BHO

The stables: Coachmen 1662-1837

Pages 655-658

Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.

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Coachmen 16621837

Coachmen (referred to as groom coachmen on the Establishments of Charles II) were appointed by the master of the horse. There were five coachmen on the Household Establishment of 1664. They were allowed 39 10s 10d in wages, out of which they were to pay their postillions as well. This figure rose to 73 by the Establishment of 1679. James II cut the number of coachmen at these wages to four, with an additional officer at 18 per annum. William III raised the number at 73 to 6, allowing them a suit of livery worth 48. Anne lowered these wages to 65 per annum. Coachmen also earned an average of about 1 in fees of honour annually. George II employed five to six coachmen, with one of these receiving a little over a double salary (i.e., 138 per annum). A seventh coachman served intermittently under George III. In 1807 the salary was 65, with additional allowances of 70 to 90 apiece. Seven served in 1812 at 150 apiece and an extra coachman served 18181823 and from 1831. By the latter year, many coachmen had allowances for goods in kind ranging between 6 6s and 15 16s.

From 1758 a separate body coachman (also known as the state coachman) at 10 per annum was appointed. In 1783 he made 83 in salary and allowances. This rose to 191 by 1807, 200 in 1812.

1662 29 Aug. Bartleson, J.
By 1669 Clarke, M.
By 1669 Gold, E.
By 1669 Murrey, G.
By 1669 Starling, D., sen.
By 1669 Roberts, C.
1679 17 Nov. Chere, R.
By 1682 Mills, H.
By 1682 Baldwin, J.
By 1685 Edgerton, N.
By 1685 Ford, W.
1685 31 Mar. Calash, T.
1685 31 Mar. Dixey, J.
1685 31 Mar. Price, S.
1685 31 Mar. Welsh, T.
1689 25 Apr. Kilby, S.
1689 25 Apr. Welsh, W.
1689 25 Apr. Young, R.
1690 19 May Noble, W.
1690 19 May Storck, D.
1690 25 May De Grave, J.
1696 15 Aug. Williams, E.
1697 1 July van Dorsellan, R.
1699 1 Jan. Serle, J.
1702 6 July Curtis, J.
1702 6 July Holt, H.
1702 6 July Welsh, T.
1702 6 July William, A.
1705 27 July Brockhurst, E.
1706 1 July Simmons, W.
1707 26 Nov. Swanock, J.
By 1708 Milham, A.
By 1708 Rodwell, R.
1708 30 Nov. Smedley, J.
1713 15 Aug. Williams, E.
1714 1 Feb. Langdale, R.
1714 29 Sept. Salter, J.
1720 25 Feb. Tuppa, J.
1727 9 Dec. Gerton, F.
1727 9 Dec. Holloway, E.
1727 9 Dec. Hoose, E.
1728 15 Jan. Harrison, N. (att. Master of the Horse)
1732 17 Aug. Oakes, T.
1735 Apr. Johnston, T. (att. Master of the Horse)
1740 1 Apr. Holloway, E.
1742 1 May Dagley, T.
1747 Jan. Saunderson, J.
1751 July Stanmoor, J. (att. Master of the Horse)
1751 22 Nov. Clarke, W.
1751 22 Nov. Sanders, J.
1754 4 June Figgett, W.
1754 23 July Pritchard, J.
1758 12 Dec. Figget, W.
1760 22 Mar. Clapp, J.
1760 22 Dec. Bowley, T.
1760 22 Dec. Coats, H.
1760 22 Dec. Hoggray, J.
1761 10 Jan. Fleming, C. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 4 June Flint, T. (att. Master of the Horse)
1761 23 Dec. Spalton, T.
1762 28 Sept. Withers, C.
1767 27 June Hainsworth, W.
1769 13 Oct. Williams, W.
1771 2 Nov. Pitches, P.
1777 25 Sept. Kemp, J.
1779 6 Sept. Philpot, J.
1779 2 Oct. Ingram, J.
1781 19 Jan. De Luce, G.
1784 20 Jan. Gray, R.
1784 20 Jan. West, M.
1785 9 June Clarke, R.
1787 6 Mar. Swan, I.
1792 7 Mar. Frere, T.
1792 27 Sept. Phipps, J.
1796 18 Feb. Welch, T.
1796 15 Oct. Morley, J.
1800 4 Mar. Blumfield, J.
1801 3 June Ives, P
1804 8 Feb. Rainger, W.
1804 24 May Foster, G.
1806 20 Jan. Cooper, J.
1808 18 Aug. Bullock, J.
1810 14 Feb. Lee, T.
1812 [?9 Feb.] Freaker, H.
1812 [?9 Feb.] Moore, J.
1812 5 Apr. Quinnel, M.
1812 6 Apr. Rand, W.
1813 26 June Billing, J.
1814 29 May Bullock, J.
By 1816 Knight, R.
1819 6 Apr. Mainwaring, H.
1828 1 Jan. Blow, T.
1830 6 July Payne, T.
1830 6 July West, J.
1831 6 Apr. Botheroyd, J.
1834 2 Aug. Evans, R.
1835 2 May Quinnel, M.

Extra Coachman 1818?1823

1818 6 June Robinson, J.

Body Coachman 17581837

1758 12 Dec. Mowinkle, B.
[?1761 23 Dec.] Coats, H.
1769 4 Sept. Bowley, T.
1777 25 Sept. Sanders, J.
1779 2 Oct. Figgett, W.
1781 19 Jan. Williams, W.
1787 6 Mar. Kemp, J.
1796 18 Feb. Gray, R.
1812 [16 May] Roberts, R.

Footnotes

  • 1. LS 13/34, f. 17; LS 13/37, f. 17; LS 13/38, f. 16v; LS 13/39, p. 36; CTB IX, 257 (however, cf. E 351/1768 for a different valuation of the suits of livery. Salaries were raised back to 1679 levels on the Establishment of 1701 [LS 13/41], but this was probably signed too late to have been implemented; LS 13/43, f. 21; calculations from R. Bucholz, pp.31819, n. 102; LS 13/49, p. 50; MOH PB 1, pp. 13536.
  • 2. MOH PB 1, pp. 13536, 196, 21516; WB 2, pp. 45; LB C, pp. 17475; LB E, p. 124; LB F, pp. 54950; EB 4, p. 5; EB D1, no. 2. In 1807, the annual net yield after deductions for this position ranged between 110 18s 4d and 158 8s 3d.