Border Papers volume 1: July 1587

Pages 261-265

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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522. Sir Cuthbert Collingwood to Walsingham. [July 12.]

"I was boulde of late to wryte unto your honour, the ruenous estate of this beggerly border, evne so urged by the lamentable spectacle therof, frome time to time rather agravatyd then reformed, for that nowe of late, in exstremetie, exsedinge all other times of pretended peace to my knoledge, the Scottes in hostiall and warlyke maner, have burned ransomed and utterly impovereshed a great parte of the Myddle Marche, as may appeere to your honour by a note heereinclosed, without any requital or redresse, but rather suffered and dyspenced withall. So that the inhabitantes of whole towneshipes ar fledd of the Borders, and lefte waste their dwellinges, to the great decaye of service and dishonour of the realme, and will no dout (if their malice be not more speedely prevented then hetherto it hath byn) bringe that to passe in all, which they have practesed most specyally within Cookedale and Rydsdale, etc. And not that I speake of malice I beare to the majestrat who myght (as it is well knowne and proved beffore my lorde lyfftenant, if he wolde) ether in all or the most parte, have redressed or prevented that inormetie, but I am so prycked with the daylye vewe of the abewsed, that I cannot lett slyppe with scylence one my parte that which behoveth all good subjectes to reveale. Wherin I humbly crave and intently beseche your honour (for Godes sake) to be a meane to hir Majestie, that we may be protected and have some deffence (for no justice whatsoever wyll brydle their rewenos attemptes) against these our auncyent enemyes, or ells we must all off force leave our poore dwelinges, and livinges off the fronteires." Eslington. Signed: Cuthbt Collingwood.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in above:—

(Note of incursions, &c.)

Sundry incursions and day forays done in the Middle March, since the last of April 1587, by the opposite realm, chiefly in Cookedale and Rydsdale, without redress, laying the said frontiers waste, and forcing the inhabitants to beg and leave their dwellings even more than in time of war.

Fernehurst tenants &c.—30 April, 20 of West Tevedale took 24 oxen and kye from the Lennt brigges in the day time, within 2 miles of Harbottle.

Cesford.—The 1st of May, 8 of East Tevedale took from Eldirton in the day time, 6 "horsse and meares."

Bothwell.—On 12th May, 400 of Liddesdale and Tevedale ran a day foray to Clenell, taking 60 beasts and sundry prisoners.

Cesford.—On 13 May 10 of East Tevedale took 7 horse from Alnam in the day time.

Fernehurst.—On 24th May 6 of West Tevedale took 4 horsse on the day time from 4 "carrage men" within a mile of Morpeth.

Fernehurst.—On 25th May 8 of West Tevedale took 4 horsse from other 4 "carrage men" of Rothbury within 2 miles of Morpeth, and cut 2 fingers from one of them.

Cesford.—On 27th May 12 "carrage men" were assaulted by 8 of East Tevedale in the day time, at Rosden coming to Alwycke, and lost sundry horses.

Bothwell.—On 29th May 80 of Ledesdale and West Tevedale ran a day foray to Harbottle, and took 60 oxen and "kye."

Bothwell and Anguish.—On 3d June 80 of same countries ran a day foray in Rydsdale, burnt the Stobes, took 60 oxen and kye, 100 sheep, and sundry prisoners.

Cesford.—The same day and hour 8 of East Tevedale took 10 "horsse and meres" from New Bewicke and Waperdon in the day time.

Cesford.—On same day 6 of same country took 5 "horsse" from Oberlawe within a mile of Alwycke.

Cesford.—The 10th June 8 of same country took 6 oxen and 4 horse from Alnam in the day time.

Some of the Elwoods of Liddesdale that were the foray runners at Clenell, Harbottle and burning the Stobes, came to Sir John Forster at Alnwick on 10th June, were well treated, and got the Elwoods taken at Clenell at liberty without redress to the owners. This was done lest it should break the "band of kindnes" between Sir John and the Elwoods.

Cesford.—On 11th June, 6 of East Tevedale took 8 horsse in the day time from Shilbottle, 2 miles south of Alwycke—and on the 14th, 8 of same country took 10 horsse from Newton of the More, 4 miles "south Alwycke."

Farnehurst.—On same day, 8 of West Tevedale took 8 oxen from the Wrytehill in day time; and on 18th June 10 of same county took 20 draught oxen from Arnum.

Bothwell and Anguish.—On 23d June, 500 of Ledesdale, West Tevedale and Eusdale, ran 2 forays at "one instant" in day time, to Rile, Preudicke, Revely and Ingrum, distant 4 miles "a sonder," took 500 head of cattle, 300 sheep and 20 prisoners to Lydesdale.

Cesford.—On 26th June, 10 of E. Tevedale took 8 oxen and kye from Waperdon, and hurt a man in danger of life.

Unthill.—On 29th June, 6 of W. Tevedale took 16 oxen and 3 horsse from Horslye.

Cesford.—30th June 16 of E. Tevedale took 16 oxen and kye and one horse from Lurbottle, and hurt 1 man in pursuit; on 6th July, 20 of same country took 10 oxen and kye from Thropton. On the same day, Cesford took assurance of Sir John Forster for safety of his goods till he returned from Edinburgh, Forster having the like.

Anguish.—On 7th July 30 of W. Tevedale took from John Hale of Devishell all his goods and himself prisoner. And in pursuit took 12 Rydsdale men with their horses prisoners to Scotland, hurting 2 of the Pottes in danger of their lives.

Summary of goods "gou" from 31 April to 7 July is 700 oxen, "kye and geld cattle and mo."

80 "horsse and meres and mo."

400 sheep "and mo"—with 30 prisoners, "ransomed to better then on hundrethe poundes starlinge."


523. Carvylle to Walsingham. [July 16.]

I hear there is discord and variance among the nobility at this parliament and thought good to signify what has happened—"viz., .the Lorde Hewme and the Lorde Flemynge did contend and strive which of them sholde be cheifest barrone in the parlyament, and were to fighte for it—thErle Bothewell and thErle of Angus are likewise fallen owt, for that Angus gave his voise ageynst hym to thErle of Crawfurth, and for that cause thErle Bothwell wold not come to the Toalbowth. ThErle Bothwell and the Lorde Hewme are made freindes, which before were att varyence. It is thoughte that the Larde of Fentree shalbe made secretary, and the Secretary shalbe preferred to be Lorde Chauncelour. Fentree is the gretest Papist in Scotland, and one of the sect of the Jhesuwites also, as it is tolde me." A lieutenant of the Borders should have been chosen but for the strife of the lords at parliament, "which holdeth not untill the xxvth of this instant." Atholl, Mowntrose, Argyle and others came not, but Catnes is coming in. For all the King's endeavours, these contentions are like to breed more hatred than ever among them. As for Robert Carr's matter, I have not yet seen him but he is in Edinburgh and I look to see him very shortly. Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

524. Carvylle to Walsingham. [July 18.]

I enclose a letter from Robert Carr wherein he certifies your honour of the matters on which I wrote long since. "I spake with a gentleman of Scotland, synce I sent your honour the last packquett, who towlde me for certyne, that the Kinges cheife Secretary is made Earle of Marche, and the Larde of Fentre supplieth his place; and therefore it is thought by many mens judgementes, that the Kinge will revolte from religion, and become a Papist, for the cheife aboute hym are Papistes, and do shewe them selves that they are so—namely thErle Huntley. It is thoughte that William Keeith shalbe very shortly out of favour, and discontynewe the courte. There is a messinger dayly expected to come out of France from the Frenche kinge, before the parlyament shalbe desolved. The xiijth of this instant, thErle of Angus was devorsed from his wife, which was tErle of Rothes his daughter, and was asked in the churche, the Sondaye (fn. 1) followinge, to Mistres Jane Lyon late wife to the yonge Larde of Lowghleven." Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

Postscript.—On the 18th, proclamation was made to set forth 4 ships against the pirates—one from Kirckawdeye, one from Disarte, one from Lyeth, and one from Dondee. Also on Thursday next, to be a general muster through all those parts of Scotland towards us.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

525. Forster to Walsingham. [July 20.]

I enclose Secretary Maitland's answer touching the late spoils by Liddesdale, and had the like from my Lord Bothwell keeper of Liddesdale, and a letter from the opposite warden asking a meeting. I have replied to Bothwell and the warden, that I will not meet, unless first there is direct order set down to redress the Liddesdale foray, and I mean to stand at this point. The parliament at Edinburgh is prolonged for 10 days. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(Maitland to Forster.)

Before the receipt of your letter and note of attempts enclosed, I had remembered the King thereof, who greatly misliking the same, called before him the wardens of the Middle and West Marches, and Earl Bothwell keeper of Liddesdale, and declared his mind to them. Who have promised, so soon as may be, to appoint meetings and proceed to due redress with you, receiving the like. Edinburgh 16 July 1587. Signed: Jo. Maitland.

½ p. Addressed.

526. Carvylle to Walsingham. [July 30.]

"I receyved this day from the Larde of Lesterick a litle pacquet which he desired me with all spede to send away to Mr Archibalde Dowglas, which is inclosed in this letter to Mr Archibald, for I am sertified that is came out of France from the Master of Gray, by a man of his, who arived at Petienweme in Scotland within these fower dayes. And there came over in his company a brother of thErle of Huntleyes, and one George Swynton a gentleman, and one of the Frenche kinges garde. The Kinge wrate a letter to the Lordes, as I am enformed, of the Articles in parliament, which was delivered by the Secretary to them—for aunswer wherof Mr David Lyncey precher, was sent back to the Kinge to Fawlkland. The effect of the Kinges letter depended uppon five poyntes, which were these—the first, for the revokinge of thexcomunycacion and relaxinge from the horne, the Bisshopp of Sainte Andrewes; the seconde, for the callinge back of thexcomunycation of the Bisshopp of Aberdyne, whose name is Connyngham, for fornycation; the third for the like offence, Montgomory bisshop of Glasco; the forthe, for the restoringe the Larde of Fentre for his excomunycation; the fift, concernynge Mr Watson and Mr Gibson, preachers, to recant certeyne sermons heretofore by them made, which they will not do. And except all these thinges myght be graunted by the Lordes of the Articles, the Kinge wolde not procede to sett downe any acte in churche matters, ageynst either Papistes or Jhesuytes. Mr Lynseyes mesage to the Kinge was, that his requestes were not mete to be graunted, and so the matters were stayed untill the Kinges comynge over the water, which was uppon Wednesday last att night. Uppon Fridaye gone, eighte dayes, there was a libell cast into the pulpett att Edenbroughe, that there is in practice amongest the Papistes, that they will make a masacre bothe on England, Scotland and France, all uppon one day. The man which wrate it did afferme in his writinge, that he was a burgies of Edenbrough, and said that if he mighte come in without daunger or tyrany, he wolde declare his name openly, and verefie the matter." Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

527. Carvylle to Walsingham. [July 31.]

The enclosed letter received this night from Robert Carr, seems to be of importance. I could not have any conference with him, "for feare of suspition boathe in his contrary and myne." I hear nothing of the supply of money from Mr Bowes touching these affairs, for which I wrote to your honour. Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.


  • 1. 16th July.