Memorials of the Guild of Merchant Taylors of the Fraternity of St. John the Baptist in the City of London. Originally published by Harrison, London, 1875.
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APPENDIX G (1).
Honorary Members Prior To James I.'s Reign, And Not Included In The List At Pages 155–8.—(Prepared By T. Martin, Esq.)
1399. f. 2b.
Cloth allowed.—King, Queen, Duke of Albemarle, Duke of Exeter, Mayor of London, Recorder, Sheriffs.
Entries.—Duke of Surrey, 5l.; Janyn Castowe, Esq., 1l. 6s. 8d.; others, tradesmen, all 1l.
1 Henry IV. 1399–1400. f. 5.
Entries.—Sir John Eynesford, Knt., 20s. (fn. 1)
Cloth.—King, Prince, Mayor.
1401. f. 8b.
Entries.—Thos. Stowe, dean of St. Paul's.
Thos. Ryngwode, vadletz du Roy.
3 Henry IV. f. 11b.
Entries.—Sir Thos. Beaufort, Knt.
Nic. Salwy, parson of Tunstall.
Sir John Oxenford, parson.
6 Henry IV. f. 21b.
Daniel Mawnof, and Robt. Tyndale, with the Queen.
John Longe, with Mons. Umfrey (Duke of Gloucester).
7 Henry IV. f. 26b.
Sir John Stokis, Queen's Wardrober.
8 Henry IV. 1406–7. f. 32b.
Robt., Lord Ponyngis.
Thos., lord of Camuse (Camois).
Wm. Exeter, Canon of Wells.
John Bonyngdon, Master of St. Thos. D'Acres.
The fee 20s. is always entered as paid, except by women, who only paid 13s. 4d.
9 Henry IV. f. 37b.
Sir Stephen Lescrop, Archdeacon [of Richmond].
11 Henry IV. f. 48b.
Robert Hille, justice.
12 Henry IV. f. 53.
Sir Geffrey Lescrop (marked in margin, vac').
Abbot of Bermondsey.
13 Henry IV. f. 57b.
Roger Grenewey, Abbot of Grace.
Gilbert Humfervyle, lord of Kyme.
Maistr Ric. Courtenay, Mons. Wauter Sandes.
Thomas Chaucer, esq.
Ric. Prentys, dean of the Chapel (i.e., King's).
Wm. Lachard, dean of St. Beryan.
1 Henry V. f. 63b.
Sir John Sotheryn, Chr. Mons. Robt. Humfervyle.
Below the entries of receipts from brethren entering, is the following:—
|par le comune||Frere Ric. Donyngton.|
|John Upton, Sergeaunt.|
|graunte pour Knotte||Mons. Wm. le Sire de Zouche.|
|Mons. John la Zouche.|
|John Unbold, esq.|
No sums entered against their names.
2 Henry V. 1414
Mons. Wm. Bourgchier.
Mons. John Philip.
3 Henry V.
John Causton, vicar of Croydon.
4 Henry V.
Robt. Fayrford, clerk of the Marshalsea.
Alice, wife of Wm. Jowdrell, Master (no sum.)
6 Henry V. f. 93b.
Walter Metford, papal collector.
7 Henry V.
Wm. Elford, parson of Crooked Lane.
8 Henry V. 1420.
Eliz., Lady Clynton.
Sir Gilbert Kyghlay.
9 Henry V. 1421–2.
Benyt Nicoll, Bishop of St. David's.
[Wm.] Lord of Botreaux.
Roger Hungarton, parson of St. Martin's Otes'.
10 Henry V. 1422.
Sir Robt. Roos.
11 Henry V.
Sir Wm. Yvers.
Lancaster, King at Arms.
Wm. Holgrave, Serjeant of the Mayor, par le comune (no sum paid).
Several lawyers this year.
2 Henry VI.
Wm. Rown', gentleman of Caleys.
John Boseworthe, "jentylman of Schorpescher."
Marke Markadel, Lumbard.
3 Henry VI. 1424–5. f. 136b.
Lord Scroope's name is not here.
Sir Ric. Nevill, Abbot of Towerhill.
Thos. Skawasby, parson, with the Earl of Westm[oreland].
Thos. Frampton, parson, with the Earl of Suffolk.
Walter Scheryngton, secretary of the Duke of Gloucester.
Robt. Scheryngton, his receiver.
John Burdet, his wardrober.
John Bateman, clerk of the King.
Roger Saperton, warden of the Fleet.
4 Henry VI.
John Tyryngton, canon of St. Paul's.
6 Henry VI.
Sir Thos. Stowell, Knt.; Sir Wm. Yvers, Knt.
7 Henry VI. 1428–9.
John Boysam, dean of Hertford.
John Reynold, schoolmaster of Paul's.
8 Henry VI. f. 184.
Wm. Peery, archdeacon of Carmardyn.
Thos. Cheryngton, prior of the Friars Preachere.
10 Henry VI. 1431–2.
Robt. Mallerie, Prior of St. John of Jerusalem.
Sir Harry Bromflete, Knt.
11 Henry VI.
Abbot of Towerhill.
Sir Wm. Ap Thomas, Knt.
12 Henry VI. f. 222.
Sir Ph. Courtenay.
Sir John Clifton; Sir Thomas Cumburworth.
Sir Ric. Hastyngs; Dame Alice Reynes.
Sir John Cressy; John Hert, physician.
13 Henry VI. 1434–5.
Thos. Radborn, bp. of St. David's.
Ric. Grangere, parson of St. Pancras.
Thos. Boolde, Squire of the King
[14 Hen. VI.] The first leaf lost f. 242b.
After the receipts for the entries—
". . . Holtofte, nostre attorne, par le comune.
Dan John Venour, Monk de Westm. Par lez meistres en la Chapelle chambre."
John Weth de Covyntr'. Par lez meistres en la Chapelle chambre."
(No sum paid.)
15 Henry VI. 1436–7. f. 255.
Dan Richard Parker, Archdeacon of Westminster.
Edw. Nevyll, lord of Bergevenny. (fn. 2)
Sir John Chideock, Knt.
Richard Bedford, bastard of Bedford.
16 Henry VI. 1437–8.
"Meistre Thomas Brouns, levesque de Worceter."
No sum to his name, and nil in the other margin.
Thos. Bourchier was bp. at this time.
This must be an error for his name.
17 Henry VI. 1438–9.
John Home, Secretary with my lady Gloucester.
18, (fn. 3) Hen. VI. 1439–40.
Sir Andrew Hogard.
Geffrey Boleyn, mercer (ancestor of Anne Boleyn).
19 Henry VI. 1440–41. f. 304.
John Quenyngton, abbot of Eynesham.
24 (fn. 4) Henry VI. f. 339b.
Thos. Bourcers, bp. of Ely.
Sir Jas. de Ormond; Thos. Lesers, dean of Paul's.
John Stokes and Nic. Wymbyssh, Masters of the Chancery.
John Bate, clerk of the Petty Bag, and other law officers.
Sir Geo. Aydyf, vicar of St. Dunstan in the West.
Sir Jas. Forster, parson of St. Mary Wolnore.
23 Henry VI. 1444–5. f. 354.
Sir John Fastholf, Knyght.
Sir Robt. Roos; Sir Edw. Hulle.
Abbot of Bermondsey; Robt. Monte, Clerk of the Hanaper.
Ric. Hakeday, King's "poticary."
Wm. Tendale, Chester Herald.
John Faux, Master of the Chancery.
The next book commences at 1453;—a gap of eight years.
Easter to Easter.
31–32 Hen. VI. 1453–4.
Wm. Grey, bp. elect of Ely.
Sir John Middelton.
32–33 Hen. VI
Christopher Flemyng, baron Slane.
35–36 Hen. VI. f. 127.
Many Venetians, Genoese, and Florentines.
36–37 Hen. VI. 1458–9.
Ric. Beauchamp, bp. of Salisbury.
Thos. Bene, Abbot of Tower Hill.
Nic. Carant, dean of Wells.
Herman Wamble, Andrew Slokkyn, Herman Rynge, (fn. 5) —Germans.
1 Edward IV.
The King's name is not on the list, but at f. 201 is an entry for boat-hire, and other expenses, in going to the King to admit him to the Fraternity, 16d.
4–5 Edw. IV. f. 255b.
Henry Colet, mercer.
Father of Dean Colet, founder of St. Paul's School.
Margaret, widow of Sir Walter de la Pole.
5–6 Edw. IV. f. 278.
Hen. Bourton, prior of St. Mary Overey.
6–7 Edw. IV. 1466. f. 296.
Sir Roger Toceter.
Sir John Paston.
9–10 Edw. IV. 1469–70.
Lady Sydnam, widow.
No fees for admission are entered to the "Confratres et Sorores intrantes."
There is another heading of receipts for "Fines Admissonem in libertate civitatis." Among them 19s. 8d. for John Tapyler's translation from the Art of Tapicers to that of the Tailors.
10–11 Edw. IV.
John Way, rector of All Saints.
11–12 Edw. IV.
Nicholas Wotton, rector of St. Martin's Oteswych. [See Appendix K.]
12–13 Edw. IV.
John Wymond, rector. [It is not stated of what church.]
13–14 Edw. IV.
Abbot of Bermondsey.
The two first on the list are always marked:
"Assignati pro extennio dato Majori."
APPENDIX G (2).
Honorary Members Subsequently Admitted To The Present Time.
|(191)||1629.||Robert,||Earl of Warwick. (fn. 6)|
|(192)||1632.||William,||Lord Bishop of London.|
|(193)||1632.||William,||Lord Craven. (fn. 7)|
|(194)||1661.||James,||Duke of York.|
|(195)||1661.||Henry,||Duke of Gloucester.|
|(196)||1661.||George,||Duke of Buckingham.|
|(197)||1661.||Arthur,||Earl of Anglesey.|
|(198)||1661.||Robert,||Earl of Scarsdale.|
|(199)||1661.||John,||Earl of Mulgrave.|
|(200)||1661.||Thomas,||Earl of Sussex.|
|(201)||1662.||James,||Duke of Ormond.|
|(202)||1663.||Edward,||Earl of Manchester.|
|(203)||1667.||George, Prince of Denmark,||Consort of Queen Anne.|
|(204)||1674.||James,||Duke of Monmouth.|
|(205)||1674.||Heneage,||Earl of Nottingham.|
|(206)||1674.||Henry,||Earl of Peterborough.|
|(207)||1674.||Thomas,||Earl of Ossory.|
|(208)||1674.||Rt. Ron. Henry Coventry,||Secretary of State.|
|(209)||1675.||Henry,||Duke of Grafton.|
|(210)||1675.||Charles,||Earl of Plymouth.|
|(211)||1676.||Henry,||Lord Bishop of London.|
|(212)||1676.||Sir Christopher Wren,||Knight.|
|(213)||1677.||Francis,||Duke of Somerset.|
|(214)||1677.||Christopher,||Duke of Albermarle.|
|(216)||1740.||Edward Vernon,||Vice-Admiral of the Blue.|
|(217)||1806.||Sir Thos. Louis, Bart.,||Rear Admiral of the White.|
|(218)||1806.||The Hon. Sir Alex. Cochrane,||Knight, Admiral of the White.|
|(219)||1806.||Sir John Thos. Duckworth,||Knight, Vice-Admiral of the White.|
|(220)||1814.||Frederick,||Duke of York and Albany.|
|(221)||1814.||Arthur,||Duke of Wellington.|
|(222)||1814.||Charles,||Duke of Norfolk.|
|(223)||1814.||John,||Earl of Eldon, Lord High Chancellor of England.|
|(224)||1814.||William,||Lord Viscount Beresford.|
|(225)||1818.||Hon. W. H. J. Scott.|
|(226)||1819.||Henry,||Lord Viscount Sidmouth.|
|(227)||1820.||John Jeffreys,||Marquis Camden.|
|(228)||1826.||Right Hon. Robert Peel,||Secretary of State.|
|(229)||1835.||Charles Manners,||Lord Viscount Canterbury.|
|(230)||1838.||Adolphus Frederick,||Duke of Cambridge.|
|(231)||1840.||George William Frederick Charles,||Prince of Cambridge.|
|(232)||1845.||Albert, Prince of Coburg and Gotha,||Consort of Queen Victoria.|
|(233)||1845.||Right Hon. Sir Henry Pottinger,||Bart.|
|(234)||1847.||Major-General Sir George Pollock.|
|(235)||1848.||Henry,||Lord Viscount Hardinge.|
|(236)||1853.||Algernon,||Duke of Northumberland.|
|(237)||1853.||Jas. Brownlow William,||Marquis of Salisbury.|
|(238)||1856.||Sir Edmund Lyons,||Bart. (now Lord Lyons), Rear Admiral of the Red.|
|(239)||1857.||Frederick William,||Prince of Prussia, Consort of Princess Royal.|
|(240)||1858.||Frederic,||Lord Chelmsford, Lord High Chancellor of England.|
|(241)||1859.||James,||Earl of Elgin and Kincardine.|
|(242)||1859.||Edward Geoffrey,||Earl of Derby.|
|(245)||1863.||Albert Edward,||Prince of Wales.|
|(246)||1866.||Alfred,||Duke of Edinburgh.|
|(248)||1870.||Hugh,||Lord Cairns, Lord High Chancellor of England.|
|(249)||1870.||Sir Roderick Impey Murchison,||Baronet.|
|(250)||1874.||The Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli.|
|(251)||1874.||Edward Henry Smith-Stanley,||Earl of Derby.|
|(252)||1874.||Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoigne-Cecil,||Marquis of Salisbury.|
APPENDIX G (3).
Notes (By Mr. Warden Newsome) On Various Honorary Members Of The Company. (fn. 8)
The interest taken by King Edward III. in developing the woollen trade of England is well known, and may to a certain extent account for the names of so many of his immediate family and descendants appearing as members on the honorary list of a company closely linked with that manufacture.
Out of the first 60 names, almost all with the exception of the prelates and religious men, of whom but little is known, are either directly or collaterally related to the Plantagenet family. First the Mortimers, and then the Fitz-Alans, appear on the scene; and as other families become allied with these so they also gradually appear as connected with the Guild.
The wars of the Roses to some extent naturally interfered with the development of the list, in this or any other exact order, and as the names do not extend beyond the first years of the reign of James I., one must turn to lists of a later date to ascertain what effect the subsequent civil wars of the commonwealth produced on the honorary list.
As a rule, it is to be apprehended that both in the case of the ordinary and honorary members the appearance of new names on the lists is traceable in some degree of fashion to an introduction or connection with former members, and if the tracing of this link is in many cases difficult, or even impossible, it is no argument that it does not exist; and in those cases where it can be so traced the evidence of the connection of former generations with the later ones becomes doubly interesting.
1. Roger Mortimer, whose name appears first on the list, was son of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Baron and grandson of Roger Mortimer, who had summons to Parliament from 22nd February 1306 to 3rd December 1326, as Baron Mortimer "de Wigmore," and was subsequently in 1328 created Earl of March: but was executed and attainted two years after, in 1330, when all his honours became forfeited. In consequence of this attainder, Edmund Mortimer, son of the said Roger, did not succeed to his honours, but had merely summons to Parliament from 20th November 1331, and died in December 1331. Roger Mortimer, who heads the list, son of the lastnamed Edmund, was summoned to Parliament from 20th November 1348 till 15th March 1354, as Baron Mortimer only; and hence in 1351 we find him entered simply as Roger, Lord Mortimer; but the attainder of his grandfather being afterwards reversed he had summons on 20th September 1355 as Earl of March, K.G., and died five years after, in 1360. By his wife Philippa, daughter of William de Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, he left a son and heir, Edmund, who succeeded as 3rd Earl of March, and occurs No. 6 on the list. The Earldom of March, previous to its bestowal on the elder Roger Mortimer (the notorious paramour of Isabel, Queen Consort of King Edward II.), when he returned triumphant from France in 1328, had been enjoyed by one Hugh le Brun, nearly related to the Royal Family; Alice le Brun, daughter of Hugh, was half sister by the mother to King Henry III., and married John Warren (Plantagenet), Earl of Warren and Surrey; their eldest son, William Warren, married Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, but fell at a tournament during the lifetime of his father, leaving a son, John, who succeeded his grandfather; but he dying without legitimate issue in 1347, the great estates of the Warren family were carried by his sister Alice to her husband, Edmund Fitz-Alan, 8th Earl of Arundel, who was beheaded at Hereford in 1326. The Castle of Arundel was given to Edmond (of Woodstock), younger brother to Edward II., but he being beheaded in 1329 it was restored in 1330 to the Fitz-Alan family: the Earldom of March probably remained with the Crown.
2. Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Northampton, was son of William de Bohun, created Earl of Northampton, 17th March 1337, and also K.G. (by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew de Badlesmere, and widow of Edmund, 3rd Baron Mortimer, father to the 2nd Earl of March). He was consequently through his mother first cousin to Roger, Lord Mortimer, who precedes him on the list. He succeeded on the death of his uncle, Humphrey de Bohun in 1361, to the Earldoms of Hereford and Essex, and likewise to the hereditary Constableship of England, but died in 1372 in the 32nd year of his age, leaving by his wife Joane, daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, 9th Earl of Arundel (to whom his wardship had been granted), two daughters, his coheiresses, viz., Alianore or Eleanor, wife of Thomas (of Woodstock) Duke of Gloucester, 6th son of King Edward III., and Mary, the younger coheiress, married to Henry Plantagenet, Earl of Derby (son of John of Gaunt, 4th son of King Edward III.), who afterwards ascended the throne, 13th October 1399, as Henry IV., between which two ladies his vast possessions were divided.
3. Dame Johan, wife of the preceding, is of course the Joane Fitz-Alan previously mentioned; she was daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, 9th Earl of Arundel, by his 2nd wife Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, who was grandson of King Henry III.
4. Symon, Lord Bishop of London from 1362–1375; made Archbishop of Canterbury 1378 to 1381, and beheaded at London, a.d. 1381, by command of the rebels Tyler and Straw.
5. Dame Alice, Countess of Kent, was daughter of Richard Fitz-Alan, son and heir of Edmund Fitz-Alan, 8th Earl of Arundel, by his wife Lady Alice Plantagenet, married, secondly, Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, by whom, with three sons, he left four daughters, the eldest of whom married Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, who died in 1397. Lady Alice Plantagenet mentioned above was sister and sole heir of John, Earl of Warren and Surrey, who died 1347. This Richard Fitz-Alan was restored in blood, 4th Edward III., 1330, and had then the Castle of Arundel which had been given to Edmund Plantagenet, the King's uncle, rendered to him, and so became the 9th Earl Arundel. In 1327, Edmund, Earl of Kent, was attainted and disgraced; but whether, as was frequently the case, his title as well as his estates were for the time assigned to another family, is not very fully recorded. His daughter, Joane, surnamed "The Fair Maid of Kent," married three husbands—1st, William Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, from whom she was divorced—2nd, Sir Thomas Holland, K.G.—and, 3rd, to Edward, the Black Prince. On the death of her brother John, 3rd Earl of Kent, s. p., she inherited that dignity, which she conveyed to her husband, and in 1360 Sir Thomas Holland was jure uxoris summoned in that title and barony. Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, of this family, was his son and heir, and was likewise half brother to King Richard the Second; he succeeded his father in 1360, and married Lady Alice Fitz-Alan. It was this Lady no doubt who is recorded (No. 5) on the list. The very close connection of the Hollands, FitzAlans, Mortimers, Bohuns, &c., with the Plantagenets, then the blood royal of England, is curiously illustrated by the descents hitherto set forth, and will serve as a guide to understand the connection with the Company of later members.
6. Edmund Mortimer, Lord Mortimer, and 3rd Earl of March, was son of Roger, Lord Mortimer, who heads the list. At his father's death in 1360, he was a minor, but he was early employed on State affairs when but 18 years of age. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1377, 1 Richard II., and constituted Lord Lieutenant of Ireland two years afterwards, in which government he died, 1381. By his wife, the Lady Philippa Plantagenet (daughter and heir of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, 3rd son of King Edward III.), who was the daughter and heir of Elizabeth de Burgh (wife of the said Lionel, who was herself daughter and heir of John de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, which title was consequently borne by the said Lionel, Duke of Clarence), Edmund Mortimer left three sons and two daughters. Of the latter, Elizabeth, the eldest, became wife to Henry Percy, the celebrated Hotspur of English History; while her sister, Philippa, married John Hastings, 3rd Earl of Pembroke, who was accidentally killed at a tournament, 30th December 1389, when but 17 years of age. Of the sons, Roger Mortimer was the eldest and 4th Earl of March. Sir Edmund Mortimer, the 2nd son, married a daughter of the celebrated Owen Glendower, and Sir John Mortimer, the 3rd son, was executed, temp. Henry IV., for treasonable speeches and practices. The youngest daughter, Philippa, married, secondly, Richard, Earl of Arundel and 3rd Lord St. John.
7. William Courtenay, born in 1341, died in 1396. One of the five who lent 5,000l. to the King, from the City, on the deposit of the Royal jewels under seal in 1377 (conf. Riley, p. 410).
8. Henry Percy, 4th Lord Percy of Alnwick, a distinguished military commander in the reign of Edward III., was son of Henry de Percy, 3rd Lord Percy of Alnwick, by his wife Lady Mary Plantagenet, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster. He was, at the coronation of Richard II., 16th July 1377, advanced to the Earldom of Northumberland, with remainder to his heirs general. He married, 1st, Margaret, daughter of Ralph, Lord Nevill of Raby, by whom he was father of the celebrated "Hotspur," slain at Shrewsbury, 1403, together with other children; 2nd, Maud Lucy whose arms were to be for ever quartered with those of "Percy." For his after career conf. Shakespear's Richard II., also Riley's London, p. 454.
9. John Hastings, Baron Hastings and 3rd Earl Pembroke, married when very young, Philippa, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March; he was accidentally slain in a joust with Sir John St. John, 30th December 1389, when but 16 years of age. Reginald Grey, Lord Grey of Ruthin, grandson of Roger, Lord Grey, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings, was found to be his next heir of the whole blood, and Hugh Hastings, Baron Hastings, eldest son of Hugh Hastings of Gressing Hall (eldest son of John Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings, by Isabel, his 2nd wife, who was daughter of Hugh de Spenser, Earl of Winchester), was heir of the half-blood: between the son of this Lord Hastings of Gressing Hall—viz., Edward Hastings—and Reginald Grey, Lord Grey, there was a memorable competition for the right of bearing the arms of Hastings, which lasted about 20 years, and was decided rather in favour of the Grey family though still disputed by that of Hastings.
10. Isabel, Countess of Pembroke; this lady I cannot identify, she could hardly be Isabel Despencer, 2nd wife of John, 2nd Baron Hastings and Earl of Pembroke. As Elizabeth and Isabel were names frequently used as one and the same, she might be Isabel or Elizabeth Mortimer, the young wife of John, Earl of Pembroke, whom she comes next to.
11. Robert de Braybroke preceeds William Courtenay in the See of London, 1381, and held the same to 1404, when Roger Walden succeeded, who possibly was not distantly related to Sir Roger Walden, Treasurer of Calais, and Merchant Taylor, 1387.
12. John Fferdon no doubt is the same as John de Fordham, Bishop of Durham, 1382 to 1388, when he was translated to Ely. John Fordham occurs as Bishop of Ely from 1388 to 1425.
13. The Prior of St. Bartholomew, in whose time of office the Priory was destroyed by the rebels under Wat Tyler, rebuilt in 1410 (conf. Stowe) and suppressed by Henry VIII.
14. The Sub-Prior.
15. The Prior of Elsing.
16. Richard II., born 1366, died 1399.
17. Anne, daughter of the Emperor Charles IV. of Germany.
18. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, father to Henry, afterwards King Henry IV., was born at Ghent in 1340, he died in 1398. His house in the Savoy was burnt by the rebels under Wat Tyler in 1381. (Holinshed. Riley, p. 449.)
19. Sir Roger Walden was probably nephew to Bishop Walden. A family of this name were of Huntingdonshire. Made Archbishop of Canterbury; deposed and made Bishop of London; died in 1406. (Stowe.)
20. Thomas de Mowbray, 6th Baron, succeeded his brother John in 1379, being then 17 years of age, and was by charter created Earl of Nottingham, as his brother had been; in 1383, and 3 years after, was created "Earl Marshall" and Duke of Norfolk (conf. Riley, 531). This is the celebrated Peer who upon the eve of combat with Henry, Duke of Hereford, afterwards Henry IV., was banished for life and died at Venice in 1400. His rival was banished for 10 years only, which was commuted at the instance of John of Gaunt to 6 years, and eventually usurped the Crown. (Conf. Richard II., Shakespeare.)
21. Alan de Zouch was one of the eminent warriors in the reign of Edward III., and was present at battle of Cressy, shortly after which he died. Hugh la Zouche, his son, succeeded, but died 1368, when his uncle Robert became his heir. Robert died before 1399, and Joyce, wife of Hugh, 2nd Baron Burnell, was found to be next heir. Her husband most probably is the Hugh, Lord Zouch of 1388, in right of his wife.
22. It is hard, or even impossible, to trace John, Lord Willoughby, 1389, as the Baron Willoughby of that date was Robert according to records. It would be interesting to learn whether the roll of the Merchant Taylor's Company being correct would serve to correct some descents of our early Peerage, or whether they are themselves incorrect.
23. Edmond (of Langley), Duke of York, was 5th son of King Edward III., he was born in 1342, and married (1st) in 1372, Isabel, youngest of the two daughters and coheiresses of Peter (the Cruel) King of Castile and Leon; his elder brother, John of Gaunt, having married Constance, the elder sister and coheiress. The Duke of York married, 2nd, Joan, daughter of Thomas and sister and coheiress of Edmund Holland, Earls of Kent. He died 1402, leaving a son Edward, of whom hereafter (No. 27).
24. Thomas (of Woodstock), Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Buckingham, Essex, and Northampton, and Constable of England, was 7th son of Edward III., and born in 1355. He married Eleanor, eldest daughter and coheiress of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, and Constable of England, and was murdered at Calais, 8th September 1397, leaving issue by his said wife (no doubt the Duchess of Gloucester, No. 27) who survived him, and died 3rd October 1399, one son Humphry, who died unmarried 1399, and four daughters, coheiresses to their brothers. Conf. an entry in Riley (1388) connecting them with John Chircheman (Churchman).
25. Henry, Duke of Hereford, was eldest son of John of Gaunt, and of course grandson to King Edward III. He was created Earl of Derby; and Duke of Hereford after, in 1397, and was crowned King of England a Henry IV., 13th October 1399. He married—1st, 1380, Mary, youngest daughter and coheiress (with her sister Eleanor) of Humphry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton, and by her, who died in 1394, was father of Henry, Prince of Wales, afterwards Henry V., &c., &c. King Henry IV. married—2nd, in 1403, Joan, daughter of Charles, 2nd King of Navarre, and widow of John de Montfort, Duke of Brittany; she died 10th July 1427; the King, her husband, died 20th March 1412, and was interred at Canterbury.
26. Eleanor, eldest daughter and coheiress of Humphry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, together with her younger sister Mary, wife of King Henry IV., as before stated, No. 24.
27. Edward Plantagenet, son and heir apparent of Edmund of Langley, Duke of York, 5th son of Edward III. (No. 23), was created Earl of Rutland, 25th February 1390, but with limitation of the title during his father's life only. He was also created Duke of Albermarle, 29th September 1397, from which title he was degraded in 1399. In 1402, he succeeded his father as Duke of York, when the Earldom of Rutland, agreeable to the limitation above recited, became extinct. Through his mother, Isabel, daughter and co-heiress of Peter (the Cruel), King of Castile and Leon, both himself and his brother inherited a descent from the blood royal of Spain. The Duke of York survived his father 13 years, and was slain at the battle of Agincourt, 25th October 1415, without leaving issue. (See also Shakespeare.)
28. Thomas de Beauchamp, 4th Earl Warwick, K.G. His father was one of the original Knights of the Garter also; he was seized, imprisoned and eventually banished to the Isle of Man in the reign of Richard II., and his estates and the custody of his son Richard given to Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent. From the Isle of Man he was brought to the Tower of London, where he remained imprisoned until Henry IV. ascended the throne, when he was released, and reinstated in all his honours and possessions. He married Margaret, daughter of William, Lord Ferrars of Groby, by whom he left his son and successor Richard and four daughters. The Earl died in 1401.
29. The Countess of Warwick has just been named, but no son Thomas is shown in their family, which makes it probable that Nos. 29, 30, and 31, should be referred to the family of Holland—Barons Holland and Earls of Kent, of whom Thomas Holland, 3rd Earl of Kent, succeeded his father in 1397, and upon the attainder of Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, in (1398) 22nd Richard II., obtained a grant in special tail of the Castle, Manor, and Lordship of Warwick, with sundry other manors, and had the year previously been created by his uncle King Richard II. when sitting crowned in Parliament, "Duke of Surrey." Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, married Lady Alice Fitz-Alan, daughter of Richard, Earl of Arundel, by whom he had two sons, Thomas and Edmond, successively Earls of Kent, the former being probably No. 31 on the list, but according to the account before given as the attainder of Thomas de Beauchamp did not take place until 1398, Thomas Holland could scarcely be styled correctly Earl of Warwick in 1391 when admitted Merchant Taylor.
30. Thomas, Earl of Nottingham, unless the Peerage descents are very wrong, which is quite likely, would seem to be a repetition of Thomas, Earl of Nottingham before spoken of (under No. 20). That Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, is stated to have survived until the year 1400, when he died at Venice. If this be true, his son and heir, Thomas, who is likewise stated never to have had the title of Duke of Norfolk, could neither have borne the title of Earl of Nottingham during his father's lifetime, except by courtesy. He is stated to have borne the title simply of Earl Marshall, and was beheaded at York in 1405, on a charge of High Treason. The Merchant Taylor (No. 30 on the list) is undoubtedly one of these twain, but whether father or son is very difficult to determine.
31. John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon, was 3rd son of Thomas de Holland, Earl of Kent, by the celebrated heiress, Joane Plantagenet, "the Fair Maid of Kent." As his mother re-married the Black Prince, by whom she left a son, Richard II., that King and John de Holland were halfbrothers, and on one occasion the common mother interfered to protect her elder son, John Holland, from that King's resentment. This peer was beheaded by the populace in 1400, and was subsequently attainted. He had married Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, daughter of John of Gaunt, and left issue three sons and one daughter. Of the sons, John, his 2nd son, became heir, and was created Duke of Exeter. (Conf. Riley, p. 654. See Henry V.'s announcement of the surrender of the Castle of Tongue.
32. John de Ros, 6th Baron, was summoned to Parliament, from 8th August 1386 to 13th November 1393; he died on his pilgrimage to Jerusalem, 1393–4. He married Mary, daughter of Henry de Percy, but left no issue.
33. Ralph de Nevill, 4th Baron, was summoned to Parliament, from 6th December 1389 to 30th November 1396, and was circa 21st Richard II., created, in full Parliament, Earl of Westmoreland. He was head of a powerful and very distinguished family closely allied to the royal blood of England, and probably residing at Leaden Hall.
34. Thomas de Furnival, who, in 22nd Edward I. (1294), had summons amongst other great men to attend the King, and in next year, 22nd June 1295, was first summoned to Parliament as Baron, and sat till 27th January 1332 (6th Edward III.); he married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter de Montfort, of Beaudesert Castle, County Warwick, and was succeeded, in 1332, at his death, by Thomas, his eldest son.
35. Reginald de Grey, who in 9th Edward I., was made Justice of Chester, and subsequently obtained the Castle of Ruthyn and other lands. In 23rd Edward I. (1295) was first summoned as Baron to Parliament, and till 26th August 1307; he died in 1308. By his wife, Maud, daughter and heiress of William, Lord Fitzhugh, he left two children, John, 2nd Baron, and Joane, married to Ralph, Lord Bassett.
36. Walter Skirlawe was Bishop of Bath and Wells from 1386 to 1388, and Bishop of Durham, from 1388 to 1406, when we may presume he died.
37. Philip D'Arcy, summoned to Parliament from 29th December 1299 to 20th October 1332; he was succeeded, at his decease, by his only surviving son, Norman D'Arcy, 2nd Baron.
38. Robert de Scales, who distinguished himself greatly both in Scotland and France, and had summons to Parliament as Baron Scales, from 6th February 1299 to 22nd January 1305, in which year he died. Robert de Scales, his son succeeded, as 2nd Baron.
39. As Edmund, 3rd Earl of March, died in 1381, and his eldest son Roger Mortimer, then but seven years, succeeded naturally as 4th Earl, and was slain in battle in Ireland, in 1398, it is difficult to say who this William, Earl of March, made an honorary Merchant Taylor in 1397, could be. It is just possible that during the minority of Roger Mortimer his duties as one of the Barons Marchers had to be performed by deputy, perhaps by a member of his own family named William, but not recorded, as was frequently the case, and who, after his relative attained his majority, still retained the title by courtesy. As Edmund Mortimer, the 5th Earl, is stated to have been but six years of age at his father's death, in 1398, he must have been born when his father was but 18 years of age, and still a minor, and this looks as if it was not unlikely that some confusion of descent exists—in this Barony.
40. Alice, daughter of John Fitzwalter, 3rd Lord Fitzwalter, became wife to Aubrey de Vere, 10th Earl of Oxford, who died 1400, and was mother of Richard de Vere, the 11th Earl.
41. Edmund Stafford was Bishop of Exeter, 1395 to 1419.
42. Thomas Holland, 3rd Earl of Kent, was, 21st Richard II., the king, then sitting in Parliament with his crown upon his head, created Duke of Surrey. This nobleman's descent was most illustrious; his grandmother, Joan Plantagenet having, after the death of her 1st husband, re-married with Edward the Black Prince, by whom he was father of King Richard II., to whom this Thomas, Duke of Surrey, was thus of course first cousin once removed.
43. Richard de Grey, was the 2nd Baron Grey of Codnor; his son, John de Grey, succeeded as 3rd Baron in 1335, and was summoned till 1392, as "Johanni Grey de Codenore," in which year he died, and was succeeded by his grandson Richard, eldest son of his son Henry. As Richard, the 4th Baron, did not die till 1418, it is not known whom Edmund, Lord Gray was.
44. Thomas Henndell probably succeeded William Courtney in the See of Canterbury, but is not recorded in the usual list, which makes Thomas Arundel (at Fitz-Alan) to succeed. The only other solution is that Henndell is a mis-spelling of Arundell.
45. Henry IV. was, as is well known, the eldest son of John, Duke of Lancaster (No. 18 on this list), and the Prince was doubtless Henry, Prince of Wales, afterwards celebrated in History as Henry V., who at the time of this admission would be almost 16 or 17 years of age. King Henry IV. died March 20th, 1412, and was succeeded by his son Henry, who died August 31st 1422.
46. Nicholas Babwith (or Babbewyth) Chancellor of the Exchequer (Stowe); Bishop of Bath and Wells (1407; Bishop of Salisbury, 1408), 1408 to to 1424. It also appears he was Bishop of London in 1406, afterwards translated to the See of Salisbury, quite contrary to all modern custom.
47. William Colchester, Abbot of Westminster, buried in the Chapel of St. John Baptist, Westminster (Stowe).
48. John, Duke of Bedford, Earl of Richmond and Kendal, and Constable of England, was 3rd son of Henry IV., he married, 1st, in 1423, Anne, daughter of John, Duke of Burgundy, but left no issue by her, or by his 2nd wife, who was Jacquetta of Luxemberg: this John was the celebrated Regent of France, temporarily Henry VI., he died at Paris, 14th September 1435. Jacquetta, his widow, re-married Sir Richard Widville, Knight, created Earl Rivers, by whom she had a daughter Elizabeth, wife to Edward IV.
49. Edmond Holland, 2nd son of Thomas Holland (see No.29), succeeded to the Earldom of Kent on the death of his brother Thomas beheaded in 1400, notwithstanding an act of attainder passed of which no reversal appears; he married Lucy, daughter of the Duke of Milan, but left no issue; he was slain in Brittany by an arrow whilst besieging a castle, 15th September 1407.
50. Thomas, Duke of Clarence, was 2nd son of Henry IV., and was also Earl of Albermarle, he married Margaret, 3rd daughter of Thomas, and sister and coheiress of Edmund Holland, Earl of Kent, but died without issue, being slain in 1421 in the battle of Bangè.
51. Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, was son and heir of Thomas the 4th Earl, so long imprisoned (see No. 29); he was born January 1381, and died in his castle at Roan, 30th of April 1439, having married two wives of whom the 1st was Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Thomas, Lord Berkely, Viscount Lisle, by whom he left three daughters, and his 2nd wife was Isabel, daughter of Thomas Le Despencer, by whom he left a son and successor, Henry, and one daughter, Anne, married to Sir Richard Nevil, son and heir of Richard, Earl of Salisbury, and grandson of Richard 1st Earl of Westmoreland. Henry de Beaucamp succeeded as 6th Earl, was K.G.. and a person of great distinction.
52. Sir Henry le Scrope, 3rd Baron "Scrope," of Upsal, was summoned to Parliament from 26th August 1408 to 26th September 1414, as Lord Scrope of Masham. In 11 Henry IV., he was made Treasurer of the King's Exchequer, but in the following reign, being found guilty of treason, he was beheaded in August 1415. He married 1st, Philippa, daughter of Sir Guy de Brien, and 2ndly, Joane, Duchess of York, sister and coheir of Edmund Holland, Earl of Kent, but left no issue. He was succeeded by his brother, Sir John Scrope, Knight, who eventually regained the forfeited title, lost on his brother's attainter.
53. Henry Chicheley, Archdeacon of Salisbury, was appointed 4th October 1407, Bishop of St. Davids'; on 27th April 1414 he was translated to See of Canterbury, where he died 12th April 1443. He was the son of Thomas Chicheley of Higham Ferrers, who died February 1400, by his wife Agnes, daughter of William Pyncheon, and is celebrated not only as the founder of All Soul's College in Oxford, but as having on that account had his collateral descents very carefully preserved and recorded in that very interesting publication known as "Stemmata Chicheleana."
54. The name of Roger Westwood occurs among the Barons of the Exchequer, 1st March 1402.
55. John Holland, 2nd but eldest surviving son of John Holland, Earl of Huntingdon and Duke of Exeter (attainted and beheaded in 1400) was restored in blood as heir to his father and brother in the 4th of Henry V., and the next year made General of all the Men-at-Arms and Archers at that time employed in the King's Fleet at sea, in which capacity he assisted at the siege of Caen. He was created by letters patent, dated at Windsor 6th January 1445, Duke of Exeter, with this special privilege "that he and his heirs male should have place and seat in all Parliaments and Councils, next to the Duke of York and his heirs male." His lordship married first Anne, widow of Edward Mortimer, Earl of March, and daughter of Edmund Stafford, Earl of Stafford. He espoused secondly, Lady Anne Montacute, daughter of John, 3rd Earl of Salisbury. By his 1st wife he left an only son, Henry Holland, his successor; and by his 2nd wife he had an only daughter Anne, wife first of John Nevil, son and heir of Ralph, Earl of Westmorland, which Lord Nevil fell at Towton Field, and died s.p. Her Ladyship espoused 2ndly, Sir John Nevil, Knight, uncle of her first husband, and by him was mother of Ralph Nevil, who succeeded as third Earl of Westmorland. The Duke of Exeter, who was a K.G., died in 1446 and was succeeded by his only son Henry, as above, the 2nd Duke.
56. John Mowbray, 2nd son, succeeded as heir to his brother Thomas, who was beheaded in 1405, and died s.p. Thomas Mowbray never assumed his father's title of Duke of Norfolk, conferred 29th September 1397 (who was K.G., but being banished that same year, died of grief at Venice in 1399), but simply styled himself Earl Marshal (a title to which his mother's family had some claim). John Mowbray, like his brothers, did not assume the title of Duke of Norfolk until the year 1424, in which year he claimed and was allowed the title; previous to that time he styled himself Earl of Nottingham and Earl Marshal, K.G., under which latter title he appears as a Merchant Taylor on the list. By Lady Catherine Nevil, daughter of Ralph, Earl of Westmorland, he left a son and successor, John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, who through his mother derived from John of Gaunt. The Earl Marshal, afterwards Duke of Norfolk, died in 1432.
57. James Butler, Earl of Ormonde, brings us back to the Bohuns, and at the same time leads forward to the Boleyns, who subsequently figure in an additional list of members. Alianore or Eleanor de Bohun, daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, married in 1327, James Butler, Earl of Ormonde, and their great grandson, also named James (the white Earl) succeeded his father James in 1405, and was Lord Deputy and held a Parliament at Dublin in 1407, and is the Merchant Taylor of 1412. By his 1st wife, Joan, daughter of Gerald Fitz-Gerald, 5th Earl of Kildare, he left three sons, who inherited to the Earldom in succession. Thomas the youngest and 7th Earl Ormonde, married Anne, daughter of Sir Richard Hankford, by whom he left two daughters, his cousins, of whom Margaret, the youngest, was wife of Sir William Boleyn, and grandmother of the well-known Anne, wife of Henry VIII., and mother of Queen Elizabeth, beheaded 1536.
58. Sir John Lovel, Knight, son of John Lovel, 5th Baron Lovel, K.G., by his wife Maud, daughter and heir of Robert de Holand, succeeded his father in 1408. He was Baron Holand in right of his mother, and was summoned to Parliament from 20th October 1409 to 26th September 1414, as Lord Lovel of Tichmersh. He married Alianore or Eleanor, daughter of William Lord Zouch of Haryngworth, by whom he left a son William, his heir, also another son. He died in 1414.
59. Henry Beaufort, 3rd son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster by Katherine Swinford, was translated by Bull, 14th March 1405, from Lincoln to Winchester. He was a Cardinal and also for some time Chancellor; he died 11th April 1447. It will be seen he was uncle by marriage to the Earl Marshal, who precedes him (No. 56) on the list, and great uncle to John Mowbray, 3rd Duke of Norfolk.
60. William Ferrers, son and heir of Henry, 5th Baron, was 15 years of age at his father's death in 1388. He was summoned to Parliament as "William de Ferrers de Groby," from the 30th November 1396 to 3rd December 1441, and died in 1445. By his wife Phillipa, daughter of Roger de Clifford, he had a son named Henry, who died in his father's lifetime, leaving by his wife Isabel, eldest daughter of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, and sister of the Earl Marshal (No. 56), an only daughter Elizabeth, who married Sir Edward Grey, Knight, eldest son of Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthyn (No. 35) by his second wife Joan; and by this marriage the Barony of Ferrers was carried into the Grey family and became extinct in 1554, when Henry Gray, Duke of Suffolk, was beheaded.
61. William, 5th Baron Zouche of Haryngworth, succeeded his father William la Zouch, 4th Lord, in 1396, being then 22 years of age. He had summons from 30th November 1396 to 26th September 1414, and died the following year, 1415, being succeeded by his son also named William and then aged 13 years, William, the 5th Baron la Zouche, was K.G. (No. 85), and married the Hon. Alice St. Maur, heiress of that house, by whom he left two sons and two daughters.
62. King Henry V., who we have seen before as "the Prince" (No. 45), apparently caused his name to be entered with greater solemnity when he became King. He was crowned 9th April 1413, and early in 1414 we find him re-entered on our list. He died at Bois Vincennes in France, when at the summit of his glory, 31st August 1422.
63. Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, was youngest son of Henry IV., and younger brother of his predecessor on the list. He was Regent of England during the minority of his nephew, King Henry VI., and died issueless in 1446, although twice married.
64. Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, was grandson of Edmund the 3rd Earl (No. 6) and son of Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl, by his wife Eleanor, daughter of Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent. This nobleman was considered the rightful heir to the Crown of England, by his descent from Lionel, Duke of Clarence; and his great nephew, Edward, grandson of his sister Anne, suceeeded to the throne, through this right, as King Edward IV. The Earl of March married Anne, daughter of Edmund, Earl of Stafford, but died s.p. in 1424.
65. Robert Willoughby, 6th Baron, son and heir of William Willoughby, 5th Baron, was aged 24 at his father's death in 1409, like his father he was K.G., and was summoned to Parliament from 21st September 1411 to 5th September 1450. He died 1452, leaving an only daughter, Joan, then aged 27, and married to Richard Welles, son and heir apparent of Leo, 6th Baron Welles, whose title fell under attainder.
66. Henry Fitz-Hugh, 3rd Baron Fitz-Hugh, was only surviving son of Henry Fitz-Hugh the 2nd Baron, and was summoned to Parliament from 17th December 1387 to 1st September 1423. He was also K.G., and died in 1424. By his wife Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir Robert Grey, Knight, son of John, Lord Grey. He left three sons, of whom William the eldest was his successor, and five daughters, of whom Joan married Sir Robert or (Qy.) Thomas Willoughby, Knight; Maud, the 3rd daughter, was wife of Sir William Eure, ancestor of the Lords Eure; and Laura, the youngest daughter, was wife of Sir Maurice Berkeley, Knight. Sir William Fitz-Hugh, 4th Baron, his son and successor, had a daughter, Elizabeth Fitz-Hugh, who was wife to Sir William Parr, Knight, and grandmother to the celebrated Catherine Parr, 6th and last wife to King Henry VIII. whom she survived, and married subsequently, Thomas, Lord Seymour of Sudeley, but died s.p.
67. Thomas Fitz-Alan (son of Richard Fitz-Alan, 10th Earl of Arundel, K.G., who was executed as a traitor) was in the 1st Parliament of Henry IV., restored in blood and became 11th Earl Arundel. He was made K.B. and subsequently K.G., but died s.p. in 1415. John Fitz-Alan, his cousin, succeeded as 12th Earl (being descended from John, younger brother of Richard the said 10th Earl) and was also by descent, Lord Maltravers; he it was, no doubt, who was the Merchant Taylor. He was grandson and heir of John Fitz-Alan by Eleanor, grand-daughter and heir of John, Lord Maltravers.
68. Thomas de Montacute was son of Sir John de Montacute, Baron Montacute and Monthemer and 3rd Earl Salisbury, beheaded at Cirencester in January 1400, he being then a most zealous Lollard. King Henry taking compassion on the family, restored some of the estates to the said Thomas, and eventually also the Earldom of Salisbury and other honours. He married Lady Eleanor Plantagenet, daughter of Thomas and sister and coheir of Edmond Plantagenet, Earl of Kent, and left an only daughter Alice, married to Richard Nevill, 2nd son of Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmorland.
69. Richard Beauchamp, son of William Beauchamp, Lord Bergavenny and K.G. Succeeded his said father in 1410–11. He was subsequently advanced to the dignity of Earl of Worcester in 1420, and died two years after, 1422. By his wife Isabel, sister and heir of Richard Despencer—both children of Thomas Despencer, the last Baron—he left an only daughter, Elizabeth, who carried the barony of Bergavenny in marriage to her husband, Sir Edward Nevill, Knight, so summoned from 5th September 1450 to 19th August 1472, and from whom descend the present Lords of Bergavenny, or, as now styled, Abergavenny, as well as the family of Fane, to whom the title of Le Despencer was confirmed in 1604.
71. Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, was only son of Sir Henry Percy, renowned in all our histories as "Hotspur," and grandson of Henry, 4th Lord Percy, who was created Earl of Northumberland as stated in Note No. 8. From a curious MS. in the British Museum, and there said to be extracted, "Ex Registro Monasterij de Whitbye," we learn the following particulars of this nobleman and his family. "Henry Percy, the son of Sir Henry Percy that was slayne at Shrewsbury, and of Elizabeth, the daughter of the Erle of Marche, after the death of his father and grauntsyre, was exiled into Scotland in the time of King Henry V. By the labour of Johanne, the Countess of Westmerland (who daughter Alianor he had wedded in coming into England), he recovered the King's grace and the county of Northumberland, so was the 2nd Earl of Northumberland. And of Alianor his wife, he begat ix. sonnes and iii. daughters, whose names be Johanne, that is buried at Whitbye; Thomas (created) Lord Egremont; Katheryne Gray of Rythyn (wife of Edmund, Lord Grey, afterwards Earl of Kent); Sir Raffe Percy; Wm. Percy, a byshopp; Richard Percy; John, that died without issue; another John (called by Vincent, in his MS. baronage in the Herald's Office, John Percy, senior, of Warkworth); George Percy, Clerk; Henry, that died without issue; besides the eldest sonne and successor, Henry, third Erle of Northumberland"; Henry Percy, the 2nd Earl, was at the Battle of Agincourt, was made Lord High Constable by King Henry VI., and fell at St. Alban's, 23rd May 1455, fighting under the banner of that monarch; his eldest son Henry succeeded him.
72. John Lord Roos, was eldest son (of Thomas, 7th Baron, according to Burke, and) of William de Roos, 7th Baron Roos (according to Nicolas and Courthope). His father died 1st September 1414, and he succeeded as 8th Baron; but was never summoned to Parliament, probably on account of his constant absence abroad, where he was engaged in the French wars. He greatly distinguished himself at the siege of Roan, and had as reward the Castle of Basqueville, in Normandy, granted to him and his heirs male for ever. Continuing in these wars, he was slain at the fatal battle of Baugie in 1421, with his brother William, the Duke of Clarence, and a great many of the flower of the English nobility. Both Burke and Nicolas concur in stating that he was succeeded by his brother Thomas, 9th Baron, but as he did not die before 1431, it is puzzling to know who the John Lord Roos admitted Merchant Taylor in 1425 (No. 83 on the list) was; he looks very much like a son of the former.
73. This name most probably refers to John, 2nd son of Edmund, 4th Lord Grey of Ruthyn, by his wife the Lady Katherine Percy, mentioned in Note No. 71; he would also be a direct descendant from Reginald, Lord Gray, No. 35.
75. Philip Morgan was elected Bishop of Worcester, 27th June 1419, and translated to Ely, 27th February 1425–6. He was Chancellor of Normandy likewise, and died 25th October 1435.
76. Mr. John Stafford, Privy Seal, was probably the same individual who a few years later occurs as Bishop of Bath and Wells, holding that See from 1425 to 1443, when he was translated to Canterbury, and occupied that See from 1443 to 1452, when probably he died. He most likely was some near connection of Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Stafford, whom he precedes.
77. Humphrey de Stafford, 7th Baron and 6th Earl of Stafford, succeeded his father, Edmund, who was slain at Shrewsbury, fighting "ex parte Regis," in 1403. He was created 14th September 1444, Duke of Buckingham, with precedence before all Dukes whatever, save the blood Royal, which occasioned a great dispute between him and Henry Beauchamp, Duke of Warwick. He was made Constable of Dover Castle and K.G., and fell at the battle of Northampton, 27th July 1460. By his wife, Lady Anne Nevill, daughter of Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmorland; he left left several sons and daughters, of whom Humphrey, the eldest, slain at the battle of St. Albans, married Margaret, daughter and coheiress of Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, and left by her a son Henry, who succeeded his grandfather.
78. Baronet Bourchier, 3rd Baron Bourchier, died in 1409, leaving by his 2nd wife, Idonece, an only daughter, Elizabeth, who 1st married Sir Hugh Stafford, Knight, who had summons to Parliament from 21st September 1411 to 22nd March 1414, "jure uxoris," but in his own name only. Having no issue by her first husband, she married, 2ndly, Sir Lewis Robsart, K.G., Standard Bearer to King Henry V., who assumed the title of Bourchier, but was summoned to Parliament in his own name only. He likewise died issueless, and upon the decease of Lady Bourchier in 1432, the barony devolved on her cousin, Henry Bourchier. This entry rather confirms the rule, that husbands were seldom summoned in their wives baronies, unless there was issue and an heir apparent. "Lord Bourcers" on the list is evidently a title of courtesy.
79. The Abbot of Tower Hill.
80. Mr. William Anwick, Privy Seal, is doubtless the same as William Alnewick, Bishop of Norwich from 1426 to 1436, when he was translated to Lincoln, and held that See from 1436 to 1449, about which date he probably died.
81. The Prior of St. Mary Overy.
82. The Prior of St. Trinity in Christchurch.
83. John Lord Roos (see No. 72).
84. Sir John Talbot, Knight, uncle to the last Baroness Ankaret Talbot, succeeded at her decease in minority, August 1431, to the Baronies of Talbot and Strange. He married Maud de Nevil, eldest daughter of Thomas Lord Furnival, and had summons to Parliament as Lord Talbot of Furnival from 26th October 1409 to 26th November 1421. This is the renowned Sir John Talbot, one of the most illustrious characters in the whole range of English history (see his titles enumerated in Henry VI., Shakespeare). Lord Talbot married two wives; by the heiress of Furnivall he had three sons: Thomas, who died v.p. in France; John T., his successor, 2nd Earl Shrewsbury, K.G.; and Sir Christopher Talbot. By his 2nd wife, Lady Margaret Beauchamp, daughter and coheiress of Richard, Earl of Warwick, he had John T., created Baron and Viscount L'Isle; Sir Humphrey T., Marshall of Calais, died s.p. 1492; Sir Lewis T., of Penyard, Herts; Joane, married to James I.; Lord Berkeley; and Elizabeth, married to John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, by whom she left an only daughter, Anne, contracted in marriage to Richard, son of King Edward IV., but died prematurely.
85. This William, Lord Zouch, was a son and heir of William Zouch, No. 61 on list. His father, William, occurs on the list in 1413, and died in 1415; his son William was then only 13 years of age, and was not admitted a Merchant Taylor until he had attained his majority in 1425. He had summons to Parliament from 7th January 1426 to 28th February 1463. He married Alice, daughter and sole heir of Richard, 6th Baron St. Maur, by whom he left a son and heir, William La Zouche, 7th Baron. He died 1463.
86. Sir William Lovel, 8th Baron Lovel, was son of Sir John Lovel, the 7th Baron, by his wife, Alianore, daughter of William, Lord Zouche of Haryngworth, according to the most authentic peerages, but the descents of Zouch and Lovel are so unequal as regards the parallel of dates when set side by side, that it is impossible to be sure if this Sir William Lovell is the William, Lord Lovell, the Merchant Taylor; an investigation of these two families, running side by side, and apparently frequently intermarrying, is well worthy the notice of the veteran genealogist.
87. William de Harington was 2nd son of Robert de Harington, and succeeded his brother John as 5th Lord in 1418, and had summons to Parliament from 26th February 1421 to 6th September 1439. He died 1457, s.p.m., leaving his grandson, William Bouvile, son of Elizabeth, his daughter and heiress apparent (who had died v.p.), his next heir, and who became Baron Harington, jure matris. His daughter, Elizabeth, had married William, Lord Bouvile, and their grandchild, Cecily, married—1st, Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dorset, by whom she left issue, and 2nd, Henry Stafford, Earl of Wiltshire.
88. Thomas, Baron of Carew, is not easy of identification; like the Hylton family in Durham, the Carews of Devon seem to have had the rank of Baron assigned to them by universal consent and courtesy, without any actual creation.
89. Walter, Lord Fitz-Walter, was 2nd son of Walter Fitz-Walter, 5th Baron, by his wife Joane, daughter of Sir John Devereux, and sister and heiress of John, 2nd Baron Devereux (by which alliance the Baronies of FitzWalter and Devereux became united). He was born in 1400, and succeeded his elder brother Humphrey as 7th Baron in 1419; he had summons to Parliament from 12th July 1429 to 27th November 1430. He was much distinguished in the French wars of Henry V. He died in 1432, when the male line of the Fitz-Walters became extinct; but the Baronies of Fitz-Walter and Devereux were carried by his only daughter, Elizabeth, in marriage to Sir John Ratcliffe, K.G., from which family the Barony of Fitz-Walter eventually passed into the family of Mildmay, though contested by that of Cheeke.
90. John, Lord Scrope, appears to be Sir John le Scrope, brother and successor to Sir Henry le Scrope, who was beheaded at Southampton in 1415. Sir John was summoned to Parliament from 7th January 1426 to 26th May 1455 as Lord Scrope of Masham and Upsal. He was constituted Treasurer of the King's Exchequer, and died 15th November 1455, leaving, by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Chaworth of Wiverton, a son and successor, Thomas, and two daughters, of whom Elizabeth, the younger, was wife of Henry, Lord Scrope of Bolton.
91. John Kemp was Bishop of Rochester 1419 to 1421, when he was translated to Chichester, and shortly afterwards to London, which See he held from 1422 to 1426, when he was translated to York, holding that Archbishoprick from 1426 to 1452, when he was further translated to Canterbury, and died there in 1454. This prelate was a Cardinal of Rome.
92. John de Grey, 5th Baron, was eldest son and heir of Richard de Grey, 4th Baron, by his wife Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress of Ralph, Lord Basset of Sapcoat. He had summons to Parliament from 26th February 1420 to 3rd August 1428, as John Grey of Codnor. This nobleman died s.p. 9th Henry VI., and was succeeded by his brother, Henry de Grey, the 6th Baron; his sister Elizabeth married Sir John Zouche.
93. Ralph Nevill, 5th Baron Nevill of Raby and 2nd Earl of Westmoreland, succeeded his grandfather in 1425. His mother was Lady Elizabeth Holland, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Kent, and sister and coheiress of Edmund, Earl of Kent, of direct Plantagenet lineage; at her death the King allowed her son (Ralph Nevill) then in his minority, 40l., per annum for his maintenance. He married 1st, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Lord Percy (Hotspur [No. 71], and widow of John Lord Clifford, by whom he had a son, John Lord Nevill; and 2nd, he married Margaret, daughter of Sir Reginald Cobham, Knight, but by her had no issue. He died in 1485.
94. William Gray, otherwise spelt Grey, was Bishop of London 1426 to 1431, when he was translated to Lincoln, which See he held from 1431 to 1436, in which year he died.
95. Elizabeth Bourchier, Baroness Bourchier, daughter and heiress of Baronet Bourchier (see No. 78), married two husbands; both summoned to Parliament in her right, but not in her Barony, the summons to each being in their own proper name. Her 2nd husband, Sir Lewis Robsart, K. G., died in 1431, s. p., and his widow, the Lady Bourchier, dying the year following, the Barony devolved upon Henry Bourchier, Earl of Ewe in Normandy, her ladyship's cousin and next heir, the Merchant Taylor, No. 78. He married Isabel, daughter of Richard Earl of Cambridge, Protector of England (grandson of King Edward III.), and aunt of King Edward IV., by whom he left issue.
96. William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk succeeded to the title and estates, on the death of his brother Michael, who was slam at Agincourt 1415. After a chequered career, being much distinguished in the wars of France (in which country he passed 17 years consecutively), and suffering impeachment on his return to his own country, he was eventually beheaded without trial on the side of a cock-boat at the port of Dover, 1450. His son John de la Pole, having married Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, sister of King Edward IV. and King Richard III., was confirmed as Duke of Suffolk, by letters patent, dated 23rd March 1463.
97. John (de) Sutton, 4th Baron of Dudley, K.G., was a Knight of distinction; he carried the Standard at the solemn obsequies of Henry V., and was styled Baron of Dudley. He had summons regularly to Parliament from 18th Henry VI. to 3rd Henry VII., and occupied several posts of trust. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Berkeley of Beverstone, and widow of Sir Edward Cherlton, Knight, Lord Powis, and left issue, three sons and three daughters; and dying 1487, was succeeded by his grandson Edward Sutton, 6th Baron, K.G., the eldest son of his eldest son Edward.
|98. Gaylard, Lord Dooks.||Of these three French Lords nothing but the name can be recorded.|
|99. Barard, Lord Montseraut.|
|100. Barard, Lord Delamotte.|
101. Thomas Polton was Bishop of Hereford from 1420 to 1422, when he was translated to Chichester, in which See he rested from 1422 to 1426, when he was further translated to Worcester, which See he held from 1426 to 1433, soon after which he died.
102. Marmaduke Lumley, Bishop of Carlisle, was in 1450 translated to the See of Lincoln, and probably died sometime in or before the year 1452.
103. Eleanor, Duchess of Gloucester, was daughter of Reginald, Lord Cobham, and 2nd wife of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, 4th son of King Henry IV., and Regent of England during the minority of Henry VI. (see No. 63).
104. Richard, Duke of York, was only son of Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge, by his wife Anne Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March (see No. 8). The Duke of York was also styled Protector of England, and was slain at the battle of Wakefield, leaving issue by his wife Cecily, daughter of Ralph Nevill, Earl of Westmoreland (No. 33), which lady was first styled the "Rose of Raby," and later in life "Prowd Cis," four sons and three daughters, of whom the eldest son Edward, ascended the throne of England as Edward IV. This again shews the exalted and powerful position of the House of Nevill.
105. John Strange, 6th Baron Strange of Knockyn, married Maud, daughter and coheiress of John, 2nd Lord Mohun, and died 1398. His son and heir by that lady was Richard, 7th Baron Strange of Knockyn, who married 1st, Constance, which couple appear on the list, No. 197. He married 2ndly, Elizabeth, daughter of Reginald, Lord Cobham, who was the mother of his heir John. Though Richard, the 7th Baron, appears to have enjoyed the Peerage the longest of his line,—viz., 51 years, from 1398 to 1449, yet his heir was but five years old at the time of his father's death. This John Strange, 8th Baron, married Jacquetta, daughter of Richard Widville, Earl Rivers (see No. 163), and died 13th October 1477. His only daughter and heiress Joan, carried the Barony in marriage to George Stanley, son and heir of Thomas, Lord Stanley (see No. 150), and from this marriage descend the present Earls of Derby.
106. Robert, Lord Poynings, was son of Richard Poynings, 4th Baron, who accompanied John of Gaunt into Spain, and dying there was succeeded by his son Robert, as 5th Baron. This Baron had summons to Parliament from 25th August 1404 to 13th January 1445. He was much engaged in the French Wars of Henry IV., Henry V., and Henry VI., and fell at the siege of Orleans in 1466. His lordship married Elizabeth, or Eleanor, daughter of Reginald, Lord Grey de Ruthyn (No. 16), by whom he had two sons, viz., Richard, who married Alianore, daughter of Sir John Berkeley, and dying before his father, left an only daughter and heir, Alianore, who married Sir Henry Percy, son and heir of Henry, 2nd Earl of Northumberland (see No. 71), and died 11th November, 1474. Robert, the second son, was of Esk Hall, Faukam Aske and Chellesfield; he died 9th Edward IV., and was succeeded in his estates by his son, Sir Edward Poynings. The Barony of Poynings was carried by the heiress to the Percy family.
107. Nicholas, Baron Carew. For remark on this Dignity, refer to Thomas, Baron Carew, No. 88.
108. Reginald West, 5th Baron West and 6th Baron De le Warr, had summons to Parliament from 15th July 1427 to 23rd September 1449; he died 1451. He succeeded his half uncle John, 5th Lord de la Warr in the Barony. He married Eleanor, daughter of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, and so was connected with No. 71. He was succeeded by his son Richard, 7th Baron.
109. This entry most probably refers to John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford, who was in his ninth year at the time of his father's death in 1417. He was a stout Lancastrian, and at the triumph of the Yorkists and accession of Edward IV. in 1461, he was beheaded on Tower Hill, together with his eldest son Aubrey. He married Elizabeth, only daughter and heiress of Sir John Howard (uncle by the half blood to John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk) by whom he left five sons and three daughters. His 2nd son John was restored as 13th Earl.
110. Edmund Ferrers, 5th titular Baron Ferrers de Chartley, was son of Robert, 4th titular Baron, but neither of them received summons to Parliament. His mother was Margaret, daughter of Edward, Lord le Despencer, through whom he could trace connection with the Mortimers, and from whom his sister's name (Philippa) was derived. He died 1435–6, and was succeeded by his eldest son William, 6th Baron Ferrer de Chartley.
111. William Lynwood, Privy Seal, is probably the same person who occurs as Bishop of St. David's, from 1422 to 1446. In those days so many offices of the State and Court were filled by ecclesiastics. He bore for arms a chevron, but the tincture of both shield and charge is unrecorded.
112. King Henry VI. it is well known was the only son of his illustrious father, born 1421; crowned, 6th November 1429; died in the Tower, 1471.
113. George Nevill, Lord Latimer, was a younger son of Ralph Nevill, the 1st and Great Earl of Westmoreland, by his 2nd wife Joan de Beaufort, granddaughter of King Edward III. On the death of William, the last Lord Latimer of that family, the Barony fell to his only daughter Elizabeth, who became the wife of Mr. John Nevill of Raby, father of Ralph, the 1st Earl of Westmoreland, and by him she left an only son, John Nevill, summoned to Parliament in his mother's right from 25th August 1404, to 27th November 1430, when he died s.p., leaving Elizabeth, his sister and sole heir, married to Sir Thomas Willoughby, Knight, in whose descendants the ancient Barony of Latimer vests. But having sold or made over the greater part of those lands, in right of which his summons as a Baron had mainly in the first instance vested, to his half-brother Ralph, the eldest son of their father, Sir John Nevill, by his 1st marriage. George Nevill, 3rd son of the above named Ralph, and half nephew to the last Baron, John Nevill, having succeeded under some settlement or deed to the lands of Latimer, had summons to Parliament from 25th July 1432 to 1469 (in which year he died) as Baron Latimer. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and was succeeded by his grandson Richard, eldest son of Sir Henry Nevill, Knight. Margaret Beauchamp, the eldest sister of his wife, was senior coheiress to the Barony of L'Isle, which was conveyed through her to her son John Talbot, she having been the 2nd wife of Sir John Talbot, the 1st and great Earl of Shrewsbury, whose titles are so euphoniously and correctly enumerated by Shakespeare. (fn. 9) John Talbot, Baron L'Isle, was slain with his father the great Earl, at the battle of Chastillion, in 1453.
114. Robert Nevill, Bishop of Salisbury, was son of Ralph Nevill, 1st Earl of Westmoreland (No. 33), by his 2nd wife, Joane de Beaufort, daughter of John of Gaunt and brother to Sir George Nevill, Lord Latimer, previously spoken of. He was Bishop of Salisbury from 1427 to 1437, when he was translated to Durham, in which see he remained from 1438 to 1457, the probable time of his death.
115. Lewis of Lusingbergh, Chancellor of France, is probably spoken of in French History, which should be referred to.
116. John, Duke of Norfolk, refers to John Mowbray, son of John Mowbray, the Earl Marshall, K.G., to whom the title of Duke of Norfolk was restored in 1424, and who died in 1432. His son John (No. 116), was confirmed Duke of Norfolk by patent of 11th March 1444–5. His mother was Lady Katherine Nevill, daughter of Ralph, Earl of Westmoreland. He himself married Eleanor, daughter of William, Lord Bourchier, and dying in 1461, was succeeded by his son John de Mowbray, Earl of Warren and Surrey.
117. Robert Gilbert was Bishop of London from 1436 to 1448, when he died. He was also Dean of York. It is he, no doubt, who is set down as Robert Gilford.
118. The Abbot and Prior of Westminster.
119. William Fitz-Alan succeeded his nephew, Humphry, Duke of Tourain, and 14th Earl of Arundel, in 1438, and became the 15th Earl. He had a great dispute in Parliament with Thomas Courtenay, Earl of Devon, concerning precedency, which he eventually succeeded in having recognized. He married Lady Joane Nevill, daughter of Richard, Earl of Salisbury, by whom he had a son and successor, Thomas, and three other sons. Thomas Fit-Alan, the eldest son, was summoned to Parliament in his father's lifetime as Lord Maltravers (see No. 27), and eventually succeeded his father as 16th Earl of Arundel. William, the father, the 15th Earl, died in 1488.
120. Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron, is most likely the Lord Scales indicated in the list; he succeeded his brother Robert, who died unmarried, 1418. He married Emma, daughter of John Walesborough, by whom he left a son and one daughter. The son Thomas died v.p. s.p. The daughter Elizabeth was twice married—1st, to Henry Bourchier, 2nd son of Henry, Earl of Essex, who died s.p., and 2nd, to Anthony Widvile, summoned "jure uxoris" in the Barony of Scales, but succeeded to the Earldom of Rivers, and was beheaded 1483. She died s.p.
121. Robert, Prior of St. John's.
122. Thomas Boucers is evidently Thomas Bourchier, Bishop of Worcester, 1435 to 1443, when he was translated to Ely, and held that See from 1444 to 1454, when he was translated to Canterbury, and occupied that See from 1455 to 1486, in which year he died, on 30th March. He was a Cardinal, and also Chancellor of England, and was son of William Bourchier, Earl of Ewe.
123. The Hon. John Talbot, the eldest son of John Talbot, the 1st and Great Earl of Shrewsbury, by his 2nd wife, Lady Margaret Beauchamp, daughter and coheiress of Richard, 12th Earl of Warwick, and great grand-daughter of Warine, 2nd Baron L'Isle, was created Baron L'Isle by patent, dated 26th July 1443. He married Joan, daughter and coheiress of Sir Thomas Chedder, of Chedder, county Somerset, and left a son, Thomas, his successor, and two daughters,—Elizabeth, married to Sir Edward Grey, created Viscount L'Isle; and Margaret, married to Sir George Vere, Knight.
124. Sir Thomas Hoo was son and heir of Sir William Hoo, Knight, by his wife, Alice, daughter of Sir Thomas St. Maur. He was successful in suppressing a rebellion in Normandy, for his expenses concerning which he was granted 11l. per annum for his life out of the revenues of York. In 1447, he was created a Peer, by title of Lord Hoo of Hoo, county Bedford, and of Hastings, county Sussex. By his 2nd wife, Elizabeth, he had an only daughter, Ann, who became the wife of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn, Knight, some time Sheriff and Lord Mayor of London,—Sheriff 1445, and Lord Mayor 1467,—by whom she was ancestress to Queen Elizabeth, the Carey family, Lord Hunsdon, and last, though not least, of Admiral Lord Nelson. The ramifications of this marriage are not only very numerous, but extremely interesting. Sir Thomas, Lord Hoo, married, 3rdly, Alianore, daughter of Leo, Lord Welles, by whom he left three other daughters, who all married and left issue.
125. William Molines, 4th Baron, died 3 Henry VI., and left an only daughter and heiress, Alianore Molines, who married Robert Hungerford, 2nd Lord Hungerford, and he had summons as Lord Molines in 1445, and is doubtless the Lord Molynes, No. 125 on the list.
126. John Lowe was Bishop of St. Asaph from 1433 to 1444, when he was translated to Rochester in that See he continued until 1467, in which year he died.
127. Thomas Porney, Prior of St. Trinity, London.
128. John de Beaumont, 6th Baron, was son of Henry de Beaumont, 5th Baron, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of William, Lord Willoughby de Eresby. He occupied a very distinguished position during the reign of King Henry VI., in whose service he eventually laid down his life. In the 14th of King Henry (1435–6) he obtained by Letters Patent to him, and to his heirs male, the Earldom of Boloine, and in four years afterwards, 12th February 1440, he was created Viscount Beaumont (being the first person dignified with such a title). After attaining to still further honour, he lost his life at the battle of Northampton, fighting under the Lancastrian banner, 10th July 1459. By his wife Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Sir William Philip, Lord Bardolf, he left, with two daughters, who both married and left issue, a son, William, his successor.
129. Thomas de Roos, 10th Baron, was born 9th September 1427, being the son and heir of Sir Thomas de Roos, by his wife Alianore, daughter of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. He succeeded his father in 1431, and during his minority his offices, such as required personal services, were discharged by his uncle, Sir Robert Ros, Knight, as his deputy. Being a staunch Lancastrian, and with the King at York when the news of Towton Field reached the unfortunate monarch, he fled with his Royal Master to Berwick, and was attainted 1st Edward IV. His lands were confiscated, and Belvoir Castle was granted to the Lord Hastings, who eventually dismantled that noble structure, which remained for years little better than a heap of ruins, until the reigns of Henry VIII. and Elizabeth, when its renovation was commenced and completed by Thomas and Henry Manners, 1st and 2nd Earls of Rutland. Thomas, Lord Roos, married Philippa, daughter of John, Lord Tiptoft, and sister and coheiress of John, Earl of Worcester, by whom he left one son and three daughters. Edmund, his son, died unmarried, 13th October 1508, when the Barony fell into abeyance between his three sisters, his coheiresses, but the two younger having died s.p., the abeyance terminated in favour of Sir George Manners, son of the elder sister, Eleanor, and her husband, Sir Robert Manners. Thomas Manners, eldest son and heir of this George, was 2nd Lord Ros, and 1st Earl of Rutland, and from him descend the present Dukes Rutland, as well as other Peers of the Realm.
130. John de Sudeley, son of Baronet de Sudeley, by his wife, Maud Mortfort de Beaudesert, married Eleanor, daughter of Robert, Lord Scales, and dying 14th Edward III., left issue, John, who died unmarried, 1367, and two daughters, Joane, who married William Boteler of Wemme, and had a son, Thomas, who obtained Sudeley Castle, and Margery, who married Sir Robert Massy, Knight, and died s.p. The above Thomas, who obtained Sudeley Castle, had a son, John, who died s.p., and a 2nd son, Sir Ralph Boteler, K.G., of Sudeley Castle, who succeeded his brother, John. This Ralph becoming a person of eminence, was created, by Letters Patent dated 10th September 1441, Baron Sudeley. He is no doubt the Ralph Boteler, No. 130 on the list. He married Alice, daughter of Sir William Deincourt, but left no issue at his decease in 1473; the barony therefore became extinct, whilst his estates devolved on his sisters as coheirs,—Elizabeth, married to Sir John Norbury, and Joane, married to Hamond Belknap, Esq.
131. Sir Leo, or Lionel, de Welles succeeded his grandfather as 6th Baron, and was summoned to Parliament from 25th February 1432 to 30th July 1460. He adhered to the Lancastrian cause with unbending fidelity, and fell at Towton Field on Palm Sunday, 1461. His remains were deposited in Waterton Chapel, Methley, county York. His Lordship having first married Joan, or Cecilia, only daughter of Sir Robert Waterton of Waterton and Methley, county York, and sister and heir of Sir Robert Waterton, also of Waterton, Knight, by whom he left a son and heir, Sir Richard Welles, and also four daughters, of whom the eldest, Alianore, married 1st, Thomas, Lord Hoo and Hastings (see No. 124), and the 3rd, Margaret, was wife of Sir Thomas Dymoke, of Serivesby, the Hereditary Champion of England's family. Leo, Lord Willes, married 2nd, Margaret, sister and heir of Sir John Beauchamp, of Bletshoe, and widow of John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset (by whom she was mother of Margaret, Countess of Richmond, the mother of King Henry VII.); by this lady he had another son, John, created Viscount Welles, and summoned to Parliament in that dignity, September 1st, 1487. This John, Viscount Welles, married Lady Cecily Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward IV., and sister-in-law to Henry VII., by whom he had one daughter, Anne, who died young. He died in 1498, when his honours expired. His widow remarried, Sir John Kyme, of Lincolnshire.
132. John Kempe was Bishop of Rochester from 1419 to 1421, when he was translated to Chichester; this See he held but a few months, being translated to London. He was Bishop of London from 1422 to 1426, when he was translated to York; this See he held from 1426 to 1452, when he was further translated to Canterbury, which See he occupied but two years, dying 22nd March 1454. He was Cardinal of Rome, and likewise for a time Chancellor of England.
133. John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, was only son and heir of Sir John de Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft, summoned to Parliament from 7th January 1426 to 3rd December 1441, and who died soon after in 1443. His son and heir, the above John, was on the 16th July 1449, being then just of age, created Earl of Worcester. After some years of travel and distinction, being a staunch Yorkist, he was during a temporary restoration of King Henry VI. apprehended, conveyed to London and beheaded on Tower Hill, 1470, when all his honours became forfeited. He married 1st, Cecily, daughter of Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury, and widow of Henry Beauchamp, Duke of Warwick, but had no issue. He married, 2nd, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Greyndour, by whom he had a son, John, who died in infancy. He married, 3rd, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Hopton, Esq., and widow of Sir Roger Corbet, Knight of Moreton Corbets, county Salop, by whom he had an only son, Edward, at whose decease, unmarried, in 1485, the Earldom of Worcester became extinct, while the Barony of Tiptoft fell into abeyance amongst his aunts, of whom Philippa, the eldest, alone continued the descent, and in whose issue the abeyance terminated in the person of Sir George Manners (see No. 129).
134. William Waynflete alias Pattyn, was Bishop of Winchester from 1447 to 1487, in which year he died—on the 11th August. He was Provost of Eton College and Chancellor of England.
135. It has already been stated that the family of the Nevills, was in the 15th Century so intimately bound up with the Royal reigning line, so splendidly connected by other alliances, and possessed of such enormous wealth, that it is impossible to condense in a foot-note the outline even of a history which is veritably the history of England itself for a great portion of that time. Suffice to say that Ralph Nevill, the 4th Baron, having played a leading part in the political drama of his day, and having sustained it with more than ordinary ability, was, after having executed various high offices, advanced in full Parliament to the dignity of the Earl of Westmoreland (see No. 33). He was twice married, his first wife being Lady Margaret Stafford, daughter of Hugh, Earl Stafford, K.G., for which marriage a dispensation was obtained from Pope Urban V., the Earl and his bride being within the third and fourth degrees of consanguinity: by this lady he had two sons and seven daughters. Of the sons, John, the eldest, died v.p., leaving a son, Ralph, who succeeded his grandfather as 2nd Earl of Westmoreland, and continued the elder line. The Earl's second wife was Joane de Beaufort, daughterof John of Gaunt, by Katherine Swynford, his mistress, and afterwards wife. By her he left a numerous family, of whom Richard, the eldest son, occurs as No. 137 on the list, and his brother George, as Lord Latimer (see No. 113). Richard Nevill, the above, having married Lady Alice Montacute, daughter and heir of Thomas, 4th Earl of Salisbury, had that Earldom revived in his person, and was created by letters patent, dated 4th May 1442, Earl of Salisbury and likewise Earl of Warwick, he was also Baron Montacute, jure uxoris.
136. John of Gaunt, by his 3rd wife and former mistress, left three sons and one daughter, Joane; of these, the youngest son, named Thomas (Beaufort), was, in 13th Henry IV., elevated to the peerage as Earl of Dorset, limited to the heirs male of his body; he died in 1417 or 1426, s.p. He had an elder brother, Henry, the celebrated Cardinal Beaufort of history, who died at Winchester in 1447. Who Henry, Earl of Dorset, could be, figuring as No. 138, it is not easy to say, unless indeed he was identical with Henry Beaufort, Earl of Morteign, eldest son and heir of Edmund Beaufort, Marquis of Dorset and 4th Earl of Somerset, and this was another title of courtesy. He eventually succeeded his father as 2nd Duke of Somerset, and was K.G., but falling into the hands of the Yorkists after the battle of Hexham in 1463, he was beheaded the day after the battle, and subsequently attainted.
137. Richard West, 7th Baron De la Warr, succeeded his father Reginald (No. 108) in 1451, being then aged 19; he had summons to Parliament from 22nd January 1456 to 19th August 1472, and died 1476. He married Katherine, daughter of Robert, Lord Hungerford, by whom he left a son and successor, Thomas West, 8th Baron De la Warr, K.G., and K.B. Richard, the 7th Baron, at one period obtained leave from King Edward "for himself, 12 servants, and as many horses, not exceeding the value of 40s. each, to go abroad."
138. There is no such Bishop as George Nevill recorded in any of the usual lists of the Bishops of Winchester.
139. King Edward IV. was son of Richard, Duke of York, by his wife Cecily, daughter of Ralph Nevill, 1st Earl of Westmoreland (see No. 33); he was great grandson of King Edward III. on both father and mother's side, paternally he claimed through Edmund, Duke of York, fourth son of that monarch, and maternally he descended from John of Gaunt, third son and elder brother of the former; he was born 1441, ascended the throne 1461, and died 9th April 1482.
140. Humphrey Stafford of Suthwyk, son of William Stafford, by his wife, Katherine, daughter of Sir John Chideok, was summoned to Parliament from 26th July 1461 to 28th February 1463. He was created Lord Stafford by letters patent in 1464, and advanced to the Earldom of Devon, 17th May 1469, after the execution and attainder of Thomas Courtnay, Earl of Devon, who had been made prisoner at Towton. But deserting from the King's army with 800 archers, he was seized and conveyed to Bridgewater, when his head was cut off, 17th August 1469: he left two daughters, who both died unmarried.
141. William Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings, K.G., of Ashby-de-la-Zouche, was summoned by writ 26th July 1461 and until 15th November 1482. His arbitrary and sudden execution in 1483, by Richard Duke of Gloucester (King Richard III.), is a matter of English history. He was descended from a younger son of William, 3rd Baron Hastings, whose line terminated in the Earls of Pembroke (see No. 9). He married Katherine, daughter of Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury, and widow of William, Lord Bouville and Harington; by whom he left his heir, Edward Hastings. He was the celebrated Chamberlain of King Edward IV.
142. Henry Fitzhugh, 5th Baron, was son of William Fitzhugh, 4th Baron who died in 1452, by his wife, Margary, daughter of William, Lord Willoughby de Eresby. He was was born in 1430, and was summoned to Parliament from 26th May 1455 to 15th October 1470. He married Lady Alice Nevill, daughter of Richard, Earl of Salisbury, and consequently was brother-in-law to Lord William Hastings, who precedes him on the list; he had five sons and several daughters, from one of whom, Elizabeth, descended Katherine Parr, Queen to King Henry VIII. Lord Fitzhugh died in 1472.
143. George, Duke of Clarence, was third son of Richard, Duke of York, K.G. (see No. 104). His death by drowning in a butt of malmsey is a matter of history. He married Isabel, daughter and coheiress of Richard Nevill, Earl of Warwick.
144. Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was fourth son and next brother to the Duke of Clarence, who precedes him on the list. His usurpation of the throne, and the crimes attributed to him, are too well-known to require comments here, Shakespeare has immortalized them and him.
145. Sir John Nevill, third son of Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury, by Lady Alice Montacute, daughter and heiress of Thomas Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, had summons to Parliament as Baron Nevill of Montague by King Henry VI. in 1460; but afterwards espousing the interests of the House of York, he had similar summons on the ascension of King Edward IV., and on the 26th May 1467, he was advanced to the dignity of the Earl of Northumberland (in consequence of the flight of Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, with Henry VI.). He shortly after defeated the Lancastrians, under the Duke of Somerset, at Hexham, and was rewarded with extensive grants from the forfeited lands in the counties of Norfolk, Leicester, Nottingham, Suffolk, and York. In the 10th of Edward IV., the Earl was induced to resign the peerage of Northumberland in order that "the Percy" might be restored, and in lieu thereof was created Marquis of Montagu. Soon after, however, joining with his brother, the Earl of Warwick, in attempting the restoration of King Henry VI., he eventually shared the fate of that eminent nobleman in the battle of Barnet, 14th August 1471. In that conflict both brothers fell, and both were subsequently attainted. The Marquis married Isabel, daughter and heir of Sir Edmund Ingoldsthorp, Knight, and by her (who married, 2ndly, Sir William Norris) had issue, George, who was created Duke of Bedford, 5th January 1469, by King Edward IV., with the intention of bestowing upon him his eldest daughter, Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, in marriage. After the attainder of his father and the consequent confiscation of his heritable estates, having no means of sustaining the ducal dignity, his Grace was degraded from all his dignities and honours by Parliament in 1477. He died in 1483, s.p., and was interred at Sheriff Hutters.
146. Lord John, Earl of Oxenford, was the 2nd son of John de Vere, the 12th Earl, who, with his eldest son Aubrey, was beheaded on Tower Hill in 1461 (see No. 109). During the temporary triumph of the House of Lancaster, 10th Edward IV., he was restored as 13th Earl of Oxford, K.G., and sat as Lord High Steward on the trial of John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, who was condemned and beheaded on Tower Hill. After the Battle of Barnet, he and two of his brothers were attainted, but pardoned their lives. Subsequently escaping from prison and doing good service to Henry VII. at the Battle of Bosworth, the elder brother John was restored to his title and possessions. He was made Constable of the Tower and Lord High Admiral of England, Ireland, and the Duchy of Aquitaine. Upon the accession of Henry VIII., the Earl of Oxford was restored to the office of Great Chamberlain of England, originally granted to his ancestor, Aubrey de Vere, by King Henry I., in which year he had the Constableship of the Castle of Clare, county Suffolk, confirmed to him for life, as also a grant and confirmation of the Castle of Colchester; which Maud, the Empress, conferred upon his family. Of this distinguished personage (who was celebrated for his splendid nospitality, and was esteemed a gallant, learned, and religious man) and his Monarch King Henry VII., the following story is told. The Monarch visiting the Earl's Castle at Hedingham, was sumptuously entertained there by the princely noble, and at his departure his lordship's retainers in livery, ranged on both sides, made an avenue for the King; which attracting his Highness's attention, he called out to the Earl and said "My Lord I have heard much of your hospitality, but I see it is greater than the speech. The handsome gentlemen and yeomen which I see on both sides of me, are surely your menial servants" ? The Earl smiled, and said "It may please your Grace, they were not for mine ease; they are most of them my retainers, that are come to do me service at such a time as this, and chiefly to see your Grace." The King started a little, and rejoined, "By my faith, my Lord, I thank you for my good cheer, but I may not endure to have my laws broken in my sight; my attorney must speak with you." It is added that this affair cost his lordship eventually, no less than 15,000 marks in the shape of compromise. The Earl married 1st, Lady Margaret Nevill, daughter of Richard, Earl of Salisbury, by whom he had a son John, who died young in the Tower, during his father's exile. His lordship married 2nd, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Richard Scrope, Knight, but had no issue. He died in 1513, and was succeeded by his nephew, the eldest surviving son of his brother, Sir George Vere.
147. Sir John Ratcliffe, Knight, Governor of Tronusak in Acquitaine, had 1,000 marks allowed him for the guard thereof, 7th Henry V. In the 4th Henry VI., Sir John had a grant of the wardship of Ralph, Earl of Westmoreland, in consideration of 2,000 marks then due to him by the King for service in his military capacity. This eminent soldier, who was Knight Banneret and K.G., married Elizabeth Fitz-Walter, only daughter and heiress of Walter Fitz-Walter, last Baron Fitz-Walter of that family, and was succeeded at his decease by his son, Sir John Ratcliffe, who in 39 Henry VI. obtained a pardon of intrusion, for entering on the lands of his inheritance. He it is, no doubt, who is described as son and heir of the Lord Fitz-Walter, No. 147. For treason in connection with Perkyn Warbeck's spurious claim to the throne, he was attainted; and endeavouring to escape whilst being conveyed to Calais, he was there beheaded in the year 1495.
148. John de la Pole, was son of William de la Pole, 4th Earl Suffolk (No. 96), and having married Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, sister of King Edward IV., was confirmed as Duke of Suffolk by letters patent, dated 23rd March 1463. Upon the accession of King Henry VII., his Grace was made Constable of Wallingford. The Duke had issue John, who by special Charter, dated 13th March 1467, was created Earl of Lincoln, and in 2nd Richard III., was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. After this he was declared by his uncle, the same monarch, heir to the Crown of England, in the event of the decease of his own son, Prince Edward. His Lordship in the next reign having reared the standard of revolt, fell at the battle of Stoke, 16th June 1487. His brother Edmund succeeded their father John, who died in 1491.
149. The Earl of Shrewsbury here mentioned, is George Talbot, the 3rd Earl, son of John the 2nd Earl, by his 2nd wife Elizabeth, daughter of James Butler, Earl of Ormonde and Wiltshire, and grandson of John Talbot, the 1st and celebrated Earl of French renown (see No. 123). He married Katherine, daughter of Humphrey Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, and died 28th June 1473, leaving George, his son and heir, 4th Earl of Shrewsbury and K.G.
150. Thomas Stanley, (fn. 10) 12th Baron Stanley, K.G., was son and heir of Sir John Stanley, M.P. for county Lancaster, 1415, by his wife Isabel, sister of Sir William Harington, K.G., of Hornby, which Sir John died 1481. Thomas, his son and heir, was summoned by writ, 20th January 1456, and married Joan, daughter and coheiress of Sir Robert Gousill, Knight, of Hoveringham, county Notts. Dying in 1459, he was succeeded by Thomas, his son and heir, eventually the 1st Earl of Derby, No. 150 on the list. He was summoned to Parliament from 30th July 1460 to 9th December 1483, and was created Earl of Derby, 27th October 1485, on the accession of Henry VII. to the throne. He married 1st, Eleanor, daughter of Richard Nevill, Earl of Salisbury, and sister to the king-making Earl of Warwick, and was thus brother-in-law to several noble peers previously mentioned. Henry Beauchamp, Duke of Warwick, No. 51; John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, No. 133; Henry, Lord Fitzhugh, No. 143; William, Lord Bouville, 87; John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, No. 9; and William, Lord Hastings, No. 141, were all of them husbands of his wife's sisters, so that one small part of the list alone formed a regular family group. Lord Stanley married 2nd, Margaret Countess of Richmond, foundress of St. John's and Christ's Colleges, Cambridge, widow of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, and mother of King Henry VII., but by this lady he left no issue. By his 1st wife, Eleanor, he left three sons of whom George, the eldest, became, jure uxoris, 9th Baron Strange of Knockyn, and was so summoned by writ from 15th November 1482 to 16th January 1497; he was K.G., and died 1497, v.p., leaving a son, Thomas, successor to his grandfather. This George, Lord Strange, was hostage and guarantee for his father's good faith, and who so nearly lost his life on the morning of the battle of Bosworth Field (vide Shakespeare).
151. Richard Fienes married Joan, grand-daughter and heir of Thomas Dacre, last lord of that family, which Thomas died in 1457, his granddaughter Joan, being then 25 years of age. Her husband, it appears, in consequence of some dispute, was declared Lord Dacre, and one of the Barons of the Realm, by patent, 7th November, 37th Henry VI., held to be a confirmation of the original Barony, and was summoned to Parliament from 9th October 1459 to 15th November 1482 as Lord Dacre. He died in 1484. From him descended the Barons Dacre now represented by
152. William Herbert was summoned to Parliament 26th July 1461 as William Herbert of Herbert, and in 1848, on 8th September, was created Earl of Pembroke and K.G., but was beheaded 1469. His son, William Herbert, resigned the Earldom of Pembroke to please King Edward IV., who wished to confer it on his son, Prince Edward. He received instead the title of Earl of Huntingdon, 4th July 1479, but died 1491, leaving an only daughter, Elizabeth, who married Sir Charles Somerset, K.G., natural son of Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, from whom the extant Dukes of Beaufort. Sir Charles was created Earl of Worcester 1st February 1514, and died in 1526. Henry Somerset, his son, succeeded both his father and mother in their Baronies, and was also 2nd Earl Worcester.
153. William de Ferrars, 6th Baron Ferrars of Chartley, died 1449, leaving an only daughter Anne, his heir, who married Walter Devereux, Esq., summoned, jure uxoris, in 1461 as Baron Ferrers of Chartley. He was killed at Bosworth Field, 1485.
154. John May, Abbot of Chartley, was probably domestic Priest, or as we should now term it Chaplain, to the above William, Lord Ferrers.
155. William, Abbot of St. Austins, Canterbury.
156. John Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk, was son and heir of John, the 3rd Duke, K.G., by Eleanor his wife, daughter of William, Lord Bourchier. He was created v.p., with reference to his maternal descent, Earl Warren and Earl of Surrey. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom he left an only daughter Anne, contracted in marriage to Richard, son of Edward IV., but died before marriage was consummated. The Duke died 1475, when all his honours, except the Baronies of Mowbray and Segrave, expired.
157. George Nevill Duke of Bedford, was so created 5th January 1469, by King Edward IV., with the intention of bestowing upon him in marriage his eldest daughter, the Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet (see No. 145, where the unfortunate career of this nobleman is mentioned).
158. Robert Morley, 6th Baron Morley, died in 1442, leaving an only daughter and heir, Alianore Morley, aged 23, who married William Lovel, 2nd son of William Baron Lovel of Tichmersh, summoned, jure uxoris, as Lord Morley, from 10th August 1469 to 15th October 1475, or 1476. His son Henry Lovel was never summoned to Parliament, and died 1489, s.p., when his only sister, Alice, carried the Barony of Morley by marriage to the Parker family,
159. Lady Anne Ferrers, only daughter and heiress of William, the 6th Baron, has already been alluded to in the notice of her husband, Walter Devereux, jure uxoris, Lord Ferrers, No. 153 on list.
160. Lawrence Bothe, or Booth, was Bishop of Durham from 1457 to 1476, when he was translated to York, which See he occupied from 1476 to 1480, in which year he died, May 19th.
161. John Bothe, or Boothe, Bishop of Exeter from 1465 to 1478, in which year he died, April 5th; was half brother to Lawrence, Bishop of Durham, who precedes him, and were both sons of John Booth, Esq., of Barton, county Lancaster, living in the reigns of Richard II. and Henry IV. The family was an extremely ancient one in that county and held posts and offices of the highest importance and trust. In the time of James I., the head of family was created a Baronet in 1611, and the 2nd Baronet in 1664 was created Lord Delamere, a title whose possessor was advanced to an Earldom in April 1690, as Earl of Warrington, and which title has been continued to the family of Grey, Earls of Stamford, the present representatives of the senior branch of the Booth family, though this is considered doubtful by some authors.
162. The Lord of Northumberland refers to Henry Percy the 4th Earl, who in 1467 had fled with King Henry VI., into Scotland and his dignities; and portions of his estates had been granted to Sir John Nevill of Montagu, who was subsequently advanced by the victorius Edward IV., to the Earldom of Northumberland (see Nos. 145 and 157). But halting in his allegiance he was persuaded by that monarch to resign the Percy title; which was restored to its former possessors, and Lord Nevill in lieu thereof created Marquess of Montagu, 25th May 1470. This proving somewhat a barren honour, and below his expectations, he soon revolted, saying "the King had only giving him a pie's nest," and fell at Barnet, 14th April 1471. On the restoration of Henry Percy to his ancient dignity, his name appears to have been recorded on the Merchant Taylors' Rolls, where so many of his ancestors had shone before him. He married Maud, daughter of William Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke, and dying 28th April 1489, was succeeded by his eldest son, Henry Algernon Percy, 5th Earl, K.G.
163. Anthony Widville has been mentioned before under the title Lord Scales (No. 120). He was the eldest son of Sir Richard Widville, of Grafton, Governor of the Tower of London, King Henry VI., and Knighted by the King at Leicester in the following year. Who was afterwards constantly employed in the Wars of France, and who married without licence Jacquelina, or Jacquetta, de Luxembough, daughter of Peter I., Compte de St. Pol and Brienne, and widow of his late commander, the King's uncle, John, Duke of Bedford, for which transgression and for livery of the castles, manors, and lands, constituting her Grace's dowry he paid a fine of 1,000l. He served after, under Richard Duke of York, and was elevated to the peerage, 9th May 1448, as Baron Rivers, in which title he was succeeded by Anthony his son and heir, then Lord Scales. Anthony Widville, eldest son of the before named Sir Richard and Jacquette his wife, which lady died 1472, became brother-in-law to King Edward IV., by the marriage of that monarch with his sister Elizabeth Widville, widow of Sir John Grey, Lord Grey of Grosby. The said Anthony Widville had himself married Elizabeth, widow of Henry Bourchier, and only daughter and heiress of Thomas, last Lord Scales, in whose right he was summoned to Parliament as Baron Scales, from 22nd December 1462 to 23rd February 1463; he succeeded his father in the Earldom of Rivers, 1469, and was beheaded, together with his second son, Sir John Widville, at Pontefract in 1483, dying s.p. He was succeeded in his honours, except the Barony of Scales, by his brother Richard, who became 3rd Earl Rivers, but he, dying unmarried in 1491, the Barony and Earldom of Rivers became extinct, while his lands descended to his nephew, Thomas, Marquess of Dorset, whom he named as his heir.
164. John Russell was Bishop of Rochester from 1476 to 1480, when he was translated to Lincoln, which See he held from 1480 to 1494. He was Archdeacon of Berks, Chancellor of Oxford, and Chancellor of England; and died 30th December 1494.
165. In the list of Lords High Treasurers of England, printed in Beatson's Political Index, 2nd edition, 1788, Sir Richard Wood, Knight, occurs in 1483.—Qy., should this name be John or Richard ?
166. We have seen that nearly all the immediate ancestors and connections of this monarch were Merchant Taylors, as well as his wife's relatives, and it was only natural therefore that when he re-established his house on a long disputed throne, he should have been anxious at least to identify himself with such a stable power in the State as the citizens of London. By his marriage in 1486 with Elizabeth, the heiress of York, he not only terminated the destructive wars of the Roses and secured to himself a peaceful and undisputed throne, which is a matter of history, but he consolidated in his own person, the traditionary brotherhood and connection of several distinguished members of the Merchant Taylors' Company, and the interest he took in that association is not only shown in the registration of his name on the Honorary List, but by the further incorporation of the Company under his auspices and Charters in the eighteenth year of his reign (1503), as "the Master and Wardens of the Merchant Tailors of the Fraternity of St. John the Baptist, in the City of London." They being before that styled, "The Taylors and Linen Armourers" only. This monarch was a direct discendant of Ralph Nevill, 1st Earl of Westmoreland (see No. 33); his history is so entirely that of England that it would be needless to say more than that he died 22nd April 1509.
167. Edward Stafford, son and heir of Henry Stafford, and great grandson of Humphrey Stafford, 4th Earl of Stafford, by his wife Ann Plantagenet, was restored in blood in 1486, made Lord High Constable, and K.G., and beheaded in 1483, as his father was before him in 1481. By his wife, Lady Alianore Percy, he left with three daughters, a son Henry, who succeeded to his father's name, but not to his titles or lands, and the remaining history of the family is one of constant misfortune.
168. Thomas Ratcliffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, of that family, and K.G., was grand nephew of Edward, Duke of Buckingham, who precedes him on the list, being grandson of his sister Elizabeth. He married twice, 1st, Lady Elizabeth Wriothesly, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Southampton; and 2nd, Francis, daughter of Sir William Sidney, Knight, but left no issue by either to survive. He died June 19th, 1583, at his house in Bermondsey, Southwark, and was succeeded by his brother, Sir Henry Ratcliffe, 5th Lord Fitz-Walter and 4th Earl of Sussex, Knight of the Garter.
These notes to the greater part of 168 names on the List of Honorary Members as presented to King James I., have no pretension to originality. Every book likely to afford assistance and information has been laid under contribution. In some instances the line of descent is not shown to be the same by different writers; and occasionally the date of death, or other important event, is given differently, and so altogether omitted in the notes furnished. It is consequently requested that these notes may be regarded only as explanatory and suggestive, to arouse, if possible, the reader's interest, and to tempt him to further enquiry, and not at all as a carefully considered commentary in which no error should be found.
Unfortunately they have been thrown together in such a hasty manner, that error must exist; and many points of interest from the linking of names together are doubtless omitted. The object in supplying them has been to try and stimulate or produce an interest in a long list of names whose representatives in the flesh are not usually known to general readers without some such sort of a reminder. When the memory can be jogged by a reference to Shakespeare, or to our English Historians,—or more satisfactory still, to our Peerages of the day,—joining the present with the past, we begin to feel that we are not altogether "Down among the dead men," and an interest of some amount is awakened within us. It would have been possible, with more time for reflection and consideration, no doubt, to have connected many existing families with the names commented upon, but time not allowing, it is hoped the notes will be accepted for what they are worth only, and not regarded as a well-digested commentary on so rich and noble a List.