Henry VIII: August 1528, 21-31

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Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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August 1528

21 Aug.
R. O.
Three bills of the expences of the countess of Salisbury's court at Cottingham; viz., of the court held 4 Nov. 19 Hen. VIII., 7s.; of the court held 24 April 20 Hen VIII., 11s. 6d.; and of the court held 21 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII., 7s. 4d. The latter two are signed: "Per me, Thomam Gryce, clericum curiæ."
R. O. 4654. _ to _.
His very good lady, my lady of Salisbury, is sued for an obligation of 5,000 marks, in which she stands bound to the King, though she is probably not aware of it. As her charge of attending on the Princess keeps her at a distance from the King so that she cannot sue in person, those about her do not like to trouble her. Requests his correspondent to move the King for her. Her counsel say the 5,000 marks were given by her to the King after the lands of the earldom of Salisbury were restored to her. Of these the lordship of Canford and other lordships, to the value of 500 marks a year, were parcel, and she took the profits until the late Sir Will. Compton, "for that he obtained not his purpose of her in marriage according to his suit," surmised to the King that they belonged to the dukedom of Somerset. On this she was commanded by my lord Cardinal "to amove her possession" till her right could be tried; which matter is still undetermined, though her counsel are clear as to her right. The 5,000 marks were granted by her to the King of her own free will, in the belief that he meant her to enjoy those lands, and 1,000l. were paid to my lord Cardinal. Hopes he will get Wolsey to stay the suit till the question of the title is determined.
Pp. 2.
21 Aug.
Vit. B. X. 103. B. M.
4655. JOHN CASALE, Prothonotary, to [WOLSEY].
The French ambassadors and himself have never ceased to press upon the Signory the restitution of Cervia and Ravenna. The viscount of Turenne (Torrinæ) has also assisted them; and when he had asked leave to depart, they desired him to stay, saying that they had written on July 9 to the kings of England and France, and to Wolsey, asking them to procure "ut pontifex summus de ea re qu ... sceret," for they were deter- mined to act to him with justice, and would abide by the arbitration of the two Kings. Hearing this, went to them with the Viscount, and they repeated their promise.
Told them that the two Kings would consent to no composition which was not founded on the restitution of the two towns. Has written to the Pope. John Joachim has come into Italy to desire Casale and the French ambassadors to keep pressing the matter. They have also received letters from Francis, saying that, whatever the Venetians may desire or say, he is determined on the restitution. The Signory give no answer but that they have not yet heard from their ambassador. They had, however, promised to reply today.
Yesterday spoke to the Signory on the same subject, telling them that Gardiner, who had just come from England, says that the King and Wolsey are determined about it, and think they can justly make the request, considering their old friendship with Venice; but if it is refused, they will feel as offended as if two English cities had been taken by force. The King would not only use his own strength, but that of his allies, and had already shown what he could do, even with a less cause. He had often declared his intention of protecting the Church, had gone to great expence to deliver the Pope, and has persuaded the French king to assist him. It is well known that he intends the state of the Church to be restored, without any diminution; and if he proposes to compel the Emperor to do so, he will be much more displeased at failing to obtain this from a friendly power. If the Signory were a single prince he might hope to enjoy his possessions while living, and care nothing for the future; but the Signory is immortal, and should consider, not the events of the next two or three years, but what may happen in a century.
They answered that they knew all this, and would consider, but could not decide now. This morning the French ambassadors went to them to ask for a decision, but they will not give one till they hear from their ambassador. The duke of Urbino and St. Pôl met three days ago to do some exploit. Part of the enemy were at Mariliano. There are only 2,000 Germans left. The rest refuse to go to Milan unless their demands are granted. The forces at Naples are in the same state as before, but there is much disease. Sends a copy of his brother's letters to Vannes, that Wolsey may see the state of the Pope. 21 Aug. 1528. Signed.
Lat., pp. 6.
21 Aug.
R. O.
"I dyd intyttyll shuche things as your Grace dyd gyve me in charge." As for the horsemen of Calais, who are to meet the Cardinal at Monstrell, in my foolish opinion it will be more honorable if Sir John Walloppe, marshal of Calais, were employed for that purpose. He can well be spared, as he is not coming to court these four or six weeks. "I wonderston that Sir John Walloppe will be here, or else your Grace shall have him at Leds till Monday." London, 21 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Instructions given by Wolsey on the King's behalf to Sir Francis Brian, whom the King now sends to France.
The King is informed by letters from Dr. Stephyns and Sir Gregory Cassailles how the Pope is sending hither cardinal Campegius, who took shipping at Cornet, the 24th July last, for Marseilles. By this time he is probably past Lyons, and well on his way to Paris. Brian is sent with a mule for the Cardinal's use to Calais, where he shall instruct the Deputy and Council to furnish him with as many spears and horsemen as they can spare; and with these shall pass from Calais to Boulogne, and so by Monstrell and Abbeville to Paris, unless they meet the Cardinal on the way. On meeting him he is to thank him for his diligence on behalf of the King and Wolsey, to deliver the King's letters and the mule, and conduct him to Calais, accompanied by the said spears and horsemen.
If he arrive at Paris before the Cardinal, he is to visit the bishop of Bath and Master of the Rolls, and go with them to the French king, to whom he shall deliver letters from the King and Wolsey, thanking him in both their names "that it would please the same to send a gentleman of his privy chamber hither into England to see, know and understand of the prosperous estate and health of them both; which (lauds be given unto God!) have escaped the great and furious danger of the pestilent plague of sweat lately visiting the realm of England; which plague at this day is well assuaged, and little or nothing heard thereof in any place." He and the ambassadors shall also express the satisfaction of the King and Wolsey at hearing of Francis's convalescence, and of the success of his affairs in Italy under count Sempoll; which they expect, if no time be lost, will altogether fulfil the French king's purpose at the despatch of the said Count thither, seeing that the Almains are already fled, and that the marquis of Gwaste, who is now made captain, is as yet a stranger to them, and unfurnished with money.
They are also to urge Francis to entertain Andrea Dorea in such wise as not to give him any occasion to join the Emperor. Even if his demands be unreasonable, they had better be acquiesced in for a time, so as to prevent Naples being revictualled while the French are lying at siege before it.
After this they are to repair to the French king's mother, to whom they shall deliver the King and Wolsey's letters, declaring their advice about Italy, &c. They shall ask her mediation with Francis to provide Campeggio, who has entered France by water, with mules and horses to convey him and his train to Paris.
The bishop of Bath shall then take his leave of the French king and his mother, and return to England in the Cardinal's company, leaving the Master of the Rolls behind him.
If on Campeggio's coming to Paris he be in need of horses, the Master of the Rolls shall supply him with such as he has in those parts, to be sent back again with some of his own servants.
Pp. 17. In Cromwell's hand, with corrections in Wolsey's.
21 Aug.
R. O.
The bearer, John Craen, comes "deddyr" at this time for some "erontts" (errands) of his own, which the bailly can show him, concerning the heretics. When friar West comes, will order himself according to Wolsey's instructions. Mechlin, 21 Aug. 1528.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
22 Aug.
R. O.
4658. LEE to TUKE.
On 28 July, sent a packet to Bilboa for Tuke, containing letters of our excuse and of other things. Reserved the doubles to be sent by another hand, and will communicate what he has to say when he and Tuke meet. Has advertised him of what occurred, but as it was of no importance forbore to write to the Cardinal. Hopes things will come to a good end. Has no conveyance by France. The way of Fonterabia is not yet opened to armed merchants. Are expecting the General of the Observants, now cardinal, (fn. 1) with a great commission. "I have been dull sithen the arrival of your letters. I pray you recomfort me, if you can. In the mean season, gloria mea est testimonium conscientiæ, &c." Deferred sending to Bilboa till they came from the Court. Forgot to put the ciphers in Wolsey's letters. Valladolid, 22 Aug. 1528.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd. The last ciphered passage deciphered by Tuke.
23 Aug.
R. O.
As Wolsey's kinsman, Winter, is possessed of the archdeaconry of Norfolk, asks that the bearer, his chaplain, Edm. Stewarde, may enjoy the archdeaconry of Suffolk, which the former now holds. Would be glad of the promotion of Dr. Legh, and would not be so desirous for that of the bearer, if he had half as many promotions as Wolsey has. If he misses this, would not probably be able to give him any other during his life, and he daily does the Bishop good service, and deserves well for his conditions and learning, as Dr. Stephen could show Wolsey if he were with him. Asks for an answer by the bearer. Hoxne, 23 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace. Endd.
23 Aug.
R. O.
Between Canterbury and Dover, met a scholar of Oxfordshire going to Paris, who told him that the benefice of Melton in Oxfordshire, in the gift of the dean of Wells, was fallen vacant. The Dean promised him the next vacant, for a boy of his at school, James Hampton, and he asks Wolsey to give it to him. Dover, 23 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace. Endd.
24 Aug.
R. O. St. P. VII. 93.
Had never a worse passage. Was ten hours at sea in a boat of six ton. Could not make Calais, as the wind was E.N.E., and ran the boat aground at Sandgate, and were nearly lost. When they landed, at 10 at night, were fain to hire a wagon, and reached Calais at midnight. Delivered Wolsey's letter to the Deputy. Have arranged to set forward the spearmen and horse. Is at Boulogne. Did not find Dew Bees, but his deputy, who brought him to his lodging with many gentlemen. The mayor sent him a present of wine, and offered to put the town under his command. Intends to leave tomorrow at three in the morning. Hopes to be at Paris on Wednesday night or Thursday early. Begs Wolsey will excuse his rude hand, as his secretary has fallen ill. Boulogne, 24 Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
24 Aug.
R. O.
1. Joachim Hochstetter to Thomas Cromwell.
Has received his letter about the matter of Grexam. If my brother has not complied with your decree, it is no great wonder; for, owing to my absence, I had not written to him of it. I have done so since, as I believe you must be by this time informed. Will, however, write to him again an open letter, which I have not time to do at present, as I am writing to him of other matters, but will send to you tomorrow both one and the other without fail. "Ex Anpthoncorte," 24 Aug. 1528. Signed.
Thinks Gresham has no cause yet to complain of breach of promise.
Ital., p. 1. Add.: "D. Thomæ Cromuel amico singulariximo, Londini." Endd.
R. O. 2. [Richard Gresham] to Wolsey.
Solicits Wolsey's favor in a dispute with Joachim Hoegsteter, "merchant of August in Germany," who covenanted "with me and my brother John Gressam" for delivery of 11,000 qrs. grain in the port of London. Demanded fulfilment of the contract on his arrival in England, but he put them off till he had "eloyned himself beyond sea," and on our proceeding against his factor, he, being in Brabant, accused us to the King, who appointed a commission to examine the subject of dispute. Owing, how-ever, to Joachim's absence, nothing has been done. Urge that the commission may report as soon as possible that they may repair to the approaching mart [at Antwerp] without molestation from Joachim.
In Wriothesley's (?) hand, pp. 5.
R. O. 3. Joachim Hoegsteter to Henry VIII.
His vindication against the calumnies of Ric. and John "Grassen," showing that the detention of the grain was by order of the authorities of Nieuport in the Low Countries, on a rumor that England and France were going to make war upon them; that he had returned to Burgundy; that the Greshams had in his absence denounced him as a bankrupt who had fled from England with other people's money, and tried all they could to do him injury, so that he was defamed all over Spain, Italy, France, Hungary, &c., and was obliged to sell a mass of silver 5,000l. below its value,—that he recovered his credit by paying ready money.
The Greshams accused him of lending money to the Geldrois for the war against the Emperor, "ejus præsulis ductu, quem ob nominis sui venerationem nunc non nomino." People are still angry at him in Burgundy because the Greshams said he had been endeavoring to establish a mart for English wool in France to their prejudice; and he would have been punished for it but that he proved his innocence before the Burgundian senate. He has suffered a loss of 30,000l., of which he demands restitution.
Lat., pp. 19. Add.
R. O. 4. Bill of sale, acknowledged by Joachim Hossetir, in the name of Ambrose and John Hossetir, brothers, showing that Ric. Gresham, merchant of London, has sold to the said Ambrose and John 1,330 pieces of carseys, of which he has delivered 500, and is to deliver 500 more at the next Easter mart, and the remainder at the fair at Whitsuntide following. He has also sold them 100 English cloths, called plonketts, to be delivered by instalments. In payment for which goods the said Hossetirs are to deliver at London wheat of Ostelande to the value of 3,200l. gr., money of Flanders, at 19s. great the qr., measure of England, by the first fleet that comes from Ostelande, which is to be twenty days before or after Easter next if the weather serve, otherwise the payment to be in money;—one third at the fair at Whitsuntide, the rest at that of St. Martin. These presents, drawn by Barnard Cavalcante, at Antwerp, to be signed and sealed by the said Ambrose and John. Dated 31 Dec. 1527.
P. 1. Endd. in the same hand: "The first bargain is of 3,368 quarters wheat.—Richard Gresham."
R. O. 5. Bill of sale, similarly acknowledged by Joachim Hoster, that Ric. Gresham has sold to Ambrose and John Hoster 100 "coxsall" cloths at 7l. great the piece, 200 pieces of carseis at 2l. great and had paid them 500l. gr. money, making in all 1,600l. gr., money of Flanders. In payment for which the Hochsteters are to deliver daily at London 700 qrs. of wheat at their own risk, and 100 qrs. by the middle of Lent, at 19s. gr. the qr., and 200 qrs. rye of Osteland at 15s. the qr. The rest, amounting to 1,600l. gr., Joachim promises to deliver at London, in wheat of Ostland, by the first fleet, at 19s. gr. the qr., at his own risk. Dated 31 Jan. 1527.
P. 1. Endd. in same hand: "The second bargain is of 1526 quarters wheat and 200 quarters rye.—Richard Gresham."
R. O. 6. Duplicate of the preceding.
R. O. 7. Bill of sale by Richard Gresham to "Yonker Joachin Hosteter," of 200 "coxsall" cloths for 7l. Flemish the piece, 500 carsies at 40s. gr. Fl. the piece, as good as he received of Gresham "now this Cold mart," of which he shall deliver 100 coxsallez and 300 carsies in the next Singson mart at Antwerp; the rest in the Balmes mart, "as far as the English merchants then do ship," or, if they have no shipping then, in the Colde mart in 1528,—on condition that if there be war between England and the Emperor it shall be delivered at Gravelines. In return for which Joachin is to deliver a third part in quicksilver at 19d. Fl. the pound; another third in Ostriche rye at 15s. gr. Fl. the qr.; 600 qr. Ostriche wheat at 19s. gr. the qr.; and the rest in barley at 13s. gr. Fl. the qr. The corn to be delivered at London on 30 May next.
P. 1. Endd. in the same hand: "The 3d. bargain is of 1,066 quarters rye and 600 quarters wheat and 354 quarters barley, and as much quicksilver as shall amount to 800l. Fl.—Richard Gresham."
R. O. 8. Statement of Joachim Hochstetter touching his transaction with the Greshams of the 14 Feb. 1527(-8). Signed.
Dutch, p. 1.
R. O. 9. Statement of the deficiency in four bargains for wheat made by Ric. Gresham.—Total, 7,475 qr. 6 b. 3 p., on which the profit would have been 3s. 4d. a qr. Total, 1,245l. 18s. 8d. There is also quicksilver lost to the amount of 300l. or more.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 10. Statement of the deficiency of John Gresham's four bargains with Hochstetter:—1,731 q. wheat, at 31s. Fl.=1,096l. 6s. st. 966 q. barley, at 13s. and 13s. 6d. Fl.=429l. 6s. 8d. st. 640 q. rye, at 15s. Fl.=320l. st. Total, 1,845l. 12s. 8d.
P. 1.
R. O. 11. Alternatives proposed by Ric. Gresham for the fulfilment of a bargain with Hogesteter about wheat, quicksilver, and vermilion, some of the latter being lost at sea. The price named for quicksilver is 12d. Fl. a lb., and for vermilion 14d. Fl. the lb.
In Cromwell's hand (?). Pp. 2.
R. O. 12. For Joachim Owsteter of Augsburg. (fn. 2)
Draft bill for a patent licensing him and his partners who have not hitherto resided in England to export woollen cloths, "kareseis," tin, lead, hides, &c. for the term of [10] (fn. 3) years. [No date].
Lat., pp. 5.
25 Aug.
Vit. B. X. 106. B. M.
4663. ITALY.
Extract from a letter of Gregory [Casale], dated Viterbo, 25 Aug.
Lautrec died of fever on the 17th. The marquis of Saluzzo, who was his lieutenant, is appointed captain-general, and all the leaders have sworn obedience to him. Two days ago Renzo di Cere left Aquila for Naples, having garrisoned it with 2,000 foot. The abbot of Farfa will also go thither with a good body of troops. This morning the French ambassadors wrote urgently to St. Pôl to leave the expedition of Milan and hasten to Naples, for the pestilence has destroyed nearly two thirds of the French forces, and they have moved three miles off, so that the Spaniards begin to come out. The best informed do not think the Imperialists can attack the French, for they have plenty of provisions, and are in a stronger place than Naples. Besides the loss of Lautrec, the King's councillor is seriously ill, to the great disadvantage of the army.
D. Joachim is ill here with tertian fever. He intended to go to Venice to urge the restitution of the cities. If the Venetians do not now fear the Pope, they never will.
Lat., in Vannes' hand, pp. 2.
25 Aug. 4664. GEO. WALDEGRAVE.
His will, 6 July 1523. Proved, 25 Aug. 1521. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 630.
26 Aug.
R. O.
Have word from Lyons that Campeggio arrived there on Saturday last. Wrote to Wolsey yesterday, answering his letters of the 21st. The courier is with Campeggio by this time. Paris, 26 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Aug.
Vit. B. X. 107. B. M.
4666. ITALY.
Extract from a letter of Gregory [Casale], dated Viterbo, 26 Aug.
Wrote already that the suspicions rising from the letters of Muse[t] were groundless. The Pope said that he told Musset, the Emperor's agent here, that he was nourishing a false hope. Is ill with his labor in trying to hasten Campeggio's journey. The Pope sends Giacomo Salviati, or one of his secretaries, twice a day to see him, and is very kind. When the Rhodian galleys were at Piombino, they had special orders from the religion to beware of Doria, and therefore determined to go by Cape Corso.
Tried to persuade the Legate to go by these galleys instead of by a Venetian galley, but he refused.
The Rhodians then set sail, hoping to arrive at Marseilles in four days. Remained in the Venetian galley to sail to Porto Venere, that he might advise Dr. Stephen to go to Lyons. Was caught by a storm, and suffered shipwreck. Asks his correspondent to commend his poverty and his brother's to the King and Wolsey.
Lat., in Vannes' hand, pp. 2. Endd. at p. 110*.
26 Aug.
R. O.
Received his letter yesterday by Sir Francis Bryan. Will leave nothing undone. Received this morning letters for him from Sir Francis. Calais, 26 Aug. 1528.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd.
27 Aug.
R. O.
4668. CHARLES V.
Confirmation of the eight months' truce with the Low Countries, made at Hampton Court on the 15 June, between Don Ynigo de Mendoça, Will. des Barres and John de la Sauch, for the Emperor, with Tunstal and Tuke for England, and Du Bellay for France. Madrid, 27 Aug. 1528. Signed.
27 Aug.
R. O.
Has this day received a letter from Mr. Broke, chief baron of the Exchequer, conveying Wolsey's orders that he should speak with the parson of Lanham to learn how and by whom the matter came to his knowledge, and to see that the King's peace be kept. Has done all he could, both by persuasions and threatenings, but he will name no one; "so that I think, surely he for malice, and upon no ground, did untruly imagine the said tale; for, on my truth, I believe there be no subjects within the realm better contented, nor that less do use any unfitting words, than they do and have done sith their great offence committed. And surely I have so good espial amongst them that I believe if any such words should have be spoken, I should have had knowledge thereof as soon as the parson." Will, however, speak with him, and see if he can get anything out of him. Stoke, 27 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
27 Aug.
R. O.
John Colby, the bearer, was robbed by the Spaniards on St. George's Day. He has found the culprits in Sealand, and brought them before lady Margaret, to obtain restitution. Eye, 27 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
28 Aug.
Cal. B. I. 33. B. M.
Complains that Francis Bothvile and Adam Hoppare merchants of Edinburgh, are not able to carry salmon and salt fish to London, to Stributhe (fn. 4) fair, and other places, as they used to do, because Berwick claims to be the staple of salt fish. Stirling, 28 Aug. Signed.
Add.: "To the richt excellent," &c., "our derrest uncle and brother ye king of Ingland." Endd.
P. 1.
28 Aug.
Lettere di Principi, II. 122.
Gio. Gioachino [di Passano, lord of Vaux,] has used many arguments to persuade the Pope that it is the French king's intention never to restore Naples to the Emperor, not even to release his sons. The Pope does not credit this, as he believes Madame (Louise) would counsel the restitution of Naples, out of the affection she has for her grandchildren. We desire to be made acquainted with the French king's designs, and to know whether it is still possible, as you believe, that the king of England is reconciled to the French king's remaining lord of Naples; also, what interest the English have in these Italian affairs besides the abasement of the Emperor; for this knowledge would afford us great light in conducting the negociations with Gio. Gioachino (Joachim). Italian news. Viterbo, 28 Aug. 1528.
29 Aug.
R. O.
Wishes to know if the house of Fylstowe, of the Duke's foundation, is really to be suppressed for the college at Ipswich, leaving it in fee-farm to him and his heirs from the college, as he told him.
Asks where he will be at the beginning of next term. Stoke, 29 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
29 Aug.
Cal. B. III. 289. B. M. St. P. IV. 509 (note).
Informs him of the variance between the king of Scots and the earl of Angus. Last Wednesday at noon Archd. Dooglas was at Edinburgh with all the household servants of Angus, and the abbot of Holyrood house, and Geo. Douglas. He was surprised at dinner by Maxwell with a small company, and his men "was scalyd in the towne." They were fain to get away on horseback, and are all banished from Edinburgh. Angus is at Tentallen, and has sent the abbot of Holyrood House to the writer to know if they may be "resett" at Norham. Promised them a chamber in the outer ward till the Earl's pleasure were known. Expects them daily, for they cannot stay in Scotland, "and the lord of Buccleuch should have taken the town with the lord Maxwell, and he came not tonight." The King entered the town on Friday or Saturday. Angus is to be attainted in this Parliament, and they are discussing who shall have his lands. A servant is coming from Angus to the Earl. Alnwick, 29 Aug.
Pp. 2. Headed: "The copy of the first letter to my Lord from Roger Lasselles." Endd.: "The copy of a letter of Master Lassellis to the earl of Northumberland of 29th of August."
30 Aug.
R. O.
Sends by the King's order some of the venison he killed yesterday. As the King will continue to send him venison while in the Forest, (fn. 5) will keep the deer he promised him till the end of the grass season. Easthampstead, Sunday, 30 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
[30 Aug.]
R. O. St. P. I. 325.
The King sends you the greatest red deer killed by him or any of his hunters this year. Yesterday he took great pains in hunting, from nine in the morning till seven at night, but could only kill this one. I shall not fail to wait upon you after the King's coming to Oking. Easthampstead, this Sunday. Signed.
30 Aug.
R. O.
A complaint has been made to the King by Robert More, of Alburgh, Suffolk, owner of a ship called the Cuthbert of Alburgh, Benet Bartram, master, that it had been robbed off the coast of Brittany, about Easter last, by Martin Destayne and other Spaniards of Biscay. They are to endeavor to obtain restitution from the Emperor. Hampton Court, 30 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
30 Aug.
R. O.
I send the 20l. due at Christmas and Midsummer last to "my good lord and yours." I beg you to speak to my Lord, that I may have a receipt. When I was arrested "at my late being above," for the accounts of the sheriffwick of Northumberland, my Lord caused me to be released; but processes have since come down against me. I beg you to obtain of my Lord the King's special pardon, for which I will bestow 20l. "for the furniture of one ambling gelding to his Lordship." My brother, Sir Geo. Conyers, has a suit to my Lord for mitigation of his fine "anent his being of one jury in Yorkshire." My Lord has promised to be good to him. He is "a young gentleman, and very bare of substance." Newcastle, 30 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
31 Aug.
R. O.
Yesterday Francis sent us word of the death of Lautrec, and wishes us to be at court today, to prevent the inconveniences that are likely to follow. Spoke with him after dinner, with the ambassadors of Venice, Milan and Florence. His Majesty told us he had heard from the Marquis of Saluce that Lautrec died of the plague, after 24 hours' sickness. Francis greatly regrets his loss. He has ordered his captains to pay obedience to Saluce, who thinks he shall be able to take Naples. In that town there are not more than 5,000 or 6,000 foot and 300 horse, and in Lautrec's camp 10,000 foot and no horse. When we marvelled, he assured us there were not 80 horses in the camp. Francis also assured us that St. Poull should march forwards to Naples, as if that should keep Naples from rebellion. Their affairs are in some disorder. He has written to the Florentines for reinforcements, and sent Morette with ships from Marseilles. The French army in Normandy has been much beaten by weather, and he reckons it of little account. At this time of the year he thinks that Andrea Doria can do little hurt. The Venetians wish to detain part of St. Poull's army. No resolution was come to at their conference. St. Germain's, 31 Aug. Signed.
P.S. in Clerk's hand.—The Cardinal leaves Lyons today or tomorrow. "I have borrowed for him of the Pope's legate a fair well-trimmed and furnished mule, and four carriage mules; the which, with 20 horses of mine own, and four carriage mules also of mine own, and 10 horses of the Master of the Rolls, I shall send forwards tomorrow towards Orleans." St. Germain's, 31 Aug.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
31 Aug.
Vit. B. X. 108. B. M.
4680. ITALY.
Extract from letters of the Prothonotary Casale, dated Venice, 31 Aug.
In his last letters to Wolsey, told him of their demands to the Signory on the Pope's behalf. They put off answering till the 27th, and then a written answer was read, by which, after many excuses, they refused to restore the cities, and desired the viscount of Turenne (Turini) to ask the Pope in their name to find some way of settling the matter, and to remind him that all Romagna was then despaired of, and of all they have done for his liberation. The Viscount and his colleague complained of their having detained him so long by hope, and of their insulting their master by saying they would do what he thought best. The Doge added that they meant to keep the cities until the Pope showed better proofs. Spoke of the services the king of England had rendered to them, and his great expence in preserving Italy. It was no use, and something else must be done, or the cities will never be recovered.
Lat., Vannes' hand, p. 1.
Vit. B. X. 50. B. M. 4681. [WOLSEY to _.]
It is impossible to express how much this king (Henry) was moved when he knew, from the letters of the prothonotary Casale and yours, as well as from the relation of Stephen [Gardiner], the obstinacy and faithlessness of the Venetians in refusing to give up Ravenna and Cervia to the Pope. He has told the ambassadors of the Signory that he intends to use more severe persuasion than hitherto, and, if that has no effect, will avenge this insult to the Holy See, jointly with the French king. Knows that he can easily persuade the King to do this, as he feels and expresses that he owes all the aid he can give to the Pope.
Draft, in Vannes' hand, Lat., pp. 2.
Vit. B. X. 65. B. M. 4682. [WOLSEY to CLEMENT VII.]
Professes his gratitude and readiness to serve the Pope. The King is very indignant at the answer given by the Venetians, for whose sake the Pope has suffered so much, and he is determined to revenge the insult. Desires credence for Sir Gregory.
Lat., draft, pp. 2, in Vannes' hand.
The King and he will do their best to assist the League. He must know how necessary the Pope's favor is for their success. Urges the restoration of Ravenna and Cervia, which his ambassadors say were only taken to protect them from the Imperialists. The Pope's anger at their want of faith will injure the common cause. The King writes more fully to his ambassador. London.
Draft, Lat., pp. 2, in Vannes' hand.
Urges the restitution of Ravenna and Cervia to the Pope. The French king writes on the same subject.
Draft by Vannes, Lat., p. 1.
Arch. of Univ. of Cambridge. Fiddes' Coll. p. 212.
4685. The DIVORCE.
"A memorial of such communication as my lord Legate's Grace had with the Queen's almoner." (fn. 6)
First, explaining his wish to exterminate such heresies as were daily increasing in Cambridge, and rather employ his commissaries than the bishops of Rochester and Ely for that purpose, he told the Almoner that he was to be sent there for his reputation, his former employment in like manner, and his credit as master of a college. The Almoner, excusing himself for omitting to visit his Grace, desired that he might have twenty days' respite, in order to perform his residence at Windsor. Then Wolsey suddenly asked him what tidings he had heard. He answered none, except the bruit of a legate coming to England. The Cardinal asked what the Queen thought of his coming, and for what purpose. He replied, that she was fully persuaded that he only came to decide the matrimonial cause between her and the King.
Then, dwelling much on the benefits which the King had done to the Almoner, and his obligation to be true and faithful, Wolsey adjured him, on his fidelity, and under the seal of confession, to keep their communication secret, and to let him know what were the Queen's intention and purpose in this matter. The Almoner, protesting his devotion, answered that he had heard the Queen often say that, if in this cause she might enjoy her natural defence and justice, she trusted it would take such effect as would be acceptable to God and man. First, because she was never known by prince Arthur. Secondly, because neither of the judges were competent, being the King's subjects, and she had never been heard in her defence. Thirdly, she had no indifferent counsel. Finally, she had two bulls in Spain, removing all impediments to the marriage.
Hereupon Wolsey replied that he marvelled not a little at her indiscreet and ungodly purposes and sayings, which caused him to conceive that she was neither of such perfection nor virtue as he had once thought her to be. He then entered into a disproof of her first statement, showing that they had lived together as man and wife three quarters of a year, and referred to proofs of the consummation. It was generally believed in Henry VII.'s time that she was pregnant; and therefore he would not allow the present King to take the title of Prince. Secondly, if she refused the judgment of the Legates appointed by the Pope, she would incur the hatred of his Holiness and of all Christian people, and bring a stigma on all learned men in England; for if the cause could not be judged here, it could not be impartially decided anywhere else. Thirdly, as to having counsellors from Spain, it was not meet to make any stranger privy to the cause; and therefore she should not insist on so frivolous a petition, but be content to employ such learned men as are here in the realm. If she persevered in the contrary course, she would only set forth her own sensual affection, and desire what the law had justly condemned.
Er. Ep. XXIX. 38.
A letter of compliments on sending him his exposition of Psalm lxxxv. Basle, Aug. 1528.
Aug./GRANTS. 4687. GRANTS in AUGUST 1528.
1. John Herfert, yeoman of the Crown. To be keeper of the park of Yarnewod, Salop, an office lately held by Sir Wm. Compton. Ampthill, 24 July 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 1 Aug.—P.S.
1. Ric. Verney. Farm of the rectory of Assheby Lygear, Northt., forfeited by Wm. Catesby, who had a lease of the same from Tho. Frysby, late prior of Laund, Leic., for the term of 99 years, whereof 55 years are still to come; at the annual rent of 16 marks. Greenwich, 11 May 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 1 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
4. Tho. Tofte, merchant tailor, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Ampthill, 21 July 20 Hen. VIII. Teste Hampton Court, 4 Aug.—P.S.
5. Jas. Fissher of Eltham, Kent, bricklayer. Pardon for having killed Wm. Alee at Eltham. Ampthill, 19 July 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 5 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
6. (fn. 7) Sir Wm. Kyngeston. To be steward of the manors of Claredon or Claverdon, Lyghterum, Moreton, Brayles, Barkeswell, Bereford, and Kynyton, Warw., with 2d. a day for each manor. Also to be bailiff and provost of the manors of Moreton and Lyghterum, with 4d. a day in each office, as held by Sir Wm. Compton. To be keeper also of the woods of Barkeswell, Claredon or Claverdon, Henley-in-Ardern, and Kyngton, with 2d. a day for each office. And to be master of the Hunts in Henley park in Ardern and Claredon park, with the usual fees. Del. Hampton Court, 6 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 26.
6. Sir Wm. Kingstoun. To be keeper of the manor and park of Wanstede, Essex, lately held by Wm. Cary, dec., with fees of 2d. a day, and to be chief steward of the town and hundred of Tewkesbury, Glouc., with the appointment of a bailiff in the said hundred, as lately held by Sir Wm. Compton. Del. Hampton Court, 6 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
6. Anth. Kyngeston, a steward of the King. To be keeper of Sedbury park, Glouc., an office lately held by Sir Francis Poyntz, dec., and lord Berkeley. Del. Hampton Court, 6 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 15.
6. Hen. Jernygan, steward to princess Mary. To be constable of Gloucester castle, vice Sir Wm. Compton. Del. Hampton Court, 6 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 15.
8. Wm. Dancaster, M.A. Presentation to the church of Ampthill, Linc. dioc., void by death. Del. Hampton Court, 8 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. Dorothy Fyloll, widow. Licence to alienate the manors of Sellyng juxta Horton Monks, and Harynge, Kent, and certain land in Romeney Marsh, near the lands of John Fogge, and 7l. 13s. 4d. rent in the towns, parishes, and fields of Sellyng, Lymene, Ostryngangre, Horton, Wodechurche, Romeney Marshe, and Demechyrch, Kent, to Sir Wm. Stourton and Sir Thos. Trenchard, Wm. Uvedale, Hen. Trenchard, Rob. Morton, Alf. Fitzjames, Geo. Chalcote, Geo. Strangwysh, Humph. Gay, and Wm. Harte. Westm., 8 Aug.—Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 7.
10. For _. (fn. 8) Presentation to the parish church of Bramston, London dioc., void by death. Hampton, 10 Aug.—Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
12. Angel Uske and Henry Archer. To be messengers of the receipt of the Exchequer, with same wages as Ric. Esingwold had; on surrender of a grant of Hen. VII. to the said Angel alone. Le Moore, 10 July 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 12 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
12. Walt. Walshe, page of the Privy Chamber. To be master of the hunt and keeper of the deer in Bussheley park, Worc., with the usual fees out of the lordship of Bussheley, as enjoyed by William Tracy. Also herbage and pannage of the said park, and a cottage with half a virgate of land adjoining Bussheley, which the said William lately held by grant from Henry VII. Hampton Court, 12 Aug.—Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 33.
16. John Ford, the King's feodary in co. of Devon. Custody of the possessions, of the annual value of 20s., in Rockley, in the parish of Highbray, Devon, late of Brian Travers, who held of the King as of the castle of Barnestaple, parcel of the duchy of Exeter; during the minority of George Travers, s. and h. of the said Brian; with wardship of the said heir. Del. Westm., 16 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
19. Walt. Walshe, page of the Privy Chamber. To be constable and keeper of Sudeley castle and park, Glouc., and master of the hunt of deer in the said park; constable and keeper of the castle of Elmeley castell alias Elmeley Bredon, Worc., and of the park, lodge and warren there; steward of the manor of Elmeley and master of the hunt of deer in the said park and warren of Elmeley castell; also herbage and pannage of the said parks of Sudeley and Elmeley and the warren of Elmeley; with 30l. a year in the said offices in Sudeley, payable by the abbot and convent of Wynchelcombe, out of the fee farm of the said lordship of Sudeley; and with the same fees in the office of Elmeley castell as Sir William Compton enjoyed. Ampthill, 10 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—Teste, Hampton Court, 19 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
20. Ric. Lee, page of the King's cups (obbarum). Annuity of 6l. which the abbot and convent of Shrewsbury are bound to pay for the forest or "haya" called Lethwod, Salop, granted to Ric. Crump, deceased, and John Pole, in survivorship. Ampthill, 29 July 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 20 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
20. Edw. Goldisborowe. To be a serjeant-at-arms, with 12d. a day. Ampthill, 16 July 20 Hen. VIII. Teste Hampton Court, 20 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
20. Wm. Thynn, chief clerk of the Kitchen. To be bailiff of the town and keeper of the park of Beaudley, Salop, vice Sir Wm. Compton. Del. Hampton Court, 20 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
21. And. Symson, skinner, of Mounthall, native of Scotland. Denization. Greenwich, 15 June 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 21 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
26. John Wrey, gentleman of the Queen's lavatory, and John Bankes, doorward of the King's gate. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of bailiff of the manor of Brayles, Warw., and keeper of the warren there, lately held by Sir Wm. Compton. Also grant to farm of the said manor at the same annual rent as others have paid. Ampthill, 10 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 26 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
27. Ric. Cicyll, groom of the Robes. To be porter of Warwick castle and keeper of the vineyard near the same, with a tenement, besides the usual wages, lately held by Sir Wm. Compton. Windsor, 14 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 27 Aug.—P.S.
27. Ric. Williams, of Hungerford, Berks. Pardon for having killed Rob. Harrold in the highway leading to Hungerford church. Del. Hampton Court, 27 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
27. Chris. Dyckynson, mason. To be master mason of the buildings in Windsor castle, with 6d. a day, vice Henry Redman. Esthampsstede, 21 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 27 Aug.—P.S.
27. Tho. Greves, purveyor of the King's stable, and Jas. Sutton, clk. Annuity of 5l., in survivorship, out of the issues of the lordship of Denbigh, N. Wales; on surrender of patent 23 April 8 Hen. VIII. granting the same to Graves alone. Esthampstead, 21 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 27 Aug.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
28. Sir John Russell, knight of the Body. To be bailiff of Burley, in the New Forest, Hants, with 6d. a day payable by the sheriff of Hants out of the small particles of serjeanty and of asserts, purprestures and wastes, rented, &c. in said co. Del. Hampton Court, 28 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
28. Sir John Russell. To be steward, surveyor, receiver, and bailiff of the lordship of Stoke under Hamden and Corymalet, Somers. and Dorset, late of Wm. earl of Huntingdon, with the usual fees, vice Sir Wm. Compton. Del. Hampton Court, 28 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
31. Wm. Ingelard or Ingeley, stockfishmonger, London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Esthampstede, 31 Aug. 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.


  • 1. Francesco Quiñon.
  • 2. "De Augustia in Alamannia."
  • 3. The term is at first blank in MS., but is afterwards mentioned.
  • 4. Stourbridge ?
  • 5. Windsor Forest.
  • 6. Rob. Shorton, D.D., master of Pembroke Hall, dean of Stoke, Suffolk, and dean of the Cardinal's chapel, and employed by him in discovering and inviting scholars at Cambridge to enter Wolsey's college at Oxford.
  • 7. The name is unintelligible on the S.B.
  • 8. Blank on the roll.