Barbican Court - Barnard's lnn

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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'Barbican Court - Barnard's lnn', in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) pp. . British History Online [accessed 19 April 2024]

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Barbican Court

North out of Barbican at No.67 in Aldersgate Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

First mention : Horwood, 1799.

Barbolt Court

In Fleet Street in 1653 (H. MSS. Com. 5th Rep. 394). Not named in the maps.

Bardi (The)

A society into which certain Italian merchants formed themselves-the name being derived from the head of the house or firm (Arch. X. 242 n.).

In the Queen's Remembrancer Department is a bundle of documents containing records of a return made temp. Ed. I. of the quantity of wool in the possession of Italian merchants in England. One company making a return was called " La compaignie de Barde de Florenze " and another " La compaignie de Sire Barde Frescobald de Florenze" (ib. XXVII. 221).

They lent money to Edward I. Edward II. and Edward III. (ib. 243).

There was another company called " the Peruzzi " (Ct. H.W. II. 187).

A tenement in Lumbardstret abutting on " Lumbardstret " south, and " Cornhull " north was granted to the merchants of the society of the Bardi, 12 Bd. II. 1318 (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1317-24, p.246).

Barehouse Yard

Out of Silver Street, Cripplegate (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Baremane Lane

Shops in " Baremanelane " in parish of St. Mary Woolnoth or St. Mary de Newchirch devised by Master William de Wlchirchehawe to his son William, 1285 (Ct. H.W. I. 73).

Qy. = Bearbinder Lane.


See Martin (St.) in the Vintry.

Barge (The)

A large messuage and tenements in the parish of St. Stephen Walbrook on the south side of Bucklersbury, belonging to St. Thomas of Acons. In Cheap Ward.

First mention : Granted to St. Thomas of Acres by will of Walter de Chesthunt, 1376 (Watney, 35), but not mentioned by name until deed of 1414," le Barge " (Watney, 268, quoting Cartulary, fo. 80).

There were remains of the house to be seen in Stow's time (S. 262) divided and let out in tenements.

The Mercers had houses there 34 H. VIII. 1543 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII. Pt. I, p.284).

Stow says it was so called of the sign of the " olde Barge " hung out there, and that it was a common report that when the Walbrook was open, barges were rowed out of the Thames and towed up here, so that the place has ever since been called the " Olde barge " (S. 262).

The memory of the past is still preserved in " Barge Yard " (q.v.).

Barge Yard

South out of Bucklersbury at No.20 (P.O. Directory). In Cheap Ward.

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Named from the messuage and tenements previously existing on the site called the Barge (q.v.).

Barkeleyes Inne

Messuage in parish of St. Andrew Undershaft commonly called Barkeleyes Inne, belonging to Edward Earl of Rutland, 29 Eliz. 1587 (London, I. p.m. Br. Rec. Soc. III. p. 122).

No further reference.

Barker's Rents

In Paul's Alley, Red Cross Street, in Cripplegate Ward Without (Dodsley, 1761).

Not named in the maps.

Named after the owner or builder.

Barking Alley

East out of Byward Street to Trinity Square, north of All Hallows Barking Church (Bacon's map, 1912). In Tower Ward.

Earliest mention : Strype, ed. 1720.

Widened 1862 by setting back the churchyard about 4 ft.

Name derived from the church.

See Barking Churchyard.

Barking Chapel

See Mary (St.) de Berking Chapel.

Barking Church

See All Hallows Barking.

Barking Church Yard

North out of Great Tower Street, east of All Hallows Barking Church. In Tower Ward (P.O. Directory).

Earliest mention : O.S. ed. 1848-51.

Former names : " Barking Yard " (O. and M. 1677-P.C. 1732). " Barking Alley", (Rocque, 1746-Elmes, 1831).

This designation was also given to the present Barking Alley, north of the church (Lockie, 1810-O.S. ed. 1848-51), and these names seem to have been used interchangeably at different periods.

See Chick Lane.

Barking Court

On the south side of Great Tower Street at No.40 (L.C.C. list, 1912). In Tower Ward.

So called in 1906, the former name of White Lion Court (q.v.) being abolished.

Barking Yard

See Barking Church Yard.

Barklies Inn

By the south end of Addle Hill, west from St. Benet's Church, almost against Puddle Wharf, an ancient building of stone and timber builded by the Lords of Barkley and called Barklies Inne. Now in ruins and let out in tenements. Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, lodged there temp. H. VI. (S. 368).

Site given on O.S.1875 on the north side of Upper Thames Street at its western end, opposite Rutland Wharf. Site now occupied by offices and warehouses, etc.

Barleymow Passage

South out of Long Lane to Cloth Fair at No.45 (P.O. Directory).

First mention : Horwood, 1799.

Formerly called : " Cloth Fair " (Rocque, 1746).

Named after a tavern of that sign. There is still a public house called " Barley Mow " at No.50 Long Lane.

Barn Yard

North out of Beech Lane, in Cripplegate Ward Without. Near the boundary of the Ward (O. and M. 1677).

Between the present Beech Street and Beech Lane.

No later mention.

Site now occupied by warehouses.

Barnard's lnn

On the south side of Holborn at No.22 in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

An Inn of Chancery, attached to Gray's Inn.

Extra parochial.

First mention : " Macworth lane " or " Barnardes Inn," 32 H. VI. 1454 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1452-61, p. 145).

There is a long account of the Inn in N. and Q. 7th Series.

It appears from an Inquisition taken after the death of John Macworth, Dean of Lincoln, 1422-51, that licence was granted to his executor to demise a messuage in Holborn called " Macworth's lane " to the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln for pious uses, and it is described as the property of the Dean and Chapter of St. Mary's Cathedral, Lincoln, in the Patent Roll temp. H. VI. quoted above.

At this time it was leased to one Lionel Bernard, by whose name it came to be known (Harl MS. 1104).

The messuage seems to have been used as an Inn of Chancery soon after this date, for it appears from the records in Lincoln Cathedral that the Dean and Chapter received a yearly rent in respect of the premises from the principal of the Inn, a term which suggests that it was occupied by students for some purpose or other.

At any rate in 1549 the society was fully established, with principal, antients and students, etc.

In temp. Q. Elizabeth some of the students were residents, while some only kept the terms and resided in the country.

The old hall was originally constructed of timber, like the old manor houses of Cheshire and Shropshire, and may well have been in existence in the 15th century. The first definite reference to it occurs in 1566, when mention is made of the bow window in it. No trace of the old hall remains.

The property remained in the hands of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln until 1888, when the freehold was purchased by Mr. Bartle L. Frere, the Chapter having refused to renew the lease to the Inn (N. and Q. 7th S. II. and III.).

The Inn consisted of about a dozen houses and the hall is the smallest of the Inns of Chancery Halls.

Purchased by the Mercers' Company 1892 and rebuilt for their school, the hall being retained as the dining-hall of the school.