Lambard Hill Lane - Langbourne (The)

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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Lambard Hill Lane

See Lambeth Hill.

Lambarde Hill

See Lambeth Hill.

Lambeth Hill

South out of Queen Victoria Street at 95, then east and west to 210 and 218 Upper Thames Street (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard and Queenhithe Wards.

Formerly it extended north to Knightrider Street. This portion is now called "Old Change Hill" (q.v.).

First mention : "Lamberdeshelle," 1281 (Ct. H.W. I. 54).

Other forms : "Lamberdeshul," 1283 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 19). "Lambardeshull," 1331 (Ct. H.W. I. 367). "Lamberteshull," 1377-8 (ib. II. 200). "Lamberdyshel," 1359 (ib. 14). "Lambert's Hill," 30 H. VIII. (Lond. I. p.m. II. 76). "Lambarde hill," 26 Eliz. (ib. III. 74). "Laumberth Hill," 36 H. VIII. (L. and P. H. VIII. XX. (1), p. 124). "Lambart, Lambard Hill" (S. 354 and 358). "Lambath Hill" (43 Eliz. L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700, No. 50, to Rocque, 1746). "Lambeth Hill" (Leake, 1666). "Lambeth Hill" (O. and M. 1677).

So called of one Lambart, owner thereof (S). Or possibly "Lamberd," "Lambard."

This street has been considerably altered and curtailed by the formation of Queen Victoria Street.

Roman wall found here, extending to Queenhithe, 8-10 feet thick, 8 feet high, at a depth of 9 feet.

Lambourne Ward

See Langbourn Ward.

Lamb's Alley

South out of Hart Street, London Wall, at its western end, in Farringdon Ward Within (det.) (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).

In Strype's maps called : "Lambs Chaple Alley."

This shows the origin of the name, from Wm. Lamb.

See Lamb's Chapel.

Lamb's Buildings

South of the Temple Church, in the centre of Tanfield Court, within the Temple precincts (P.O. Directory).

First mention : L. Guide, 1758.

There is a sculptured lamb over the entrance door, representing the arms of the Middle Temple.

Lamb's Chapel

,-At the north-west corner of Monkwell Street, in Cripplegate Ward and Farringdon Ward Within (det.) (Elmes, 1831).

Founded by William Lamb, a cloth worker, to whom Henry VIII. granted the site of St. James' Chapel in the Wall (q.v.) after the dissolution of Garendon Monastery, to which it had been a cell (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII (1), 201).

South-west and south of the site of St. James' Chapel in Rocque, 1746.

Bequeathed by Lamb to the Clothworkers' Co. 1577 (S. 318).

Rebuilt about 1825 by the Company with a row of almshouses. Pulled down 1872 and site built over (N. and Q. 11th S. VI. p. 357), quoting MS. Collection Guildhall, 1159/1, 2, and See (Gent. Mag. Lib. XV. 288-91).

Re-erected in Prebend Square, Islington (ib. 435). See Cripplegate Hermitage.

Lamb's Chapel Alley

South out of Hart Street, at its western end, in Farringdon Ward Within.

See Lamb Alley.

Lamb's Chapel Court

At the north-west corner of Hart Street, London Wall, in Farringdon Ward Within (det.) (Strype, ed. 1720-L. Guide, 1758).

Former names : "Lamb's Court" (O. and M. 1677). "Lamb Court" (Hatton, 1708 (q.v.)).

Named after Lamb's Chapel, founded by William Lamb.

Site now occupied by Wood Street Square (q.v.).

Lamb's Conduit

See Holborn Conduit.

Lamb's Court, Abchurch Lane

See Lamb Court.

Lamb's Yard

In Bishopsgate Street Without (Dodsley, 1761).

Not named in the maps.


See Moor Street.

Lancaster College

In the parish of St. Gregory near St. Paul's.

Founded by Henry IV. and the executors of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, for charity priests to officiate in a chapel on the north side of the choir of St. Paul's.

Suppressed, 2 Ed. Vi. (Dodsley, 1761).

Lancaster Place

North out of Church Street, Minories (P.O. Directory).

Former names : "Tidewaiter's Court" (western portion) (Strype, ed. 1720, Pt. 1, 55-Elmes, 1831). "Trinity Court" (Rocque, 1746-Lond. Guide, 1758). "Wright Street," 1771 (Tomlinson, p. 329). "Wright's Rents" (eastern portion) (Horwood, 1799).

It seems to have been called "Lancaster Place" at least prior to 1825, as it is recorded in the Vestry Minute Books of Holy Trinity Minories' parish that the Vestry granted a lease of vacant ground in Lancaster Place in that year (Tomlinson's Minories, p. 330).

May have been rebuilt when the L. and N. W. Ry. Goods station and depot were erected in the neighbourhood.

Lancaster, Soc. of

Geoffrey Godard left by his will to Margery his wife, his soc of Lancastre, annually collected on the vigil of Easter in the church of St. Benedict at the hithe, 1273-4 (Ct. H.W. I. 18).

No further reference.

Langbourn Chambers

North out of Fenchurch Street, east of Gracechurch Street (Lockie, 1816).

Not named in the maps.

Langbourn Street

See Lombard Street.

Langbourn Ward

One of the 26 wards of the City, at no point touching the City walls, bounded north by Aldgate, Lime Street and Bishopsgate Wards, west by Bridge Ward, south by Billingsgate and Tower Wards and east by Aldgate Ward.

Earliest mention : "Ward of Langebord," 12th century (Anc. Deeds, A. 5853).

Other forms : "Warda de Langeburne," 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 417). "Ward of Langeford," 1285 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 209). "Ward of Langeborne," 1209-1300 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 57). "Ward of Lambourne," 34 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2123).

Called "Lombard Street Ward," so Ed. III. and 2 H. IV. (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, Early Deeds, Nos. 3 and 4.)

Seems to be described as "Longebrod," 37 H. III. 1252 (Cal. Charter Rolls, I. p. 407).

From the notices of the ward set out above it would appear that the earliest forms of the name were : "Langebord," "Longebrod," "bourn" or "burn" being merely a later corruption, and both these forms, together with the description of the ward in later deeds as Lombard Street Ward, suggest that, as in the case of other wards, it took its name from that of the main street intersecting it from east to west. For further notes as to the derivation of the name See under Lombard Street. The derivation from the "Langbourne" (q.v.) given by Stow is inconsistent with the levels in the neighbourhood, as has been shown.

Places of interest in the ward : All Hallows, Lombard Street ; St. Edmund the King and Martyr ; St. Dionis Backchurch ; St. Mary Woolnoth ; St. Gabriel Fenchurch ; All Hallows Staining ; St. Nicholas Acons. The three last are not now existing ; Pewterers' Hall.

See Ward of Nicholas de Wynchester, and Wards.

Langbourne (The)

According to Stow this stream ran down Fenchurch Street and Lombard Street to the west end of St. Mary Woolnoth Church, when turning south and breaking into small shares, rills or streams, "it left the name Share borne lane or South Borne lane as I have read because it ran south to the River of Thames" (S. 201). So called of the length thereof (S. 14).

There was no sign remaining of the brook in Stow's time and his derivation of the name seems to be purely mythical. There is no reason to suppose that there was ever a brook or stream running in this direction in this part of the City, and the levels along the streets do not indicate the existence of the bed of a stream.

The syllable "bourne" seems to be a later 13th century corruption of the early forms, "bord," "brod."

See Langbourn Ward.