Border Papers volume 1: August 1587

Pages 265-269

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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528. Carvylle to Walsingham. [Aug. 3.]

The Laird of Lesterick informs me that at the late parliament,—"first, the churche landes are generally geven to the Kinge, except serteyne of them which the Kinge is contented shall remayne in their possession that have them, as of his Majesties gifte, that is, the Lord Hambleton for Arbroth, the Lord Clawde Hambleton for Paseley, the Abbott of Newbotle, with certeyne others. There are restored, the Bisshop of Glasco, the Bisshop of Rosse, and two other bisshoppes which are in France, all Papistes. And there is cleane exemptied, thErle Bothewell which died in Denmarck, and Black Ormston. Bothwell his landes which wer morgaged and solde, are geven to this earle, without any sute but a charge to enter to the same. And last of all, att the risinge of the parlyament uppon Saturday the xxix of July, the Lorde Chauncelour made an oration in the presence of the Kinge and his nobilitie, towchinge a revenge for the death of the Quene, and then and there all the lordes (uppon their knes) which weare there present, made a solemn voue, that they wolde alweyes be readie to aide and assist hym, bothe with the hassard of landes, lives, and goodes, whensoever his Majestie sholde comawnde them in that action. But for mayntenaunce of the gospell and the mynestery, there is no provision made. There are certeyne justice of anoyre (fn. 1) appoynted throwgh Scotland to be holden twyse in the yere, wherof the Earle of Marre hath for his help five or six shires appoynted unto hym, which as it is thoughte, wilbe very profitable unto hym." Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

529. Forster to Walsingham. [Aug. 14.]

Inclosing the opposite warden's letter, with copies of proclamation and letter therewith sent—and that they are to meet at the Staweforde next Friday. Urging that the 50 footmen asked for should lie about Harbottle for 3 or 4 months to keep the Border quiet, as the dearth of corn is now amended. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Cesfurde to Forster.)

"Sen the directing of my last letter to yow, I hawe hard that Hunthill with his complices, hes maid ane incursioun in Bewik, far by my expectatioun." I send you copies of a letter and proclamation directed to me from the Privy Council, showing the King's goodwill to peace. "I hoip or it be lang, that theis that attemptit thir grit disordouris sall smart for the same. It wer gude that ye and I met to dewys our ordour how we sall proceid, and to this effect I sall meit yow at the Merche with iijxx gentill men on the syd, in peciabill maner, ony day and place ye will appoynt under Cheviot . . . Frome Haliden the xiij of August 1587." Signed: Cesfurde.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

530. The Earl of Bothwell to Forster. [Aug. 15.]

"I have ressavit your lordschipis lettre this nycht, quhairin ye desir me to appoinctt a tyme and place of meiting for redress of the attemptatis committitt be Liddisdaill aganis the subjectis of Ingland. Youre lordschip rememberis I appoinctit to meitt yow at the Reidswyre, and becaus ye refused that place of meting, ye will pleis gif me tyme to be advised with his Majestie and counsell, quhat uther place thai will appoinct. I salbe resolvit thairin betuix and the day xv dayis, and immediatlie thaireftir I sall appoinct meting with your lordschip." Kelso. Signed: F. Bothuell. Enclosed in No. 533.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

531. Minute of Wardens' Meeting. [Aug. 18.]

At the Stawford 18th August 1587, the wardens principal of the Middle Marches of England and Scotland met and appointed their next meeting to hold on "Fridaye come viijth dayes, the secounde of September att Kirkyattame for Englande, and the iijth daye of the same att Newtoune for theme of Scotland." For swearing for fire, it shall be in this sort—"Whatsoever scathe the complanaunte hath in the bourninge and distructioun of his goodes, insighte, and plenishinge, shalbe swornne not onelie by theme selves, but by the othes of fower gentlemen, the Scotes to be chosenn by the Englishemen, and the Englishmen to be chosen by the Scotes menn, to weighe and consider uppoun theire greate othes the hurte doune by the fier." Next to proceed with other bills according to the treaties. Cesfurde. Enclosed in No. 533.

½ p. Indorsed: "Coppie of the Indenture betweene Sir John Foster and the Lerd Cesfourd."

532. The Earl of Angus to Forster. [Aug. 18.]

Assuring him of the King's high displeasure at the late attempts committed in his wardenry, which he has been sent to see punished, and referring him for further news to the bearer, and the Laird of Cesfurd, when the latter meets him. Jedburgh. Signed: Your lo. rycht assurit freind Anguss. Enclosed in No. 533.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

533. Forster to Walsingham. [Aug. 20.]

On Friday last, the 18th, I met the warden of Scotland for redress. The night before, the Earl of Angus the King's lieutenant came in great haste to Kelso, and sent me a letter by two gentlemen who were at the meeting, which I enclose, with copy of the King's letter to his lieutenant, and my indent with the warden, for our meeting on Friday come 8 days the 2d September. Which show of justice, if it be duly executed, the like hath not been seen these many years. At my house nigh Alnwick. Signed: John Forster.

I have also sent your honour Lord Bothwell's letter, from whom as yet I have had no justice. Enclosing Nos. 530–532.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

534. The Queen to Forster. [Aug. 21.]

Signifying that as sundry incursions and spoils have been lately made in his wardenry, which as she is informed, have chiefly arisen through his remissness and negligence in winking at these for his private commodity without regard to her subjects under his charge, whereby divers gentlemen are discouraged and like to withdraw themselves from the border, to the decay of the horsemen, she has appointed her cousin of Hunsdon to confer with him for remedy, and hold a muster of the horsemen in the wardenry, whereat he is to assist and obey.

pp. Fair official copy. Indorsed: "21 August 1587. M. to Sir John Foster. Not sent."

535. Note of Spoils in Middle March. [Aug. 23.]

[The same as No. 522 with additions, as follow:—]

On 8th July, 4 men of E. Tevedale took out of Alnwick park within half a mile of Sir John Forster's house, 4 horses.

On 9th July, 12 of same took from Ditchburne, 40 beasts.

On 13th July, 30 of same, took at East Lilburne and Waperdon, hurting 5 men in peril of their lives in pursuit, 24 oxen and kyne and 60 sheep.

On 14th July, 4 of same took from Ingram church, 4 "webbes of leed."

On 15th July, 12 of same took out of Strangwood John Horssley's house, 120 sheep.

On 16th July, 40 of W. Tevedale took out of Byrkhouses in Redesdale, 40 oxen and kyne.

On 18th July, 30 of E. Tevedale took out of Warton within 2 miles of Harbottle, and hurt 3 men, 30 oxen and kyne, 6 horses.

On same day, 6 men of same took out of Fadon, 80 sheep.

On 20th July, 20 of W. Tevedale took from Horseley, besides 2 men hurt on defence, 30 kyne.

On 23d July, 8 of E. Tevedale took at Beanly, 100 sheep.

On St James's day, 20 of Liddesdale came in the day time to Haughton upon the water of Tyne, and broke and spoiled the house of Thomas Erington gentleman, to the value of 100l. in household stuff, and 30 kyne and oxen.

On 28th July, 20 of E. Tevedale came in the evening to Eslington, Sir Cuthbert Collingwood's dwelling house, and hurt 2 of his servants, and took 3 geldings.

On 7 August, the Laird of Buckclugh with 200 men, burned the Woodsyde in Riddesdale and murdered one John Dunne.

On 9th August, 160 of W. Tevedale burned Netherton with 2 miles of Harbottle and carried away 80 cattle.

On 11th August, 400 of E. Tevedale took up Old Bewick, and carried away 500 oxen and kyne, 600 sheep, 30 horses and mares. On same night other 40 took away from Reveley, and burnt a house, 200 sheep, 30 kyne and oxen, 15 horses.

Sum totals—100 horses and mares, 1148 oxen and kyne, 1020 sheep, besides 20 prisoners ransomed, and many hurt in defence.

2 pp. Indorsed by Burghley: "23 Aug. 1587. Information at othe of Sir Cuthbert Collynwood of the spoyles made in the Middle March." With corrections in the text by him and Collingwood.

536. Carvylle to Walsingham. [Aug. 30.]

"Yesterday the Larde of Lesterick sent for me to speake with hym, and delivered me a letter directed to Mr Archibalde, which your honour shall receyve herewith; and havinge had some conferrence and further speach with hym, I understode of some matters which I thoughte it my parte to make your honour acquaynted with, viz., the Kinge att this instant is att Donbarton in the west of Scotland, or thereaboutes. There shalbe a convention att Faulkland either the second or the fourth day of the next moneth. And wher as in my former letters I sertefied your honour that thErlles of Huntly and Bothewell were to passe in to Denmarck aboute the accomplishment of the mariage,—that determynation is altered, and nowe thErle Marshall and the Earle of Rothes are appoynted to go, and thre or fower other barrons with them; the convention sittes downe to that ende. ThErle of Angus the Kinges lieutenannte, lieth presently in the Marshe, and by that meanes the Borders are very quiete. It is thoughte he will passe forwardes on to Tivitdale. Tomorrowe the last of this instant, the Lorde Hew[m]e assembleth the gentlemen of the Marshe uppon a place called Fogo more, to establishe a watche to be kept uppon the Border from the sea syde nere to Barwick boundes, alongest Tweede to the nomber of a hundreth nightley, by twentie horsemen in a place, to kepe out riders, as is aledged. Cuthebert Armorer is growen to be very familier with the Earle Bothewell, and meaneth to procure as gret a leage in frendshe[p] with my Lord Gover[nor] as was the late Earle of Arron, which as the common brute goeth is lately slayne by some of the Orcades, but a gentleman tolde me if he be deade, it is done by the Larde of Dromwhesell, a very sufficient man to performe such an action, for an old grudge, because by his procurement, Dromwhessell his father, and the Larde of Maynes his brother in lawe, were executed. Further it is said thErle of Huntley hathe sent in to France for the Duke of Leanox his sister to be his wife." Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

537. Memoranda as to Berwick. [Aug. 31.]

"Observacions towching Barwick."

In K. Henry 8th's time.—The Lieutenant of the town and castle, with a constable, a cook, 2 porters and 32 soldiers—for which allowed yearly, 333l. 6s. 8d. The treasurer and 120 men, 120l. A "spyall," 13l. 6s. 8d. The marshal and 24 soldiers, 193l. 6s. 8d. The master porter and 16 soldiers, 116l. The master of the ordnance, 26l. 13s. 4d. 20 gunners, 133l. 16s. 8d. 8 constables, 72l. The clerks of the watch, 23l. 6s. 8d 47 archers on horseback, 257l. 6s. 8d. 100 men at arms at 6d. each per diem, 600 l. 8 watchmen upon the walls, 36l. 10s. The officers of the custom house, 26l. 6s. 8d. The master mason, 12l. 2s. 8d. The master carpenter, 19l. 5s.

Total, 2012l. 7s. 8d.
Note.—The charges of the West Marches with Carlisle and Beaucastle, were then 402l. 5s.; of the East March, 114l. 13s. 4d. The Middle March, 114l. 13s. 4d.
Totals, 2643l. 19s. 4d.
Anno 1559.—There were new orders, and the charge for 1000 men increased yearly to, 11,554l.
Anno 6 of Q. Elizabeth, the yearly charge reduced to, 12,001l. 15s. 10d.
Added for Tinmouth castle, . . . . 274l.
For the Islands, 372l. 17s. 6d.
And Wark castle, 57l. 15s. 10d.
Total, 12,745l. 14s. 2d.

1560—Anno 3 of Q. Elizabeth.—There were new orders, when Lord Grey of Wilton was made governor, and his fee increased by 200l. yearly. Sir Valentyne Browne was then made treasurer. A "new crew" was added to the old garrison, viz. 1258, in money 17,802l. And the total charge came then to 22,092l., afterwards altered.

1563—Anno 6 of Q. Elizabeth.—The Earl of Bedford was appointed governor, and warden of the East Marches after the death of Lord Grey—when Sir Thomas Dacre was deputy governor of Berwick, and John Selby deputy warden. The charges were then reduced, viz., the Lord Governor and principal officers being 116, in money, 1563l. 1s. 8d Officers of the town, 5, in money, 56l. 8s. 4d. The old garrison, 162 men, 1506l. 7s. 6d. The new crew of 8 captains and 42 gunners, 572 men, money, 7522l. Total of the garrison, 860 men and 63 pensioners money, 12,001l. 15s. 10d.

Anno 6 of Q. Elizabeth.—2000 men were ordered for defence of the town, 1600 from Yorkshire, and 400 from the Bishoprick.

Anno 1568—23 Aug. 11 of Q. Eliz.—Lord Hunsdon appointed governor of Berwick and warden of the E. Marches.

Anno 1571.—Lord Hunsdon appointed "to recover Graunge in (sic) Lyddington out of the castle of Edenborough, to the service of the Quene, at which time he was ordered to send Sir William Drury to Edenborough."

"Anno 1587 ultimo Augusti."—Lord Hunsdon appointed warden both of the Middle and East Marches, and to appoint his deputy warden in his absence.

Note.—Sir Cuthbert Collingwood appointed to Harbottle, and the keeping of Ryddesdale. John Heron of Chipchase to be keeper of Tyndale.

Note.—The money appointed to the treasurer of Berwick, viz., from the receivers of Yorkshire 8000l., of Lincoln 3000l., Northumberland and the Bishoprick, 4000l.

Divers notes from the statutes.

First, the marshal, 2d the treasurer, 3d the chief porter, 4th the chamberlain, 5th the master of the ordnance, to be councillors of the town. The Lord Governor to take his oath in the church; the marshal to receive his oath by the treasurer; the treasurer by the porter; the porter to follow the master of the ordnance to take his oath. Each captain of a band to take his oath. Each private soldier to be sworn. The Queen only to nominate councillors. No captain to discharge a soldier without consent of the governor and council. The 56 pensioners to be placed by the governor and council. No captain or other of the garrison, to have a freehold in the town, or be a native of Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmorland and the Bishopric. No leave of absence shall be given above five in a hundred. Every quarter day the muster book shall be certified as perfect to Her Majesty, and signed by the Governor and Council. Pay shall be made of all "by pole." The Governor in Council shall sit every market day to hear causes of controversy. There shall be a special market place for the Scots outside the new fortifications, and no Scottishman shalbe suffered to lodge in the town or to walk up and down. None shall eat or dress any flesh on fish days, on pain of losing a month's wages, except "such as are dispensed withall by the lawe." Strict orders to be kept for watch and ward, and search.

pp. In a good official contemporary hand. Indorsed as title.


  • 1. An eyre.