Henry VIII: May 1546, 6-10

Pages 373-390

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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May 1546, 6-10

6 May. 748. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 405.
Meeting at Greenwich, 6 May. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Petre. Business: — Upon letters from Rye touching their apprehension of one Maynewaryng for lewd words spoken during his imprisonment at Dieppe, of their lack of victual,—that Mr. Aucher had taken their provision, and that certain light persons, mariners meant to have put to sea notwithstanding the restraint; answer was made that Maynewaryng should be examined, Aucher should forbear pressing them in their provisions more than necessary, and, if the mariners were found to have no other purpose than lightness, two of their ringleaders should be whipped and all despatched out of prison on bond for good behaviour. Letter to abp. of Canterbury to save the citizens the cost of keeping 60 French prisoners committed by the lord Great Master to the Westgate gaol by appointing them by four or five, to gentlemen of the country to be set to work to earn their food, and so stimulated to procure their ransoms. Letter to Sir Giles Strangwishe, Sir Thos. Trencharde, Thos. Trenchard and John Williams to enquire into a suspected case of piracy (described) by Stephen Long, captain of the pinnace Mary Grace of Saltashe, who discharged certain goods at Weymouth. Letter to Sir Wm. Brabazon, lord justice of Ireland, forwarding a commission to receive the Great Seal from the Chancellor and deliver it to Sir Thos. Cusake. Thomas Jeffrey, clerk of the Privy Seal, had warrant to Pekham for 5,000l. for the treasurer of wars at Newhaven in Bolonoys. Five persons naming themselves the earl of Bath's servants, who four days ago were committed to the Counter for playing lewd plays in the suburbs of London, to be released upon bond not to play without the Council's licence; a letter herein to the mayor of London. Mr. Vaughan, sent to Flanders, had instructions in writing and warrant to Williams for diets at 30s., &c. Letter to customers at Winchelsea to permit Wm. Lawles to carry wood to Calais.
6 May. 749. Lisle, Paget and Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St P., xi. 127.
Met the French commissioners, viz., the Admiral, President Raymond and Secretary Bochetel, this day, in a tent where last meeting was, from 11 a.m. until 6 p.m., after an effort had been made, the day being foul, to get the meeting adjourned either to Ardre or Guisnes. The French began by saying they trusted that the substance of the matter would be at once considered. Replied that all we said should be to the purpose; and, if they saw that we spoke reason and yet their commission or instructions led them not so far, we trusted that, like good ministers, they would try to persuade their master; we entered this war because of the non-payment of our pension, and, therefore, let them pay what the treaties showed to be due, give some recompense towards our charges (which had been above 8 millions) and leave us alone with Boulloyn and Boullonnois, and the matter were soon ended. That song, replied the French, had been often sung, but the keeping of Boulloyn was the cause of the continuance of the war; and therefore we must be prepared to treat of the restitution of Boulloyn and comprehension of the Scots. We asked why they so much desired Boulloyn when to make peace before they had foregone some of their pieces, as Heding, Tourney, Millan and other places which the Emperor kept. They answered that as for Tourney they had hoped to have it again for money, and so had upon promise of 600,000 cr., until we helped to win it from them again, and for such pieces as the Emperor kept they kept some of his, and yet because of them had had war with him and his ancestors almost 30 years; rather than lose one foot of his ground their master would consume the rest of his realm; this war had been rather for the preservation of their master's honours than for enmity between their persons (and here they mentioned the kindness shown at the interview between the kings at Guisnes, and the sufferings of their countries and themselves by the war); what should appear by writing to be due should be paid, the pension viager and perpetual according to the former treaties, for Boulloyn they had commission to promise 100,000 cr., 150,000 cr. or at most 200,000 cr., and the Scots were friends whom they might not in honour abandon. We answered, after some mention of your kindness to their master in his need, that when a man is forced to take action at law to recover a debt he recovers also his costs; our master had recourse to that action which princes must use, the sword, and had expended eight millions of gold, which he ought to have and yet keep what he had conquered; but, to prove his desire to renew old amity, if they would pay out of hand all that was due already, continue the pensions as aforesaid and pay eight millions in recompense of costs, they should have Boulloyn and reasonable terms for the payment of the eight millions; they had not comprehended the Scots in their peace-making with the Emperor. "Eight millions! quoth they, you speak merrily. All Christendom have not so much money. We may as well offer you again 100 crowns; You speak of recompense, quoth they; if any recompense should be made, we should have it; for you have made us spend twice as much as you and also delivered to the Emperor the marquisate of Mountferrate, Lucemburgh, Yvoy, Landersey and divers other places which, had not been for you, we had kept still. And where you say, quoth they, we gave you the cause of the war, we do deny that the pension was ever asked us, and say that you brake the treaty first, for that you gave not aid, being asked according to the treaty." After a long dispute about treaties and proceedings of ambassadors at that time, we answered that you put them to no unnecessary charges; it was not you but the hope of having Millan which caused them to surrender the places named; we had observed our treaty, but that observance did not affect the payment of the pension, which was an unconditional debt, and some of us could depose that it was asked for; and there was no need to make such sticking for the Scots, who were left out so frankly in their treaty with the Emperor. The Admiral here said that they were comprehended, and we that the treaty proved otherwise. He then said that they were comprehended by promise; which we denied, rehearsing how David Panter's coming into Flanders and subsequent proceedings of the Regent and the Emperor's Council with your deputies proved that they were not. The Admiral replied that both the Viceroy and Granvelle covenanted with him that they should be comprehended, but desired that it should not be mentioned in the treaty, saying that the Emperor would not counsel his master to leave the Scots unprovided, nor was it honorable. "What Granvele is you know (quoth he), but as for the Viceroy I take him for so honest a man that he will not deny this, and if he will I will avow it to him to his displeasure"; and that he would stand to. "Yea Mary! quoth Monluc (who stood by) the Emperor said to me, at my late being with him, that he is not in war with the Scots." And they pointed out that the Scots haunted the Emperor's countries, whose safeconducts were only a "goodly colour" for it; and said that if they left the Scots they were unworthy to have friendship with you or any other. We answered that, if they so much desired you to regard their honour in the restitution of Boulloyn and comprehension of the Scots, they must regard your honour also and let the young Queen be delivered, and hostages given for the treaty of marriage. Here we had long debate touching the delivering of her so young out of her mother's hands to be married against her will; and they asked what hostages you would demand, and "began to enter devices" which they desired us to write to you. We answered that this matter touched your honour more than Boulloyn touched theirs, and we could not in conscience advise the comprehension without the observance of the treaty. They promised to send their devices in writing tonight. As to the recompense, we said that we would descend to six millions, and bade them, if it seemed too much, make a reasonable offer. They said that recompense for expenses was never before asked; to have slain their people, devastated their country and compelled them to pay their debt was sufficient pain to inflict for non-payment, and great honour to you. Reminded them that we too had suffered and that this was asked not alone for expenses but for a reciproque. "What is 200,000 crowns, quoth we? It is scant the ransom of you, Mons. Ladmyral, if you should be taken prisoner." He laughed, alleging his inability, but said that they had shown their commission, and would ask to what point we would descend. So we came roundly to the three millions. They said that the Emperor had but two millions for the King, when prisoner, and all France with the help of friends had much ado to pay it. We answered that lower we could not come. They then wished we had never met till things were brought to better furtherance; and so the Admiral said he had desired, but we sent word again that it were better that personages of credit should meet and make an end shortly. We answered that we thought they would have satisfied your honour when you were content to talk of what they desired,—which you never were before or would be again if we now broke off,—and therefore we begged to know the extremity of their commission. The Admiral answered that it was 200,000 cr., but if he offered 50,000 cr. more he was sure his master would stand to it. We replied that for Tourney they gave 600,000 and this was worth six Tourneys. They answered that we did not consider that now there was a great sum to pay for arrearage. Here we took occasion to mention the obligation which they deny forfeiting, and the end of a long dispute was our yea and their nay; they adding that for Boulloyn they give the pension viager and perpetual, which, if war continue, we cannot have, thus losing 100,000 cr. yearly and all their debt, besides the recompense, and being put to the perpetual charge of keeping Boulloyn. At last it was agreed that we should advertise our masters how we stood and bring their resolute answers at next meeting, which should be within five days, for otherwise the Admiral would have broken off now (and seeing their proceedings so meagre we could have been content, had we known that you would not be offended).
We proposed also the manner and days of payment and detention of Boulloyn and Boullonnoys meanwhile, according to the articles which were sent to your Majesty; and we conjecture that they will pay yearly your pension, that for your expenses 500,000 cr. or 600,000 cr. will be the utmost, and that they will pay also the arrears of pension; and, paying these two sums at one time to be agreed upon, they will leave you meanwhile Boulloyn and all on this side the water, and as for the Scots they mean to patch up some "blind covenant." Francesco Bernardo will speak to the Admiral apart tomorrow to know whether they will give 2½ or 3 millions. We told him we would neither bid nor forbid him to speak therein, but we ourselves would not meddle till we heard again from you (beseeching you to let us know your final pleasure, for after next meeting we are like to talk no more together unless we agree better than at this time). Guisnes, 6 May, at midnight.
Have not yet received their overtures touching the Scots. Signed.
Pp. 11. Add. Endd.. 1546.
6 May 750. Paget to Petre.
R. O. By our letters to the King "you shall perceive how untoward this peace is." Pray procure our answer with diligence. Reflects, at some length, that the future is in God's disposal; who sometimes, for purposes unknown to man's capacity, suffers the good to have adversity, otherwise we might hope certainly for the ruin "of this wilful prince our enemy." Guysnes, 6 May 1546.
"I pray you, for expedition, to return the answer by this bearer."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
6 May. 751. Lisle to the Council.
R. O. Has received their letters of the 5th inst. mentioning report that 60 French ships are come to the seas, and many of the best captains being now absent, that the King wants a man to take charge of his navy; wherefore, Lisle is to tell the French admiral that, now the enemies are come to the seas, he must repair to his charge of the King's navy (unless the Admiral will stay the French navy) and the lord Great Chamberlain will treat the matter of the peace here. This day the Admiral of France and we met, as signified in our letters to the King; and Monluc being now sent to me from the Admiral, I have by him sent word to the Admiral to the required effect. Monluc thought there was not as yet any such army at sea, but has promised an immediate answer from the Admiral. Assures the Council that he has not, nor has had, any captains of the Kings ships in his company save Mr. Paston's brother. Thomas Cotton, whom he lately sent to lie in wait for certain Scots coming out of Flanders, met two French and two Scottish ships carrying merchandise from France to Scotland, and captured one of the Scottish ships. The rest escaped. In the ship were letters (sent herewith) directed to the queen, Governor, Cardinal and others. Has commanded Cotton to send her into the Thamys. Guisnes, 6 May. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand.— "I have received word from my lord William that Mr. Reskymer with 11 sail of the Western men are arrived in the Narrow Seas."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
6 May. 752. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O. Received today Paget's packet for Mr. Christopher Mount, and despatched it forthwith by a post who was departing towards Fraunkeford. Peter van de Wale is at present in England, but whether he be here or not Damesell can always find means to convey letters to Mount and others. His two ships laden with the King's provision left three days ago in charge of two of the King's ships sent hither by the Lord Admiral. Trusts they are ere this in England. Reminds Paget to take order for the 2,500l. Fl. wanted for the said provisions. Andwarpe, 6 May 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Callies. Endd.
6 May. 753. The Duke of Longueville to his Mother, Queen of Scotland [Mary of Guise].
Balcarres MS.,
ii. 53.
Adv. Lib.
The bearer stays such a short time in this town that he cannot write with his own hand. The hindrance the writer had yesterday in going to the palace to pursue her process of Laval makes it necessary for him to return thither today. Monsieur, Madame and all his uncles do their best. They are all well. We have been for Easter to Guise and staid some days at La Fere where Madame de Vendosme made me good cheer. Madame Anthoinette my aunt was made professe during our stay there. Our counsel thinks we shall have a good end in our cause. The Cardinal will take us all to Lorraine—a great pleasure to me. Paris, 6 May 1546. Signed: Francoys d'Orl's.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Royne d'Escosse. Endd.
6 May. 754. Doge and Senate of Venice to their Ambassador with the Emperor.
v., No. 391.
Hear from their ambassador in France and secretary in England that Francesco Bernardo (son of Ser Maphio Bernardo), who was in England on mercantile business, had been sent to the Court of France to negociate an agreement between the two Crowns. Secretary Zambon adds that the Imperial ambassadors report that Bernardo was dealing through the Venetian ambassador in France. Bernardo quitted England both the first and the second time without communicating anything to Zambon; and neither the Signory nor their ministers have had any hand in it. This to be notified to the Emperor, Granvelle and others.
6 May. 755. The Duke of Mantua to Henry VIII.
v., No. 389.
Thanks for goodwill expressed in his gracious letters. Mantua, 6 May 1546.
*** There is also (No. 390) the Duchess of Mantua's explanation that she cannot accede to Da l'Armi's request, as she does not wish to incur the enmity of any of the Christian powers; and on that account the proclamations against entering foreign services are renewed.
6 May. 756. Mons. Thomaso Sandrino to the Cardinal of Mantua.
v., No. 388.
Arrived from Ferrara yesterday. The Cardinal of Ferrara hears that Ludovico da l'Armi and General Luigi of Castelgoffredo are raising troops. By preventing this the Cardinal of Mantua will greatly please France, and the Cardinal of Ferrara thinks that he should do so, as he did heretofore, as such a stir by a private individual will offend both France and the Pope,—and, peace being expected shortly, would be useless. Milan, 6 May 1546.
7 May. 757. Sale of Crown Lands.
Commission. See Grants in May, Nos. 14 and 19.
7 May. 758. Almsfolk.
Commission. See Grants in May, No. 16.
7 May. 759. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 407.
Meeting at Greenwich, 7 May. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Petre]. Business:—Warrants for delivery of money to Thos. Geffrey to be conveyed to the camp at Newhaven in Bullenoys, viz., to the Augmentations for 2,000l. for Sir Edw. Wotton, and 20l. for cost of conveyance of that and 8,000l. more, to the Exchequer for 2,000l. for Sir John Haryngton, and to the Tenths and First Fruits for 1,000l. for Haryngton. Placard for Geffrey to take up carts, &c. Lord Thomas Hawarde appeared and was assured of the King's clemency if he would frankly confess what he said in disproof of the sermons preached in Court last Lent and his other talk in the Queen's chamber and elsewhere in the Court concerning Scripture; but as, although acknowledging his fault, he did not confess the particulars which the Council would have had him confess, he was remanded. Letter to Deputy and Treasurer of Calais to send hither in custody Henry Farneham and Cornelys the mariner of Calais, and sequestrate their ships and goods and those of Thomson of Calais. Letter to the mayor of London to examine Hollande, the searcher, and Morton, the grocer's apprentice of Bucklersbury, "touching certain heretic books, of Bale's making, lately brought in a hoy of Flanders." Safeconduct for Alonso de Castillo, Spaniard, to pass with his ship Saincte Nicholas and the goods taken in her on Ash Wednesday by the Bark Aucher; letter to Sir Thos. Arundel, Sir Thos. Trenchard and —— Lewson, captain of Portland castle, to restore those goods; and recognisance (cited) of Alonso de Castillo, Ant. de Guerre and Lopez de Carreon concerning them.
7 May. 760. Thornton College.
Close Roll,
38 Hen. VIII.
p. 2, No. 43.
Rymer.xv. 91.
Surrender by Roger Dalyson, S.T.P., dean of the college of Holy Trinity of Thornton, Linc., and the said college, of the lordship and manor of Carleton juxta Basingham, alias Carleton in le Moreland, Linc., the rectory and the advowson of the vicarage of Carleton in Moreland, the lordship and manor of Staynton in le Hole, the manor and advowson of the rectory of Rowthwell, the lordship and manor of Reisby, and all their lands in Awedelbye within the parish of Caister and Crosseby within the parish of Frothingham, Linc., and all their lands in Carleton aforesaid, Staynton, Rowthwell, Swallowe, Caborne, Reisbye, Walisbye, Tevilbye, Awdelbye and Crosbye; also the grange called Burneham Graunge in Burneham and Thorneton, Linc., as farmed by Sir Robt. Tyrwhitt; lands lately in tenure of John Browne, chaplain, and Wm. Knolles in Barton upon Humber; and lands called Burneham Dale in Coxhill Westmersshe, Linc., and half of one "le dale" of meadow (20 ac.) in Worlebye Ynges, Linc. Dated, 7 May 38 Hen. VIII.
7 May. 761. Lisle to Henry VIII.
R. O. This morning, had answer from the Admiral of France to the message he sent him yesternight by Monlucke and this morning by Francis Barnard, in pursuance of the Council's letters of the 5th touching 60 sail of Frenchmen now come forth. That answer is that the Admiral knows of only 6 or 7 galleys which left Newhaven 15 days past and 8 small "corsaries like unto shallupes or pynessies"; divers ships and galleys, he says, are ready, but none shall put to sea without his knowledge, and he wrote this morning by Monluck (despatched in post to the French king) to have commandment sent to the ports that neither galley nor ship (save merchantmen) go to sea for the space of 10 or 12 days. The Admiral's confession that ships and galleys are ready is probably "bravery"; but still the writer wishes the ships which the King means to have at sea were ready and their victualling ordered. It appears by the Council's said letters that Sir Thomas Clere and William Broke shall reinforce the army with certain hulks; and, as the French army is not yet abroad, if these hulks and the other ships (including the four new galliasses) were ready and victualled for a month, the Frenchmen might be given a buffet if this treaty fails. Gathers from the Council's letters that the King is informed that Lisle has sundry captains attending upon him. Has neither captain nor gentleman out of the King's ships but only Mr. Paston, when his ship was at Dover pier being mended (for she had sprung her mainmast), who is now despatched to his charge; and he left a kinsman attending upon the mariners in his absence. Our proceeding with the French commissioners your Majesty may perceive by our common letters of this date: "having yet some better hope upon the return of Monlucke." Guisnes, 7 May 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 May. 762. Lisle to Petre.
R. O. Has just received letters from Lord William Howarde, by Burley, not mentioning any fleet of the enemy but the receipt of the Council's letters of the 5th and 6th inst. In coming hitherwards Burley learnt from a Flemish pink which left Diepe yesterday that three or four days past two galleys went from Diepe towards Newhaven in Normandy. Lord William, nevertheless, according to instructions, is repaired into the Downes with all the navy except the Unicorn and the Evangelist Judd who went to waft out of Flanders certain things bought by Damysell. Today the Admiral of France sent me word that one of our small shallops in chasing their victuallers ran aground beside Estaplis and was boarded by two of their shallops, who however could not take her until at low water fresh men came out of Estaplis. Her men would never yield and are all slain save one or two. If it be one of the "new ones," it must be one of them which were appointed to my lord Lieutenant. The Admiral sent word that it was the Fenix, and her men were in yellow. The men of Fenix which my lord Great Chamberlain gave his Majesty are not in yellow. I have written to my lord Great Chamberlain to ask whether it is one of his four. I and Mr. Secretary, because of our train and provision, are returned to Callays to await next advertisements from the King. Scribbled 7 May.
P.S.—Mr. Secretary has signified occurrents. Those with whom we have to do seem desirous of peace; but "would set you as low as they may, minding earnestly the recovery of their pieces by easy payments, which they would (as I think) shortly pay." At Monluke's return the uttermost of their offers will be known. Will pray God for an honorable and profitable peace, were it only until his Majesty recovers part of his charges and settles things. "Warre may be reneweyed as shall plese the Prince. I reffere the rest to your consruction." Commend me to my lord Chancellor, my lord Privy Seal, the Master of the Horse and all the Council.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
7 May. 763. Paget to Petre.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 136.
I send you the Frenchmen's overtures touching the Scots, mentioned in our last common letters. We might as well keep them here unless at next meeting we come nearer together touching the rest of the points. Monluc is gone to the French king (the Admiral sent word today) fully instructed; at whose return they look for a final answer. Touching the 512,000 cr. which my lord of Winchester says is due, the words of the French king's letter are si nos aut successores nostri dictum tractatum perpetuœ pacis juxta conventa in eodem non observaverimus vel non observarint, etc., which they deny having broken,as they "were never required debito [modo] to do [an]y thing which the treaty bindeth them to do." (In margin: "Look upon the words of the treaty.") And they say that although a man keep not the condition of his obligation, it is against conscience to ask the penalty when he is ready to fulfil the condition. We will leave nothing unsaid to prove the debt; but how shall reason serve if will rules, in such a personage as the French king? In the end of a letter lately sent me by my lord lieutenant (fn. n1) you shall perceive his answer touching your request. I did as much with him as I could. The Admiral has invited me and Mr. Wootton to dinner tomorrow at Ardre, promising that President Raymond shall come hither to supper and stay the night, and has asked my lord Admiral to go with him a hunting of the hare. We wish they would rather do as they ought in other matters and give less of their courtesy and more of their money. If we agree not now (and I doubt it much) I will never open my lips for peace again; for, with prayer to God, and with mind, heart and body, I have travailed for it in vain, for the quiet of my master and country. Guysnes, 7 May 1545.
P.S. in another hand. — I enclose a letter from Skipper to me and beg you to help for his satisfaction. Upon the French Admiral's answer this day to my lord Admiral, who doubtless writes to the King therein, he remains here to execute his charge in this treaty unless the King command the contrary, as we suppose his Majesty will not.
Hol. (except P.S.), pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R O.
St. P., xi. 136.
2. The French overtures touching the Scots.
That the Scots be comprehended on the King's part without mention of the treaty of Scotland: or else that they be named friends on both sides without such mention. (In margin "They say, this manner taketh not away the King's interest to the treaty with the Scots, but that afterwards his Highness may claim of them the accomplishment of the treaty.") That the treaty contain a clause setting forth that when the little Queen of Scotland attains marriageable age, if the King of England continues to wish her marriage with the Prince, in pursuance of the treaty which he says that he has with the Scots, they (the French) shall be able to send to the Little Queen, the Queen Mother, the Estates of Scotland and other near relatives advising it. Or else the treaty of peace shall state that it is not to prejudice capitulations or treaties which either party pretends to have with the Scots, (fn. n2) —for which, however, no war shall be made between France, England and Scotland but disputes upon the treaties shall be settled amicably.
French, p. 1. With marginal notes in Paget's hand. Endd.: Th'articles touching the Scottes delivered by the French commissioner[s].
7 May. 764. William lord Grey to Paget.
R. O. Bearer, Griffith Apenreth, among many other friendly services, last year sent his son into Norfolk to provide me grain for Hampnes, and (through commission purchased of the King's Council) 170 qr. of wheat and 40 qr. of malt was shipped at Yermouthe for Callais, where I received it; but his said son died before being able to send the Council's certificate that the grain was only for Hampnes and the "customers" of Yermouthe have put this Griffith in the Exchequer for the custom. I beg you to write to the "said customer" that the grain was for Hampnes. that Griffith may be discharged, it being an order that none of the Councillors on this side pay custom for victual or fuel at any port in England. Bouloign, 7 M[ay] 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
7 M[ay]. 765. William lord Grey to ———.
R. O. "Upon the receipt of your letter of the second of this month I sent unto Callice for Sir Thomas Palmer"; and this day he and I examined a spy whom I had sent to the fort, and also an Italian who had fled thence. Both agree that 9 captains (names herewith) and 600 able soldiers are within and 100 sick lie without the fort at Portell. They "keep a very sure and strong watch, having as vigilant an eye of us now as they had in time of war, or more." The plague was very hot, but they were always refreshed with new men, and now it is almost ceased. They make countermines on the side towards us, pretending them to be only "salyes," which declares them afraid of us. Bolloign, 7 M[ay]. Signed: Wyllyum [Grey].
Pp. 2. Mutilated.
7 May. 766. Gaspar Duchy to Henry VIII.
R. O. Begs him to hear bearer, Augustino Cesto, touching two ships laden with wheat and rye belonging mainly to the writer, which, with the Emperor's passport, he laded in Holland for Portugal, at the instance of the ambassador and factor of the king of Portugal, expecting the king of Portugal to pay for the last of wheat 140 ducats and of rye 110 ducats. The ships carried about 150 lasts of wheat and 75 lasts of rye, worth 28,250 (sic) ducats; and they are taken into Portcemue by the English armada. Is as willing that the King's subjects should have it as those of Portugal, and, trusting that the King will indemnify him, has not had the matter moved by the Queen. Antwerp, 7 May 1546. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.
7 May. 767. Gaspar Duchy to Paget.
R. O. His desire is to serve and not to importune the King; but his Majesty's armada has detained two ships laden with wheat and rye which he was sending into Portugal, and he begs to be indemnified, as Paget will see by his letters Begs aid. Bearer, Augustino Cesto, will explain further. Antwerp, 7 May 1546. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.
7 May. 768. John Dymoke to the Council.
R. O. On 2 May received their letter dated 27 April directing him to sell the King's corn which he bought at Dordricht. Immediately departed thither, with a new licence for 100 last of Estlands corn which Sir Edward Carne had gotten, hoping to convey out part of the wheat to Calays; but the Lady Regent had sent to the customer to prevent shipping it and to see it sold here by retail by 10 and 15 lasts and by 3 and 4 lasts. Is doing so; and, if this easterly wind do not hurt the market, the King will gain 500 or 600l. Fl. The ship of Breame is ready to depart by the 12th and carries certain wheat. The King's ships might take heed to her in the Downes. Hopes that most of the wheat provided in Breame will reach England with this wind. Had his servant there fourteen days before Easter, but export of corn was stopped until Whitsunday; as Chr. Coke advertised Mr. Watson, in order to get the King's letters to the lords of Breame, the lieutenant of Vollefebudell and the duke of Luneborch certifying it to be the King's. Wrote to the Council therein but had no answer; and also wrote to William Watson to remind them. Wrote also asking what to do with the 1,400l. Fl. still in his keeping over and above the 3,200l. and profit which he expects from the sale of corn. Has bought for the King eight pieces of Rynyshe wine, of three sorts and prices, and will send them in three or four days. Was bold to buy them because the staple of Rynyshe wines is here, and that the King may prove which he likes best; "for here is great store, and wines that will endure this five or vj. years; they are as good as they were in the year of forty." Wrote to know whether the King would have any wine for Calys or Bolen. "The 14 aunes and halfe of woll coste betwyne 24 and 25l. Flemish and are as good all the Rynyshe wynes which the marchanttes of Dorte do brynge to London, of the which one Diricke van Willes has the salles of at London, and he ys knowen by the K's provyars, so that they maye enform yor honorabill lordeships of the goodenes of those wynes." Sends his wife two barrels of salmon of the Masse, that taken now in May being reckoned the best; and if the King wish any it may be bought cheapest now. Is sure of having it away. Also butter and cheese may be had cheaper in the latter end of May. Letters for him should be sent to Mr. Damesell, as he intends, as soon as he can sell the corn at Dorte, to depart for Breame. Dordrecght, 7 May 1546.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
8 May. 769. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 410.
Meeting at Greenwich, 8 May. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Petre]. Business:—Letter to mayor and jurates of Rye to restore to Peter de Moncheron of Antwerp, his goods taken by Wm. Blakey of Rye out of the hoy of Antwerp called the Pellican. Letter to Lord Admiral, or in his absence lord William Hawarde, to suffer the Salamander of Roan, being prize of the White Hynde, pertaining to Husey of the Admiralty and others, to pass. To Mr. Carew, treasurer of tenths, &c., either to pay Mr. Geffrey the full 1,000l. or appear to answer why he has not so done. Lord Thomas Hawarde and Sir Edward Warnour, promising to reform their indiscreet talking of Scripture matters, were dismissed. Wourley committed to further examination by the bps. of Durham and Winchester, the Porter to keep him meanwhile. Letter to president and Council of Wales that whereas the King pardoned his servant Lewes ap Watkyns of the murder of Roger ap Watkins they should devise means to pacify the latter's wife who still continued to prosecute the appeal. Letters to Justice Pakington to the same effect.
8 May. 770. Prince Edward to his Sister, Mary.
Harl. MS.
5,087, No. 6.
B. M.
Lit. Rem. of
Edw. VI. 8.
Ellis, 1st Ser.,
ii. 133.
Although he does not write often, she must not think him ungrateful or forgetful, for he loves her just as well. Puts on his best clothes very seldom and yet he loves them more than the others; even so he rarely writes to her but loves her most. Heard that she was sick and rejoices that she is recovered. Hunsdon, 8 May.
Lat., fair copy, p. 1. A translation is printed in Halliwell's Royal Letters, II. 7.
8 May. 771. Paget to Petre.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 138.
Gathers from Petre's letter of the 6th that the King mislikes his so often in his letter "mentioning of peace." No man living is so careful to avoid offending the King, not from fear but love, and as God is author of peace and Christ always praised peaceable men, he cannot but desire it; and having listened to so wise a master and conversed with so wise a company as he has haunted now nearly six years (besides ten years before spent in the King's service) he knows the continuance of war, the means to maintain it being at such an ebb, to be so dangerous that he trembles to write of it. Would gladly give his life for a peace to the King's satisfaction. On his knees begs his Majesty to believe that he has all due respect to the treaty, whatsoever he writes to Petre as a dear companion (to be shown to the King if it seem fit, as indeed he thinks nothing should be kept from his Majesty, "and I would to God's passion he might see every man's heart as well as his face"). We have shown ourselves so little to desire peace unless we might have what we listed that the other party would have broken off and departed; and we, but for want of knowing our master's pleasure would have done the same. Whatsoever our cold friends say, I see no practice to win time when they (the French) desire to end the matter at our first meeting and determine but one meeting more for a resolute answer. "No, no, Mr. Peter, the French practices nowadays be but bare gear to other men's practices. When they list to lie they lie plainly, when they would have a thing they ask it plainly, when they would not give a thing they deny it plainly. The great fault in the Frenchman is that reason never ruleth but when necessity constraineth him more than his enemy, and then shall you have of him what you will. As for my lord of Lynoux you see as well as I do that by the last letter we were not answered. This now shall be observed accordingly. As for peace (as I wrote yesterday to you) if it come not now I will hereafter keep her secret in my heart but speak of her hereafter will I never." Calais, 8 May 1546, at night.
P.S.—Read this only to his Majesty. Mr. Wootton, with cold by long sitting in the tent on Thursday at our meeting, is sharply taken with an ague.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
Calig. E. iv.,
2. Draft of the above, without the last sentence of the P.S.
Much mutilated, pp. 3. Endd.
8 May. 772. Paget to Petre.
R. O. I send bearer over to you specially with my other letters that he may bring certain word how they are taken, and whether you "showed the beginning of one or two of my former letters touching reputation to the King's Majesty, and whether the same be taken well or no, and thirdly what Mr. Seymour hath done, and what answer he hath received in that behalf." Pray be plain with me, for if it be well, good, and if ill I have neither written nor done otherwise than became me. Return the messenger soon. Though in my other letter I say that you shall show it to nobody but the King, I leave that to your liberty. Calais, 8 May 1545. (fn. n3)
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
9 May. 773. The Jewel House.
Commission. See Grants in May, No. 18.
9 May. 774. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 411.
Meeting at Greenwich, 9 May. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler. Business:—As both Mr. Chichester and Wyndham failed to appear in the Court of Admiralty, Mr. Chichester's servant was sent to warn his master to appear within fourteen days with the full sum decreed to be restored to Martin de Miranda in recompense of goods spoiled by Wyndham. Upon supplication by certain inhabitants of Sutton in Lincolnshire concerning the marking of their plough oxen by one Thompson and Lynley, for provision of Boulogne, letters were addressed to Sir Wm. Skipwith and Sir John Copledyke to send both hither; or, if Thompson could not be gotten, to send Lynley's depositions and commit him to ward. Letter to Lord Evre to get Alexander Hume's taker to agree with the earl of Cumberland that his brother Thomas Clifford may be redeemed for Hume. Safeconduct for the Serpent of Bruges in her voyage out of Ireland. Letter to mayor and jurates of Rye to permit Richard Fletcher to put to sea with two boats, Warrant to treasurer of the tenth to pay Henry Wylby and John Dobbyne of Knokfergus 112l. 10s. disbursed by inhabitants there in victualling "the army last year prepared towards Scotland," as certified by the deputy and Council of Ireland: also to Sir Wm. Candishe to pay Jas. Leweston, captain of Portland castle, 46s. 8d. for conveyance thither of four barrels of powder. Letter to Hertford signifying the sending of Mr. Geffrey with 2,000l. to Sir Edw. Wotton for payment of strangers, and 8,000l. to Sir John Haryngton for soldiers' wages; to the Lord Admiral, or in his absence Lord William, to provide wafting, and to Wotton and Harington to receive the money. Warrant to Williams to pay Wm. Regerne, petty captain to Sir Wm. Goodolphin, 50l. 15s. for conduct and coats of 60 mariners from the Mounte to Dover, 300 miles. Lord Herberd, Humfrey and Segrave, men at arms, had letters of commendation to Hertford. To the Deputy of Ireland, or in his absence the Justice, to give Thos. Halfpenny and Arthur Occhonour, yeomen of the Guard, 9d. a day as horsemen extraordinary and the next vacant rooms in the garrison.
9 May. 775. Henry VIII. to Lisle, Paget and Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 140.
Has seen their letters of the 7th inst, touching their first meeting with the French commissioners, and is sure that, notwithstanding any wilfulness of the contrary part, they themselves will do their utmost. As the French commissioners desire resolute answer with speed and have sent Monluke to the French court for their master's final resolution, thinks good to signify that, since the French commissioners seem to esteem Bulloyn and Bullonoyes so little as to offer 200,000 cr. for their redemption, they are to be told that Henry will give a great deal more for the quiet keeping of it, viz., will remit all arrears, debts, charges of the war and recompence of fortification if the French will leave to him and his successors all the country between the sea and a line drawn from the coast at the top of the hill beyond Hardelow along the top of the hills beyond Leeks to that part of the county of Guisnes adjoining the hills now in his possession. If the French commissioners cannot be induced to agree to this, a further offer may be made of the remission of the pension perpetual, setting forth how all "bogges and occasions" of new quarrels should be extinguished. If this is finally refused, the French commissioners are to be told that the King, having offered to remit so much for the keeping of that which is his own, expects that if they mean good faith, they will at least make as great an offer for the redemption of it; and therefore if they insist upon its redemption, then besides paying the pensions perpetual and viager with the salt from henceforth (first payment at Midsummer next) and besides arrears of pensions and other debts at reasonable days (first payment also at Midsummer next) they must leave the King in quiet possession of Bulloyn and part of Bullonoys and the county of Guysnes, to be signified by platt, as soon as Rogers, who is sent for, "may come and go unto you," until, after payment of the said arrears and debts, they pay the King or his heirs, upon one day, two millions of gold. This is not to be considered a very great sum, seeing that before the war they were bound to pay the King as much, whereas now they shall have in return a town which has cost the King twice two millions and is made impregnable for ever. If upon the coming of the said plat these conditions as to the redemption seem likely to be accepted, it must be specially covenanted that the boundary between Bullonoys and the King's county of Guysnes shall be from the river at Marguyson "as it passeth from Leekes to the sea side," being indeed the old limits of the pale. The articles devised by the French Commissioners touching the Scots appear so unreasonable as to indicate that they do not earnestly mean to perfect this amity (indeed all their doings at this time seem grounded upon their own wills rather than upon indifferency); for, heretofore, when their other Commissioners treated this matter with "you, our Secretary," they seemed content to leave the Scots uncomprehended upon your only promise that the Scots should not be invaded "without new occasion ministered unto us." Their master has no more cause to stick at this matter of the Scots now than he had then; and the King, requiring nothing of the Scots but the performance of their own pacts, thinks the order signified in his former instructions sufficient.
In case the French will conform to none of the aforesaid ways they are to be told plainly that, being so wedded to their own wills, they can blame none but themselves that peace is prevented and both sides put to great expense, and themselves hindered from other enterprises of perhaps six times more "valour" to them; and their refusal to give two millions for so strong a hold as that now is may be occasion of their spending six.
Finally, if the French suggest a truce, it may be concluded, provided that it be not under two years, and that meanwhile he is left in quiet possession of Bulloyn and such quantity of Bullonoyes and the county of Guysnes as shall be signified in another platt to be sent by Rogers.
Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 14. Endd.: M. to the Commissioners for peax at Callys, ix May 1546.
Calig. E. iv.,
B. M.
2. Original letter of which the above is the draft. Greenwich, 9 May 38 Hen. VIII.
Much mutilated, pp. 6. Add.
9 May. 776. Dr. Crome.
Harl. MS.
425, f. 65.
B. M.
Eccl. Mem.
iii. 160.
Notes of a sermon at Paul's Cross on Sunday, 9 May 33 (fn. n4) Hen. VIII., upon the Gospel "I am a (fn. n5) good Shepherd," &c., John x. [11], with the words of his recantation made after it.
Pp. 3. The heading "Certain Notes of a Sermon," &c., which contains the date, is in a different hand, and seems to have been written in later.
9 May. 777. Paget to Carne.
R. O. Thanks for your letters. "Glad I am that our friends there make such preparation as they say they do for our relief in case the Frenchmen shall invade us," of whom we shall take heed; and so should they, for I dare say (and you may speak it where convenient) that the Frenchmen would fain be doing with them and provoke us to it. For fear of our making peace the Frenchmen say that the Burgundians put ready their forces; but you may tell President Score and Skipperus, with my commendations, that the King will not break his treaty with them, nor any man counsel him to do otherwise than increase the amity of the House of Bourgoyn, and we here have special charge, in making peace, to do nothing to break that amity. Calays, 9 May 1546.
Copy, p. 1. Headed by Paget: Copie of my l're to Mr. Cam. Endd.
9 May. 778. Hertford to Lisle.
R. O. This morning I was advertised from Bulloigne that 15 sails were seen in the west; which now appear before this haven and are judged by the Spaniards, Italians and all others to be galleys. Pray signify this to the King and give order at Dover and along the coast to stay victuallers until you can put your force ready. From the Camp, 9 May 1546. Signed.
P. S.—Now they are come so near that they are evidently galleys.
P. 1. Add.: "haste, post haste" &c., and "Delivered at the Camp, ixo Maii at x. before none—haste." Endd.
9 May. 779. Hertford to Henry VIII.
R. O. This morning appeared 15 galleys coming from the West in good order. About 10 o'clock, when they were near enough to be discovered to be galleys, I sent my lord Admiral word of them that he might advertise your Majesty and put his charge in order. Two hours later three of them departed towards Witsande Baye; and the rest, being 11 (sic) came before this haven and shot into the camp and haven some 24 or 80 shot, cannon and demy cannon, which nevertheless did [no] hurt either to men or ships. I caused three or [more?] pieces to be brought near the shore "and shot [some] amongst them and some over them"; and for an hour was good pastime, until they retired further into the seas. The three galleys which departed towards Witsand took a hoy and a b[ark?] which left Bulloyn this morning empty and two Flemish "bylaunders" coming towards this camp with bread, butter and cheese. They also chased one of your Majesty's pinnaces a-land at Witsand, whose captain, (fn. n6) master and mariners, like varlets, shamefully forsook her, although being aground she could neither be sunk nor boarded. I went out with horsemen and footmen and would have rescued her had they held out but half an hour; but they ran away towards Calais. Doubtless, at their coming to Calais, my lord Admiral will advertise you thereof.
Jaques Granado, taken when Sir Ralph Ellerker was slain, brought yesternight from Estaples the intelligence enclosed.
This evening three more of the 11 galleys departed towards the Narrow Seas and lie between this and the Black Neshe, the three first being at Witsande. They have had all day the calmest weather since my coming. Late this evening there came to them another galley, which lay all day at the point of the foreland beside Porthill. At his coming they gathered in consultation; and probably the ships that support them will appear tomorrow. Camp at Newhaven in Bullonoyes, 9 May 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. "The sayings of Jaques Granada, given to my lord Lieutenant."
When he was taken and brought to Estaples Mons. de Byes told him that the Almaynes in our camp had made a fray with the Englishmen. The Conte Ryngrave said he expected peace; for the French king offered for Bolleyn three millions of gold in ready money together with the town of Ardres. At Estaples are 2,000 pioneers and 100 carts carrying wood to burn chalk which the Almaynes dig; and there are about 17 kilns for that purpose. A mount is made towards the water side as high as the chalk hill and is "a cavalleyer to all the town." On this side the mount they make a bulwark which, judging by the foundations, will be very great. Towards Montrell they "draw forth" a thick wall which shall go into the castle. One tower of the castle is pulled down and will be replaced by a mount. Before the castle, against a hill whereon stood a windmill, a great mount is made and a small piece of artillery already set there. Most of the pioneers are occupied there in carrying earth and turf on the right hand of the said mount, which is from the castle about twice the length of your lordship's tent." On Friday, 5 May, (fn. n7) 800 pioneers arrived. It is said that 9,000 men are coming. The same day 30 pieces of field artillery and the band of Mons. de Homayle came to Montrell. All houses between Parys and Monteroll are said to be full of horsemen; and at Estaples and Monteroll they make great provision of oats, saying that Coronell Vecherart brings 16 ensigns of Almayns, and if peace is not made they will try to win the fort which your Lordship makes here, first taking the hill where your Almaynes are encamped, which beats the haven.
At his departing De Bies sent commendations, saying "he trusted to be acquainted with you." The Ryngrave likewise commended himself praying you to take order that your men might "use the right war, that is every man to do his best in the service of his prince, and in case any were taken to be ransomed at his quarterage"; and he would do the like. Also that the King should not receive men who ran away from their first masters, but proclaim them traitors as the custom is; and if peace came he would go to the King, whom he much desires to see.
He says further that all the ditches about the town (i.e. Estaples) are already very deep, and the camp, Mons. de Teyse, the Almaynes, the Gascoygnes and all, lodged therein.
Pp. 4.
9 May. 780. John Dymoke to the Council.
R. O.
This morning my servant arrived at Dorte to report that the lord of Brwnyswicke will not "suffer the wheat" without letters from the King, for which Chr. Coke wrote a great while since to Mr. Watson, and Dymoke also wrote to the Council. One letter must be directed to the captain of Vollefenbudell, named Her Berent van Melant (in margin in another hand: "This is Barnard van Mela the K's Mates servaunt"), another to those of Brwnyswicke and another to the Duke of Luneborch who lies at Selle. Desires them sent with speed, as tomorrow he leaves for Breame. As he wrote on the 7th inst., has been at Dordrechte ever since receiving theirs of 27 April, and could not use the licence which Mr. Carne obtained for 100 last of Estlands wheat, to convey part of the wheat from Dorte to Amsterdam, and thence to Calays or Dover; for the Queen had ordered the customer of Dorte to see it sold by 3 or 4 last and upwards. If this easterly wind does not bring more corn, he is sure to gain for the King 600l. Fl. in the 3,200l. laid out. Wheat bought at 14l. he has sold for 16l. 6s. 8d. and 16l. 10s., and rye bought at 43½ dalers for 57 dalers. Corn is very dear everywhere. Part of the 100 last of wheat which Mr. Watson bought left Breame with this last easterly wind, and two ships laden with wheat which the writer bought are lying there. Of the 200 last bought only 70 last is shipped, and no more likely to be shipped unless he goes himself; and therefore he leaves his servants to sell the corn at Dorte. Desires the King's letters to the lords of Breame in his favour, as he fears that some with whom he bargained may not keep touch.
His servants bring word from Breame that certain French gentlemen laboured to gather men of war, but the inlords (?) would not consent; and now they are gone to the bishop of Mwnyster to assemble their men.
Seeing that there would be gains upon the King's corn, was so bold as to buy 8 pieces of Rynyshe wine for the King. The staple of Rynyshe wine is here and these pieces are of different sorts, for proof. A ship or two might be laden with wine and sent to Calys or Dover, without any licence. Here is great store of salmon taken, and now is the time to buy it, the price being 2l. Fl. the barrel of the best sort. Butter and cheese also at the latter end of May are best and cheapest by 6s. 8d. or 10s. a barrel. Could lade 5 or 6 ships therewith. Asks what to do with the 1,400l. remaining in his hands over and above the 3,800l. Fl. he expects from sale of the corn. Dorte, in Holland, 9 May 1546.
Has sent his wife two barrels of salmon for a sample, which their Lordships may appoint the King's fishmonger to consider.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
9 May. 781. Books Prohibited at Louvain.
Harl. MS.
4,521, f. 84.
B. M.
Lists of books which the dean and professors of theology at Louvain, with the Emperor's approval, forbid to be read by those subject to them. Dated at Louvain, 9 May 1546.
A long preface explains how some books not openly heretical are dangerous reading for common people, and especially the young, and how so many bibles are condemned because either wrongly translated into Dutch or French or else furnished with prefaces, annotations, or indexes of doubtful authority. The lists are:—Bibles in Latin (20), Greek (1), Dutch (3) and French (2) and New Testaments in Latin (3), Dutch (17) and French (3), "et si que sint his similia," the place, date and printer's name (if known) of each being given. Latin books (75) in a rough alphabetical order. Dutch books (53). High Dutch books (5). French books (9). Books which were forbidden by the Emperor's edict in September 1540.
Latin. Pp. 16.
9 May. 782. Prince Philip to Charles. V.
viii., No. 260.
* * * *
The harm done by the French and English, and also by Scottish corsairs, is so great, that the Emperor should devise some remedy. Meanwhile the suggestion of the Burgos people, that ships should sail armed and in flotillas, will be discussed. In view of the French galleys going to Marseilles the ports have been warned; but few of the ports are strong enough to refuse provisions to the French. Madrid, 9 May 1546.
10 May. 783. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 413.
Meeting at Greenwich, 10 May. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Wingfield. Business:—Robert Leg, treasurer of the Admiralty, had warrant to Pekham for 1.000l. Jasper Douche's factor had letters to Sir Hugh Trevanyon, Mr. Trefry and St. Albyn to collect wares spoiled by Thomson of Calais, an adventurer, in the West, and to apprehend Thomson. Doctor Crome examined, in presence of the bps. of London and Worcester and the King's chaplains who the day before were appointed to be at his sermon at Poles Crosse, and committed to a chamber to answer certain interrogatories.
10 May. 784. Paget to Lisle.
R. O. If you knew how much I long to hear from you you would have devised some means to send word of your safe arrival there. Herewith I send letters just arrived "to your Lordship in particular." When you have read my lord of Hertford's pray take order for its conveyance to Court. Our common letters from the King have two or three new overtures "which I doubt how the same will be liked." "Francys Bernard came this morning from Ardre much troubled that your Lordship was gone, and brought a commandment from the French Admiral to the galleys to retire all so as your Lordship would have retired your men of war for the time." Cales, 10 May, 2 p.m.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
10 May. 785. Paget to Petre.
St. P. xi. 144.
His men have just arrived with the King's letters and Petre's. My lord Admiral went yesternight in my lord of Hertford's little boat; and I trust that God has brought him safely to the Do[wnes], for he is a worthy gentleman and given to serve the King as much as any man I ever saw. He purposed to bring forth the army, clear the seas of these galleys and land to-morrow about Bullen or Newehaven, expecting the King's pleasure to arrive here tonight (as it has) or tomorrow. If he come not, my lord of Hertford must be present to match the Admiral; who this morning sent to the galleys to retire provided that my lord Admiral retired the King's men of war. "But I trust the galleys shall be entreated to return in the Myschieve." Mr. Seymour arrived yesternight before my lord Admiral left, having been chased first by "that knave coward Byrley" (and put in danger of a sacre shot), and afterwards chased by three galleys so close that he had himself to row; whereas Burley ran the shallop aground when he was a mile and a half further from the galleys and might have escaped. Calleys, 10 May 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
ii. Lisle to Petre. (fn. n8)
Arrived here this morning at 2 o'clock and found all the fleet except the "shameful and unhappy wretch Burley of whom Mr. Secretary writeth in this letter." Made no delay in seeking "these gallants" whom Mr. Secretary and all Calais must have seen scatter. Three were chased into Donkyrke. The "store" rose by 4 o'clock, else the Admiral's message for the retiring of his galleys "had been better observed than he was ware of." Trusts, if God send fair weather, to bring them homewards in the "wenyen" (?), and that the King's new choristers will sing them such a tune, if only they will abide it, as they will nothing like. Likes the said choristers well, now that he has seen them. Has signified his arrival here to Mr. Secretary, who will doubtless take order for my lord of He[rtford] to supply his place.
P.S.—The shallop which ran aground in chasing the French victuallers was one of the King's row-barges sent by my lord Lieutenant to Estaples. She was called the Fenix in the Topp; and ended as honestly as ship could.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: Master Petre.
10 May. 786. Paget to Petre.
R. O Herewith is a letter to me from Jasper Duchy (a man at this time to be considered) whose suit, as will be seen by the letter and by bearer who is sent to follow it, is for release of corn stayed lately with the hulks at Portsmouth which he had laden for Portugal. Help that he may have it released, or, if it be already unshipped, he be so used for the price as to be no loser, and may perceive his service to the King well employed. Calays, 10 May 1546. Signed,
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 May. 787. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O. Bearer is the Countie Colaltino de Colalto, a young gentleman of as ancient a house as any under the Venetians' dominion. Moved partly by the fame of your Majesty and the courtesy he experienced in England with Countie Ludovico Rangon, "and partly for experience of war and of other worldly things," he has long "deliberate" to serve you in war, and in your Court when war is ended. He is accompanied by certain captains, old soldiers. Praises his courage, learning and virtue and, for old acquaintance with him and his father, cannot but recommend him. Venice, 10 May 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
788. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. This evening Fernando Dassa's servant brought me word that he had answer from you touching the alum taken in the West, viz. that he should have the King's letters to the officers about Tynbye for its restitution, which, he said, would only put him to travail and his master to great charge, whereas the contract with his master provides that the alum should not be taken by the King's subjects, and therefore he accounts the loss to be the King's and would have the King provide for the recovery. As Fernando Dassa and Martin Lopes bargained with the King for less than they might have had otherwise, Vaughan begs that they and all other strangers where he is appointed to serve may be shown favour. Goes now about a hard matter, and a piece of gentle favour now will speed him. I declared to the Council Jasper Dowche's desire in recompense of the King's fee lately granted to him; and, "because I go with no answer unto him, being a man of extreme greediness, and therewith a man that may further greatly and greatly hinder my charge at this time," it is important to use him gently. His servant presses to have your Lordships appoint some man to view the account made him for his herrings.
Would know what end to take with the factors of Bonvyce and others to whom he lately paid in Andwerp, for a debt of the King, 12,000l. Fl. Paid in current money and, as the obligations were for valued money, the parties will expect answer at his coming to Andwerp. This day dined with me Sir Richard Gresham, Sir Ralph Warren and Sir John Gresham, who thought that if the King wished any money of the merchants in Andwerp order should be given therein, for it was even now too late to get any great sum.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.


  • n1. See No. 743.
  • n2. Here is a cross and the marginal note:—"To the cross it serveth somewhat to the purpose and forcludeth not the King to take his advantage afterward when he seeth time if they refuse the accomplishment of their treaty."
  • n3. An error as shown by the endorsement.
  • n4. This "33" ought, as Strype points out, to be "38," for the ninth of May in 1541 was not Sunday but Monday. A fuller abstract will be found in Vol. XVI., No. 814, printed before this error of date was noticed.
  • n5. The text seems to have been taken out of Coverdale's Bible, which uses the indefinite article here.
  • n6. Burley. See No 785.
  • n7. "On Frydaye the fyfte [or 'fyste'?] of Maye"; but the 5th May was a Wednesday, and the 1st was a Saturday.
  • n8. On the same paper as the preceding.