Elizabeth: February 1573, 16-28

Pages 256-271

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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February 1573, 16-28

Feb. 17. 770. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Recommends to his favour the bearer, who is desirous to retire into England on account of his constancy in religion in this hard time of trial, and also for the affection which he has always borne to Her Majesty.—Paris, 17 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 2/3.
Feb. 17. 771. News from France and Italy.
James Frazer and Alexander Menzies, of Aberdeen, confess that talking with two merchants of England, they said it was a common bruit in France, that as soon as Rochelle was taken the King of France would make war against England, and make the Duke of Anjou King of England, whereunto James Frazer, merrily talking by the way, as commonly men do use to freely talk of all things, said, "It were a proper thing for a King's brother to have such a kingdom as that is." As for the Te Deum Laudamus, that was sung in Italy after the murder of the Admiral, Frazer said he heard it himself, and all the world affirms that it is most true it was sung in Rome. The Pope has promised a sum of money for the maintenance of the war against England by himself and the Kings of France and Spain. Frazer says he is a kinsman of Lord Lovat, and that his going into Italy was to see the country and the army against the Turk. Two separate statements. Signed.
Endd.: 17th Feb. P. 1.
Feb. 18. 772. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
On the 16th inst. the Lords on both sides met at his lodgings and entered into conference, which proceeded hardly at first, but next day it seemed much better. Cannot yet write anything to effect, but is in hope of a good accord for the two houses of Huntley and Hamilton, and their dependants, so as then the Castle will be the only let to the perfect union of the realm and the obedience of the King. Beseeches him to hold his hand, that the aid demanded by the Regent, and expected by the nobility may be hastened after such sort, that if need be it may serve the turn. St. Johnstone's, 18 February. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Feb. 18. 773. H. Killegrew to [Sir Thomas Smith].
Arrived on the 15th, the same night came also the commissioners for the King and the Earl of Huntley and Lord Arbroath, who were accompanied by 200 horse well appointed; the next day they met at his lodging, where the ice was broken and their minds opened on both sides. Huntley, first for himself, and Lord Arbroath, who was for his father and his house, made known that some desired to be made sure for any damages in body, lands, or goods since the taking of the Queen at Carberry Hill; the commissioners answered in general terms, but more coldly than Huntley looked for, so that he was much discouraged until he put him in comfort to hope for good and true meaning. The next day they grew to an issue on both sides and agreed upon as many articles as they might by their commission; certain points being condescended unto by the Regent, he sees an universal union in the realm, in consideration whereof he is driven to stretch his commission to the uttermost, as great good may ensue of the accord. There is nothing demanded touching the King's murder, but of his Regents, of whom one was slain in war, and the murderer of the other escaped. Sir James Balfour came at his instance, and has done very good offices between him and the Earl of Huntley, who, with Lord Arbroath, has referred their differences to the Queen, on whom they mean to depend, next to their own King, before any other prince in Europe. Nothing is yet couched in writing on either side, nor can well be until the return of the answer from the Regent, who has as yet been pliable to anything that might content the Queen. The first article concluded was touching religion, wherein whosoever will take benefit of the pacification shall swear to withstand them who go about to put into execution the bloody device of the Council of Trent; in case they desist hereafter from the King's obedience, this benefit shall stand for null, and they "in statu quo prius." There only remains the Castle to make the King universally obeyed, and the realm united, which though it may be done without force, yet in his simple opinion it stands more in reason and policy for the Queen to hasten the aid. St. Johnstone's, 18 February. Signed.
P.S.—The Bishop of Galloway is not come to the Diet. The Earl of Huntley is very reasonable, and inclined to depend upon the Queen; such as be wise here and love her think it good that he were encouraged with some liberality, if it were but a piece of money; he confesses already that the Castilians abused him, and if the Regent consents to his desires, he will declare more that shall be for the Queen's service. Has had no time to deal with him about Gordon, but shall not omit the occasion. The Regent does what he can that the Queen may be honoured and loved in the country.
Pp. 4¼.
Feb. 18. 774. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Recommends the bearer, Captain Moleyns, Lieutenant of the Scottish Guard, to his favour as being known to be zealous for the religion; he cannot live in this country but with danger. He is well affected to the present government of Scotland, and will be able to do a great deal of good there. Paris, 18 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Feb. 19. 775. The Regent of Scotland to H. Killegrew.
Understands by his letters his great care for quieting their troubles, and his travail shall not be frustrate by his default. Agrees to the doing of the King's commissioners; the Queen's own resolution by her special writing has warranted him and satisfied the people. Beseeches him to consider his own state, and that he spares no pains to proceed forthwith, although at some hazard. Is well contented of Sir James Balfour being thereat. For the meeting with the Earl of Huntley he will certainly follow his advice. Edinburgh, 19th February 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Noted by Burghley: Morton 1,500, Huntley 1,000, Argyle 1,000, Claud 500. P. 2/3.
Feb. 14. 776. Advices from Italy.
Rome, 14 Feb. 1573.—End of the disturbance at Urbino. Passing events at the Papal court. News and reports from Naples and Spain.
Rome, 21 Feb. 1573.—Disturbance at Urbino. Preparations for war in Spain and Turkey.
Ital. Pp. 7½.
Feb. 21. 777. News from Venice.
From Lyons, on the 7th inst., it is reported that M. De Villars has been shot, and that the Huguenots are as numerous as formerly. Preparations of the Turk for war. Levy of forces in Venice. Election of the King of Poland.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 2.
Feb. 21. 778. David Chalmers to Lord Burghley.
Denies that he has had anything to do with setting forth the book printed in France containing reproaches against his Lordship's proceedings, or with procuring the interdiction in Rouen against the Queen, or with encouraging those in the Castle of Edinburgh with hope of aid from France. His Lord ship's gentle offer to help him in his particulars deserved greater thanks than to have been requited with such an injurious manner of writing. Assures him that he shall find any favour shown to him well employed.—Paris, 21 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Feb. 23. 779. Charles IX. to [La Mothe Fenelon].
Is grieved to see the commerce between his subjects and those of the Queen stopped by reason of the number of pirates on the English coast, who are suffered to issue out of and retire to the havens without any restraint. He is to inform the Queen that he has forbidden his subjects to leave his ports until they can do so with security, and that if this continues he will be compelled to arm vessels for their protection. Complains especially of M. Haquin [Hawkins], who is joined with certain of his rebels in the neighbourhood of the Isle of Wight, to the number of 12 or 13 ships, with which they carry provisions and munitions from England to Rochelle, into which place they have also lately taken several vessels as prizes.
Copy extract. Endd. Fr. P. ¾.
Feb. 23. 780. The Submission of Huntley and the Hamiltons at Perth.
At Perth, the 23rd February 1572, Archibald Earl of Angus, John Earl of Montrose, William Lord Ruthven, Robert Lord Boyd, Robert commendator of Dunfermline, and Sir John Bellenden, commissioners for the King, and George Earl of Huntley for himself, his friends, servants, and partakers depending upon him, and Lord John Hamilton, commendator of the abbey of Aberbrothwick, for himself, and taking the burden of Lord Claud Hamilton his brother, and all others depending upon the Duke of Chatelherault, the father of the house, convened for the treating of the removal of the public troubles and civil war long continuing, to the displeasure of God, the decay and danger of His true religion, the hurt and prejudice of the King's authority, and confusion of the laws, policy, and whole estate of the commonwealth, having thereunto the earnest motion and solicitation of the Queen of England, nearest princess to the King both in blood and habitation, by Mr. Henry Killegrew on her behalf, after mature deliberation concorded and concluded as follows:— 1. That all persons who would enjoy and benefit from the pacification should affirm and profess the confession of the Christian faith and true religion of Jesus Christ publicly preached in the realm, and shall to the uttermost of their power maintain, fortify, and assist the true preachers and professors of the Word of God against whatsoever enemies or "againstanders" of the same, of whatsoever nation or degree, that have joined or bound themselves or assisted to execute the cruel decrees of the Council of Trent, which is most injuriously called by the adversaries of God's truth the Holy League. 2. That the Earl of Huntley and Lord John Hamilton, for themselves and others, submit to the King's obedience and government of his Regent, James Earl of Morton, or other regents to be lawfully constituted during his minority, and acknowledge themselves by their oaths and subscriptions to be his debt-bound subjects. 3. They grant and confess that all things done or assisted unto by them in name or by colour of any other authority has been unlawful, is of no strength, force, or effect, and shall have no execution in any time bypast or to come. 4. That it shall be ordained by an act of parliament that no subjects of the realm shall directly or indirectly show favour to any that shall privily practise or openly pretend any treasonable fact, uproar, or hostility against the true religion, the King, or the Regent, and in case any now returning, or that shall happen to be received to the King's obedience, do in the contrary, and resist not the treasonable hostility, the King's remission or pardon shall not serve or be extended in their favour hereafter, but they will be pursued and punished as if no remission had been granted. 5. That all persons professing the King's obedience dispossessed during the late troubles, shall presently repossess their houses, livings, lands, and all moveables except horse and armour, for execution whereof the Regent shall direct letters, under pains of treason or horning. 6. That the house of Spynie be delivered to the King upon 15 days' warning. 7. That the Master of Forbes and James Glen of Barr and his sons and all other prisoners be set at liberty; that Lord Semple's bond and other bonds for entry of prisoners or payment of ransom be free and discharged. 8. All things promised by abstinence shall be performed, and all things to the contrary fully restored and repaired. 9. The Earl of Huntley and Lord John Hamilton shall break and discharge their men of war. For the better assurance of those returning to the King's obedience, cautioners and sureties are to be bound for their obedience in time to come, wherein, at the suit of the Queen of England's ambassador, they have referred themselves to the will and discretion of the Regent. 10. It shall be decreed by act of parliament that the processes and sentences passed by "domes" of forfeiture, and all horning and penalties arising therefrom against certain members of the house of Hamilton and others, to the number of 35 (whose names are given), since the 15th June 1567, shall be void and of none effect. 11. They shall have license and favour to reduce their forfeitures for such reasonable causes as they can libel. 12. Toward the escheat of their moveables fallen through any crime committed in the common cause, the same shall remain, provided always, that all moveables and debt intromitted with and "uptaken" before the according to of the abstinence on the penult. day of July shall remain with the donators and intromitters. 13. All persons returning to the King's obedience who have been dispossessed of their lands or heritages by forfeiture or barratry shall be restored effectually to the possession thereof. 14. All shall be free remitted of all treasons, transgressions, or offences committed by them since the 15th June 1567, incest, witchcraft, and theft excepted. This does not extend to the murder of the Earls of Murray and Lennox, late Regents, which is a matter of such weight and importance that the Regent cannot conveniently of himself remit them; yet the matter of the remission of the murders being moved to the Queen of England, whatever she shall advise and counsel the Regent, with consent of parliament, will perform and observe. 15. If any desire remission of crimes committed before the 15th June 1567, the same shall be granted, the persons and crimes being notified. The murder of the late King and certain other specified crimes being excepted. 16. All civil processes whereby the said persons find themselves grieved or injured shall be reviewed by the judges ordinary. 17. It shall be moved to the Queen of England as to the fruits and moveables which the persons now returning to the King's obedience have taken, or damage or scathe committed by them. 18. The rent, fee farms, and mails of the lands of Petteindrith and third of Dumfries in Moray, being a part of the King's property intromitted and uptaken by the Earl of Huntley, shall be freely remitted and discharged. Touching the rent of thirds of benefices, common kirk or friar lands intromitted and uptaken by the Earl of Huntley and Lord John Hamilton, the Regent shall make suit at the General Assembly for procuring discharge. 19. All persons comprehended in the pacification shall be received and entertained as the King's free lieges in all parts of the realm. 20. The heirs and successors of persons forfeited comprehended under the Pacification shall be restored to their lands and possessions, and "exercise" all lawful deeds in judgment. 21. That certain captains of men of war (whose names are given), and all soldiers serving under their charges, shall be comprehended in the pacification for all hostility and crime committed during the troubles before the last day of July, being always subject to answer for all things done since the abstinence. 22. The articles and conditions shall be further extended if need be, the substance not being altered, and being amply interpreted. 23. The pacification does not extend to any persons absent forth of the realm, nor to any person specially excepted in the first abstinence accorded the penult. day of July. 24. The King's commissioners and the other noblemen solemnly promise and swear the true intention and faithful performance and observation of the whole articles of the present pacification. 25. No horning for payment of thirds executed against the persons now returning to the King's obedience shall be valid, the present pacification being sufficient relaxation, and this shall extend for all things done in the common cause. Sic subscribitur: Archibald Earl of Argyle, Huntley, Montrose, John Aberbrothok, Ruthven, Boyd, Dunfermline, Bellenden.
Marginally noted and endorsed by Lord Burghley. Pp. 7.
Feb. 23. 781. Proclamation by the Earl of Huntley and Lord John Hamilton.
At the earnest motion and solicitation of the Queen of England an accord and pacification of the civil war and troubles has been made and concluded, and has been extended towards them for the surety of their lives, living, honours, and goods. Have required the Ambassador to promise for them that they will truly and faithfully observe the pacification, and that the Queen shall interpret herself surety and cautioner for them to that effect. Lord John Hamilton takes the burden upon him for his brother Lord Claud Hamilton, the commendator of Paisley, and promises to faithfully observe and keep the pacification.—Perth, 23rd Feb. 1572.
Endd. by Lord Burleigh. P. 1.
Feb. 23. 782. Killegrew's Promise for the Earl of Huntley, &c.
In the Queen's name and by virtue of his commission he promises to the Earl of Huntley and Lord John Hamilton, the commendator of Aberbrothok, that the Regent shall perform whatsoever Her Majesty shall decide touching the remission of the murders of the late Regents, and "discharge of the fruits, moveable goods and other dampnagies" shall be purchased and obtained to them, their kinsfolk, servants, and partakers, excepting the persons specified in the abstinence. Also that the pacification shall be truly observed towards them, and that the Queen shall interpose as conservatrix thereof, and endeavour to cause the same to be truly and sincerely kept.—23 Feb. 1572.
Endd. by Killegrew: "A copy of my promise made at Perth to the Earl of Huntley and the Duke's children." And by Burghley: 23rd Feb. 1572. Mutilated. P. 1.
Feb. 23. 783. Copy of the above.
Endd. P. 1.
Feb. 23. 784. Lethington and Grange to the Earl of Huntley.
Pray him to write amply of what has proceeded between him and those he met at Perth. No doubt Mr. Killegrew will use the persuasions he can, and perhaps threatening in his mistress' name, but trust that will not make him hastily yield, for they are assuredly persuaded that the Queen of England will not send forces nor take the matter on her to meddle openly, for if she so do she is assured to provoke France to the like, and by that means bring more cumber to herself than is convenient. They will give the Earl of Morton and all his men of war enough to do to wait upon them, that they shall not have leisure to take any other thing in hand. If forces be used against him greater than he may resist, albeit he take appointment, his honour will be saved, and they will be aye content to offer him measure; but to yield to words before he sees likelihood of force, they trust he is wise enough to foresee what is honourable and expedient. Understand from Mr. James Kyrkcaldy's despatch that France will not spare expense to preserve them; they are not discouraged of the fortune happened to him by treason of those in whom they lippened; if they had taken heed of the advertisement he (Huntley) made them divers times it had not chanced, but it is more honest to be deceived than to deceive. They have lost nothing but a little silver which they respect not "meikle," for it makes nothing to the weal or wreck of the principal cause; at the worst it will make their debts longer in paying; he that sent the money has money enough behind to help, and they doubt not of his goodwill. They pray him be not sudden, for France will not fail to help with men and money, and England dare do nothing. Are able enough to hold their soldiers doing, so that Morton shall not "sparkell" his forces. They hope after hasty relief for so has the Bishop of Galloway assured them. Signed: W. Maitland; W. Kyrkcaldy.
Endd. by Killegrew: "A copy of the Lairds of Lethington and Grange's letter to the Earl of Huntley." P. 1.
Feb. 23. 785. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
The Bishop of Galloway desire him to procure a passport that his son might return by England; he answered that if he would write to his son he would cause the letter and the licence to be sent to the ambassador in France, who would serve his turn. Having had some general speeches with the Earl of Huntley, was desired to convey the enclosed. Knows not what is written, but would be loth to give any offence. The messenger from the Bishop of Galloway said that an open letter had been sent him to be conveyed to his son, but none came to hand.—St. Johnstone's, 23 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
786. The Bishop of Galloway to H. Killegrew.
The appointment was not kept by his nephew at Perth, therefore sends his servant to show his good mind. Showed him in Edinburgh Castle what his son wrote to him of this last tribulation in France, and how willing he was to return, whereunto he prays him specially to aid him, as he has given charge to the bearer to declare.—Tongueland, 11 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½. Enclosure.
Feb. 23. 787. H. Killegrew to Sir Thomas Smith.
This day upon answer from the Regent the articles of accord and pacification were subscribed of both parts, and so a peace established universal in the realm, the Castle only excepted, which lies in the Queen to subdue with more security than before. Is now ready towards Aberdeen, whither he accompanies the Earl of Huntley to embrace the Regent, and trusts to draw on a good intelligence between them; that done, he means to enter into treaty for the Castilians. A gentleman will be dispatched who will bring him the accord with all circumstances. Trusts he will hasten Captain Errington and his errand forward, that now while the iron is hot it may be striken with profit. All the harm they have done at Edinburgh is the death of one woman.— Perth, 23rd, at night. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Feb. 24. 788. M. De la Mothe Fenelon to Lord Burghley.
Begs that the Queen will excuse the mistake which he made last Sunday in giving her a note which she had already seen, instead of the one which he now sends. Desires that the other note may be returned by the bearer, together with another touching the reports which have been brought to the King concerning naval preparations in England. If these are allowed to continue he will have just cause to ever after doubt the good faith and promises of the Queen of England, since instead of the aid which he might expect according to the treaty, he sees vessels fully equipped and armed going out of her ports to make war against him.—London, 24 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. 1.
Feb. 25. 789. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
Both Gurdon [Gordon] and Chambres [Chalmers] have lately been with him, and made great protestations of innocency touching the book. Gordon knows the author, but thinks it not his office to be an accuser. The other protests that he neither saw the book nor knew the author. The liberty of lewd speaking and infamous writing is over much tolerated here. Can hear no further touching the matter Dalvyson deals in.—Paris, 25 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. P. 1.
Feb. 25. 790. John Fostar to Walsingham.
Passing by Avignon he heard news of Marshal Danville's camp before Sommieres, and that they had given a sharp assault to the town, which was repulsed with the loss of 500 of their best soldiers. They say that the chief captain of Nismes entered the town with 400 men two days before the assault was given.—Marseilles, 25 Feb. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ½.
Feb. 26. 791. H. Killegrew to Sir Thomas Smith.
Has received a letter from the Lord President at York, to whom he wrote the Regent's mind touching the stay of Verac, and others with him; it seems God will prosper the work when he stays such hinderers as Verac would have been to the furtherance thereof. The Regent takes most thankfully the Queen's good meaning to assist in the recovery of the Castle; after some conference with the Earl of Huntley it will be known how and after what sort the Castilians are to be dealt withal, wherein nothing shall be omitted that might bring them to reason, without force. If Verac had arrived in time it would have done great harm; he has a tail behind which by diligence may be cut off from doing any harm afterwards. For these six months the Queen of Scots' faction have had no intelligence from her but by way of France. Ferniehurst, who lies under Sir John Forster, wrote to Huntley saying his appointing had undone them all, and if he could have been patient for a while, there would have come such support as would have made them triumph over their enemies; if it be thought good that Ferniehurst should be kept in England, some other place further off the Borders were more fit for his abode. He is still borne in hand that there is some device to deliver the Scottish Queen out of England, but can see no ground. James Kyrkcaldy says the ruin of England and Scotland is intended, and can hardly be prevented unless he shew the mean; he is a prisoner, and it may be he uses the example of him that would make an ass to speak, howbeit he is still afraid of these kind of speeches. The Castilians continue in their obstinacy, but all things go against them, their "spials" and messengers are discovered, and their intelligence-givers, of whom the chief was Lord Seton, who will do so no more if he (Smith) will trust him. The young Baron Boghill who was in the Castle, and his father in trouble for him, is come out, and Robert Kyrkcaldy that was porter has left them, and committed himself to the Regent's mercy.—Aberdeen, 26 Feb. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Lord Burghley. Pp. 3.
Feb. 23. 792. The first article of the pacification concluded on the 23rd February.
Enclosure. P. ½.
Feb. 26. 793. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
As he has desired his simple opinion touching the journey against the Castle of Edinburgh, has thought good to send his servant Williams, to whom he has heretofore committed sundry secrets, having found him faithful and trusty; some cause unwished for he has also to send him for, to see and present his duty to his old good father, who is extremely visited with sickness. Has signified to Killegrew his opinion for his dealing with the Regent, how the Queen's charges shall be answered if the Castle be won by her means. His weakness and insufficiency considered he would have wished the charge of the forces in Scotland given to a more able person, but since it is the Queen's pleasure he will, to his poor power, play his part; if the adventuring of his life will serve the same, it shall be put in execution.—York, 26 February. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. P. 1½.
Feb. 26. 794. Bishop of Galloway to H. Killegrew.
Understands all matters shall now be compounded and agreed. Has been evil handled by John Moscrop, an advocate of Edinburgh, who received his writings and promised faithfully to deliver them into his (Killegrew's) hand, together with one directed to his son John; has requested his good friend Alexander Hay to inquire for them, he will do goodwill to make him know his fault. Hopes he will perfect the good work he has begun, and do all good offices to satisfy the nobility and gentlemen in the Castle.—Tongueland, 26 February. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. ¾.
Feb. 27. 795. Laurence Gordon to John Gordon.
Praised be God there is a godly pacification and final agreement made in this country, through the "incessive" labors of the Ambassador of England, whose kindness and loving favor extended to their father is very great and worthy of perpetual service. It may stand that in his coming through England he may find him at Cambridge, for he is laboring at his father's hand to that effect.—Tongueland, 27 February. Signed.
Add. Endd. by Burghley. P. ½.
Feb. 27. 796. The Bishop of Galloway to Alexander Hay.
Wishes that those in the Castle might be brought to be pacified, that no further occasion of trouble might follow. When the (English) ambassador wrote to him at the taking of the last abstinence, he "ran counter" Mr. John Moscrop who offered himself to carry his writings, and promised in three days to deliver them, wherein he has failed; prays him to enquire for them and to deliver them to the ambassador. The occasion why he is offended proceeds of an advertisement that his son John had set forth a book, and in the prologue thereof written various "blasphemations" against the principal councillors of England; he wrote to him to stay his purpose, the ambassador having taken in hand to send the same. Doubts not but that the Regent will regard him according to his estate, for none in the realm has greater loss thereby, for he has no means to keep him from Mr. Alexander Crawford, who has seven years' pension to lay to his charge, but the Queen of Scots' obligation for a pension of 2,000 francs upon her domains in France. Since Verac's last arrival to France his son John has gotten for him a patent of the King of France of 2,000 francs in yearly pension. Were pacification made amongst the nobility, that the religion might stand, he had rather quit the premises and the rest he has behind.—Tongueland, 27 February. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Feb. 27. 797. Advices from Genoa.
Genoa, 27 February.—Marc Antonio Colonna was despatched with favour from the King of Spain. Order has been sent to Italy to raise 16,000 infantry, who shall be commanded by Pagano Doria, Ferrante and Octavio Gonzaga. Other forces are being levied in Spain, part of which shall serve the League, and the others go into Flanders, where it is rumoured that Ernest, the Emperor's son, shall go as Governor, having for counsellor the Grand Commendator. The Dukes of Medina and Alva shall return into Spain. Preparations by the League and the Turk.
Endd. Ital. P. 2/3.
Feb. 28. 798. Proclamation in the Low Countries.
Ordering that no man shall have any conference with the enemy, or furnish them with money, victuals, or in any way assist them, upon pain of life. All corn to be thrashed, and the grain brought into fortified places within ten days; all hay and forage for horses to be burnt on the approach of the enemy, and heed to be taken to save all cattle, and watch to be kept day and night upon every village steeple. Millers are to remove all gear belonging to their mills, and bridges to be broken down or defended.—Antwerp, 28 Feb 1573.
Copy. Mutilated. Endd. Pp. 3.
799. Abstract of the above.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Feb. 28. 800. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
1. The great brags of 15,000 or 16,000 men that should be at Rochelle are found now upon a late muster not to be above 3,000, and the supply that accompanies the Admiral amounts not to so many more, and yet if the companies were complete according to the King's pay they should be above 16,000. They fortify themselves in villages about Rochelle. They advise the King to make an army by sea, for otherwise they think that their land siege will not prevail. There is great confusion and discontent in the camp, so that many captains and soldiers depart. They have been so well beaten by them of the town in certain sallies that they list not to encounter with them. There has not been one cannon discharged by them of the town. Some say that the six ships which arrived in the haven took one of the King's galleys. There is some talk of a Council Provincial to take order for the allotting of some exercise of religion, which is thought to be but a trap to snare them of the religion. Three thousand people have taken arms in the neighbourhood of Limousin, who give themselves to spoil, and impeach the victuals that should go for the furniture of the camp before Rochelle. The four cities of the Duke of Urbino hold out, and are thought to have some support of the Duke of Florence. The Pope, Ferrara, and Parma promise aid to the Duke of Urbino. An Italian who departed the 25th inst. from Antwerp, reports that the Admiral of Flushing has distressed certain ships in the river not far from Antwerp; also that there is no good intelligence between the Dukes of Alva and Medina Celi, and that Alva was never more hated, or the Prince in greater reputation than now. Divers merchants strangers, seeing no hope of quietness, mean to retire themselves. Chapin Vitelli told the party that he never saw the country in so great danger of losing as presently it is.—Paris, 28 Feb. 1572. Signed.
2. P.S.—Sends copy of M. La Mole's letter of the 11th inst. What the meaning should be he knows not. The party who brought it was as vain as vanity itself. Told him that La Mole might repair to him without danger at any time for anything that he knew. Has lately granted a passport to one who carries a box of linen to the Queen of Scots. Thinks that Burghley will find somewhat written in some of the linen which will be worth reading. "Her Majesty, under colour of seeing the fashion of the ruffs, may cause the several pieces of linen to be held before a fire, whereby the writing may appear."
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 3½.
Feb. 11. 801. M. La Mole to Walsingham.
Original of the copy forwarded to Burghley on the 28th Feb. Is sorry that he could not come to take leave of him before his departure from Paris. Advises that the Queen Mother should be induced to send for the Duke of Alençon under colour that the Earl of Worcester desires to see him. Is sending a messenger to M. Maisonfleur, for whom he requests a passport.—Niort, 11 Feb. Signed.
Add. Enclosure. Fr. P. 1.
Feb. 29. 802. Earl of Huntingdon to Lord Burghley.
Is not a little glad of the purpose to send some men, but wishes they might be with speed dispatched, for it is more than time, and is most necessary, if to provide for surety save expenses and men's lives be necessary. The Castilians will never of themselves yield for anything the Regent can do against them without the assistance of the Queen. It is rather to be doubted that the comfort which they may have from France, and the gifts and fair promises which may be offered to the Regent and his party, will make the King's side content themselves with some such composition as will not be liked of. The Castle hitherto expect comfort from France, and little doubt of anything England will do. The Castle had, it may settle Scotland wholly to the devotion of England; the opportunity lost, it may be doubted whether it will ever be recovered. Prays him to be, as he has been in all good causes, an earnest solicitor. The nature of their good sovereign is too good for the froward, false, and subtle generation with which God has matched her. Verac alone, and that which he carried, was able to do the Queen a great deal of charge and trouble before it were removed, but that is prevented, and Verac is at Mr. Boynton's house. Has sent him word that till he knows certainly what he has brought with him he shall be well used, and search being made he will either send to know the Queen's pleasure or send him up to her. Five or six hundred men may be quickly levied with small trouble or charge to the country, and some may be taken up in the Bishopric.—York, 29 Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Feb. 803. Rowland Johnson to the Privy Council.
The bridge at Berwick is now fully accomplished from the end next the town, all over the river of Tweed, to the stone tower, 600 feet long, saving a few planks, the drawbridge and 12 braces, which 50 tons of timber will suffice to accomplish thoroughly. From the stone tower to the end next Tweedmouth, 160 feet long, it is utterly decayed, so that no weighty carriages can pass over. It were needful that timber and iron were provided in the summer, as winter work is chargeable by means of the short days, and the tides are no small hindrance. For the piece of work that is done already, many of the poor artificers and labourers are unpaid, and make great clamour and exclamation for their wages, as they have nothing else to live on, Sir Valentine Browne in the meantime relieving them with victuals. Hopes it may please them to write in his favour to Sir Valentine Browne to pay him his own wages as are due to him from time to time, otherwise he is not able to live there. Of late Sir W. Drury and Mr. Killegrew commanded him to ride to Edinburgh and to take a perfect survey both of the Castle and town, wherein he did his best to show everything in the plat. The survey was hard to take, as the trenches at the back of the Castle were uncut, where they issued forth as oft as they list, both day and night, and took in fresh water from a well without the Castle. He showed how to cut the trenches, and then they came not much forth again. His poor opinion is that if letters should be written to the Regent in the Queen's name, that, till the arrival of the army and munitions, he should keep them so strait within the Castle that they should have no relief of fresh water or victual, it would make them come to any composition the Queen and their Lordships may think meet. If they yield not then, within 20 days after the ordnance is placed according to the plat, the Castle will be at the Queen's devotion. Has been these 20 years in displeasure with divers lords in Scotland for overthrowing sixteen of their chief stone houses in King Edward's time and since, as he has been commanded. It is very sore that he should be sent, as it were, alone to spy such places, for should he fall into their hands his reward would be something sharp.—Berwick, Feb. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¾.
Feb. 804. News from Italy and Antwerp.
1. By letters out of Italy of 31 Jan., they write that four towns have revolted against the Duke of Urbino. The Turk has written to Poland that in no case shall they choose any of the House of Austria, promising that if they choose M. D'Anjou that he will employ his forces in the recovery of all that the Muscovite withholds from them.
2. Antwerp, 16 Feb.—There is great scarcity in the Duke of Alva's camp before Haarlem, and great preparations at Antwerp for some enterprise to be done about Flushing.
3. Occurrents from 12 Feb.—There lately arrived a gentleman sent from the Pope, with a sword and cap of maintenance in further approbation of the French King's proceedings. About the 18th the King of Portugal sent to congratulate the Queen's delivery.
Endd. P. 1.
[Feb.] 805. Renewal of the Intercourse with Spain and the Low Countries.
Translation into Spanish of a letter from Burghley to Antonio Guerras, assuring him of the desire of the Queen and himself to preserve friendship with the King of Spain, and also his opinion on certain articles providing for a renewal of the intercourse with Spain and the Low Countries which Guerras had delivered to him. (See next number.)
Copy. Endd. Span. Pp. 4¾.
[Feb.] 806. Renewal of the Intercourse with Spain and the Low Countries.
Burghley's opinion on certain articles delivered to him by Antonio Guerras on the part of the Duke of Alva, providing for a renewal of the intercourse between the subjects of the Queen of England and the King of Spain, and for the determination of controversies which gave rise to the arrest. To these he thinks it necessary to add that the Queen's subjects shall be permitted the use of their religion secretly in their own houses without molestation by the Inquisition. If any shall offend openly by deed, word, or writing against the religion used in Spain, they shall, upon conviction, depart out of the country within 40 days, and shall not return without express license from the King, upon pain to be subject to the order of the Inquisition. There are also many other things to be accorded, as in sort the ambassadors of both Princes shall govern themselves for enjoying their liberties and privileges, and also it is to be provided that neither of the said Princes shall suffer the subjects of either who are condemned for treason or rebellion to remain in their countries. In order to avoid delay, Burghley promises to the uttermost of his power to further the observance of these articles.
Partly in Burghley's writing. Endd. Pp. 3¾.
807. Draft of part of the above in Burghley's writing.
Endd. Pp. 3.