Calendar: A Full Translation of the Receiver's Account, 11 July 1481-13 July 1482

The Estate and Household Accounts of William Worsley Dean of St Paul's Cathedral 1479-1497. Originally published by Shaun Tyas on behalf of Richard III and Yorkist Trust and the London Record Society, Donington, 2004.

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'Calendar: A Full Translation of the Receiver's Account, 11 July 1481-13 July 1482', in The Estate and Household Accounts of William Worsley Dean of St Paul's Cathedral 1479-1497, (Donington, 2004) pp. 57-66. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol40/pp57-66 [accessed 29 February 2024]

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3. A Full Translation of the Receiver's Account, 11 July 1481–13 July 1482

This account is not calendared, but given in full translation. (fn. 1) The roll is complete: the first membrane is endorsed in the same hand as the remainder of the document with a note that this is the account of Roger Radcliff, steward of the household from 11 July year 21 to 13 July year 22. The roll consists of eight sheets, 30 cm wide and sewn end to end. The first sheet is 34 cm long, the fourth 25.5 cm, the fifth 38.5 cm and the sixth 35 cm. The remaining sheets are 40–41 cm long.

London.
The account of Roger Radcliff, steward of the household of Master William Worsley, Dean of the cathedral church of St. Paul's, of various sums of money received at various times from the demesne, farms and other offices, and paid by him on the expenses of the household of the Dean, from the 11th day of July, 21 Edward IV, until the 18th day of July, 22 Edward IV, i.e. for one year and seven days.
Nothing carried over from his account of the previous year, as shown at the foot of the preceding account.
Total: Nil

Receipts from Rents and Farms

Bowes and Polehouse
£26 13s. 4d. received by him from Edward Westby and John Fox, farmers there, in several payments, as more plainly shown in [–] folio of the said quarterly paper.
Total: £26 13s. 4d.
London
£12 13s. 9½d. (fn. 2) received by him from John Clerk, collector of the rents and farms there, at various times, as shown in [–] folio of the said quarterly paper.
Total: £12 13s. 9½d.
The manor of Ardleigh
£35 13s. 4d. received from the rents and farm of the manor there at [–] times, as shown in [–] folio of the said quarterly paper.
Total: £35 13s. 4d.
Runwell
£36 10s. received from John Athey, farmer of the manor there, at four times, as shown in [–] folios of the said quarterly paper.
Total: £36 10s. 0d.
Caddington and Kensworth
£86 17s. 10½d. received from Edmund Counteys from the rents and farm there in the county of Bedford at [–] times, as shown in [–] folio of the said quarterly paper.
Total: £86 17s. 10½d. (fn. 3)
Rents and farms in Hackney
He does not answer for other money to be received by him from the issues, profits and revenues of the rents and farm of lands and holdings there at [–] times, because none of this money from the said rents and farms came to Roger's hand during the time of this account, by the oath of the accountant.
Total: Nil
Willesden
But £4 16s. 8d. received by him from John More, farmer of the manor there, for one whole year ending on the feast of Michaelmas 21 [Edward IV].
And [–] received by him from the same John for Easter term 22 [Edward IV], as shown in the quarterly paper.
Total: £4 16s. 8d.
Belchamp St. Paul
£49 8s. received by him from John Lokear, vicar there, at [–] times, in rents of assize paid for one whole year ending at the feast of Michaelmas 21 [Edward IV], and in [–] payment for his farm of the rectory and demesne lands for one year ending at the feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary 21 [Edward IV].
Total: £49 8s. 0d.
Thorpe, Kirby and Walton in the soke
£103 13s. 4d. received by him from various persons as written below, viz.
from James Raderford, collector of rents of assize there, £43 15s. 3¾d.
And from John Carter, from the farm of the rectory of Bancroft, £12 8s.
And from Thomas Smith, from the farm of Thorpe Hall, at one time, £9. (fn. 4)
And from John German, from the farm of the rectory of Kirby, at [–] times, £16. (fn. 5)
And from John Kent, from the farm of the rectory of Thorpe, 40s.
And from John Toose, from the farm of the manor of Walton, at [–] times as shown in [–] folio of the quarterly paper, £20 10s.
Total: £103 13s. 4d.
Wickham St. Paul
£20 received by him from John Grene, farmer there, at two times.
Total: £20 0s. 0d.
Heybridge
£14 received by him from John Lindsey, farmer of the manor there, as part of his farm for a year ending on the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula 21 [Edward IV].
And 7s. 3½d. received by him from the said John Lindsey from the issues of the profits of a court held there on the Monday before the feast of St. Matthew 21 [Edward IV].
And 30s. ½d. received by him from Robert Pere late farmer of the mill there in full payment of his farm, at the feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary 21 [Edward IV].
And 20s. received by him from Thomas Chaterton, the price of wood sold to him, as shown in the said quarterly paper.
Total: £16 17s. 5d. (fn. 6)
Sutton
£29 5s. received by him from Robert Nevyll and Thomas Thomas, farmers there, at [–] times, as more plainly shown in the quarterly paper.
Total: £29 5s. 0d.
Drayton
£23 13s. 4d. received by him from Edmund Prentesse, farmer of the manor there, at [–] term.
And 40s. received by him from Clement Cook, farmer of the mill there, at [–] term.
Total: £25 13s. 4d.
Norton Folgate
£6 13s. 4d. received by him from William Hill, farmer there, for a year ending on the feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist 22 [Edward IV].
Total: £6 13s. 4d.
The Deanery
£32 10s. received by him from John Bernard, procurator of the rectory of Chepyng Lambourn, at the term of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary 21 [Edward IV], at [–] times as shown in [–] folio of the quarterly paper.
And £31 received by him from the same John Bernard, from the issues and profits of the same rectory, in the time of this account, as more plainly shown in the said folio.
And £18 6s. 8d. received by him from John Hewet, farmer of the mill of Ratcliff, as shown in [–] folio of the said quarterly paper.
And of [–] received by him from John Clerk, collector of rents and farms of the Deanery of St. Paul's in London and Stepney within the time of this account.
Total: £81 16s. 8d.
Added to the account
56s. 8d. received by him, the price of two horses sold by him at the recognisance of Roger.
And of 2s. 6d., received from [William] Hale, for an estreat as shown in one folio of the quarterly paper.
Total, 60s. 6d. (fn. 7)
Sum Total Received £539 12s. 7d. (fn. 8)
And quit.
Expenditure
Rent
He also accounts for money paid to the Bishop of London for a certain quit rent, 33s. 4d., yearly to the manor of Chadsworth, and its appurtenances, viz. for its payment at the time of this account, 33s. 4d.
And in rent paid to Sir Richard Charlton, knight, yearly issuing from the demesne of Bowes and Polehouse, viz. in its payment at the time of this account, as in its payment in the preceding account, 20s. 2d.
And in rent paid to the Earl of Essex, issuing annually from the said demesne, viz. in payment at the time of this account, as in payment in the preceding account, 19s.
Total: 72s. 6d.
Daily Expenses
And in money paid by the said Roger to the steward of the said household, for beef, veal, pork, and other victuals bought and paid for within the time of this account, together with all other things and stuffs and necessaries provided and bought and used in the said household, as shown in [–] folios of part of the quarterly paper, where the particular sums are daily and weekly signed, noted and declared and on this account are shown and examined by the said Roger, £60 7s. 3d.
Total: £60 7s. 3d.
Payments made to the Chamberlain of the Cathedral Church of St. Paul's
And in money paid to the Chamberlain of the cathedral church of St. Paul's, London, for diverse manors, demesnes, lands, and tenements held to farm by Master William Worsley, Dean of the church, from the canons in the chapter besides certain other sums retained in his own hands as his portion on account of his residency at the same time, as shown in [–] bills made between the said Roger and the said Chamberlain, and presented at the time of this account and remaining among the memoranda of this account, £184 17s. 10¾d.
Total: £184 17s. 10¾d. (fn. 9)
Payments made to the Clerk of the Bakehouse
Money paid by him to Thomas Skypwith, clerk of the bakehouse there, various sums of money annually issuing from certain manors for the purchase of certain quarters of wheat to make bread, as shown in a bill presented at the time of this account and remaining among its memoranda, £74 3s. ¾d.
And in money paid to the said Thomas Skypwith, clerk of the said bakehouse, the price of 32 qr. of wheat annually issuing from the manor of Heybridge, bought by him at various prices within the time of this account as more plainly shown in the said book, £15 3s. 4d.
Total: £89 6s. 4¾d.
Paid to the Brewer for ale
Paid to Richard Prowell, brewer of London, the price of ale bought from him and used in the household of the Dean, as shown in various tallies made between the said Roger and Richard and in one folio of the book of particulars, presented at the time of this account. (fn. 10)
Total: £14 13s. 0d.
Paid for Beer
And in money paid to Sander Berebrewer at 'le Hermitage', the price of 36½ kylderkyns of penny beer bought from him and used in the household of the Dean, as shown in two tallies made between Roger and Sander, and shown in the said book, 43s. 6d. (fn. 11)
And in money paid to the same Alexander Berebrewer, the price of four kylderkyns of three-halfpenny beer bought from him within the time of this account and used in the said household, 7s. 6d.
Total: £2 11s. 0d.
Purchase of Wine
And in money paid by Roger himself to Charles Vyntener, the price of two casks of red wine and claret, a roundlet of sweet wine containing 17 gallons, (14d., 20s. 5d.) (fn. 12) provided and bought by him within the time of this account, as shown in the said book presented at the time of this account, £14 7s. 1d.
Total: £14 7s. 1d.
Livery of M. Dean and his servants
And in money paid by Roger himself at this time to William Bukke, draper of London, the price of various pieces of woollen cloth of musterdevelis bought from him for the livery of the household of Master Dean at Christmas in the time of this account as shown in a bill presented at the time of this account and remaining among its memoranda, £12 13s. 11d.
And in money paid by him to the said William for the price of various pieces of woollen cloth bought for the summer livery of the servants within the time of this account, £4 6s.
And paid by him for the price of three gowns given to three farmers of Belchamp St. Paul and Wickham St. Paul, at 6s. 8d. each, as shown in the said book, 20s.
Total: £17 19s. 11d.
Necessary Expenses
And in money accounted by him for various goods and stuffs bought by him from various persons at various times and used in the household of the said Dean for the said time, including 36s. 1d. for the price of spices bought at various times, and used in the said household, as shown in three folios of necessities and one folio of spices of the said quarterly paper, where the names of these persons and their particular sums are noted and laid out, and presented at the time of this account, £11 10s. 11¾d.
Total: £11 10s. 11¾d.
Chaplains' salaries (fn. 13)
And in money paid to Thomas Cartwryght and Thomas Turnour, chaplains, in the name of salary at the terms of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist before the time of this account, and at Michaelmas, Christmas, and Easter within the time of this account, as shown in four acquittances returned at the time of audit, £6 13s. 4d.
And in money paid to William Roke, chaplain, receiving 53s. 4d. p.a. from the manor of Norton Folgate at the same terms, viz. at the term of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist before this account, and at Michaelmas, Christmas, and Easter within the time of this account, returned at the time of audit, 54s. 4d.
Total: £9 6s. 8d.
Fees Paid
And in fee paid to Robert Forster, steward of the lands of Thorpe, Kirby and Walton in the soke, receiving 40s. p.a., viz. in payment at this time, 40s.
And in fee paid to John Hewyk, auditor of various demesnes, lands, and tenements of the Dean, receiving 66s. 8d. p.a., viz. in payment at this time, 66s. 8d.
Total: £5 6s. 8d.
Stipends of servants
And in money paid by this account to the servants of the said Dean for their wages and rewards, viz. at the terms of Michaelmas and Christmas 21 [Edward IV], and at Easter and the Nativity of St. John the Baptist 22 [Edward IV], as is shown in the quarterly paper where the names of these servants with their payments are particularly noted and laid out as shown and examined on this account, £22 13s. 4d.
Total: £22 13s. 4d.
Necessary Expenses for the apparel of Master Dean and for various goods and stuffs bought on Master Dean's order
Paid by the accountant for various goods and stuffs ordered and bought for the apparel of the Dean and for various necessities bought on the Dean's order, as particularly shown below, viz. first;
4½ virges of russet at 10s. per virge, bought for a gown to be made for the Dean, 45s.;
the making of the said gown in trimming with fur without lining (2s.) and its furnishing, 18d.;
three skins (12d.) of grey bought for the said gown, price per skin 4d. the lining of the said gown, 8d.;
one pair of shoes with points, 3s. 2d. (fn. 14);
a pair of unlined hose, 6d.;
a pair of hose, 9d.;
the repair of a purse of the Dean, 2d.;
the repair of a blue gown of the Dean, 4d.;
a hood bought for the Dean, 3s. 4d.;
the making of an Agnus Dei with the surplus of the same supplemented to the value of 3s. 6d., 7s.;
on the order of the Dean to John Grymston, for the memory of the souls of the parents of the Dean and all the faithful, to the hand of Robert Robson at the cross of St. Paul's, 12d.;
in part payment of £8 for the making of a silver cross remaining at Southwell, 22s.;
for a cope (fn. 15) of cloth of gold with a white linen cloth and a gold fringe (orfrey) of new work with the price of the bockeram and the making of the said cope and other expenses of the making of the cope, £14 4s.;
the price and the payment of a golden cope bought for Laurence Booth late Archbishop of York, 22s.;
a silk corsse of black colour bought for the Dean, 4s. 2d.;
a strap (garth) bought for the horse of Master Dean, 10d.;
a pair of linen sheets, 2s.;
a tablecloth of plain work, 20d.;
a pair of sheets, 2s.;
another pair of sheets, 20d.;
a pillow (pyle) with 8 ounces, 4d.;
two towels and two napkins, 8d.;
eight pillow cases, 2s.;
an iron fire rake, 6d.;
three sheets bought and remaining in the house of the Dean, 2s.;
another pair of sheets bought and remaining in the house of the Dean, 2s. 4d.;
three pairs of fustyances bought for the arrival of the Lord Marquess of Dorset on the Monday before the feast of St. George the Martyr, 40s. 8d.;
31½ virges of linen cloth for two pairs of sheets bought for the arrival of the said lord, price per virge 14d., 37s. 11d.;
a pair of linen sheets containing 12 virges, price per virge and the making 12d., 12s. 6d.;
two shirts containing 4¾ virges bought for the Dean, price per virge 12d., 4s. 11½d.;
on the order of the Dean for the repair of a silver and silver-gilt salt-cellar broken by Thomas Bunewell, mended at Hackney, 8d.;
linen cloth called dyaper worke containing 26 virges, price per virge 2s. 4d., 60s. 8d.;
twenty-three and a half virges of linen cloth called dyaper worke bought for making towels for the household of the Dean, price per virge 14d.,
27s. 2d.;
two and a half virges of green cloth, price per virge 6s., for making a gown for Master Dean, 15s.;
five virges of bockeram bought for the said gown, price per virge 7d., 2s. 11d.;
one and three quarter virges of cloth bought for a cloth saddle for Master Dean, 2s. 8d. per virge, 4s. 8d.;
two and three quarter virges of black chamelet bought for the Dean, for making a doublet or jacket, price per virge 3s. 6d., 9s. 7½d.;
three quarters of blanket ordered for the said jacket, 8d.;
one ell of canvas, 4d.;
two pairs of hose bought for the Dean, 6d. per pair, 12d.;
the making of the green gown, 20d.;
making the said jacket of black chamelet, 2s.;
one feather-bed and one bolster bought for Master Dean from the executors of Laurence Damlet, 18s.;
two silver and partly silver-gilt cruets bought from the said executors, containing 15 oz., price 3s. 4d. per oz., 50s.;
to [–] Wylle for one pair of shoes with points for the Dean, 3s.;
one new saddle with repairs to it, 10s.;
one helmet bought for the Dean, 12d.
Total: £35 18s. 10½d. (fn. 16)
Repairs And in money paid by him on various repairs made this year on the mill of Ratcliff and on various houses within this time, viz. on the mansion of the Dean in the city of London (£10 12s. ½d.), on the mill of Ratcliff (75s. 8d.), on the demesne of Ardleigh, (30s. 5d.), and on the marsh of Polehouse (13s. 4d.), as shown in various bills of repair and presented and examined at the time of this account and remaining among its memoranda, £16 11s. 5½d.
Total: £16 11s. 5½d.
Money paid And in money paid to Master William Worsley, Dean of the cathedral church of St. Paul's, London, by the hand of the accountant from the issues of his office for this year, at the time of payment of 200 marks, (fn. 17) by recognisance of the same Roger over the account without bill.
Total: £20 0s. 0d.
Sum total money paid £509 3s. ¼d.
And he owes: £30 9s. 6¾d.
Of which 75s. 2d. is paid by the said accountant on the order of the Dean to various minstrels of the King and other lords staying with the Dean at various times within this account and to those of other persons bringing the Dean gifts as shown more plainly in one folio of the said quarterly paper.
And paid by him £4 7s. 1½d. for the expenses of Robert Forster, John Hewyk, Roger Radcliff and other officials riding through the Dean's lands to hold court and settle matters between tenants, as particularly shown more plainly in another folio of the quarterly paper.
And 7s. 6d. paid by him to Edward Shuldham, doctor of law, official and collector of the rights of the archdeaconry of Huntingdon, for his portion of the vill of Ardleigh, as shown by one acquittance of the said official dated the 8th day of October 1481, presented at the time of audit and remaining among the memoranda of the account.
Total: £8 9s. 9½d.
And he owes: £21 19s. 9¼d.
Paid to William Worsley, Dean of St. Paul's. (fn. 18)

Footnotes

  • 1. See Introduction.
  • 2. 13s. 4d. crossed out.
  • 3. 97s. 10½d. crossed out.
  • 4. £9 15s. crossed out.
  • 5. 40s. and £7 crossed out.
  • 6. 16s. and £16 inserted; 4d. crossed out and 5d. inserted.
  • 7. Recte 59s. 2d.
  • 8. Recte £539 1s. 3d.
  • 9. £202 10s. ½d. crossed out.
  • 10. 'inter' crossed out.
  • 11. Scribal error: xliijs. vj li. instead of xliijs. vjd.
  • 12. Presumably at 14d. a gallon, totalling 20s. 5d. (recte 19s. 8d.).
  • 13. These salaries were one term in arrears.
  • 14. Shoes at this date, either with points, or punched. Cf. Absolon, the parish clerk in the Miller's tale who had 'poules window corven on his shoes', i.e. the shoes were punched to give a pattern reminiscent of the Rose window in St. Paul's. (Chaucer, Canterbury Tales, line 3318). See English Medieval Industries, ed. John Blair and Nigel Ramsay (Hambledon Press, London and New York, 1991), pp. 303, 310.
  • 15. cape erased.
  • 16. Recte £35 17s.
  • 17. The sum of 200 marks has been inserted at the time of audit in a space previously blank. The context of this payment is obscure.
  • 18. Account signed William Worsley, probably in his own hand.