BHO

Border Papers volume 1: February 1593

Pages 424-431

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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797. The Mayor of Berwick to Burghley. [Feb. 6.]

"It was hoped for (righte honnorable) that the manyfolde calamyties fallen upon this towne as well on the soldior as fremen, sithence Mr Bowes his entrance to thoffice of threasorer, occasioned either by not payinge her Majesties treasure to this guarison (the greatest parte of the remayne of the twoe yeres paye beinge yet unsatisfyed) or by payinge it unduelye, contrarye to her highenes moste gracious pleasure and exprest comaundyment, shoulde have ben releaved by comyttinge the saide treasure to the handes of Mr Robert Vernon victualler. But yt seamethe that Almightye God is not satisfyed to have corrected our synnes nowe these sixtene yeres by the hande of Mr Bowes, whereby our welthe and credytt ar soe decayed, that we ar scantte able to provyde necessarye foode for our poor famylyes, excepte he alsoe skourdge as by the hand of Mr Vernon, to thextinguishinge of the litle sparke of hope that remayned. Whiche mesirye will undoubtedly fall upon this whole people by Mr Vernons untrue dealinge with her Majestes treasure, and undue detayninge yt frome the guarison here—whereof he hathe alreadye given us some taste, if God doe not raise upp your lordship or some other godlye and honnorable personage to deliver us frome this emynentt plauge. Howe untrustelye Mr Vernon hathe behaved himself this laste year, and how impossible it will be for this guarison to be duelye paide hereafter (if he be anye more trusted withe receyte of the treasur, in regarde of his owne particuler debtes, amountinge to greate somes, for satisfyinge whereof he hathe given his warrantes to the receavors to deliver yt to his creditors of this nexte receyte) and of other his misdemeanors, because yt wolde exceade the juste measure of a lettre, I have laide downe in articles here inclosed. Humblye beseachinge your lordship as a chief father in this comon welthe, to have regarde and compassion of the poor estate of this towne an important member of the same, undon by private persons"—by commanding the receivers to deliver no more money to Mr Vernon, and appointing "some man of knowne credytt" to receive and pay here, till a fit person be preferred to the place. "Whiche abuse (the verye roote whence manye other enormytyes springe) beinge by your honors credytt and favor digged upp, we truste that within shorte tyme the brighte sonne of prosperitye whiche shone on this towne under the righte honnorable the late Earle of Bedforde his juste and godlye govermente, and hathe ever sithence by litle and litle ben darkned, untill now no lighte in a maner is lefte, will begynne in some measure to apeare againe unto us, to our generall comforte. Referringe our selves and the good estate of this place, to your honors godlye wisedome, and consideracion, as to our onelye refudge, who in respecte of credytt can, and in regarde of conscyence will, helpp us thus distressed . . . For that my lord Chamberlayne cannot abyde to hear of anye informacyon frome this place, I beseache your honnor to conceall me herein." Berwick. Signed: Wyllm Morton,—"the mayor of Barwick"—prefixed in the clerk's hand.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in same:—

(Articles against Vernon.)

The treasure appointed yearly for this garrison is 15,000l. payable by equal portions halfyearly—according to her Majesty's instructions to Mr Robert Bowes on 20th June in the 18th year of her reign.

The ordinary pay of the garrison, including the castles of Warke, Tynmouth, and Holy Island, amounts to 13,431l. 4s. 2d., allowing house rent to the treasurer, "portage money, chardges for chistes, bagges, paper, &c.," 200l., as in last article of these instructions, in all, 13,631l. 4s. 2d., thus the overplus is 1368l. 15s. 10d. "And therefor I saye that the payemaster for the tyme beinge oughte to make the payes half yerely accordinge to the said instructions."

"Objections."—Mr Vernon may object (1) that he must disburse all the treasure on the fortifications, (2) that since the late sale of lands by her Majesty, the whole years receipt is only 14,000l., and (3) the money is not paid equally, the Lady day receipt to make the Midsummer pay, being but 5500l., thus coming short of the half year's pay (6815l. 12s. 1d.), by 1315l. 12s. 1d., and thus he can only make an imprest. For answer, I say that (1) he has a yearly overplus of 368l. 15s. 10d., sufficient for any works done since he took office—and besides he receives yearly of Mr Bowes' "intertaynment" for her Majesty use, 400l. or thereabouts which he keeps, and has not accounted for. "Howsoever yt be, I am assured that yt is not her Majestes nor your lordships pleasure, that the treasure for ordynarye paye of the soldior, sholde be imployed to extraordynarye uses, and they sterve in the meane tyme." Her Majesty disburses treasure for such extra works. But of the abuses in the works and how she is deceived, "I shall laye downe in his owne place."

(2) Supposing the receipt but 14,000li. (which I know not but by Mr Vernon's report) still the overplus is 368li. 12s. 10d.

(3) If the Lady day receipt is but 5500li. to meet the Midsummer pay, the Michaelmas receipt for the Christmas pay is 8500li., and if the former is short by 1315l. 12s. 1d., the latter is over by 1684l. 7s. 11d., thus bringing out the overplus 368l. 15s. 10d. "as hathe ben saide." Let him show cause why the overplus of the Christmas pay should not supply the "want" of the Midsummer pay.

"Objections."—He says he has had losses by sea, and making some small provision in the fleet when the Spaniards passed this way.

I answer "that his greate yerelye fees and profittes whiche he hathe made in the space of xvjth yeres sithence he was victualler, havinge in his handes 7000li. of movinge stocke of her Majesties treasure, besides an increase of 2000l. in the dear year now six yeres sithence, mighte countervalle trible all his supposed losses, if they were suche, as he wolde bear the worlde in hand they arr. But if it were true (whiche indede is but a surmyse) that Mr Vernon had susteyned suche losses as he pretendethe, yet I truste and doe assure my self, that it is not her Majestes pleasure, that Mr Vernons losses sholde be repaired with the payes of this guaryson! Her highenes hathe meanes ynoughe to recompence his services otherwise and his losses susteyned therein.

These matters premised for your lordshipes better informacion and Mr Vernones objections answered, I will now laye downe particulerlye his undue dealinges as well in makinge the payes sithence he was paymaster, as in the provisions of victualls as he is surveyour of the victualls."

He makes the pay once a year only, not twice as he ought, so that the garrison "ar eaten upp with usurye," forced to take tickets, and obliged to sell a 20s. ticket for 13s. 4d., to supply their wants. "Of the burgesses, whose credytt for there comoditys vended to the soldior, dependinge on the payes, is likewise crackte, bothe at London and ells where in the realme, as is notoriouslye knowne, whiche I speake not without shame and greafe."

He received last Lady day 5500l. for the Midsummer pay, and confesses it, and because it sufficed not for a full half years pay, "he pretended to make an ymprest of the hole some, deductinge suche moneys as were due for her Majestes victualls onelye"—dealing thus "frawdulentlye" with the garrison.

For he imprested only 500l. to the 500 foot of the "new crewe," at which rate for the rest of the garrison, the whole imprest is not above 1000l. He paid no tickets, deducting for victuals 2500l., in all 3500l. Whereby he kept in his hands 2000l. till the next Christmas "to imploye to his owne private uses, whiche wolde have don great good in this poor towne."

Then last Michaelmas receipt of 8500l. followed, and the Christmas pay, a full year with the Midsummer imprest, so he received ("as he will not denye") the full 14,000l. to pay the garrison, leaving an overplus of 368li. 15s. 10d.

"Yet Mr Vernon for wantt of money, procured grete somes of Scotishe coyne (whiche our myserye hathe made currantt in this place) to paye his tickettes withall (for now he hathe devised that none shall make tickettes but himself). And whereas by order of the Governour, Mayour and Counsell here, everye Englishe shillinge was rated, and comaunded by publicque proclamacion to be gevin and taken currantt for xvth Atchisons, the name of a base Scotishe coyne, Mr Vernon paid his tickettes, beinge a parte of the Quens Majestes paye, amountinge to great somes with the sayde Atchisons, after the rate of xiijth Atchisons to the shillinge, to his great gayne as it may seme, and utter impoverishinge of the guaryson, and townsemen especiallye!" And he has left 800l. of his tickets unpaid as I can prove. And to those that refused that Scottish money, he said they should either take it at his rate or get none—knowing that the poor people "bytt with penurye" would rather take it, "yea and lesse," than go away empty. To the great slander of her Majesty, among those ignorant of the evil doings here—for they say she spends her treasure otherwise, and makes the pay with Scottish money.

"Objection."—He will say it signifies not when or wherewith tickets are paid, they being in usurers' hands who bought them cheap. "I answere—tickettes ar the credytt of the soldiors, and ar paide townsemen for there wares, to cuntryemen for there victualls and corne, whiche if they be not duelye paide, the soldiors may sterve and goe naked! I denye not, but that usurers have a great parte of them—and those Mr Vernons owne men especiallye; as hathe ben founde by verdytt of jurors in the baliffes inquestes sundrye yeres,—whiche jurors ar compacted of burgesses, soldiors, and stallingers," and thus without suspicion of partiality.

Thus much of his paymastership. "Whereunto, after I have added a fewe notes or markes of the weaknes and unabilitye of his estate, I will proceade to his wantes in his other office of provisions and victuals.—

Notwithstandinge his longe contynuance in this riche office, his grete fees, his savinge of house kepinge by his contynuall absence from hence at London, his offyce there, and other his comodityes not comonlye knowne, he is soe farr behynd hand, that he takethe upp of a merchaunte in this towne grete somes of Scotishe money, to the value of 500l. sterlinge at leaste, for payment of his tickettes, after the rate of 12 Atchisons for thInglishe shillinge, delivered 13 Atchisons." And issued warrants to the receivers to pay these sums in English money—"(whiche accoumptinge the shortenes of the retorne, and his losse of an Atchison in everye shillinge) is above the rate of 30l. in the hundred for a year."

He owes Sir Harry Woddrington the marshall, 250l. and has given a like warrant.

He owes another merchant here 600l. or thereabout for the last year's tickets, and offered him in payment a like warrant which the merchant did not take. How settled I know not.

He owes Thomas Forster of this town 400l. and paid it with like warrant. Also 50l. to another burgess and offered him like. He has left his tickets unpaid for 200l.

He has taken up at York as I hear, 400l. payable at next Lady day. What his debts at London or elsewhere are, "I referr to your honnors wisdome to judge."

Now from the above it appears, that if the delivery of the Queen's money for next half-year's pay, on Mr Vernon's warrants, for his own "mere" debts, be not countermanded by your honour, there will not be left to pay the garrison above 3100l.—for his debts above mentioned come to 2400l. and "we shall see returne againe the intollerable tymes of the wantt of the twoe yeres paye."

Abuses in his office of victual.

Sir Vallentyne Browne left in store here, a whole year's provision of grain, to which Mr Vernon entered. Since then there has been often not a month's store of wheat, sometimes scarcely a fortnight, and sometimes not "one bushell" in the palace. His servants go to buy in the country to serve the present necessity. And there is neither butter, cheese, fish, hops, only a little wheat and malt. By making his provision of wheat and oats here, he raises prices and forestalls the markets.

His need is such, that notwithstanding the money he has or should have "yf it be not otherwise myspentt," he gets his grain, "muttons and beves," in Norfolk, Yorkshire, here and elswhere, on credit, buying to his loss. "A manyfest argument of his povertye!"

While it was ordained that the store should be viewed every month by the governor and three of the "auncyent" captains—this has not been done twice since Mr Vernon came here 16 years ago. "Albeit the mayor of the towne havinge secrytt intelligence of the wantes, hathe intreated the governor to take vewe accordinge to the saide composition—but in vayne!"

He appoints under victuallers, three of whom "have broken" for above 1200l., which the soldiers and their creditors have lost. And though he ought "bothe in lawe and conscyence" to warrant his own officers, he refuses to pay any part of this money. And the governor does not compel him. Whereby some suspect that Vernon and they divide the money, his gain and credit being covered and saved by the breach of theirs.

His state appears so suspicious for these causes and his debts known and unknown—that if he were called to account, he could give "no good reckninge." I refer this to your wise consideration.

It is true that victuals and repairs on the works are very necessary here—"but the myschief is," the former are not enough, and the latter are not done and surveyed by the deputy controller and surveyor with foresight and saving. The absence of the lord governor is the cause, for the other officers bear with each others abuses "by waye of requitall." It is strange that the store of victual ordered by her Majesty to be viewed monthly by the lord governor and three captains, has not been viewed twice these ten years—and that a piece of work stands her in 800l. which a private man would build for 200l.

"Objection."—It may be asked how can these abuses be helped? her Majesty cannot do things herself.

"Aunswere."—The surveying of victuals and works must be committed to some. "But if to those alreadye apointed, suche mighte be added as coulde not by possibilitye reape anye comoditye by deceavinge the Quene or by sufferinge her Majestie to be deceaved, in whome the forenamed officers have no interiste, nor they in them, which by nature ar bounde to love the good estate of this place, and whose life and wealthe shoulde dye and decaye with the losse of this towne: that were the waye to helpe these abuses——and thoe I speak it with more truthe then decencye, speakinge of my selfe and my brethren the townsemen—yet the truthe is that for the respectes aforesayde none can be fytter then the mayour for the tyme beinge with the assistance of the discreate aldermen. The whiche (if your lordship shall like hereof), is to be observed by your lordshipes lettres and direction." Signed: Wyllm Morton, mair.

pp. Same writing as the letter. Title: "Articles of information to the righte honnorable the L. Highe Threasorer of England etc." Indorsed.

798. Payments for Berwick. [Feb. 15.]

To Robert Bowes esquire treasurer of Berwick by the hands of Robert Vernon esquire receiver (1) by John Clopton esquire receiver general of Northumberland, Durham, &c., on 31 May 34 Elizabeth, for first half year, 2000l. (2) From Thomas Scudamor gentleman, deputy receiver general of Yorkshire for first half year, paid 18 June 33 Elizabeth, 2000l.

The said Thomas Scudamor paid the Treasurer of Berwick yearly at the first half year, 3000l. till the 33d Elizabeth, "but what ys paid for this yere of xxxiiijto I know not as yet, for that the said Thomas Scudamor ys not yet comme upp, but ys lokyd for everye daye, xvto Febr. 1592. Signed: Ex. per Willm Fissher Deput Aud."

½ p. Holograph. Indorsed.

799. Lowther to Burghley. [Feb. 19.]

On receipt of the inclosed from Mr Bowes, I sent my clerk to Lord Maxwell with the note of the English prisoners and also a "breiffe" of the attempts committed in January. From his inclosed reply, finding he has only made a proclamation, which the Scotsmen takers regard not, and that he took my letter under protestation, doubting whether he was still warden or not, that the barons are "exempt" from him, and his authority is but over his own people, I expect nothing but disorders; and pray your lordship that some nobleman be appointed warden here with all expedition.

I caused the ship and some part of the "woll" to be searched by a carpenter, but find nothing therein; and to search the whole "exactlie" will take a very long time. I am assured that the Scots were determined to have "assayed" to take and spoil the ship, and if not, to have burned her. Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(1) (Bowes to Lowther).

I have procured order by the King and Council to Lord Maxwell for giving up all English prisoners in the enclosed bill, and cancelling their ransoms, also to meet you shortly for justice. There may be some difficulty as to delivery of the offenders for the "rode at Fawklande," whereon I have written to the Lord Treasurer for express directions both to you and myself. Other things I commit to the credit of the bearer "John Hodgeson younger and my frind retourninge to you." Edinburgh, 8 February 1592. Signed: Robert Bowes.

1 p. Addressed: "To the worshipfull his verye lovinge cousyne and frende Richard Lowther esquier warden of the West Marches of England for the tyme." Indorsed.

(2) (Maxwell to Lowther).

Acknowledging his letter and that he had made proclamation to free the prisoners and discharge their ransoms. Informing him that some of the English West March, only "yestrene" had spoiled the Laird of Amesfield's tenants, chased him and one of his men who narrowly escaped. A note of which shall be sent in his next letter. Dumfries, 17th February 1592. Signed: J. Mortoun.

½ p. Addressed: "Sir Richard Lowther of Lowther," &c. Indorsed.

800. Lowther to Burghley. [Feb. 20.]

In obedience to your letter of the 14th with her Majesty's pleasure that I should apprehend the offenders complained of for "the rode of Fawkland," and deliver them according to March law, I have done my utmost to satisfy the King and the officers. "Howbeit (under correctione of your honorable favor) verie certayne it is, that dyvers of thInglishemen that were at that enterprice, were taken and executed in Scotland; others taken prisoners, and letten at libertie home—and for Dickes Davie Grayme (according to your lordshippes direction) I cawsed his howses for to be dymolished and raised, wherwith the Kinge was verie well satisfyed and pleased." As for the bills of complaint, a good while since received, and specially sent to your lordship, there has been nothing hitherto done for filing or probation against the parties charged.—For what justice is to be expected from Lord Maxwell, your lordship may see from my last, he "will not longe contynewe warden."

I wait your pleasure touching Thomas Musgrave now at court, who is complained on along with Mr Orfewre, the last "bilde onelie for lone of his horse." I doubt, if a strait course is taken in delivering the Graymes "who are bilde and not filde," albeit the King will acquit them of the money, it will cause many outlaws in the border. "I ame verie crediblie enformed that James Stewarde latelie calld Earle of Arran, hath protested, that if he ever recover cowrte, he shall cawse redresse be made for the enterprice of Sterling, and twise as many great bills for that attempt, as for Fawkland." Carlisle. Signed: R. Lowther.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before. A good impression.

801. Spoils in Cumberland. [Feb. 21. 1592–93.]

An abstract made by divers justices of peace of spoils and outrages by Scottish and English borderers in Cumberland since Michaelmas 1592.—

Holme Coltram.—Her Majesty's tenants there—Walter Caverley, gentleman, his house broken and goods taken worth 200l., and himself carried prisoner to Scotland; George Awsten, 9 oxen, 30l.; William Saunderson, money and "housholdestuff," 8l.; Robert Barrois and others in following, 6 horses and "clokes," worth 10l.; Thomas Ollyver, prisoner, ransom set to 14l.; Anthony Penryse, goods worth 40l., his ransom 40l., 80l.; George Driden and Robert Wilkenson, 5 nags, 10l.; sheep from "soundry men," 5l.

Gilsland.—Her Majesty's tenants—Roger Bulman of Woodhead, 18 oxen and kyne, 2 horses, houshold stuff, bedding and apparel. They left nothing for himself, wife and children that they could "drive or carry away," value 70l.; Robert Sampson, 7 head of cattle, 20 sheep, and spoil of his house, value, 30l.; Richard Myles, all his goods, viz., 20 head of cattle, value, 30l.; Anthony Hodgeson, 6 oxen and kyne, and a horse, 18l.; Davye Barnefather a merchant, all his wares worth 100l.; The "person" of Denton all his goods, "nothinge left not as much as his clothes to put on him," value, 20l.; John Davyson all his goods, viz., 6 head of beasts and 60 sheep, 25l.; John Salkeld, 9 beasts and a horse, and himself hurt in danger of life, 24l.; Henrie Salkeld in the daytime 6 head of cattle, 10l.; At Sandye sykes in the day time, 15 head of cattle, 30l.; Peter Wils wife, 12 oxen and kyne and 3 good nags, 30l.; At the Knelles, 3 kyne, 6l.; Bendall lost 6 or 7 head of beasts, 12l.; Dikes Will, 11 horse and mares, 30l.; Mylbourne, 10 oxen and kyne and spoil of his house, 30l.; Roger Ednan's wife, 24 head of beasts, a mare, household stuff and apparel, 60l.

Brampton in Gilsland.—Her Majesty's tenants—John Richeson, goods chattels and insight gear, 35l.; Richard Myles, the like, 12l. 10s; Symon Hetherington, the like, 11l.; John Milbourne, the like, 40l.; John Henderson, 4 head of cattle, 10l.

Burgh Barony.—Her Majesty's tenants there exhibited a supplication to the Bishop of Carlisle, to inform the Queen and Council as convenientlie as might be, of 300 Scottish border thieves that came to the town of Glasson in the barony, 100 of whom stayed at the water side, the rest assaulted the town "att light broken daie;" broke open the doors of 12 inhabiters good border men, well furnished with horse and gear, took all their insight and cattle, killed and carried off 24 horses and mares, took 21 men and 2 boys prisoners into Scotland—"the like whereof hath not bene hard of that ever any children were taken until this present tyme"—besides wounding 3 of the "most stout inhabiters" in peril of death, and many others sore hurt and maimed, value 200l.

Orton.—By supplication to the said bishop, the mansion houses of Robert Twentyman of Orton, and John Twentyman of same, were feloniously broken by Scottish border thieves, 28 oxen and kyne taken, value 76l., 4 mares, 8l., their weapons and riding gear, 3l., insight and apparel, 20l.; also Robert Twentyman taken prisoner to Scotland, "amonge the Armestronges alias called Kynmonthes," and held to pay ransom in 20 days of 20l.

Places near Carlisle.—Stephen Kyrkebride house broken, and 11 cattle taken, 22l.; Randall Sewell, 27 "hogges," 6l.; Cuthbert Sewell, 7 ewes, 30s.; Peter Bowman, 4 kyne; 6l.; and since, 2 nags or geldings, 10l.; one Stockdale, his house broken and 6 cattle, household stuff, &c. 20l.; John Sowerby his barn full of corn burned, 30l.; James Sowerby's widow, 6 kyne, 8l.; Richard Tangett, 4 cattle, 8l.; Robert Lowth, 24 ewes, 6l.

The town of Etterby taken up and spoiled. William Stagg, 3 horses, 12l.; Ingram Boyes, 4 kyne, and household stuff, 10l.; Clement James, the like, 10l.; William Hodgeson of Pettrelwaye, 3 cattle, 5l.; John Strange, 20 ewes, 5l.; John Gramell, 20 sheep, 5l.; Christopher Carliell, the like, 5l.; Robert Hodgeson, the like, 5l.; another "pore man," the like, 5l.; Cuthbert Sysson, 10 cattle, 20l.; John Buttinge, 6 oxen, 12l.

"A speciall outrage."—One Sowerby near Caldbeck his house broken by 6 thieves and himself most cruelly used. First.—"They sett him on his bare buttockes upon an hote iron, and there they burned him and rubbed him with an hote gridle about his bellie and sondry other partes of his body" to make him give up his money, which they took, under 4l.

Another.—The town of Newby near Carlisle entered by 80 Scottish and English thieves, 100 cattle taken and insight; 16 of the men of the town coming to the fray, taken prisoners to Scotland, held to ransom, and one of them dead of his wounds, value 300l.

Wigdon Barony.—From divers there in one night 7 horses or nags, 14l.; Thomas Barne, 1 ox, and 2 young "neat," 5l.; Thomas Typhin's house, spoiled by 16 Scots, of goods and cattle, himself taken prisoner to Scotland, 20l.; Barges in Waverton, 3 houses broken up by 16 Scots, after spoiling Ireby, goods taken, 30l.; Thomas Richardson spoiled by 12 Scots of 8 "neat," 16l.; John Barne of Wigdon robbed by 20 Scots of money, 2 nages, &c. 10l.; also Thomas Jakes of 40 sheep, 10l.; Robert Plaskettes, 30 sheep, 8l.; William Atkinson, 2 nags, 5l.; divers others there, 40l.

Bromefield.—Robert Plaskett 15 sheep since Michaelmas, 8l.; Thomas Wiggen, 2 "stottes," 33s. 4d.; Thomas Taillour "a weaver, certen lynnen cloth and yarne," 5l.

Irybye.—James Skackes wife, 2 nages and insight gear, 10l.; William Cape, 1 ox, 40s.; John Syde "leather, wooll, clothe" &c., 40s.

Bolton in Allerdale.—Thomas Bell, smith, a gray mare and "fole," 43s. 8d.; Robert Porter, 40 sheep last Michelmas eve, 10l.; Edward Grenehowe before Christmas last, 4 sheep, 34s.

Plumland.—The parson of Plumland, 2 horse and 2 men taken prisoners, 6l.

Ulvedale.—Leonerd Beck, 41 sheep, 10l.; John Beck, Leonerd Harryman and others, 31 sheep, 18l.; John Fell, 2 oxen and a "stott," 4l.

Gilcrux and places about.—John Thompson, 1 mare, 30s.; Robert Arden, the like, 30s.

Torpenhawe.—Richard Fisher, a nag, 40s.

Tallentire.—Robert Dodson, 3 oxen, 7l.; Jannett Pearson, the like, 6l.

Asportrick.—John Gibson, a mare, 40s.; Henry Younghusbaud, a mare and foal, 30s.; John Younghusbaud, a mare, 30s.

Castle Sowerby.—John Lowdyan, 5 cattle, 10l.; George Ritson, 2 oxen, 1 cow, 7l.; Gregory Whitelock, 1 horse, 8l.; Robert Simpsou, 4 cattle, 8l.; William Barker, 1 horse, 6l. 13s. 4d.; William Brid, a cow, 33s. 6d.; Robert Mounkhouse, 2 oxen, 5l.; Christofer Clarke, 4 kyne, 8l.; Richard Heede, 2 oxen and a cow, 7l.; Gregory Whitelocke, 2 oxen and 2 kine, 10l.; John Mounkhouse, 4 head of young cattle, 6l.; Richard Simpson, a cow, 40s.; at Rawghtonhead, from divers persons, 60 sheep, 20l.

Kyrkoswolde.—John Dolston, 13 head of cattle and horses, 30l.; Michael Nicholson, 1 mare, 40s.; John Mey, 1 cow, 46s.; Edward Etherington, 1 "heffer," 30s.; Rowland Shelton, 4 oxen, a horse, and 26 ewes, 24l.; Henry Salkeld, 8 head of cattle, 16l.; Rowland Salkeld the like, 16l.; John Elwoodes wife, 20 "weathers," 5l.; Rowland Browne, 14 sheep, 3l.; Thomas Harryson, 10 sheep, 50s.; Michael Nicholson the like, 50s.; Robert Wilson, "wollen" cloth, 3l.; Mathew Steele, 12 "goates," 3l.

Blencowgoe.—Richard Doughties wife, 6 sheep, 40s.

Blennarhassett.—Thomas Bowche and others, cattle worth 11l. Total amount 2405li. 7s. 8d. besides the ransom of 46 prisoners, some slain, many hurt.

pp. Indorsed by Burghley: "21 Febr. 1592—Abstract of the spoyles made on the West Borders." On last page, some notes by Burghley as to officers on the West Marches, the Grames demanded for Falkland, &c.