BHO

The stables: Grooms c. 1665-1837

Pages 645-655

Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.

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Grooms c. 16651837

Grooms of the Stables were appointed by the master of the horse. Grooms were distinguished as being of the coursers' (also known as the crown or great horse) stable or the hunting and padd stable under Charles II and again under William III. The Household Establishment of 1664 lists two grooms of the coursers' stable at 10d per diem (15 4s 2d per annum), twenty-eight such officers at 14d per diem (21 5s 10d per annum), and thirteen grooms of the hunting stable at 12d per diem (18 5s per annum). In addition, nine groom sumptermen at 12d per diem (18 5s per annum) and two grooms of the hales at 9 2s 6d per annum were appointed under Charles II. Late in the reign, seven grooms of the hobby stable were appointed at 18 5s per annum and hunting grooms were raised to 30. (fn. 1) James II reduced the number of grooms to 21 at 54 per annum, plus a hunting groom at 18 5s. William III and Mary II raised their number to a total of 31, and allowed them a suit of livery worth 36. Anne reduced their number and wages to ten at 36 per annum on the Establishment of 1702. She appointed an additional hunting groom in 1708 and two more in 1710 at 36 plus 10 per annum in lieu of lodgings in London and other necessaries. George I allowed twenty-four grooms at 54 per annum plus one groom of the coursers' stable at 63 per annum. George II began with 25 grooms (afterwards reduced to 20 at 60) and two grooms at 120 per annum. One groom was assigned to the hobby stable from 1754. (fn. 2)

In 1761 the position of first groom, 'which had been extinct for many years' was revived for William Cates at 10 per annum. George III began with eighteen grooms at 60 per annum. This rose to 30 grooms at 70 per annum by 1782. In 1783 there were eighteen grooms, including a first groom at 70, the remainder at 60 per annum. By 1807, the grooms were allowed additional emoluments ranging from 21 1s to 73 3s. In 1812 there were sixteen grooms ranging in salary from 95 to 200. In 1823 their number rose to seventeen. (fn. 3)

Grooms of the Coursers [Crown or Great Horse] Stables

(c. 1669c. 1685; 16901702; 1708?)

By 1669 Ameny, E.
By 1669 Bayly, B.
By 1669 Bedlam, W.
By 1669 Blackwell, P.
By 1669 Cooke, W.
By 1669 Copner, H.
By 1669 Draper, W.
By 1669 Eldridge, T.
By 1669 Elkins, E.
By 1669 Foster, W.
By 1669 Goodyeare, E.
By 1669 Goudyeare, R.
By 1669 Gray, N.
By 1669 Hamden, J.
By 1669 Harrington, M.
By 1669 Henson, J.
By 1669 Howard, J.
By 1669 Huddy, R.
By 1669 Joyner, H.
By 1669 Lawton, E.
By 1669 Mountannis, F.
By 1689 Pluckington, R.
By 1669 Sanders, G.
By 1669 Smallpiece, W.
By 1669 Taylor, J.
By 1669 Udall, C.
By 1669 Vine, J.
By 1669 Waggon, F.
By 1669 Wickins, P.
By 1669 Welbeck, L.
1679 12 May Fenn, B.
By 1682 Abrooke, W.
By 1682 Brownlow, J.
By 1682 Johnson, W.
By 1682 Kelly, O.
By 1682 Rice, J.
By 1682 Stones, T.

N.B.: Grooms were not distinguished by function in the last Est. of Charles II, c. 1685 or the Est. of James II, 31 Mar. 1685 (Dartmouth MSS OX D (w) 1778/v/132). For succession 16851688 see Grooms.

1690 1 Feb. Hucksteen, A.
1690 19 May Stolte, P.
1690 19 May Votman, H.
1690 19 May Lammesum, C.
1690 25 May Adryanne, J.
1690 25 May Johnson, A.
1701 6 Nov. Oakley, J.
1708 1 Dec. Spedding, T. (vacated)

Grooms of the Hunting and Padd Stables

(c. 16651685; 16891702; 17081735)

1665 15 Aug. Roberts, G.
By 1669 Armstrong, J.
By 1669 Bell, J.
By 1669 Bell, W.
By 1669 Burden, T.
By 1669 Calcott, T.
By 1669 Carpenter, W.
By 1669 Franklin, R.
By 1669 Fulthrop, C.
By 1669 Hall, W.
By 1669 Honiwood, E.
By 1669 Leadman, A.
By 1669 Little, D.
By 1669 Little, W.
By 1669 Langstaffe, W.
By 1669 Morgan, J.
By 1669 Peake, R.
By 1669 Rawlins, J.
By 1669 Rayson, H.
By 1669 Robinson, H.
By 1669 Robinson, M.
By 1669 Smith, J.
By 1669 Solesby, E.
By 1669 Taylor, G.
By 1669 Taylor, T.
By 1669 Ullock, J.
By 1682 Dufftie, J.
By 1682 Shepherd, T.
By 1682 Smith, R.
1683 26 Sept. Simpson, C.
By 1685 Burden, G.

N.B.: Grooms were not distinguished by function in the last Est. of Charles II, c. 1685 or the Est. of James II, 31 Mar. 1685 (Dartmouth MSS OX D (w) 1778/v/132). For succession 16851688, see Grooms.

1689 [?20 Apr.] Allen, M.
1689 20 Apr. Boyd, T.
1689 20 Apr. Dufftie, J.
1689 20 Apr. Robinson, H.
1689 20 Apr. Scott, C.
1689 20 Apr. Sheapard, T.
1689 20 Apr. Smith, R.
1689 29 Apr. Rawlins, R.
1689 28 Dec. Ullock, J.
1689 28 Dec. Addamson, R.
1689 28 Dec. Peake, R.
1689 28 Dec. Roberts, G.
1689 28 Dec. Smith, J.
1690 19 May Bourgue, J.
1690 19 May Givers, J.
1690 19 May Schrute, A.
1690 19 May van Binsburg, H.
1690 19 May Ridder, H.
1690 19 May Slott, N.
1690 19 May Tellight, H.
1690 19 May Woodenberg, L.
1690 25 May Dureman, H.
1690 25 May Fanniers, H.
1693 8 Mar. Woodenburgh, H.
1693 16 Sept. Holbergh, H.F.
1693 10 Sept. Van Lewen, N.
1694 1 Jan. Clark, J.
1694 12 Sept. Mosse, W.
1697 28 Dec. Leethouse, R.
1698 1 Jan. La Violette, P.
1698 1 June Young, R.
1700 4 Oct. Stringer, J.
1701 20 June Rawlins, J.
1708 1 Nov. Milburne, A.
1710 1 July Heathcat, W.
1710 1 July Stilbeck, H.

Groom Sumptermen c. 16691685

By 1669 Bowles, G.
By 1669 Cliffe, J.
By 1669 Hickman, H.
By 1669 Hide, T.
By 1669 Horsey, W.
By 1669 Phillipps, J.
By 1669 Rawson, G.
By 1669 Titchbourne, H.
By 1669 Wapscott, R.
By 1676 Booth, J.
1676 23 Feb. Oldfield, W.
1677 26 Mar. Peachey, T.
By 1682 Ayres, T.
By 1682 Gee, T.
By 1682 Glisso, J.
By 1682 Masters, I.
By 1682 Wright, W.
By 1685 Rawson, J.

Grooms of the Hales c. 16691685

By 1669 Auberry, E.
By 1669 Hinckley, J.
1678 8 July Auberry, S.
By 1682 Brock, T.
By 1682 Price, J.
By 1682 Ward, R.

Grooms of the Hobby Stable

(c. 1682c.1685; 1754?1820)

By 1682 Attride, W.
By 1682 Carter, W.
By 1682 Harvey, H.
By 1682 Inger, R.
By 1682 Keene, G.
By 1682 Lock, E.
By 1682 Oldfield, W.
1754 1 Sept. Evans, R.
[1760 29 Nov.] Wilkinson, J.
1760 22 Dec. Hughes, T.
1760 22 Dec. Hornsby, W.
1760 22 Dec. Cater, W.
1766 27 Nov. Chapple, J.
1767 22 Apr. Johnston, G.
1767 9 Oct. Parnham, T.
1769 1 July Topper, P.
1770 19 Dec. Handy, A.
1770 10 Jan. Hunt, H.
1772 24 July Vallings, G.
1774 7 June Woodford, J.
1775 22 Mar. Bott, J.
1776 26 Aug. Trimby, J.
1777 7 Mar. Sadler, J.
1779 4 Mar. Bennett, J.
1799 6 Apr. Taplin, T.
1800 29 Nov. Ellis, T.
1805 22 June Lintott, H.

Grooms 16851688; 17021837

By 1685 Copeland, R.
By 1685 Hall, G.
By 1685 Shepherd, S.
By 1685 Very, J.
1685 31 Mar. Burden, R.
1685 31 Mar. Dufftie, J.
1685 31 Mar. Farian, W.
1685 31 Mar. Halton, G.
1685 31 Mar. Hulke, J.
1685 31 Mar. Hulke, R.
1685 31 Mar. Hullocke, J.
1685 31 Mar. Manne, T.
1685 31 Mar. Richison, A.
1685 31 Mar. Richison, R.
1685 31 Mar. Roberts, G.
1685 31 Mar. Robinson, M.
1685 31 Mar. Shepherd, T.
1685 31 Mar. Smith, J.
1685 31 Mar. Smith, R.
1685 31 Mar. Timberland, C.
1685 31 Mar. Wall, A.
1685 31 Mar. Woodcock, T., jun.
1685 31 Mar. Woodcock, T., sen.
1685 31 Mar. Wyett, L.
By 1702 Sharrington, W.
1702 6 July Betham, J.
1702 6 July Clauson, C.
1702 6 July Lloyd, W.
1702 6 July Sutton, T.
1708 23 Apr. Smith, W.
1713 21 May Aron, R.
1714 1 Jan. Phipps, T. (pos. Hunting)
1715 25 Mar. Goddin, B.
1715 7 May Cooper, B. (Coursers)
1715 23 July Lyon, P.
1715 23 Sept. Weetman, R.
1715 3 Oct. Addamson, M.
1716 1 Jan. Boyd, T.
1716 1 Jan. Fabian, R.
1716 1 Jan. Humble, P.
1717 1 July Haile, G.
1717 14 Dec. Coats, G.
1719 10 Jan. Sawley, J. [?sen.]
[1719 10 Jan.] Smith, R.
1719 1 Jan. Vane, H.
1719 2 Dec. Farrant, E.
1721 13 Jan. Anderson, R.
1721 19 Sept. Barke, G.
1724 6 Aug. Evans, J.
1725 25 Feb. Gosdon, J.
1727 9 Dec. Franklyn, R.
1727 9 Dec. Stolte, L.
1727 9 Dec. Sympson, F.
1728 12 Jan. Cousins, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1728 15 Jan. Hows, W. (att. Master of the Horse)
1728 15 Jan. Moody, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1728 15 Jan. Peters, W. (att. Master of the Horse)
1728 15 Jan. Tile, T. (att. Master of the Horse)
1728 15 Jan. Webb, M. (att. Master of the Horse)
1728 1 Nov. Hows, W.
1728 21 Dec. Horseman, T. (att. Master of the Horse)
1729 14 May Sawley, J. [?jun.]
1729 2 June Cunningham, R.
1729 23 June Horseman, T.
1734 19 Aug. Cunningham, R.
1735 Apr. Budd, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1735 Apr. Ellis, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1735 Apr. ?Harloft, C. (att. Master of the Horse)
1735 Apr. ?Power, C. (att. Master of the Horse)
1735 Apr. Shaw, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1735 Apr. Waterman, R. (att. Master of the Horse)
1735 19 Oct. Shaw, J.
1736 27 Jan. Dulden, T.
By 1737 Baker, C.
1738 25 Aug. Barke, G.
1741 12 Feb. Lucas, W.
1741 28 June Curtis, H.
1742 30 June Waterman, R.
By 1743 Slaughter, J.
1743 28 Aug. Macey, W.
1744 9 June Foweather, T.
1745 13 May Budd, J.
1745 28 May Collingridge, W.
1748 11 Apr. Wilkinson, J.
1748 11 June Frost, J.
1748 5 Dec. Gardener, J.
1751 July Gibbs, T. (att. Master of the Horse)
1751 July Glynn, W. (att. Master of the Horse)
1751 July Jones, W. (att. Master of the Horse)
1751 July Lloyd, T. (att. Master of the Horse)
1751 July Row, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1751 July Sampson, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1753 9 Oct. Theakstone, W.
1754 8 Oct. Hutchinson, J.
1755 14 Apr. Robinson, W.
1757 1 Oct. Gay, J.
1757 1 Oct. Jones, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1759 15 Oct. Genel, A.
1760 22 Dec. Bent, C.
1760 22 Dec. Bowley, T.
1760 22 Dec. Cater, W.
1760 22 Dec. Clifford, B.
1760 22 Dec. Elmes, T.
1760 22 Dec. Grainger, P.
1761 10 Jan. Abbot, E. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 10 Jan. Hervey, G. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 10 Jan. Shaw, W. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 10 Jan. Smith, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 10 Jan. Thomlinson, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 10 Jan. Wilkinson, C. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 11 May Hutchinson, G.
1761 4 June Blair, W. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 4 June Cornish, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 4 June Crooks, D. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 4 June Lloyd, H. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 4 June Nicholls, T. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 4 June Stanley, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 4 Nov. Browne, W.
1764 13 Dec. Johnson, W.
1765 20 Apr. Elkins, B.
1766 26 Dec. Topper, T.W.
1769 27 Jan. Snart, J.
1771 26 Feb. Davis, J.
1772 2 July Smith, E.
1773 22 Dec. Rainger, T.
1774 4 Mar. De Luce, W.
1776 13 Aug. Irons, T.
1778 15 Sept. Gunby, B.
1784 8 July Brown, T.
1789 Apr. Rampton, R.
1790 13 Feb. Brown, W.
1793 8 Apr. Woollard, M.
1795 6 Jan. Hughes, J.
1796 18 May Hevon, J.
1798 21 July Rainger, W., sen.
1801 2 June Costar, W.
1801 2 June Hausted, T.
1801 2 June Rainger, T., jun.
1801 3 June Soley, G.
1812 ?9 Feb. Anderson, W.
1812 ?9 Feb. Davis, N.
1812 ?9 Feb. Hortler, W.
1812 6 Apr. Beaseley, C.
1812 6 Apr. Comber, J.
1812 6 Apr. Gardiner, J.
1812 6 Apr. Radford, S.
1812 16 May Bacon, F.
1812 16 May Bush, J.
1812 16 May Decks, W.
1812 16 May Long, J.
1812 16 May Radford, J.
1812 16 May Stark, J.
1813 26 June Farrow, J. (Head Groom)
1815 25 Feb. Graves, J.
1815 25 Feb. Jones, J.
By 1816 Collins, L.
By 1816 Hillyer, J.
By 1816 Mark, W.
By 1816 Ronald, J.
By 1816 Sadler, W.
By 1816 Werden, J.
By 1822 Bostock, S. (att. Master of the Horse)
By 1822 Sharp, H. (att. Master of the Horse)
1824 16 May Martin, T.
1826 4 Aug. Clapham, T.
1828 5 Jan. Adkins, W.
1828 5 Jan. Austin, J.
1828 5 Jan. Davis, G.
1828 5 Jan. Herrington, C.
1828 5 Jan. Holloway, G.
1828 5 Jan. Payne, T.
1828 5 Jan. T.Radford, S.
1828 5 Jan. Sadler, N.
1828 5 Jan. West, J.
1829 3 Aug. Muggeridge, H.
1830 6 Nov. Hiley, C.
1830 11 Nov. Gower, J. (Head Groom)
1830 11 Nov. Poole, J.
1830 11 Nov. Riminton, J.
1830 29 Nov. Moore, J.
By 1831 Martin, T.
1834 2 Aug. Hudson, T.
1835 2 May White, J.
1835 1 July Chester, T.
1835 1 Oct. Reynolds, H.
By 1836 Coucher, -
1836 1 July Darmand, D.

Footnotes

  • 1. LS 13/34; Darmouth MSS ox D (w) 1778/v/132.
  • 2. LS 13/38, f. 16v; LS 13/39, p. 36; CTB IX, 257 (but cf. also E 351/1769); LS 13/43, f. 21; LS 13/44, f. 22; MOH PB 1, pp. 13637; LS 13/49, p. 50; LS 13/202, f. 15v. In April 1716 pay was raised to 60 including 24 for the purchase of a house. The number of grooms was to be reduced to thirteen, with the groom of the coursers' stable to be eliminated 30 Sept. 1715: LS 13/260. In 1727 emoluments were divided as follows: 30 in wages, 10 for lodgings in London, 6 in livery money, 8 for necessaries and 6 in lieu of a horse.
  • 3. MOH PB 1, p. 25, 13637; WB 1, pp. 1213; WB 2, pp. 67; EB 4, p. 6; LB C, pp. 17475; LB F, pp. 550551; EB 1D nos 1, 2. In 1807 the net yield of this position, after deductions, was calculated as ranging from 68 2s 3d to 109 17s 2d. In 1830, some were still receiving allowances of 9 10s in lieu of articles in kind: LB F, pp. 55051.