Henry VIII: January 1526, 1-10

Pages 825-831

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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January 1526

1 Jan.
Galba, B. VIII.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 21st ult. There is no news worth writing, except what he wrote to Tuke on Christmas day. The principal point to be concluded at the "journey imperial" at Augsburg is, the manner of reforming the Church and clergy of Christen[dom]. This enterprise is thought "to be of such finesse that it will be hard to join the same in a w ... with the grossness of Almain sprytes; wherefore, it is possible enough that the mighty mountains shall bring forth a peevish mouse." "A religion of knights or bryedyr, bearing the black cross on a white vesture, have continued a long s[pace] in the lands of Prwse, Livonia, and Almain." The Prussian Great Master, who is head of the order, and brother to the marquis Casimirus of Brandenburg, has laid down his habit, and married the king of Poland's niece, having received from that King the gift of the whole of Prussia to him and his wife, with reversion in default of issue to the king of Poland.
At Louvaine, 14 days ago, a sort of unthrifty folks broke a fair crucifix by night "in most inhuman manner." Ten or twelve men have been suspected and taken; among whom, it is said, some rich men are like to suffer, if they do not clear themselves. It is expected that like matters will be set abroach at Antwerp, when my Lady goes there this day se'nnight, at the meeting of the Estates. The men of Aix have driven all the priests out of the town.—Wingfield's servant, Ric. Gresham, has retained 50l. of the 100l. that Wolsey ordered to be delivered to him in repayment of a loan he made to Wingfield when he was last at Antwerp. Has spent much in rewards, is largely in debt, and requires yet more. Malines, New Year's day.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add.: To my lord the Legate.
1 Jan.
Calig. B. II.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 426.
On his arrival from Berwick, the people, who had before despaired of peace, gave him a hearty welcome. Next day visited the Chancellor, and delivered the King's letters to the Privy Council in the Tolbooth, and showed his credence in four parts. The whole assembly rejoiced that the King had so inclined to their requests, and considered their Sovereign's honor. Expressed the King's surprise that they should require further authentic documents, but showed a letter from the French ambassadors in England, declaring the peace with the comprehension, and was obliged to show also the attestation sent him by Wolsey, which has removed all doubts.
It is arranged that the abbot of Holyroodhouse and Adam Otterburn shall meet with Magnus and the dean of York at Berwick on the 13 Jan. Angus, as he cannot be there personally, is to send his seal by two persons to confirm the peace as a commissioner; and it is required that the earl of Westmoreland do the same on the other side. Has written to the Earl on the subject (copy enclosed). It is also agreed that Angus be personally present at meetings on the 16th and 17th inst., both on the East and Middle Marches. In consequence of his disputes with lord Home and Dan Carre of Farnehurste, he will come strongly accompanied. Magnus intends to be there. Has not heard, since he came to the Borders, of any great hurt done by the Scots, as our countrymen keep good watch, but complaints are made here against the English. Has arranged with the Council for proclamations on either side, of which he encloses a copy. Thinks Angus will do his part for redress, encouraged by Wolsey's letters; especially as the Council here are dissatisfied that the diet at Ridonbourne "was not better looked upon." The safe-conduct intended for the Scots who were to have come to Berwick at Martinmas "remaineth there." Fears its date is expired, and requests a new one, with blank spaces for the names, may be here by the 12th. Has written to the dean of York to meet him that day at Berwick before the Scotch commissioners come. The peace has been prorogued for 40 days further, ending 25th Jan.
James has written the King a letter of thanks for his message, and desires Wolsey to continue his good friend. Letters from Rome state that the English ambassadors oppose the suit of the archbishop of Glasgow, for exemption from the archbishop of St. Andrew's. This should be attended to, for the former is much about the young King, and can sway him as he pleases. Edinburgh, 1 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd.
Calig. B. II.
ii. "A proclamation devised to be made upon the East and Middle Marches of England, by the commandment of the lord warden, or the lieutenants of the same, or their deputies." That the seals of England and Scotland to the treaty concluded at Berwick for three years are to be exchanged at Berwick on the 13 Jan., and that no further outrages be committed. The lords wardens on both sides shall meet on the 16th and 17th, at places to be hereafter appointed, for redress of injuries. No person of either realm shall call for "entry" of any prisoners unlawfully taken since the first peace concluded by Norfolk, and no man so taken shall "enter," notwithstanding any promise or band to the contrary. Any man who has paid ransom by force of unlawful bands shall have restitution. Scotch subjects who have been injured should send in their bills with all diligence; for causes touching Tevidale, to Davy Pringill at Kelso, or to the Abbot; for causes of the March, to Willy Wallas at Coldingham, or to the Prior. The lords of the council of Scotland have written to the king of England, declaring their consent to this. Berwick, 1 Jan.
P. 1.
Calig. B. II.
iii. "Copy of a letter sent from T. Magnus to the earl of Westmoreland."
Nothing more is required for the peace but the exchange of seals. Angus, as arranged by the council of Scotland, will send his seal as a commissioner, by two persons authorized, to Berwick on the 13th. Westmoreland, who since the death of Dacre has been appointed principal in the English commission, should do the same. It is arranged that Angus shall meet him in person on the 16th, at Ridonburn, to make redress for Tevidale, and on the 17th at Spyelawe in Scotland, or Cornhill in England, for the Marsh. Angus is permitted by the Council to "come strong," on account of his variance with lord Hoom in the March, and with Dan Carr of Farnyhurst in Tevidale, which is the cause of his not coming to Berwick. Encloses copy of a proclamation proposed by him to be made on the Marches of England, similar to that made on the Scotch Marohes. Westmoreland may consult with the lieutenants and his friends on the Borders, and write his mind to Angus. It is thought the young King will be near the Borders at their meeting, but Argyll and Lennox may be ready to assist Angus to make redress. Edinburgh, 1 Jan.
Pp. 2.
1 Jan.
R. O.
Stuff delivered to the King's grace, 1 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.
Four pairs of gilt pots from 56 oz. to 89 oz. a pair; 4 gilt salts, with covers, from 19½ oz. to 23½ oz.; 6 gilt cruses, with covers, from 7 oz. 2½q. to 12 oz.; 12 gilt trenchers, with salts, from 22½ oz. to 25 oz.; 24 gilt spoons, 47¼ oz.; a parcel gilt chafing dish, with 4 brasell feet, 68 oz.; 6 gilt bowls, with covers, 259 oz.; 3 gilt cups with covers, 88½ oz.
P. 1. Endd.: "1527—Divers bills of Mr. Henry Norris, of the King's privy chamber, of sums of money laid out by him for plate and jewels and other expenses of the King H. octavi."
2 Jan.
Galba, B. IX. 2.
B. M.
Has written long ago to ask for the payment of the posts who serve the king of England hence to Calais. Was told by Jerningham and Knight that Wolsey had ordered the treasurer of Calais to pay them. Sent a man to him on his return from England, but he only paid him 2 months' wages instead of 22, and told him not to come again.
Cannot pay their wages himself, and they cannot live without, and therefore desire to leave the service. Has served the King and his father 25 or 30 years with all possible diligence. Malines, 2 Jan. 1526. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2.
3 Jan.
R. O.
Has attended to his letter of 22 Nov., asking him to favor Ant. Bonvisi, in his suit against the Ghysii concerning alum, and to prevent the case coming before the Camera Apostolica on account of the influence of his adversaries. Has obtained a hearing from the Pope for his proctors, which was favorable. Will give them all the aid he can. Rome, 3 Jan. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
3 Jan.
Vit. B. VIII. 2.
B. M.
Since his last letters there has been nothing of importance, except the escape of the king of Navarre, who was taken prisoner by the marquis of Pescara at the battle of Pavia, and was kept till the payment of 90,000 gold pieces for his ransom; but he escaped by the aid of the Spaniards who guarded him. His flight is considered of great importance, considering his authority among the Biscayans (Cantabri), and their incredible love for him.
Yesterday news came from Milan of the peace between Charles and Francis; but, as the conditions seem improbable, will not recount them. Expects the Emperor to sign the terms sent to him by the Pope after the arrival of Herera, his Majesty's ambassador. If not, fears the war will break out worse than ever; in that case, all their hope will be in the King and Wolsey. Often speaks to the Pope of Wolsey's devotion to the Apostolic See. His Holiness always mentions Wolsey with honor, and feels great affection for him. Rome, 3 Jan. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
4 Jan.
Vit. B. VIII. 3.
B. M.
"Illme et rme, &c. Post ultimas licteras scriptas per me ad D. v. R., quæ datæ fuerunt xxiiij. mensis præteriti nil aliud novi ad meam notitiam devenit D. v. R. dignum; nolui autem propterea cursorem hunc qui in Galliam expeditur ad D. v. R. vacuum venire. Romæ nunc omnia nova cessarunt ob id quod per ultimas et penultimas meas licteras ad D. v. R. scripsi. Verum est quod Cæsarei diversis vicibus dixerunt se habere licteras continentes concordiam inter Cæsarem et Gallos esse quasi conclusam, et novissime asseruerunt se habere quod jam erat conclusa de veniendo etiam ad particularitatem capitulorum. E contrario Galli asserunt tractatus omnes concordiæ esse ruptos et dominum de Lanson esse in itinere ut redeat. Quæ sit veritas nescitur, præsertim cum S. D. N. asserat se nihil habere super his nisi id quod ab ipsis Cæsareis et Gallis Sti suæ dicitur. Non curo diffusius super his scribere, tum quia hic nec Cæsareis nec Gallis usquequaque creditur, tum quia non vereor D. v. R. de omnibus habere veritatem. Commendo me semper D. v. R., ei humiliter supplicans ut me dignetur commendare S. Regiæ Mti, quam et D. v. R. incolumes et felices ad eorum votum vivere exopto. Ex Urbe, die iiij. Januarii M.D.XXV[I].
"Post scripta.—Papa habuit licteras a Cardinale de Salviatis datas undecima Decembris, quibus significat quod concordia inter Cæsarem et regem Gallorum erat in procinctu conclusionis."
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Cipher undeciphered.
Vit. B. VIII. 17.
B. M.
Captivité du
roi François I.
p. 530.
1868. _ to WOLSEY.
"... Domini legati fuisset valde ad propo[situm] et quod summopere profecissent, si res in eo fuissent statu in quo ... ante diebus erant, sique mandatum missum fuisset promittendi pr[o Domina] Regente, sed alium nunc modum opus est rebus adinvenire."
Certain news is come from Lyons that Memoran[cy] had brought thither the conclusion of the peace, on account of which there were great rejoicings. The conditions are said to be,—that Francis shall marry Eleanor, to whom the Emperor gives a dowry of 300,000 ducats, which Francis will raise to 800,000;—certain cities of Burgundy to be given up to the Emperor within six weeks after the return of Francis to France, after which the Dauphin will marry a daughter of lady Eleanor. Francis renounces all claims in Italy and the superiority of Flanders. Arrangements touching Milan, &c., which are unjust to the Duke, if he has not done wrong. If he has, he will never obtain Cremona; "sed is mo[dus] non videtur pro Cæsare admodum tutus, et dominus Greg[orius] inter loquendum cum Pontifice indicabat conditions has non e[sse] in rem Cæsaris, nisi forte adactus metu eas susceperit. Quod si urgebat metus, satius illi fuisset accipere tres aur[i] milliones, quos Galli pro regis redemptione offerebant [quam] ... accipere; nam si verum est, ut memorant, ... ratione, tantum consignentur duo juniores filii, et solum sit mutatio personæ."
It is evident that conditions made in captivity are not binding; and it will now appear to the Pope that his Holiness, the King and the princes of Italy should take care that he do not keep such conditions after his return to France. For this an honourable and reasonable mode will be found; but the matter should be treated without delay, so that everything may be settled immediately on the King's arrival. The Pope shows himself bolder in these matters than formerly, and says he has determined to send a man to France to negotiate.
The archbishop of Capua makes urgent request for "opus Rostensis" (Roffensis), and two copies of the King's work against Luther. The learned men at Rome make the same request to dom. Gregorius. The duke of Ferrara has replied to the King's instructions that he would not have mention made of his affairs at this juncture, for he also is waiting for the issue, and will be glad when the princes have made up their minds.
Lat. In Vannes' hand.
5 Jan.
Er. Ep. XXIX.
Sends him a specimen of his Commentary on the Psalms, which he was advised by the Bishop, some years since at Calais, to undertake. Basle, non. Jan. 1525.
6 Jan.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 113.
1870. JAMES V.
Commission to Gawin archbishop of Glasgow, Robt. bishop of Murray, Archibald earl of Angus, and others, Geo. abbot of Holyrood, Wm. Scot of Balwery, and Adam Otterburn, to treat for peace with England. Edinburgh, 6 Jan. 1525.
Lat. Sealed.
8 Jan.
Vit. B. VIII. 4.
B. M.
"Illme ac rme in Christo, &c. Per meas ultimas datas iiij. hujus me[nsis] quarum copiam præsentibus alligatam mitto, scripsi id parum quod occurrit. Nunc au[tem] nil dicendum habeo nisi quod Cæsarei semper magis asseverant concordiam inter Cæsarem et Regem Gallorum esse factam, et Pontifex (fn. 1) ob licteras Cardlis de Salviatis de q[ui]bus in ultimis mentionem feci, videtur id credere. Ego quidem, licet obtusissimi sim ingenii et communiter aliter sentiatur, censeo, et ita dixi Sanctitati suæ, esse hæc inventa Cæsareorum ordinata, ex tempore quo ultimum nuncium seu oratorem ad Pontificem miserunt; dubitantes enim invenire Papam duriorem quam invenerint ad veniendum in eorum sententiam, ordinarunt ut qualibet ebdomada (fn. 2) aliquid novi circa ipsam concordiam adduceretur, ad hoc, [u]t Papa in suspicionem tractus, et considerans, ipsa concordia secuta, non de facili eas conditiones quæ tunc offerebantur cubiturum, (fn. 3) facilius in eorum sententiam deveniret: quod et eis successit; dum enim primum nodum de concordia facta ex civitate Januæ adductum fuit nihil adhuc inter Cæsarem et Papam conclusum erat. Hoc autem novo audito statim conclusio facta fuit.
"Licet autem hoc ex opinione mea tantum dicam, tamen verisimilia satis videntur cum capitula examinantur quæ Per Cæsareos publicantur, in quibus tot et tanta continentur, ut vix credi possit Gallos, ea concessuros, si medium regnum Franciæ jam Cæsareo jugo suppositum esset; quanto magis ca credenda non videntur, si consideretur quod tempore quo Cæsarei hæc facta asserunt Galli ea hinc nova habebant de quibus sperare poterant Cæsarem ad æquissimas conditiones, vel invitum, descensurum. Omitto quod nova hæc non per viam Franciæ veniunt, nec ex Francia talia scribuntur; immo penitus contrarium, quod non esset, præsupposita concordia, quam non ad id Cæsar et Rex Gallorum facerent, ut occulta maneret, et Francia non impediente nullum ob[s]taculu[m] remane[re]t, quo minus quotidie licteræ super hoc ex Hispania veniant. Omitto etiam quod tenor ipsorum articulorum ad duo tendere videtur. Unum est ut ex eorum exorbitantia arguat Papa Gallorum debilitatem, qui ad tam præjudicialia descendant. Alterum est, ut, viso per Pontificem quod Franciscus sit mari terraque Cæsari in Italiam venturo praesidium præstaturus Pontifex magis diffidat posse resisterc, et sic condescendat ad omnia quæ Cæsare vult. Cum aliud scribendum non habeam, volui hæc ad D. v. R. scribere, licet etiam id temere a me fieri qui ex conjecturis cum eo loqui audeam cui omnia certa sunt.
"Aliud mihi in præsentiarum non occurrit nisi commendare me semper D. v. R.," &c. Rome, 8 Jan. 1526.
Hol., Lat., cipher, mutilated, pp. 2. Modern decipher interlined, but not very accurate.
9 Jan.
Vesp. F. XIII.
B. M.
When his Lordship was first admitted president of the "Princes" (Princess's?) Council, my lord Legate instructed the writer and others of that Council that no subpœna should be directed into Wales or the Marches, but every cause be first tried before the stewards and officers there; the appeal to lie afterwards to his Lordship and the other commissioners. Subpœnas are now served in Caermarthen and Cardigan shires in spite of the proclamation, the like of which was never seen before. "And now both shires saith plainly that they will not pay one groat at this present Candlemas next coming, nor never after, if any man do appear otherwise than they have been accumed, but they had liever ryn unto the woods." My lord Legate should be immediately apprised of this. Charteley, 9th January. Signed.
P. 1. "To my lord President's good lordship."
10 Jan.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 114.
Ratification of the peace with Scotland by Archibald earl of Angus. Edinburgh, 10 Jan. 1525. Sealed.
R. O.
Rym. XIV. 115.
2. Notarial attestation, by John Homyll, of the same. Present: Colin earl of Argyle, John earl of Lennox, and others, as witnesses. In the hospice of Master Thomas, near the college of S. Mary de Campo, near Edinburgh. 10 Jan. 1525.
Have received his letter desiring to know if this diet shall surely be held or not. Some evil-minded persons are trying to prevent the peace taking effect by getting up unlawful assemblies, but the writers will lose their lives rather than yield to them. The bearer has heard the rumor, but Magnus can inform him of the truth. Edinburgh, 10 Jan.
Copy, p. 1.
10 Jan.
Vit. B. VIII. 5.
B. M.
Doubts not that Wolsey hears from Spain what the Emperor is doing sooner than he does, but still he thinks it right to send the news they hear. Yesterday couriers came with news of a peace between the Emperor and France, under these conditions:—that Francis shall marry Madame Leonora, and his eldest son her daughter; he shall restore Burgundy to the Emperor, certain towns in which shall be given back to him as Madame Leonora's dowry, to revert to the Emperor if she dies without sons; he shall give up his rights to Naples and Milan, and assist the Emperor when going to receive his crown, or against the Turks; he shall give his eldest son, or two others, as hostages till Burgundy is restored; Renée, daughter of king Louis, shall be given to Bourbon, and his affairs settled as the Emperor wishes. The French say these reports are untrue, and circulated by the Spaniards to prevent the defence of Italy. Rome, 10 Jan. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
10 Jan.
Otho, C. IX. 56.
B. M.
Donation of Charles V. to the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
After the taking of Rhodes, offered to the Order the island of Malta, to recover their strength and fit out a fleet; but as they do not find that suitable, gives them permission to select a place. Toledo, 10 Jan 152 ..., "regnorum nostrorum Romani, septimo, aliorum vero o[mnium decimo]"
Lat., copy, pp. 3, mutilated. Endd.


  • 1. γ instead of γ6.
  • 2. ebdomoma in cipher.
  • 3. Sic.