BHO

Border Papers volume 1: March 1580

Pages 14-19

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

Citation:
Please subscribe to access the page scans

This volume has gold page scans.
Access these scans with a gold subscription.Key icon

In this section

47. Muster of the East Marches. [March 10.]

"The muster and vew of the freholders and tenauntes dwelleng within thesse East Marches of England for anyempst Scotland, under the charg of the right honorable the Lord Hunsdon lord governour of Berwick lord warden of the said East Marches, and one of her Majestes most honorable privey counsell, taken by John Selbye esquier, depute warden to the said right honorable, uppon the vij, viij, ix, and xth daiis of Marche anno 1579 as followeth."—

Carham, a village of Thomas Fosters of Eytherston esquire, wherein is 8 tenants, 4 horsed and furnished, the others unfurnished. No cause of decay by them showed.

Wark, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes of Chillengham knight, with 27 tenants, 16 only horsed and furnished. No cause of decay showed.

Learmouth, a village of said Sir Thomas Greyes, with 22 tenants, 15 only horsed, &c. Saith their decay was by the late Earl of Westmorland, the Lairds of Fernnyehurst and Buckclughe, &c., who burned and spoiled their town in the late rebellion.

Myndrome, a village of the said Sir Thomas Greyes, with 11 tenants, 5 only horsed, &c. Their decay caused as above.

Preswenn, a village of said Sir Thomas, with 4 tenants, 2 only furnished. Their decay due to the said Earl and English and Scottish rebels.

Mannylawes, a village of John Selbies esquire, with 6 tenants, all furnished. Were spoiled by the said Earl, Bucklughe, &c. And in October last they were robbed by the Scottes of West Tevedale, but look for redress at the "first daye of trew."

Downham, a village of Lewke Ogills of Eglngham esquire, with 4 tenants, 2 only furnished. No cause shown.

Pawstoun, a village of John Selbyes esquire, William Strothers, William Selbyes, gentillmen, with 7 tenants, 4 only furnished. Were burned by the said Earl, Bucklughe and Ledisaall men.

Brankstoun, a village of John Selbyes esquire, John a Collengwoddes and Thomas Maners, gentlemen, with 12 tenants, 5 horsed. No decay alleged, but some of Collengwoddes tenants well horsed and furnished, were lately discharged by him.

Crowkham, a village of Mr William Carrs of Fourd esquire, with 22 tenants, 11 horsed. No cause shown.

Heytherslaw, a village of said William Carrs, with 16 tenants, 4 furnished. No cause.

New Ettaill, a village of her Majesty's, (fn. 1) with 8 tenants, all unfurnished Declare 3 years' fine they paid to Sir William Drewry for a lease he had from her Majesty is the cause.

Mylnfield, a village of Oswald Mushamps and John a Collengwoddes, gentlemen, with 8 tenants, 2 only of Mushamps horsed. No cause.

Langtoun, a village of William Strothers, and John a Collengwoddes, gentlemen, 3 of Strothers horsed, none of Collengwoddes. No cause.

Cowpland, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, with 8 tenants, 4 horsed.

Their decay was by Bucklughe and Fernnyhurst and some English rebels.

Eward, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, with 13 tenants, 4 horsed, Cause as in last.

Kylham, a village of said Sir Thomas, with 20 tenants, 12 horsed, Cause as above.

Howttell, a village of her Majesty's, (fn. 2) and partly Sir John Fosters knight, and one John Burrells gentleman, with 6 tenants, 2 of her Majesty's horsed. Most of the ground turned to pasture.

Kirknewton and West Newton, villages of William Strothers esquire, with 18 tenants, 11 horsed. The decay caused by Buckclugh and others as above.

Ayekild, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, and one William Wallis gentleman, with 16 tenants, 7 horsed. Decay caused as above.

Homiltoun, a village partly her Majesty's, (fn. 3) and one Richard Wallisses and Thomas Burrell, with 12 tenants, 3 horsed. The others are unable to "fynd horse" on their small tenements.

Wouller, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, and other gentlemen his freeholders, with 18 tenants, 3 furnished. Buckclugh, his servants and English rebels caused their decay.

Earlle, a village of Michaell Hebbornes and Gilbert Scott gentlemen, with 8 tenants, only 1 horsed, &c. No cause shown.

Midilton hall, a village of Sir John Fosters, with 6 tenants, 2 only furnished. No cause shown.

North Midilton a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, with 11 tenants, 5 only horsed, &c. No cause shown.

South Midilton, a village of said Sir Thomas, with 14 tenants, 8 horsed. Ledisdaile and some English rebels got all their horses.

West Lilborne, a village of Roger Parttrers and Lewke Ogilles gentlemen, with 22 tenants, 3 furnished. No cause.

Fowbury, a village of Roger Fowburies gentleman, with 5 tenants, none horsed. No cause.

Chattoun, a village of the Earl of Northumberlands, with 24 tenants, 13 horsed, Have had great losses by death of cattle and the like, and 2 say the stealth of their horses and cattle by the Scots is the cause.

The Newtowne, near to Chillengham, a village of Sir Thomas Greys, with 19 tenants, 11 furnished. No cause shown.

Chillengham, a village of said Sir Thomas, with 11 tenants, 5 furnished. No cause.

Hebborne, a village of Michaell Hebbornes gentleman, with 5 tenants, 3 only horsed, &c. No cause.

The above towns and villages are within Glendale ward, on the west side of Till, and are the uttermost of Her Majesty's frontiers there.

Fourd, a village of William Carrs esquire, with 7 tenants, 4 horsed. No cause shown.

Kymarston, a village of Mr Carrs aforesaid, with 3 tenants, 1 furnished. No cause.

Old Ettaill, a village of her Majesty's, (fn. 4) with 12 tenants, 2 horsed. The others say their great fines paid to Mr Haggarston esquire, her Majesty's lessee, is the cause of decay.

Barmor, a village of George Mushamps gentleman, with 8 tenants, 4 horsed. No cause.

Bowsdenn, a village partly Her Majesty's, Henry Greyes, Thomas Swynhouse, and George Mushampes, gentlemen, with 12 tenants, 6 horsed. No cause.

Lowick, a village, the chief lord was the late Sir James Strangwith knight, and in the possession of Leonard Dacarres at the time of his "attenter." Part is one Mr Denton's under the rule of Sir Cuthbert Collengwod knight, part is one Mr Swynborne's of Captheatton gentleman, and others; with 21 tenants, 2 horsed. 13 of the others are on the late Strangwithes lands, which one Mr Leippton of Yorkshire gentleman claims as his inheritance, and has discharged them of their tenements, the rents of which after Dacres' attainder they paid to the Queen's receiver. Now by an injunction from Exchequer to the sheriff, they are forced to pay these over again to the Lady Brandon, who was the late wife of Sir James Strangwith. Not knowing whose tenants they are, they beg "your honours" resolution; whereon they will amend and furnish themselves.

Horttoun, a village of Mr Raphe Greyes esquire, with 11 tenants, 1 only furnished. No cause shown.

Hettoun, a village of Mr Carrs of Sleforth esquire, with 5 tenants, all unfurnished. The cause of decay is that one Thomas Jackson late of Berwick, having a "morgage," laid the best lands to pasture.

Howborne, a village of Thomas Howbornes of the said Howborne gentleman, with 7 tenants, 2 horsed. No cause.

Hasillrigg, a village of Mr Haggarstones of Haggarston esquire, with 5 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Fenton and Nesbett, 2 villages of Sir Thomas Greys, and Mr Raphe Greys his brother, with 11 tenants, 5 horsed. No cause.

Dodengtoun, a village of said Sir Thomas, with 24 tenants, 10 horsed. Buckclugh, Tevedaill and the English rebels the cause. One tenant of her Majesty's there declares a great fine which he paid to Mr Haggarston the lessee is the cause.

Wheittwod, a village of Peter Whiettwodes, with 9 tenants, 4 horsed. No cause.

Lyham and Lyhamhall, a village, partly of the Earl of Northumberlands, Mr Carnabies and Mr Fowburies, with 8 tenants, 3 horsed. No cause.

Diecham, a village of Raphe Greyes esquire, with 7 tenants, 2 furnished. No cause.

Midilltoun called "Midiltoun by the sea," a village of George Mushamps and Thomas Lilbornes, gentlemen, with 7 tenants, 1 horsed. No cause.

Bellforth, a village of the late Lord Conearrs lands, partly Roger Armarrers gentleman, with 13 tenants, 4 horsed. No cause shown.

Easengtoun, partly the late Lord Connears, Sir John Forsters, and Thomas Lilbornes gentleman, with 12 tenants, 3 horsed. No cause.

Mowswenn, a village of Thomas Swynhouse gentleman, with 6 tenants, all unfurnished, and no cause shown.

All the aforesaid towns and villages are within Glendale Ward.

Etherstoune, a village of Mr Thomas Fosterrs esquire, with 6 tenants, 4 furnished. No cause.

Bradforth, a stead wherein is Thomas Bradforth gentleman, and 3 his servants furnished.

Utchester, a village wherein dwelleth John Horsley gentleman, the lands of Sir Valentyne Browne knight, "in all tymes heretofore," with 12 tenants theron, till of late one Thomas Jackson of Berwick deceased, having a mortgage thereon, wholly expelled the tenants, and put the land to pasture, "and so yt remaynes to this day."

Spindilstoun, a village of Thomas Fosters of Etherston and William Strothers of Newton esquires and others, with 10 tenants, 3 only furnished. No cause shown.

Bewdill, a village of some freeholdes and tenants of the Castle of Bawmbrugh, with 4 tenants, 2 only horsed. No cause shown.

Bednell, a village belonging to the Castle of Bawmbrugh, with 8 tenants, 3 only horsed. No cause shown.

Sonderland, a village belonging to said castle, with 20 tenants, 6 only horsed. No cause shown.

Shorrstoune, a village belonging to said castle, with 11 tenants, 1 only horsed. No cause shown.

Fleitham, a village belonging to said castle, with 4 tenants, 1 only horsed. No cause shown.

Ellford, a village belonging to said castle, with 11 tenants, 3 only horsed. No cause shown.

Preston, a village of her Majestys, (fn. 5) in charge of Raphe Harbottill gentle man, with 5 tenants, 2 only horsed. No cause shown.

Ellengham, a village of her Majestys, in same charge, with 9 tenants and freeholders, all unfurnished, declaring that one Karswell the lessee did so fine them, is the cause of decay.

Stamforth, a village of her Majestys, (fn. 6) in the lordshipp of Dunstonbrugh under the rule of Mr Raphe Grey esquire, with 13 tenants, all unfurnished, alleging that the cause of decay is they were overmuch charged with service, bringing some stuff for the building a house of her Majestys in Emulton near them.

Emultoun, a village of her Majestys, (fn. 6) in same lordship, and under same rule, with 21 freeholders and tenants, 6 only furnished. No cause shown.

Dunstonbrughe, a village of her Majestys, (fn. 6) under same rule, with 11 tenants and freeholders, 4 only furnished. No cause shown.

Newtoune by the sea, a village of Mr Lawsones and other gentlemen, in the lordship of Dunstonbrugh, under the same rule, with 17 freeholders and tenants, 1 only furnished; for the causes whereof some allege oppression by their "maisters and such like."

Alnwick Lordship Roll.

Rock, a village of William Lawsones esquire, with 16 tenants, 6 only furnished. No cause shown.

Howick, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes and other gentlemen, with 19 tenants, 4 only furnished. No cause shown.

North Charltoun, a village of Mr Wetherengtones, with 15 tenants, 6 only furnished. No cause shown.

Swynhow, a village of her Majestys, (fn. 5) with 17 tenants, 1 only furnished.

The great fines which they lately paid to one Karswell, the lessee over them, is the cause of decay.

Tuggill and Tuggillhall, a village of the Earl of Northumberland, with 10 freeholdes and tenants, 5 only furnished. No cause.

Luckar, a village of same Earl, with 7 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Newham, a village of said Earl, with 12 tenants, 2 only furnished. No cause shown.

South Charlton, a village of same Earl, with 15 tenants, 6 only furnished. The cause was that following their goods stolen by the Scots of Liddisdale, some of the tenants were taken. After at the day of trew, a Scotsman was delivered for their bill to Lord Scropp, who released him from Carlell Castle, and the poor men as yet unrecompensed.

Broxfild, a hamlett of Sir John Fosters, and others, with 3 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Rynnengton, a village of the Earl of Northumberlands, with 11 tenants, 1 only horsed. No cause shown.

Longhowghton, a village of said Earl, with 28 tenants, 3 only horsed. No cause shown.

Lesbury, a village of said Earls, with 22 tenants, 6 only horsed. No cause shown.

Dynneck, a village of said Earls, with 13 tenants, 2 only horsed. No cause shown.

"Hear endes Alnwick lordship for this wardenry, beyng hollye under the charg of the said Earll and his baylies."

Hawkley, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, with 9 tenants, all unfurnished of horse. No cause shown.

Dockforth, a village of Mr Dockforths, with 6 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Bowmer, a stead of John Carrs of Bowmer, wherein is himself and his man furnished.

Shippley, a village of her Majestys, under the rule of Lewke Ogill, with 9 tenants of her Majestys, and one Raphe Collengwodes, 2 only furnished. No cause shown.

Burttoun, a village of her Majestys, under same rule, with 7 tenants of her Majesty and others, 2 only furnished. No cause shown.

Norhamshire and Islandshire in the East Marches.

Cornhill, a village of the Lady Hearones and Thomas Swynhouse gentleman, with 22 tenants, 9 only furnished. No cause shown.

Heattoun, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, with 11 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Tillmouthe, a village of Robert Claverenges of Callalie, esquire, partly Sir Thomas Greyes, with 11 tenants, 3 only furnished. No cause shown.

Twisill, a village of John Selbies esquire, with 10 tenants, 5 only furnished. No cause shown.

Shoarswod, a village of the "Dayne" and chapter of Durham, under the charge of William Selbye gentleman, with 6 tenants, 4 only furnished. No cause shown.

Wester Newbiggeng, a stead of George Ourdes of Longrige, with 1 man furnished.

Grothewghe, a stead of Henry Ourdes and Richard Ourdes, no man furnished.

Easter Newbiggeng, a stead of Henry Ourdes, with 1 man furnished.

Grendon towne and Gryndon Rigge, a village of George Selbyes and Roger Selbyes, with 4 tenants, 1 only furnished. No cause shown.

Felkengton, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes, with 5 tenants, 1 only furnished. No cause shown.

Ou[rde], a village of John Ourdes and Thomas Manners, Nicholas Maners and Rowland Burrells, with 10 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Scremerstoune, a village of Mr Lawsons esquire, with 12 tenants, 4 only furnished. No cause shown.

Cheswick, a village partly Sir Thomas Greys, Thomas Strangwithes, Thomas Mannersses, George Thompsones, George Reveleys, and Thomas Hudsones, with 12 tenants, 2 only furnished. Four of the others say that while tenants of Mr Haggarston of Haggarston, they were so oppressed with service and fines that they cannot yet recover, but promise to amend.

Gosswick, village, partly Thomas Swynhouse, George Midlames, gentlemen and others, with 10 tenants, 3 only furnished, 1 of them her Majestys. No cause shown.

Haggarston, a village of Mr Henry Haggarston esquire, with 11 tenants, all unfurnished, from their masters great oppression of fines and service daily.

Beill, a village of one Mr Palmarrs of Clerkenwell, with 13 tenants, 2 only furnished. The others declaring that the great and "uggsome" fines which they lately paid to one Phillipp Hardeng who lately sold the lands to Palmar, is the cause.

Low[ick], a village partly George Thompsons, Henry Greyes, and George Reveleys, with 8 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Kyellow, a village of Sir Thomas Greyes and one William Thompsones, with 5 tenants, all unfurnished. No cause shown.

Fenneck, a village of her Majestys belonging to Norham Castle, with 15 tenants, 10 only furnished. No cause shown.

Buckton, a village mostly her Majestys belonging to Norham Castle, with 12 tenants, 7 only furnished. Two of the others on the Earl of Rutlands lands, "at this present" leased by her Majesty to one Christopher Selbye, who puts them to "half part," abating her service.

Fenham, a village of her Majestys, under the rule of Captain Read, with 11 tenants, 7 only furnished. No cause shown.

"Some totallis of the tenauntes of lands alias husbordes of tillage inhabeteng within this East Marches of England for anyempst Scotland, in this Boke of Musterrs specefied, amounteth to the nombre of" 1148.

Horsed and furnished of them, 323. Unhorsed and unfurnished, 825.

Of her Majestys tenants, horsed and furnished, 63
unfurnished, 144
207
Other gentlemens tenants, horsed and furnished, 260
unfurnished, 681
941

Villages 117. Signed; Jhon Selbye.

19 pp. Indorsed: "Freholders in the East Marches."

48. Memorandum on East marches. [March 31. 1580.]

"A briff computacion and some of the Quenes Majesties tenauntes and other lordes tenauntes, accordeng to the vew and muster of them taken within this East Marches of England by the right worshippfull Sir John Selbye knight gentilman porter of the towne of Berwick and depute warden of the said East Marches.—

The nomber of the holle tenauntes that presented them selves at this muster taken in March anno regni domine Elizabethe Regine xxij° for these East Marches, were" 1116
Whereof horsed and furnished, 363, unfurnished, 753.
The Queen's tenants, a parcel of this number, in all 165. No Signature.
Whereof horsed and furnished 62, unfurnished 103.

1 p. In same hand as preceding. Indorsed.

Footnotes

  • 1. Ad x li. per annum, interlined by another hand.
  • 2. Ad xlvj s. viij d. per annum, interlined as before.
  • 3. Ad viij li. per annum, interlined as before.
  • 4. Ad xvj li. per annum ultra redd' cotag,' interlined as before.
  • 5. On margin: "Nuper comitis Northumbrie."
  • 6. On margin: "Duchie."