their dissolution; protesting that if they afterwards linger in the Emperor's country it shall be contrary to his intention. And here he shall declare the covenants made with them, and how slenderly they have observed the same.
Finally, he shall move the Emperor for the aid due by reason of the invasion, and, in case the Emperor say that he will satisfy that if thepeace go not forward, shall answer that it is due whether the peace go forward or not, and that the King expects his good brother therein to keep the treaty.
Draft, corrected by Payet, pp. 3. Endd.: Mynute of my lo. of Wynchestr. instructions.
R. O. 2. Earlier draft of the above without the last paragraph.
Pp. 5. Corrected by Payet.
17 Oct. 605. Fane and Others to the Council.
R. O. Wrote last from Weasette, on the Maase, the 5th and 7th inst. Passed the Maase on the 7th, and have been marching hither ever since, being led out of the straight way by the bp. of Liege's servants, who would favour some villages more than others. The Bishop himself was right willing to please the King, and both wrote and sent immediately at Francis Hall's being with him, at Liege, on Saturday last. (fn. n3) Brought butter, cheese and herrings from Liege to Namewre, where they are providing biscuit, but lack wagons. Must carry provisions; for this day, (fn. n4) within a league of this town, crossing the Sambre which comes from Landerssie and falls into the Maase at Namewre, they take the straight way to Masiers, six leagues of which is through wood and rocky hills where only three men can go "in a front." Masiers is 18 leagues off; so that they will be well advised ere they write again as they did, by Riffenberghe's report, that within three days after passing the Mase they would enter the enemy's country. Long for answer to their foresaid letters, and to that sent by Francisco the post from Rinebacke. Have twice sent Mr. Averie to Mr. Vaughan, from whom he has brought 28,000 cr. Buckeholte must needs be paid for the 50 horsemen for whose pay they wrote that he would wait. Mons. de Liere and the Emperor's gentleman whom they answered at Weasette have been with the army these two or three days, busily seeking to know the way they would take, the Emperor charging Riffenberge on his allegiance to declare it. To get more favour at the Emperor's hands, and considering that Mons. de Liere is useful to them and promises secrecy, the writers declared to him, apart, what trouble they had taken to observe their promise not to pass by Brabande and Hennaulde and that they purposed to go towards Mesiers and so by the enemy's country towards Boline. He said that he would advertise the Emperor, the Kings great friend, thereof and advise them about the way yesterday morning, "which he hath not yet done, we think, by reason of Monsr. de Grandevaile, who, they say, hath been long extremely sick in his country of Bourgonie, that departed yesterday from Namewre toward the Emperor." Did not make the other gentleman privy to the foresaid way.
Riffenberghe then came to say that, besides carriage for at least three days' provision, he lacked corn powder for the hackbutiers and half-hackes, and they of Namewre would sell him none without the Emperor's command. By Riffenberghe's advice, Halle and Chamberlain went and desired Mons. de Lire to write to Namewre for it; but he answered that he had no authority, and advised the sending of an express messenger with him to Bruxels to the King's ambassador, that both he and the ambassador might speak to the Emperor for the wagons and powder. Yesterday sent one Quyntine, who has been a commissary, and was a commissary last year at Gravelinge, to get wagons at Lovaine and in Brabande. Would like the King to know of Mons. de Lire's gentleness, who so liked this army that he wished he were going with it, and showed Riffenberghe the way to Mesiers that he would have shown the writers yesterday, but for his going to Mons. Grandvaile to Namewre. It is the way that Martin van Roose took, out of Brabande, but he went as a friend.
Most of the above was written yesterday, 14th inst., at Flurus, 4 leagues from Namewre, from whence De Lire and their messenger to the ambassador departed towards Bruxels, and they themselves marched hither, passing the Sambre a league and a half from Flewreuce. Here they must tarry for wagons and powder, and afterwards "look more nearer" to themselves. The other gentleman remains with them. Will to-day take counsel with the captains as to the way, not making them privy to the King's last determination by Francis and Nicholas the posts. Intend now to take another way into the French country of Tarras than that signified by De Lire, for it is said that Longevale has about Mesiers 500 horse, and Domepere other 500 horse, and that 5,000 footmen are thereabouts; and some say that the French are in the woods between this and Mesiers and expect their army that was before Bolloigne. Francis Hall learnt yesterday from a wine merchant of Flewreuce, who came the night before from Rettelle, 8 leagues on this side Reanes in Champpaine, that the French would let none of this country have wines lest they should victual us, and that he saw no men of war save 100 horse, and all those parts were afraid of us. Other spies report no men of war either at Masieres or by the way. Riffenberghe desires them to write that the King's army at Bolloigne may keep the enemy busy. Chastelet upon the Sambre, 15 Oct. 1545.
P.S.—Were ready to despatch this when they received from Mr. Vaughan the Council's letter of the 8th, and perceive thereby the order given to Mr. Vaughan for the dissolution of these people. By Lucas and others have certified that, although Riffenbergh at first seemed satisfied with the King's altering the voyage so as to be charged with only three months including conduct home, he afterwards said that they would never agree thereto, so that he dare not move it, and desired it kept from Eidell Wolffe and Buckeholte. Conjecture that the long delay upon the way from the place of musters has been to protract the time, so that the King should be forced to spend out three months and give the fourth for the return. Are still 8 or 10 leagues from the enemy's country, and the first month is expired; and whereas Riffenberge maintained that the men would be content if the money was at Acon against their return, and the whole month's wages and the conduct have been paid with the 28,000 cr. fetched from Mr. Vaughan, now Mr. A very must be sent for 30,000l. Fl. to give the second month's wages aforehand, without which they will not stir. Have 2,809 horsemen and 10,400 footmen, so that the charge for a month is 2,6950l. Fl., about 20,212l. 10s. st. Besides the 30,000l. Fl. now sent for and the 28,000 cr. already received, there must, "for three months' entertainment and one month home," be sent to Acon 53,900l. Fl. due according to their pact, besides which they look for allowance for pages and carts and also for rewards, of which they seem "full unworthy." Beg to have a good overplus sent, out of which they will save what they can. To explain the amount already spent it is to be remembered that the horsemen had from 58 to 32 days' conduct to the place of musters and that 300 odd came more than were appointed. They say that they were up before and were called to the musters, and "sometime called to Callis and after countermanded, to tarry for the rest." Now that they are come to the enemy's door the Coronell will not move without corn powder, which cannot be had from Namewrs without the Emperor's licence and that, as my lord of Westminster is answered by Grandvella and Skore, "cannot be," so that they are fain to send to Andwarpe and Leige for it. Can in the Emperor's dominions have no wagons; but, rather than lose time, will borrow 40 or 50 in a soil here which is counted neuter, the lord (fn. n5) of which is thought to be good French. Chastelet, 17 Oct. 1545.
Mr. Hall, being sick of a fever these six or eight days, departs this day, for remedy, to Bruxelles. Signed: R. Fane: T. Chamb'lain: Tho. Averey.
Pp. 10. Add. Endd.
17 Oct. 606. Fane and Others to Paget.
R. O. Finding this voyage costlier than they thought (as they have had to buy horse, harness and tents) ask whether they may, without offence, put their horse "in wages," being no less willing to serve than the rest and numbering ––– (blank). Chastelet, 17 Oct. 1545. Signed: R. Fane: T. Chamb'lain: Tho. Averey.
In Chamberlain 's hand, p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
17 Oct. 607. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. "Whereas you addressed, unto me and my colleagues, Taphorn, for to be used about the musters and his account might also be perused, which as yet we have had no time unto," you have seen by our letters how earnest Riffenberghe and others were "to avoid him this company." They have since been better friends than I would wish them for the King's advantage; but I have found out his tricks, as you shall learn hereafter. He has had 30 cr. of me and calls for more; and he has sent home to his wife 400 cr. although he brought nothing hither, as Francis the post can tell. Because I would rather spare the King's treasure than "help to make his bank, he hath attempted to put piques between me and some of my colleagues." It grieves me to see others make the waste that is made. Although he has not otherwise offended me, I have proofs of his falsehood to the King. Our general letter declares our proceedings. Praying you to answer largely how to deal with these folks, and how long time to spend in the enemy's land; since these folks reckon to be entertained three months and have the fourth for their despatch, and ten days of the second month are now past. Chastelet, 17 Oct. 1545.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
18 Oct. 608. The Privy Council
A.P.C., 258
Meeting at Windsor, 18 Oct. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Cheyney, Wingfield, Petre, Paget. Business:—Letter written to Mr. Seymour to bring all the navy upon the Narrow Seas into the Themes, except 5 ships and 8 shallops appointed to keep the Narrow Seas this winter.
18 Oct. 609. Victualling of Calais and Boulogne.
R. O. Warrant similar to No. 441, to deliver John Halyle of the Jewel House, 400l. in prest towards provision of grain in Norfolk and Suffolk, at the oversight of Anthony Rous, for Calice and Bullen. London, 18 Oct. 1545. Signed by Winchester and Ryther.
Subscribed with memorandum that Halile has delivered a bill of receipt for this to James Joskyn.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Sol. per Joskyn.
18 Oct. 610. Gardiner to Paget.
R. O. Yesterday I received your letters, with letters and instructions for my despatch, and depart hence to-day; and, as I learn the Admiral's arrival or otherwise, will "slack or make more haste, according to your advice." Please help bearer to such hounds and grewhounds as the King sends my lady Regent, "for although it be a small matter here, yet is a great matter thither as I go." Make my excuse to the Queen that I did not take leave of her, "ne also have discharged therein that Skepperus committed on me as a part of his charge." I have communed with Mr. Ryther for the furniture of Bolen, and have received a letter from Mr. Ager who alleges himself to be sick "and that in his wit he not (sic) sufficient, whereof his letters seemeth to give some testimony, for he will not serve there to be charged unless he may have a, pardon beforehand for his negligence and otherwise, like a clause in patents absque compoto inde nobis reddendo but as the prentice made his master, with three counters shortly, 'I have nought, I owe nought, nor nothing is owing me.'" In Caleys Mr. Mondey serves diligently, "master dare (sic) not adventure so far at Bolen. A fault there is which I think Master Southwel will and can disclose; and if we cannot bring to pass that diligence well rewarded in service shall exclude the request for a pardon for negligence and otherwise, there will be, besides the great loss, a great disorder finally." I would require you to write to Mr. Ager to serve like a man or else sue to be discharged. For a man to be bound to abide all losses were too much; "and to be bounde to nothing again, but to have pardon for negligence and otherwise, like Master Wingfeldes pardon in Fraunce for them he had kylled and shuld kyl, this is over deyntye. Ye told me oones ye love no extremites and the meane is best, as the wife confessed to her husband who could hitte it. And I forgette myself and excede it even now in wry ting." Mr. Ryther repairs to Court to declare what he has done. London, 18 Oct., Sunday morning.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
18 Oct. 611. Hertford and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., v. 548.
Being thus far on their way to Court, Hertford has received the letters herewith from Wharton, with intelligence out of Scotland. Send also Mr. Uvedale's declaration of payments and receipts since last declaration, the rather to show that no money is left to pay the garrisons. Sadleyr has handed to Uvedale all money he received, as the declaration shows. Send a book of the last pay of the strangers, who are "casshed" and sent to London. Lincoln, 18 Oct. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
18 Oct. 612. Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O. Since his last of the 3rd inst., letters from Constantinople signify that both the Imperial and French orators kissed the Turk's hand, who, commanding that his palace should be shown them, "departed immediately forth a hunting." The Venetians continue to think that the truce will take no effect. Ferdinando's ambassador, for a truce of 10 years, offered a yearly tribute of 16,000 ducats; which the Turk refused, and the ambassador "departed to Ferdinando to replye his negocye, and shold retorne to the Turke." The Hungarian who serves Henry arrived here on the 3rd inst., sore bruised from the fall of a horse, and, four days later, left for Constantinople. In Piemont things between the Imperials and French proceed suspiciously. Besides the Spaniards from Sene, 3,000 footmen and 400 horse are coming from Naples to Piemont. The duke of Savoy hopes to recover his state through the favour of his subjects, and of the Emperor and other great friends. Here is rumour "that the Bishop (fn. n6) should 'tempt new practices with th'Emperor for the Duchy of Milan." Things at Trent are idle, and men marvel that the prelates continue there. Although the withdrawing of the French from Boloigne, with shame, is here affirmed, the adversaries cease not to impugn it, "divulging to have given a grievous buffet to our part to the loss of ij. or iijm. men, and great ruins made about Calaice." Venice, 18 Oct. 1545.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
19 Oct. 613. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 258.
Meeting at Windsor, 19 Oct. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Admiral, Cheyney, Wingfield, Petre, Paget. Business:—A letter written to Sir John Jarningham and Mr. Monfforde to view the grain "throughout Norfolk and the guyldhable of Suffolk" and, allowing for men's provision, rents and seed corn, and the furniture of the markets, take a note of the rest for the King's service, having special regard to regrators and such as provided much grain without necessity. A like letter to Sir Thos. Drury, Sir John Jarmin and Mr. Mounfforde for the franchise of Bury. Two several letters to the justices of the said places to help the commissioners. Warrant to Tuke to pay Francisco, for a voyage from Antwerp to Brussels, and so to Windsor, 9l. 10s.
19 Oct. 614. Baumbach and Sleidan to Paget.
R. O. Arrived here yesterday, and if bad weather had not detained them at Dover would have arrived sooner, but found no news from their companions in France to whom they lately wrote, as Paget knows. Desiring to obey the King, have to-day sent a messenger to the camp with letters conveying in few words what they before wrote more amply; and hope to hear from them shortly. Will send the King the first news they get, and await his answer; as Paget instructed them on his behalf at their departure. Calais, Monday, 19 Oct. 1545, at night. Signed: H. Hoffmarsschalck Lo. v. B. sst.: Joannes Sleidanus.
French. In Sleidan 's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: Th'ambassadors for the Protestants, etc.
19 Oct. 615. Thirlby to Henry VIII.
R. O. According to the Council's letters of the 14th inst., received yesternight, I declared to Granvele that, at the request of the Emperor's ambassador, you sent my lord of Winchester (whom I thought now on the way) to join Mr. Carne and me to talk upon a peace with the Admiral of France; and I asked when the Admiral would be here. Granvele seemed pleased and said (words given) that, out of regard for Henry's honour, the Emperor had put off the Admiral's coming pending Henry's determination; he would now go to the Emperor and send the answer after dinner by Secretary Joyse; and he was glad that Winchester was coming, who, whatever had passed by necessity, would now see the Emperor's good affection to this amity, declaring how necessary it is to both princes. And, when Thirlby agreed therein, he told how, yesterday morning, the French ambassador complained to the Emperor of the aid given to Henry's army of Almains, and asked whether they would be suffered to pass through these countries to Bollen. The Emperor answered gently, and bade Grahvele show Thirlby thereof and remind him of Henry's reported command to his ministers therein. Thirlby said he trusted that they would obey that command as hitherto. The French bragged (said Granvele) that they were ready for our men had they entered by Luxenburgh, and now, if they passed through these countries, the resisting of them might involve annoyance to the Emperor's countries. After tarrying all this day for the answer which Granvele promised, had word from Secretary Joyse that the Emperor was glad of Winchester's coming, and that the Admiral should come for the French king, "but when he could not tell." Cannot certainly learn any other occasion for the Admiral's coming. Macklyn, 19 Oct. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
19 Oct. 616. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 631.
The morning after writing last, (fn. n7) sent for Quyntyne and learnt plainly that it was Scory who had said so much for serving the King's army of Almains, and yet bade him return and help them and it should be winked at, but he should have no commission, for the Emperor would be at no war with France. So Quyntyne returned; and to-day Mr. Avery reports that he is with the army, which is not yet in France. Hopes they will earn the tenth penny they take. Avery is again to Antwarpe for money and corn powder. Mons. du Lyre reports that they number 9,000 footmen and 3,000 horsemen and odd, "but the roll is more." Would have thought that the King might have better service of his own subjects at half the charge. "Ye were wont to call us blood suppers, but you may call them truly money devourers." Sent to-day to Grandevele to know when they should have further talk. Honynges reported that he never saw him so merrily disposed and that he said the writer had done the office of a good Councillor in his advertisements home. May have done foolishly, but he has advertised truly, and will do so, "and not let for Grandevill ne Kaisar."
The above was written on Sunday. Being commanded by the Council's letters of the 14th to learn if there were any other cause of the coming of the Admiral of France, reports that" discoursers" say that Dandyne, "who is secretary to the Bishop of Rome, but yet a bishop" came through France, and has moved the Emperor on the Bishop of Rome's behalf for a new confederacy between him, the Emperor and the French king against us and the Germans, for which purpose the Admiral comes. There was talk here that the Cardinal of Tournon and the Admiral should come, before Skipperus came last out of England. To learn more is impossible, as very few are here of counsel in such matters. Richemonde arrived on Sunday night, and the writer straightway sent to Grandevele for audience, and was with him on Monday, 19 Oct., by 8 a.m. Declared Winchester's coming, and asked when the Admiral would be here; and was answered with good words, as he writes to the King. Grandevele promised to report to the Emperor, and after dinner advertise, by Secretary Joyse, what he could learn of the Admiral's coming. Tarried till 3 o'clock and then sent Honynges again to Grandevele, who promised to send Joyse within half an hour. At 6 o'clock a secretary of Joyse's came to say that the Emperor was glad of Winchester's coming; but when questioned, he could not tell when the Admiral should come, so the writer again, after supper, sent to Grandevele. Honynges returned at 9 o'clock saying that he could not speak with Grandevele, but had spoken with Joyse, who said that the Emperor could not tell when the Admiral would be here, but the French king had appointed him, like as Winchester was appointed, "to entreat a peace." Joyse's man, who came at 6 o'clock, showed letters to Scory signifying that where our Almains should have passed through a wood betwixt the Emperor's country and France, the Frenchmen stopped them by felling trees; and they now determine to remain longer in the Emperor's country, and the footmen begin to mutiny. Heard the like from Mr. Avery yesterday, "saving of the mutiny." In the same letter was written that certain of the foot band would have eaten and undone an abbey but for Captain Buckeholte, whom the writer of the letter commended, and that the commissaries and captains had determined their longer abode in the Emperor's country. Was desired to write to them to go thence, but answered that they had the King's commandment. Prays God send us peace, with the King's honour "or else, etc., and God send the King money enough." Bruxels, 19 Oct., about midnight.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd: 1545.
19 Oct. 617. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. Whereas the Council lately wrote to him to send to Acon, to the King's Commissaries, 47,000l. st., yesterday Mr. Avery came from Sir Ralph Fane and Mr. Chamberleyn with letters requiring 30,000l. Fl. to be delivered to Avery and other 53,900l. Fl. to be sent to Acon against the dissolution of the army of Almains. Lately signified the state of his account. Desires them to take order in time for at least 25,427l. 9s. 11rf., Fl.; for so much do the Commissaries require more that he will receive. The state of his account is as follows:—
Received of the Fowker 82,333l. 6s. 8d., and received and to be received of certain Italians by order of the Lord Chancellor 17,000l. Fl.: total 99,333l. 6s. 7d. Fl. Paid to Riffinbergh (1,000 gilderns) 166l. 13s. 4d. Fl., and to the Commissaries (28,000 cr.) 8,866l. 13s. 4d. Fl., sent to Calles by Thos. Gresham 31,827l. 9s. 11d. Fl., and now must pay Avery 30,000l. Fl.: total 70,860l. 16s. 7d. Fl. Leaving in hand 28,472l. 10s. 1d. Fl.
To return the money sent to Calles by Gresham would be the speediest way of providing the sum required; and "protraction of time in paying the Almains at their dissolution may raise a great loss to the King's Majesty." The Commissaries write to him to send 10 barrels of corn powder to Mowns in Henault, as there is none in all the army. Will send it away this day. The bruit is that the Lansgrave amasses a great army against the duke of Brunswike, and the king of Denmark another; "who between them are like to cut off his victuals and put him in a great hazard." Andwerp, 19 Oct.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
19 Oct. 618. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. I send you the answer of Mr. Warham's letter, who, as I signified, was at Cullen. I write of other things to the Council and "spare to cumber you with other writings." Repeats the whole effect (including the statement of account) of his letter to the Council, on the subject of Mr. Ayery's coming. One thing I desire to be suffered to write, viz., "that I wish the King's Majesty to take heed to the Emperor's practices at this present time in the treating of this peace between the King's Majesty and the French king. I wish the Emperor should not be a meddler between them." Sends letters from Mr. Buckeler, out of Almayn. Hears that the Landisgrave prepares a puissant army with the aid of the other princes and cities, against the Duke of Brunswike, who will "hardly avoid great danger." Andwerp, 19 Oct. 1545.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
20 Oct. 619. The Coinage.
See Grants in October, No. 36.
20 Oct. 620. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 259.
Meeting at Windsor, 20 Oct. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Admiral, Cheyney, Wingfield, Petre, Paget. Business:—Warrant to Sir John Williams to deliver John Leweston of the fortress of Portelande 25l. 14s. 4d. disbursed about the ordnance there. Ant. Macuelo and Ant. Guerras, Spaniards, "in the name of John de Quintanaduenas, of Brouges, and Alvaro and Jeronimo Pardo, Diego Alonso and the heirs of Loyes and Alvaro de Malouenda and other the Emperor's subjects," laders of the ships St. Anne and St. Christopher and the Raven of Loubecke made an agreement (detailed) with Chr. Saverye, Rog. Crowte and John Wotton and their partners in the ship Trynitie of Totnes. Warrant to Mr. Winter to deliver to bearer 10 French prisoners handed over to Sir George Carew by — Mychele of Dartmouth.
20 Oct. 621. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., v. 549.
Has just received a letter from the Warden of the East Marches enclosing a cipher from the laird of Ormeston, sent herewith, together with the decipher. Huntingdon, 20 Oct. 1545.
P.S.—Muscovite borrowed of Sr de Gamboa, now at his departing, 40 cr. to be paid at London; which 40 cr. Mr. Hobye has redelivered to Gamboa and desires Paget to stay it for him in case Muscovite receive any money there.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Oct. 622. The Laird of Brunston to [Sadler]. (fn. n8)
R. O.
St. P., v. 550.
Since he last wrote, Sir George Douglas tells him that the lords have signed agreement for the marriage of the young Queen to the Governor's son, but that he has as yet stayed Angus and his friends. Is sure that Sir George will stay them until they know the King's pleasure; and if the King will so support them that they may make their party good against the Governor, they will stake everything that all promises to the King shall be kept. The writer's friends will be ready as ever to advance the King's affairs. But the King must be plain with them, both as to what he would have them do and what they may expect of him; and, therefore, I have written to the King desiring to speak with one of his Council (especially your lordship) at Berwick castle upon three or four days' warning. Life and heritage depend on this being .kept secret, and he will bring Sir George Douglas's whole mind. 20 Oct., at Colder.
ii. The Same to Henry VIII.
Knowing the minds of a great part of the barons of his country and desiring to serve the King, whose liberality he and his Mends have experienced, the writer would speak with one of the King's Council (and rather with Master Sadlor) at the Castle of Berwik, as he cannot with secrecy, on which his life and heritage depend, come further within the country. Colder, 20 Oct.
P.S.—"Hast the answer of thir agan to Coldingam."
All in cipher, pp. 3.
R. O. 2. Contemporary decipher of the above.
Pp. 2. Endd: The 1. of Brunston to the Kinges Majestie, xxo October 1545.
20 Oct. 623. Henry Earl of Surrey to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 329.
B. M.
Howard, 179.
Desires to know with all speed, by bearer, when my lord of Wynchester will be in Callais, for it much behoves the King's service that Ant. Ager should speak with him before his departure. Upon Cobham's advertisement, will send Ager to declare important things to Wynchester, to whom Surrey begs to be commended. Boloygne, 20 Oct. 1545.
P.S.—Whereas Mr. Wotton's son "fantasyth' a gennet gelding of mine that stands in Callais blind and ruined, I am ashamed to give him and will only desire him to take him until I can give a better. "I shall also send the money by Philbert that Sir Edward Wotton paid to Barnard Grete by my appointment."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: deputy of Callays.
20 Oct. 624. Charles V. to M. de St. Mauris.
d'Etat, iii.,
Has received his letters of the 10th and 13th inst., to which Granvelle replies. As to the Admiral's coming hither for the new capitulation and points remaining in difficulty of last treaty and that between France and England; immediately upon Decke's last return from England and report upon the abstinence of war proposed by him to the king of England (whereupon the Emperor wrote that he seemed ready to listen to a truce for six months) the Emperor informed the French ambassador here resident, in order that he might obtain power for this. Likewise informed the ambassador of England, who says that he has not yet received his, but would despatch to his master in haste. The French ambassador has received his, and the English ambassador hourly expects his; and, the Emperor having informed his ambassador in England of what St. Mauris wrote of the Admiral's coming, the king of England has at once despatched the bp. of Winchester to the Emperor, who was to leave on the 6th inst. This should be intimated there.
As to what the King and Secretary Bochetel have said of the celebration of the Emperor's Order, the Emperor has sent to Brussels for the Chancellor of the Order, at whose coming the copy of a procuration will be sent. Malines, 20 Oct. 1545.


  • n1. "The Eagle."
  • n2. Apparently the Duke of Suffolk.
  • n3. Oct. 10th.
  • n4. The 14th, as appears later.
  • n5. Mons de Florennes. See No 636
  • n6. The Pope.
  • n7. That is, after his letter of the 15th, No. 593. This part of the letter, as appears later, was written on Sunday the 18th.
  • n8. In the State Papers this letter is supposed to be addressed to Hertford, and in the Calendar of State Papers, Scotland (Thorpe), it is assumed to be intended for Wharton. But the contents leave no room for doubt that it was written to Sadler, whom Brunston always addressed as "your Lordship."