Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.
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Chairmen [Groom Littermen], c. 16691812
Chairmen (also known as groom littermen) were appointed by the master of the horse. The Household Establishment of 1664 lists two chairmen (`littermen') at 22d per diem (33 9s 3d) and five such officers at 20d per diem (30 8s 4d per annum). That of 1674 lists six chairmen or littermen at the latter wage and five littermen (their places to determine) at 12d per diem or 18 5s per annum. By the Establishment of 1679, these numbers had become eight chairmen at 30 8s 4d and three such officers at 18 5s per annum. In addition, chairmen were allowed one hackney livery on the Stables Establishment of 1669, a suit of livery worth 36 and bread, beer and beef when in attendance. James II reduced the number of chairmen to four at 36 per annum, which wages were raised to 42 per annum by Queen Anne by the provision of an allowance of 6 for livery. The position was abolished by the Establishment of 6 April 1812. (fn. 1)