236 Gardiner v Gilbert

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

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'236 Gardiner v Gilbert', in The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640, (, ) pp. . British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/court-of-chivalry/236-gardiner-gilbert [accessed 5 March 2024]

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Thomas Gardiner of Salisbury, co. Wiltshire, gent v John Gilbert of the same, tailor

January 1640


Gardiner, town clerk of Salisbury, complained that on 28 December 1639 Gilbert had said that he was 'a better gent' than Gardiner, and that Gardiner 'might have runne his country if he had not taken base courses to get his liveinge'. Process was granted on 24 January 1640, but no further proceedings survive.

Initial proceedings

2/74, Plaintiff's bond

22 January 1640

Bound to appear 'in the Court in the painted Chamber within the Pallace of Westminster'.

Signed by Thomas Gardiner.

Sealed, subscribed and delivered in the presence of John Watson.

2/75, Petition to Arundel

Gardiner was 'towne clarke of the citty of New Sarum, and a gentleman descended of an auncient family. One John Gilbert, of the citty of Sarum, taylor', around 28 December 1639, 'did very much abuse your petitioner, and amongst other words told him that he was a better gent then your petitioner and that your petitioner might have runne his country if he had not taken base courses to get his liveinge, thereby much provokinge your petitioner to duell.'

Petitioned that Gilbert be brought to answer.

Maltravers granted process on 24 January 1640.


Neither Thomas Gardiner nor John Gilbert appeared in the Wiltshire Visitation of 1623: G. D. Squibb (ed.), Wiltshire Visitation Pedigrees, 1623 (Publications of the Harleian Society, 105 and 106, 1954).


  • Initial proceedings
    • Plaintiff's bond: 2/74 (22 Jan 1640)
    • Petition: 2/75 (24 Jan 1640)

People mentioned in the case

  • Gardiner, Thomas, gent
  • Gilbert, John, tailor
  • Howard, Henry, baron Maltravers
  • Howard, Thomas, earl of Arundel and Surrey
  • Watson, John

Places mentioned in the case

  • Middlesex
    • Westminster
  • Wiltshire
    • Salisbury

Topics of the case

  • comparison
  • office-holding