Langebord - Lawrence (St.) Pountney Churchyard

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

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See Langbourn Ward.

Langthorn Court

West out of Copthall Avenue (L.C.C. List, 1912). In Coleman Street Ward.

First mention : Boyle, 1799-Lockie, 1810.

Former names : "Langhorn Court," "Longthorn Court" (Horwood, 1799, also in Boyle, 1799).

Named after the owner or builder.

Larger's Yard

On the north side of Angel Alley, in Bishopsgate Ward Without (Lockie, 1816).

Not named in the maps.

Last and Ball Court

At London Wall, near Carpenters' Hall (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).

Not named in the maps.

Name derived from a sign, or from the union of two signs.

Lauderdale Buildings

East out of Aldersgate Street, at No. 57, in Aldersgate Ward Without (P.O. Directory).

First mention : (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 122) "Lauderdale House or Court."

"Swan Inn" in O. and M. 1677. "Lauderdale House" in Rocque, 1746.

Erected on the site of Lauderdale House, the town house of the Duke of Lauderdale, temp. Chas. II. hence the name.

Lauderdale Court

North out of Jewin Street, in Cripplegate Ward Without (Strype, ed. 1720 and 1755).

"Lauderdale Court" in Hatton (1708).

Erected on the site of the garden of Lauderdale House in Aldersgate Street. It communicated with Goldsmith's Alley (q.v.).

The site is now occupied by offices and business houses in Jewin Street.

Lauderdale House

See Lauderdale Buildings.

Laurence (St.) Candlewick Street

. See Laurence (St.) Pountney.

Laurence (St.) Lundenestone

See Laurence (St.) Pountney.

Laurence (St.) Pountney Chapel

See Corpus Christi Chapel.

Laurence (St.) Street

Mentioned 1285-6, but locality not identified (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 94).

See Laurence Lane and Laurence Pountney Lane.

Laurence (St.) Super Tamisian, next the Thames

See Laurence (St.) Pountney.

Laurence Lane

North out of Cheapside, at No. 96, to Gresham Street (P.O. Directory). In Cheap Ward.

First mention : Horwood, 1799.

Former names : "Street of St. Laurence in the Jewry," c. 1108-30 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1787). "S. Laurence Street," 1258-9 (Ct. H.W. I. 4). "St. Laurence lane in Jewry," 1273-4 (ib. 16). "Lane of S. Laurence Jewry," 1288 (ib. 85). "S. Laurence Jewry Lane," 1290 (ib. 91). "Venella sancti Laurenc' juxta Westcheape," 22 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m.). "S. Laurence Lane," near Guildhall, 1296 (Ct. H.W. I. 128). "S. Laurence Lane near to the Chepe of London," 1298-9 (ib. 139). "S. Laurence Lane in la Giuwerie," 1299-1300 (ib. 144). "Seint Laurence lane," 1407 (Ct. H.W. II. 373). "St. Lawrence Lane" (O. and M. 1677-Strype, ed. 1755).

S. Laurence Lane, so called of S. Laurence church, which standeth directly over against the north end thereof (S. 272).

Laurence Pountney Hill

South out of Cannon Street at No. 96 and east into Laurence Pountney Lane (P.O. Directory). In Candlewick, Walbrook and Dowgate Wards.

Earliest mention: O. and M. 1677.

Other name : "Green Lettice Lane" (q.v.) (Horwood, 1799).

In Rocque, 1746, and in Strype the portion running north and south is also called "Green Lettice Lane," while the portion east to west near the church is called "Laurence Pountney Hill."

Nos. 1 and 2 Laurence Pountney Hill have nicely carved and ornamented porches bearing the date 1703. Under No. 3 is the crypt of the Manor of the Rose (q.v.). No. 5 is called Suffolk House. No. 7 Norfolk House.

Named after the church, the sites of which and of the churchyard are still preserved on the north and south sides of the hill as unbuilt on and enclosed spaces.

Laurence Pountney Lane

South out of Cannon Street, at No. 108, to 139 Upper Thames Street (P.O. Directory). In Candlewick and Dowgate Wards.

Earliest mention : 1562 (Ct. H.W. II. p. 679).

Former names : "St. Laurence's lane," 32 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2105). "Lane of S. Laurence de Candelwystrate," 1280-1 (Ct. H.W. I. 51). "St. Laurence Street," 34 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2477). "Poultney lane" (S. 239), 1603, ed.

Named after the church of St. Laurence Pountney (q.v.).

Laurence Pountney Place

At the south-east corner of Laurence Pountney Hill, between Ducksfoot Lane and Merchant Taylors' School. In Dowgate Ward (O.S.1875 and 1880).

First mention : O.S. 1848-51.

Occupies the site of Sir Patient Ward's house shown in O. and M. 1677, and in Strype's maps.

Lawrence (St.) Alley

See Church Passage, Gresham Street.

Lawrence (St.) Jewry

On the north side of Gresham Street at No. 80, south-west of the Guildhall, in Cheap Ward (P.O. Directory). The parish extends into Cripplegate Ward Within.

Earliest mention found in records : 1197 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 14).

Other forms of name : "St. Lawrence in the Jewry," c. 1198 (ib. 253). "St. Lawrence Cattestret," 1279 (Cal. Ch. Rolls, II. 215). "St. Lawrence in Old Jewry," 1318 (Cal. L. Bk. E. 98).

So called from the district being largely inhabited by Jews in early times.

Chapels of St. Mary and St. John in the Church (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 44).

Repaired and beautified 1618 and 1631 (ib.). Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt 1671-80 with a fine front into Guildhall Yard (ib.). Architect, Sir C. Wren. Cost £11,870.

Rearranged and decorated 1867 by Sir A. W. Blomfield.

Parish of St. Mary Magdalen Milk Street united to it after the Fire.

Made a Vicarage 1295 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 61, note). Patrons : Advowson in hands of Hugo de Vienna "pro Scholar'" de Balliolo, Oxon. 21 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m.).

In 1294 Hugh de Vyenne, Canon of St. Martin's le Grand, granted to the Master and Scholars of Balliol the Advowson of the church with the soke of St. Wyewall and other houses in the parish (MSS. Balliol Coil. H. MSS. Com. 4th Rep. 449).

In 1247 advowson granted by the Abbot of St. Salvius of Montreuil to Sir Wm. Facet, Canon of St. Paul's (ib.).

The Masters and Scholars of Balliolhalle described as the Rectors of the Church, 16 Ed. III. (1342) (Cal. L. Bk. F. p. 79).

Present now alternately with the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's for St. Mary Magdalen, Milk Street.

Lawrence (St.) Pountney

On the west side of Laurence Pountney Lane, in Candlewick Ward. The parish extends into Bridge Within and Walbrook Wards.

Earliest mention found in records : "St. Laurence next the Thames," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 19).

In a confirmation of grants to Westminster Abbey by William I.1067, mention is made of the church of "St. Laurence cum cimiterio" (Cott. Ch. VI. 3, B.M.). This is probably St. Laurence Pountney.

Other names and forms of name : "S. Laurence in Candlewigstrate," 1277-8 (Ct. H.W. I. 33). "Sci Laurenc' de Lundenestane," 1285 (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Lib. L. fi. 115 et seq.). "S. Laurence de Candelwystrete," 1293 (Ct. H.W. I. 110). "Sancti Laurentii in Candelwikstrete," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "S. Laurence Pounteneye," 1349 (Ct. H.W. 1.566). " St. Laurence Pulteneye," 1361 (ib. 11.25). " S Laurence en le Est," 1361 (ib. 19). "S. Laurence super Tamisiam" (Anc. Deeds, A. 7360).

North part of the church repaired 1305-6 (Ct. H.W. I. 176).

The chapel of Corpus Christi and College of St Lawrence Pountney adjoining the church were erected by John de Poulteney about 1334 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1334-8, p. 60).

The church derives its appellation of Pountney, or Pulteneye, from this benefactor.

Steeple new leaded, new bells hung and church repaired and beautified 1634 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii, 189, and Wilson, p, 91).

Destroyed in the Great Fire 1666 and not rebuilt, the parish being united to St Mary Abchurch (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 190).

It was alleged that the fire burst forth out of the steeple as though independently of the original outbreak.

A Rectory. Patrons : Abbot and Convent of Westminster, 31 Ed I, (Lib. Cust. I. ii. 234).

After the erection of the College the advowson of the church seems to have passed into the hands of the Master and chaplains of the College, 8 Ed III. 1334 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1334-8, p. 60). After the dissolution of the College and its sale to John Cheke (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 189), temp. Ed. VI., the living was in the hands of the Crown and was leased and ultimately granted to the parishioners (Wilson, 74). After the union of the parish with St. Mary Abchurch, the patron of that living (the College of Corpus Christi, Cambridge) endeavoured to oust the parishioners and to secure the sole right of presentation to the united parishes. But they did not effect this without a struggle, and it was not until 1713-16 that the parishioners agreed to a compromise and surrendered their right of presentation in exchange for a sum of money (Wilson, 95 and 96).

The site of the church is occupied by the vacant enclosure known as the "Church Ground" on the east side of Lawrence Pountney Hill (Wilson, p. 174).

Lawrence (St.) Pountney Churchyard

On the south side of the Church, west of Lawrence Pountney Lane. In Candlewick Ward (O.S.).

Mentioned in 1349 (Ct. H.W. I. 553).

Weavers brought out of Flanders held their meetings in this Churchyard (S. 219).

A common way existed through the Churchyard, which the Rector once stopped up, but had to reopen (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 189).

The Churchyard seems to extend on both sides of the passage from Lawrence Pountney Lane to Lawrence Pountney Hill, one portion being called the "Church Ground" and the other the "Church Yard." The church stood on the site known as the "Church Ground" (Wilson, p. 174).