Artirce, The King's - Audoen (St.)

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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'Artirce, The King's - Audoen (St.)', in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) pp. . British History Online [accessed 24 April 2024]

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Artirce, The King's

In Lime Street.

Stow describes it as a mansion house of the Kings, 14 Ed. I. (S. 152), and Strype says that Queen's Square was erected on the site of a large house, anciently supposed to belong to the Kings and Queens (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 89).

Described as the King's mansion called the kynges " artery " in Lymestrete, 14 Ed. IV. 1474 (Cal. P.R. Ed. IV. 1467-77, p. 439). Ed. I. is evidently an error for Ed. IV. in Stow and the ' c ' probably an error for ' e,' which would make the word " artiree."

See Queen's Colledge Passage Square.

It does not seem to be possible to arrive at any satisfactory explanation or derivation of this word unless it is a contracted form of the word " artelries "=" artillery," and was a storehouse for arms. The word " artelleries " occurs in this sense in Chaucer's " Tale of Melibeus " and " artery " might be a contraction, originally written thus : " arteries." The form " artry " is given in N.E.D., s.v. " artillery."

Artizan Street

South out of Harrow Alley, Middlesex Street to Stoney Lane. In Portsoken Ward.

Erected in 1884 as Artizan's Street, name changed May, 1911, to the present form.

The Artizans' Industrial Dwellings were commenced in 1884, and with the Metropolitan Railway occupy the site of several former Courts, viz. : " Allen's Court," " Ebenezer Square," " Mount Court," " Barnes's Buildings," " Meeting House Yard," Gravel Lane, "Sadlers' Hall Court."

Arundel Lane

A tenement at the corner of the lane called "Arundel lane" in the parish of All Hallows upon the solar (the less) in Thamisestrete is mentioned in 1432-3 (Ct. H.W. II. 361).

Not further identified.

Ashantree Court

See Ashentree [Ashentbee?] Court, Temple Street.

Ashen Tree Court.

-North out of George Yard and Magpie Alley, Whitefriars (L.C.C. list, 1912). In Farringdon Ward Without.

Called : " Ashentbee Court " (O.S. 1880).

Ashentbee [Ashentree?] Court

North out of Temple Street, Whitefriars, in Farringdon Ward Without (O. M. 1677-Elmes, 1831).

Now called " Glasshouse Alley " (q.v.). " Ashantree Court " (Horwood, 1799).

The southern end out of White Friars is called " Cloth Workers Court " in O. and M. 1677, and " Paved Alley " in Rocque.

Probably named from the sign, which may have indicated the existence of an ash tree in the locality.

Ashentree Court

North out of George Yard and Magpie Alley, within the precinct of Whitefriars (O.S. 1880).

See Ashen Tree Court, Whitefriars.

Ashman's Court

West out of Temple Street to the Temple. In Farringdon Ward Without (Elmes, 1831).

Not further identified.

Probably named after the owner or builder.

Ashurst's Court

North out of Distaff Lane, west of Cordwainers' Hall, in Bread Street Ward (O. and M. 1677).

Site now occupied by offices and business houses.

Probably named after the owner.

Askew Almshouses

See Drapers' Almshouses.


See Gibson's Key.

Athel Street, Athelestreet

. See Addle Hill.


See Addle Street.

Athelburga (St.)

See Ethelburga (St.), Bishopsgate.

Atheling Steeet

Grant of a rent in the parish of St. Thomas the Apostle, between the lane called " Athelingstrete " north and the land (?=lane) leading to " la Ryole " south, 1289 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2526).

Houses in " Athelyngestrate " are also described as in the parish of St. Mary de Eldemariechurch, 1272-3 (Ct. H.W. I. 13).

" Aphelingestrate,"1213 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1499). " Ayelynstrate," 1348 (Ct. H.W. I. 536).

It seems probable from a comparison of some of these deeds, in which the names of the parties and witnesses are identical, that these forms are merely variations of the same name and relate to " AEtheling (or Noble Street) as Leyland termeth it, commonly called Wathling Streete " (q.v.) (S. 252).


See Addle Hill.

Aubrees Watergate

A lane so called mentioned as a boundary of property granted by John de Suffolch to Eustace the prior, and the convent of Holy Trinity, 1 Edward I.

The property is described as " a quay with houses and shops built thereon extending from the High Street to the Thames and from the angle of the lane called ' Aubrees Watergate ' to the quay of William, son of Edmund de Essex " (Anc. Deeds, A. 7283).

Evidently a lane leading down to the Thames belonging to one Aubree, but not identified.

These " watergates," whether lanes, quays or gates to the river were very numerous and often had no distinguishing prefix. Three of them are mentioned simply as " le Watergate " in the enquiry held in 17 Edward III. into the condition of the approaches to the Thames (Lib. Cust. II. 446).

Auction Mart Sale Rooms

On the west side of Tokenhouse Yard at No.19 (P.O. Directory).

Built about 1865. Architect, S. Clarke.

The rooms were formerly in Bartholomew Lane on the site now occupied by the Alliance Assurance Co.'s Offices.


A messuage so called in the suburbs of London outside Aldersgate. Described in an inquisition 10 Edward II. 73, as in a ruinous condition and therefore valueless. Held of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's.

Thomas de Aldithelegh was heir, under age, a ward to the King. The name occurs as Daudele or de Aldithelegh.

No later reference.

Audoen (St.)

At the north corner of Eldenese Lane (Warwick Lane), in Farringdon Ward Within (S. 345). The parish extended into Castle Baynard Ward.

First mention : " Parochia sancti Audoeni," c. 1220 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 22, 867).

Other forms and names : " St. Audoen within Neugate," 1396 (Ct. H.W. II. 321). " St Audewin within Neuwegate," 1361 (ib. 44). " St. Andoem," 1569 (Lond. I. p.m. II. 121). " St Ouen," 1220 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 23). " St. Owyn," 1322 (Ct. H.W. I. 296). " St. Owan within Neugate," 1349-50 (Ct. H.W. I. 628). " Seynt Iweyne," 1374 (ib. ii. 162). " Sancti Owini, St. Iwyn," 1385 (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1385-9, p. 50). " St. Ewenna, 1542 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVII. 393). " St. Edwin," 1543 (ib. XVIII. (2), p. 60).

Ewin is the same saint as Owen or Audowen called " Sancti Audoeni juxta fratres minores " (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 193). " Seint Ewen." " Owyn wtin Newgate " (Arnold's Chronicles, pp. 77 and 253). " Seynt Yeuan " (Fabyan's Chr. p. 296).

There was a fraternity of St. Anne in the church (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 193).

After the dissolution of the monasteries, temp. H. VIII., and the suppression of the Greyfriars monastery, the parishes of St. Nicholas Shambles, St. Audoen, and St. Sepulchre within Newgate were united to form the parish of Christ Church, Newgate (q.v.).

The parish church of St. Audoen was granted to the mayor and citizens, 38 H. VIII. (L. and P.H. VIII. XXI. (2), p. 416).