James' (St.) super ripam - Jews' Almshouses

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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James' (St.) super ripam

Temp. John (Anc. Deeds, A. 2125).

Probably=St. James' Garlickhithe.

Jasper Street

See Gayspur Lane and Aldermanbury.

Jeffrey's Square

East out of St. Mary Axe (O.S. 1894-6). In Aldgate Ward.

First mention : Strype, 1720.

At the time Strype wrote, the site had been lately occupied by the fair house of Alderman Sir Jeffrey Jeffryes, "which was now taken down with others and good houses being built in their place with gardens, designed for a Square" (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 82).

Square named after Sir Jeffrey Jeffryes.

Site now occupied by the Baltic Exchange and Chambers.

See Exchange Chambers.

Jelly Alley

In parish of St. Bartholomew near the Exchange (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 148).

Near Drapers' Hall in 1585 (Churchwardens' Accounts, etc., of St. Michael Cornhill, Overall, p. 221). In Broad Street Ward.

The tenement in Jelly Alley, left by William Bailey for the poor of the parish of St. Michael Cornhill, is described as situate at the back of the Auction Mart in Bartholomew Lane, which is now occupied by the Alliance Assurance Company's offices (End. Ch. St. Michael, 1903, p. 3). Jelly Alley would therefore appear to be situated on the south side of Throgmorton Street, some distance west of but opposite to Drapers' Hall.

Called "Pottes alley" or "Gelley alley" in 1593 (Vestry Minute Books of St. Bartholomew the Little, ed. by E. Freshfield, p. 29).

It is interesting to note in the accounts of the churchwardens for the parish, receipts by them of rents from the inhabitants of Dibbles Alley and Jelly Alley for the New River water, 1658 and other years (p. 163).

Jennings' Rents

See John's Court, East Smithfield.

Jericho Yard

In Jerusalem Alley (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Jerusalem Alley

See Jerusalem Court.

Jerusalem Coffee-House

In Cowper's Court, Cornhill. For merchants trading to the East Indies, China and Australia. Taken down 1879 and rebuilt.

Jerusalem Court

See Benet (St.) Place.

Jesus' Chapel

See Jesus' Steeple.

Jesus' Commons

A College of Priests so called in Dowgate Hill. The house had a fair library and was well furnished with brass, pewter, plate, etc. The order was discontinued about 30 years before Stow wrote his Survey and the house dissolved (S. 232). The site was afterwards occupied by Dyers Hall (q.v.).

Jesus' Steeple, Chapel

Under the Quire of Paules is a large chappel dedicated to the name of Jesu, founded or confirmed 37 H. VI. in a place called the Crowdes in the charter (S. 330). Confirmed by Henry VII. to Dr. Colet and by H. VIII. to Richard Pace (ib. 331).

Waste ground, houses, lands, etc., formerly called Jhesus Steeple adjoining or lying near St. Paul's Church, 36 Eliz. 1594 (Lond. I. p.m. III. 205).

See Faith (St.) and Paul's (St.) Bell Tower.

Jewel Office

In the Tower of London (q.v.).

Jewin Court

South out of Jewin Street at No. 11, in Aldersgate and Cripplegate Wards Within (Horwood, 1799-O.S. 1875 and 1880).

The site is now occupied by Edmund Place, this portion of the street having been erected about 1891.

For the origin of the name, See Jewin Street.

Jewin Crescent

North out of Jewin Street, between Nos. 34-35 and 48-49, in Alders-gate Ward Without and Cripplegate Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

So named in 1878.

In Horwood, 1799, the eastern half only was erected, not the houses in Aldersgate Ward.

It was called the Crescent in Lockie, 1810, to O.S. 1875.

Prior to the erection of the Crescent the site was occupied by "Bull Head Court" (O. and M. 1677, to Boyle, 1799) and Nixon's Square (q.v.).

Jewin Street

East out of Aldersgate Street, between Nos. 44 and 45, to Redcross Street, in Aldersgate and Cripplegate Wards Without (P.O. Directory).

First mention : 1672 (L. and P. Chas. II. XII. 274).

The street was erected on the site of what had been called "Jews' Garden" (q.v.), and the name is derived from this circumstance.

Stow speaks of houses having been erected on the ground when he wrote, viz. 1603, so that the formation of the street would date from about that time.

15 messuages, described in a deed of 1687 as formerly part of Jewin garden, commonly called the "Companyes garden," owned by the Goldsmiths' Company (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700, No. 114).

Jewry (The)

The Jews' quarter in the City.

Described as "Judaismo" in the Ward of William de Hadestok, 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 405).

The Ward of Wm. de Hadestok has been identified as Tower Ward, but the Jewry seems to have been a place within the Liberties of the Tower, but outside Tower Ward. No attachments in the Jewry for murders, etc., were made by the Sheriffs because it belonged to the Constable of the Tower (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 32).

The custody of the Tower was given to Hugh Gifford 20 H. III. 1236, with all the rights belonging to it of the Jewry, etc. (Cal. Pat. Rolls, H. III. 1232-47).

,Judaisma' Lond. in the king's hand, 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 403).

"Vico judeorum in Warda Haconis" mentioned in list of lands in London belonging to St. Paul's, c. 1115-30 (MSS. D. and C. Liber. L. ff. 47-50). This was the Old Jewry.

Jornin Sacrel, a Jew, held property in the parish of St. Olave in Old Jewry, afterwards given by King Edward I. to Benedict de Shordych (Ct. H.W. I. 531).

All the entries relating to the Jewry are of early date, and it would seem that the Jews not only had quarters in and around the present Old Jewry, but also further east in and about the present Jewry Street, Aldgate, as well as within the precincts of the Tower Liberties and St. Katherine's. They do not seem to have re-established themselves in the western quarter after they were banished from the land by Edward I., but upon their return to have congregated more in the eastern districts, as at the present time.

See Jewry, St. Katherine's ; Little Jewry ; Poor Jewry ; Old Jewry.

Jewry Street

South from Aldgate High Street, at No. 89, to Crutched Friars and Rangoon Street (P.O. Directory). It extends further south than is shown on the maps. In Aldgate Ward.

First mention : Horwood, 1799.

Former names : "Juwerie lane," 1351 (Ct. H.W. I. 653). "in Porejewerie," 40 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2047). "Little Jewry" in Aldgate Street is mentioned in 1391 (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1388-92, p. 417). "the poore jurie" (S. 151). "Poor Jewry Lane" (Hatton, 1708-Maitland, 1775). "Fore old Jewry" (W. Stow, 1722-Rev. of Lord, 1728).

Widened to 35 ft. at the northern end from Aldgate to Horse and Trumpet Yard, 1760 (Gent. Mag. Lib. XV. 227).

No. 7 Jewry Street has a tablet affixed to it, stating that it was erected about 1650. It has a modest appearance, and forms an agreeable contrast to the large business houses by which it is surrounded.

Derivation of name : It was called the "poor Jewry" because of the Jews living there (S. 151).

The Jews after their return to the country seem to have congregated in this eastern portion of the City and not to have returned to the western portion, "the Old Jewry," from which they were expelled temp. Ed. I.

For the Roman remains here See Crutched Friars.

Jewry, St. Katherine's

Within the Tower Liberty, near the Flemings' Churchyard and Hangman's Gains was a place called "Judaismus," the Jewry. So called in 1279 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 8).

Jews' Almshouses

On the north side of Cock Court, Jewry Street (O.S. 25 in. 1880).

Not in the earlier maps.

Site seems to be occupied by Carlisle Avenue.