Cardinal Alley, Cornhill - Carpenter's Hall

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

'Cardinal Alley, Cornhill - Carpenter's Hall', in A Dictionary of London, (London, 1918) pp. . British History Online [accessed 24 April 2024]

In this section

Cardinal Alley, Cornhill

See Swan and Hoop Passage.

Cardinal Cap Alley, Cornhill

See Swan and Hoop Passage.

Cardinall Hatt (The), Gracechurch Street

Two tenements called "The Cardinall Hatt" in street called Gracious streate in parish of All Saints Gracechurch or All Saints in Lombard street, 25 Eliz. 1583 (Lond. I. p.m. III. p. 315).

Mentioned also : "le Cardenal hatte," 47 Ed. III. (1373) (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 307). "le Cardinalshat," 1353 (Ct. H.W. I. 672).

Not further identified.

Cardinal's Hat

Tavern called "Cardinalishat" by Billyngesgate, 12 Rich. II. 1390 (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1388-92, p. 264).

A dinner in which the churchwardens of St. Mary at Hill participated was held at the "cardnalles hatt," 1491-2 (Records, 179).

Not further identified.

Cardinal's Hat (The)

In Westcheap in parish of St. Vedast.

First mention : "le Cardenaleshat," 35 Ed. III. 1361 (Cal. L. Bk. I. p. 154).

Later mention : "le Cardynall hatte," 25 H VI. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2088).

Not further identified.

Cardinal's Hat (The)

A messuage called "le Cardinalles Hatte" in St. Sepulchre's parish, 38 H. VIII. 1547 (L. and P. H. VIII. XXI. (2), p. 415).

No later mention.

Cardinalshat (le) Lombard Street

See Swan and Hoop Passage.

Carey Lane

West out of Gutter Lane to 12 Foster Lane (P.O. Directory). In Aldersgate Ward and Farringdon Ward Within.

First mention : O. and M. 1677.

Other forms and names : "Cary Lane" (Horwood, 1799). "Carie lane" (Leake, 1666). "Kery Lane" (S. pp. 305 and 316), 1603. "Kerry Lane" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 196). "Kryunelane," H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 7843). "Kyronlane," 1306 (Ct. H.W. I. 182). "Kyrounlane," 1361 (ib. II. 52).

Stow says so called of one Kery, but this derivation completely ignores the earlier forms of the name, "Kyrune," "Kyron." It may be derived from some one of the name of "Kerion," or "Kirone," "Kyrone," as in the case of "Kyrune lane" in Vintry Ward.

Carey Street

West out of Chancery Lane, at No. 95, to Portugal Street. In the borough of Holborn, and the City of Westminster-outside the City boundary (P.O. Directory). At the back of the Royal Courts of Justice.

First mention : Hatton, 1708.

It is unnamed in O. and M. 1677, and seems to form part of

Lincoln's Inn Fields, although it appears to have been called "Ballardes Lane" in temp. H. VIII. (q.v.).

Nicholas Carey lived there temp. Chas. I. and the lane is said to have been named after him.

Carfukes, Leadenhall

Poulterers forbidden to stand and expose their goods for sale at Carfukes of Leadenhalle, 44 Ed. III. (1370) (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 271).

"Carfax"="a place where four ways meet." M.E. "carfoukes," a place where four streets met. O.F. "Carrefourgs." In Prompt. Parv. "Carfax" or "carfans"=Quadrivium. Late L. "quadrifurcum," acc. of "quadrifurcus"="four-forked" (Skeat's Ety. Eng. Dict.). From "quatre-fourgs," not "quatre-voies"="four forks," not "four ways." The disappearance of the "r" from the M.E. form is curious.

The Carfukes would probably be where Bishopsgate Street, Gracechurch Street, Leadenhall Street and Cornhill met.

Called "Leadenhall Corner," 1600-1 (H. MSS. Com. Salisbury, XI. 47).

Compare "Carfax" in Oxford and also in Exeter, Horsham, etc.

In the glossary to the Liber Albus "carfeux"=a place with four faces, and Riley says the Carfax at Oxford was so named from a fountain there with four faces, and suggests that there may have been a similar fountain at Leadenhall.

Carlisle Avenue

East out of Northumberland Alley to Jewry Street (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate Ward.

First mention : L.C.C. List of Streets, 1912.

Former names : "Carlisle Buildings" (O.S. 1894-6) (L.C.C. List, 1901). "Northumberland Mews" (O.S. 1875 and O. and M. 1677), and "Cock Court" or "Cock Alley" (q.v.), "Northumberland Court" (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831), "Coach Yard" (Rocque, 1746).

Carlisle Buildings

See Carlisle Avenue.

Carmelite Street

South out of Tudor Street to Victoria Embankment, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

Named 1901. A continuation of Whitefriars Street. The name commemorates the old foundation of the Carmelite or Whitefriars (q.v.) monastery here.


See Whitefriars and Mary (St.) of the Carmelite Friars.

Carnebelles Place

A messuage or inn so called with a garden in the parish of St. Botolph without Aldrichegate, near le Bell, 1533 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 324).

Not further identified.

Caroone House

See Fleet Prison.

Carpenter's Buildings

South out of London Wall, in Broad Street Ward (Rocque, 1746-O.S.).

A passage leading to the Dog and Bear Inn in O. and M. 1677.

It was removed after 1876 for the formation of Throgmorton Avenue and the erection of the new Carpenters' Hall, which occupies the site of these buildings.

Named after the Carpenters' Company, the owners of the property.

Carpenters' Company

Incorporated 17 Ed. IV. (S. 177). In 1344 (Elmes, 1831, and Dodsley).

Carpenter's Court

East out of Aldermanbury in Cripplegate Ward Within (Boyle, 1799), opposite St. Mary's Church.

First mention: Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 90.

Former name : "Carpenters Yard" (Stow, p. 294-O. and M. 1677).

Stow describes it as occupying the site of the old Court hall, or Guildhall.

The site is now covered by offices and warehouses.

Carpenter's Hall

On the south side of London Wall, at the north-east corner of Throgmorton Avenue (P.O. Directory).

First mention : "le Carpenters Halle," 1575 (Ct. H.W. II, 692).

The gardens of the Carpenters on the northern boundary of Drapers' Gardens are mentioned 35 H. VIII. 1543 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII. Pt. I, p. 528).

The original hall occupied a portion only of the present site, the Court Room and offices extending further south and west into the present Throgmorton Avenue. This hall was taken down 1876, for the formation of Throgmorton Avenue and the present building erected from the designs of Mr. W. W. Pocock.

"Carpenters' Buildings," formerly occupied part of the site.

Roman Relics were discovered in digging the foundations of the new hall.