James I: September 1609

Pages 282-295

Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1608-1610. Originally published by Longman and Co, London, 1874.

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James I: September 1609

475. Army Accounts in Ireland. [Sept. 1.] Lansd. MSS., 159, 73, pp. 241, 245.

The charge of the army in Ireland for ten years and three quarters, begun primo die Octobris 1595, and ended ultimo Junii 1606.—1 September 1609.

Pp. 3. Endd.

476. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 125.

Are now come to the tropic or turn-point of their journey; for, having finished the services which were to be performed in Tyrconnell, they begin to return homewards from hence to Fermanagh; from thence to the Cavan; where they will make the last period of this summer's progress or circuit.

The description or maps of the land are made here as in the former counties. Divers persons have exhibited their pretended titles to lands in this country, whereof some are merchants of the Pale to whom the late fugitive Earl of Tyrconnell had mortgaged great scopes of land for small sums of money; others are natives, who being chiefs of septs, suppose their long continuance of possession under O'Donnell to be a good title now against the Crown. Besides, some of their widows claim jointures and dowers, though, by their own Irish law, no woman may have any estate in land. But all these titles appear to be void or voidable in English law, so that the pretenders are left entirely to His Majesty's grace and bounty. Every title whereupon there shall arise any doubt, shall be drawn into a case, and transmitted over; but because the dead case, if any question shall be made upon it, can make no reply, perhaps it will be needful that some one "of the robe" should come over to give satisfaction in every point.

The inquisition taken of the church land here varies but little in substance from their former inquisitions. The bishops have rents and duties out of the Termon lands, but the propriety is found in the Erenaghes and their septs. There are more parcels of land of this nature found in Enishowen than in any other barony, which diminishes not a little the value of the Lord Deputy's portion.

Thus have they proceeded in this county of Tyrconnell, and thus has he presumed to trouble his Lordship with his weak advertisements out of every county.—The Camp, near Lifford, 12 September 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

477. William Thimble to Salisbury. [Sept. 12.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 126.

Apologises for his boldness in writing, to which he is encouraged by his Lordship's reputation for readiness of access.

Is one amongst many Englishmen who have lately come over into Ireland. Having lived here now two years, and having carefully noted the impediments which hinder the flourishing of this commonwealth, has judged it to be a kind of inbred hatred which the natives here bear to the English nation; which being kindled by the infectious breath of seditious Jesuits, they make religion at least the colour of their disloyalty to His Majesty, and their malice towards the English. How infinitely this brood of viperous seducers increases in number and boldness he is persuaded is known neither to His Majesty nor his honourable Council; which has excited him, though unknown to his Lordship, to give him notice thereof, not by way of complaint, but of information, in order that he may consider the event and provide the remedy.

Which information is twofold: The first is of the shameful neglect of God's true service here; the second of the infinite number and impudent boldness of dangerous Jesuits. For the first, beseeches his Lordship to accept in general thus much, thinking it not safe to particularise until he shall receive further encouragement from him; but that capital vice here generally reigns amongst Protestants; which has been a chief means to cause many who were not well grounded to be seduced from them and to become the most obstinate Papists. For the latter, it is wonderful to see how bold they are grown through the connivance and remissness of the magistrates. For a man may as familiarly salute a popish priest, even in the streets of Dublin, as a preacher; and in the country they are grown to that boldness that they publicly draw together thousands to their idolatrous sacrifices, as they have done this year in two several parts and times in this kingdom; which being permitted without control, what in time it may grow unto he leaves to his Lordship's consideration; remembering always that all is not divinity which they preach to factious and turbulent spirits, especially at those times when they perceive good courses in hand for the edifying of God's true church, as he doubts not but are, or will be taken in the northern plantation. One forcible reason that persuades him their teachings and doctrine tend to no good, is the publishing of the Answer to His Majesty's Apology for the Oath of Allegiance; which in an English manuscript, they have not spared to divulge not only to Irish, and English Papists but to Protestants also, with such an acclamation of applause, as if an angel from heaven had written the book. Afterwards, when the Bishop of Lincoln's book came over, it being proffered to read over to the Papist that was forward to publish the other, he refused it, saying he was prohibited by their church. Points out the malice of these pernicious, damned Jesuits, who not only seek to bring His Majesty's subjects into hatred with his sacred person and religious proceedings, but also take away the means of reconciliation. And now, having been thus bold, beseeches him to vouchsafe to read with patience that which follows. It is the opinion of many Englishmen, both loyally and religiously affected to His Majesty and the commonwealth, that if the ancient statute concerning recusancy (which is that every one neglecting to come to church at the time of divine service should forfeit 12d. for every Sabbath's absence) were revived and daily executed, at first in the civilest parts of this land, it would without doubt be a means to draw many to church, where (with God's blessing) they may be made civil, if not religious; and from the richer and more obstinate sort of them might in a small time be collected money enough to repair all the churches and build free schools in all the counties of Ireland. He himself, if he were able to give security for so great a matter, would undertake to give 4,000l. a year for those mulcts in Leinster, Munster, and Connaught, so that he might have competent aid by the ecclesiastical and civil magistrate for the collecting thereof. But wanting friends to undertake for him in so great a business, he would willingly expose himself to any danger about the executing of the said statute, or doing anything wherein he might do His Majesty or his Lordship any service in this or any place; but he presumes not to prescribe anything in this matter, or to presage the consequence. His purpose is only to remind his Lordship thereof, and to make tender of his services, and so to leave it to his Lordship's consideration, to dislike or approve as shall seem best to his wisdom.—Dublin, 12 September 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Mr. Thimble to my Lord, from Dublin.

"Of the frequent resort of Jesuits.

"And of great profit to be raised out of the statute of recusancy in Ireland.

"He offereth 4,000l. yearly for the benefit of the forfeitures of that statute."

478. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 13.] Philad. P., vol, 1, p. 363.

Directs him to accept a surrender from the portreeve, burgesses, and commons of Athboy in the county of Meath, of all their lands and hereditaments, in consideration that part of the said town was burnt in the rebellion of the traitor Tyrone, and that the then portreeve with many of the townsmen was slain in defence thereof and in the service of our Crown, and to re-grant them their lands without fine, for ever, to be held of the Castle of Dublin in common soccage and not in capite or by knight's service.—Hampton Court, 13 September 1609.

Pp. 2. Copy. Signed at head. Add. Endd.: "13th Sept. 1609. Copie of the Kinge's lre on graunt of land unto the corporation of Athboy."

479. Sir Arthur Chichester to Salisbury. [Sept. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 127.

Have now with much labour and some difficulty gone through with the survey and other business in the counties of Armagh, Tyrone, Coleraine, the county and city of Derry, and Donegal, and are already entered into the like for this county of Fermanagh. In the first two counties they had the company and assistance of the Lord Chancellor and Lord Primate of Armagh, when the Lord Chancellor, growing sickly and very weak, they, with much ado, persuaded his return, sore against his will. In the county of Coleraine, soon after the Chancellor's departure, they were overtaken by the Lord Bishop of Derry, who has been as well a party as a commissioner, in the lands sought under the title of ecclesiastical or church lands, ever since that time; so that they have done nothing in that kind without the presence and test of two prelates of the church; and if this survey and inquiry help them not, it is apparent that they (the commissioners) did but their duty in the last, and that some of them sought that of right which they must have of grace if they possess it at all. Wishes they may have it according to the King's good pleasure, but cannot so digress from the duty and service he owes to his Sovereign as to feed the unsatiable humours of craving men, when they tend to His Majesty's loss or dishonour, in order thereby to preserve himself from their envy and complaints. The labour and travel ended, it will require good time to digest it into form and method fit to be presented to His Majesty and his Lordship; so that he thinks it will be near Christmas before they will send it.

Sir Thomas Phillips, with the four agents of London, came unto them likewise in the county of Coleraine, a day or two before the Bishop. They landed at Knockfergus, and in their way from thence they beheld Coleraine and the river of Banne beneath the Leape; they have now seen the Derry, the river of Loughfoyle, the Lyffer, and sundry parts adjoining; and they like so well of the scites (sic), the lands adjoining the rivers, and the commodities they think to raise by their purse and good husbandry, that they assure him the City of London will really undertake the plantation upon the report they are to make, and that with expedition. If they should not, as he has often told them, they will be enemies to themselves; for the fishings, lands, and woods, with toleration of custom and other privileges which His Majesty has graciously proffered to them, are worth not less than 2,000l. a year as they now are, and their purse and industry will, within two or three years, improve them to double that value.

They came in a convenient time, when the people in each county made their appearance, declaring their obedience and submission to the law in a far better fashion than within these three years he ever expected to have seen in this province; and if his good usage and that of the Council with him could aid to the other encouragements they have found, it has not been and shall not be wanting. Advised them to send an assay of the commodities which the country at this time afforded to the Lord Mayor, of which they took good liking; and so he procured them raw hides, tallow, salmon, herrings, eels, pipe-staves, beef, and the like, at easy prices. Also procured them some of the iron ore, and will add specimens of the lead and copper.

They are now gone to take a more exact view of the river of Banne above the Leape, and of the woods of Glankonkeyne and Kylletra, intending to meet him (Chichester) about 14 days hence upon his return towards Dublin. Sir Thomas Phillips, to his great charge and trouble, daily accompanies them from one place to another, which is a great comfort to them. He will return with them; and in the meantime nothing shall be wanting to continue them in the resolution they have taken; for, albeit he perceives they aim at some things that yield no good profit, yet he will not hinder so good a work, the best that ever was undertaken in his time for the general good of the kingdom, for his own private, as he doubts not they will declare unto his Lordship.

Upon receipt of the Lords' letters declaring it to be the King's pleasure that his subjects of this nation, affecting the wars, should (if they liked) employ themselves in the service of the King of Swethland [Sweden], he imparted the same to the Presidents and Vice-Presidents of Munster and Connaught, and to the Earl of Thomond, with directions to leave men fittest to be spared within their several jurisdictions; and gave some commissions to such as he knew to be of most power and best able to raise the like within this province and in Leinster: in which they have proceeded as far as men without money are able; and he has made ready some cashockes [cassocks] and other apparel for them, which is the sum of what he was directed. Has now received letters from Mr. Stallinge by William Carter, master of the "Sea Flower," of London, that that ship and three others are sent to transport the 1,000 men to Sweden, which ship (with the victuals for their transportation only) arrived at the Derry on the 13th of this instant, the other ships being separated from him, as he reports, in a storm. He thinks, however, they are by this time at the Derry likewise; but of the colonel, Sir Robert Stewarde, hears nothing by word or writing, so that he is doubtful what to do. For he thinks it is not the King's pleasure that he should send the men without the colonel, or some other from him to make claim of the benefit of the contract made with the King of Swethland upon their arrival; and to draw them together when they are all ready (which yet they are not) before there be money to feed and content them until they shall embark or come all together, were full of hazard and of danger in this province, where they cannot but perceive that an alteration of their estates and course of life is intended. The opportunity of sending men so ill affected out of this kingdom has made him accept of the submission of Oghie Oge O'Hanlon and Brian M'Arte's son, with all their wicked crew in this province; who so freely proffered themselves to this service for avoiding further danger by the prosecutions he made upon them, that there is not a rebel or woodkerne that stands upon his keeping at this time in the whole province. And having brought it to this pass, he is at a stand until he receives further directions, or until the colonel comes to furnish the captains with money and conduct them hence. If the time be deferred twenty days longer, the seamen say there will be no going upon that coast until the spring. If there be no alteration by foreign invasion, that delay cannot be dangerous, (fn. 1) unless some ill news arrive from their fellows that are gone before them with Captain Bingley. Prays his Lordship to hasten the colonel or to direct him what to do in an affair of this moment; for to send the men under so mean and unknown captains without the colonel, the whole Council agree with him in thinking is unfit.—From the Camp in Fermanagh, near Enishkeelyn [Enniskillen], 18 September 1609.

Pp. 5. Signed. Add. Endd.

480. Sir Arthur Chichester to the Privy Council. [Sept. 18.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 128.

Enters into details regarding the levy of the 1,000 men for Sweden. The report of the favourable view of their planta tion has been left to the Commissioners of London to deliver. The report of the survey of Ulster cannot be arranged for a fortnight.—Camp near Enniskillen, Fermanagh, 18 September 1609.

Pp. 2. Signed. Add. Endd.

481. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. [Sept. 20.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 129.

Hitherto has not omitted to advertise his Lordship briefly of their proceedings in every county wherein they have executed their commission.

Have now finished their service in Fermanagh, which is so pleasant and fruitful a country that if he should make a full description thereof, it would rather be taken for a poetical fiction than for a true and serious narration.

The fresh lake called Lough Erne (being more than 40 miles in length and abounding with fresh-water fish of all kinds and containing 100 dispersed islands), divides that county into two parts; the land on either side the lough, rising in little hills of 80 or 100 acres apiece, is the fattest and richest soil in all Ulster.

Here is a Dutch merchant called Maximilian, who, like the rest of his nation, is diligent and industrious to improve the commodities of this kingdom. He makes suit to the Lord Deputy that a colony of Hollanders may be planted in the islands of this lough. If his demands be not unreasonable, they wish his suit may be granted; for a plantation of the Dutch in this place will be a great encouragement and benefit to the undertakers; for by their industry all the commodities of those parts will be wrought and vented, and the lake will be so full of boats and barks that they will be a great strength to all the civil inhabitants round about.

About the inquiry of the church lands in this county there has grown a difference between the old Archbishop of Cashel and the Bishop of Derry and Clogher, who, in the right of his bishopric of Clogher, claims all the patrimony of the Archbishop in these parts, for the Archbishop's father was a Corb or Erenagh of the Termon, wherein St. Patrick's Purgatory stands, called Termon Magragh. The Archbishop long since, in Queen Elizabeth's time, obtained letters out of England that his father's surrender should be accepted and a grant made to him by letters patent, which was done accordingly, and the Archbishop inherits that land by virtue of the Queen's grant. Howbeit, because the Bishop of Clogher has a rent out of that Termon, he claims the possession by virtue of His Majesty's letter.

The estate of the Erenaghes and tenants of the Termon lands is found the same here as in the other counties. The description of the country in maps is also exactly done, and the people are satisfied with the administration of civil justice.

And now they are passing to the last period of their journey, the county of Cavan.—The Camp in Fermanagh, 20 September 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Sealed. Add. Endd.

482. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 20.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 365.

Directs him to pass to James Neuterville, in consideration as well of the loyalty of his ancestors as his own, the reversion of the lands and mill of Tobber, in the county of Wicklow, at the rent of 7l. Also certain lands in the town of Lusk, likewise the rectory of Kilpatrick, in the county of Meath, of the yearly value of 13l. 6s. 8d., amounting, in the whole, to 21l. 10s. 6d. To hold for 21 years immediately after the determination of any leases of the same granted by Queen Elizabeth to any person whatsoever.—20 September 1609.

Pp. 2. Signed at head. Add. Enrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 22d of Sept. 1609. From the Kinge's Matie, to pass unto Mr James Neuterville certain parcels of lands, &c. by lease of 21 yeares in reversion. Rec. the 14th of No."

483. The King to Sir Arthur Chichester. [Sept. 22.] Philad. P., vol. 1, p. 369.

Granting to Captain Robert Bowen, who has long claimed 700l. as due to him out of Tyrconnell, now escheated, a pension of 3s. 6d. by the day for the life of himself and his son Oliver Bowen, in consideration of his long and acceptable services, in revenge whereof the rebels committed upon him many great spoils, burnings, and other mischiefs, and he is thus rendered poor and left unable to live as he has done, or to provide for his children when God shall call for him.—Hampton Court, 22 September 1609.

P. 1. Signed at head. Enrol. Endd. by Sir Arthur Chichester: "Of the 22d of Sept. 1609. From the Kinge's Matie, to graunt a pension of three shillings and sixpence English a daye to Robt Bowen and his son Oliver."

484. Sir Arthur Chichester to Attorney-General. [Sept. 24.] Carte Papers, 61, p. 313.

Warrant to draw a fiant of a grant to John Leigh and Daniel Leigh, Esqrs., jointly and severally of the office of constables or constable of the fort of Omagh, in the county of Tyrone, with the 20 warders there, viz., 6 horsemen and 14 footmen, with entertainments according to the present Establishment; to hold during their lives and the life of the survivor, and that neither of them shall be removed from their charge nor any of the number of the warders or their entertainment as allowed by the Establishment to be diminished by the Lord Deputy or other chief Governor for the time being, except His Highness's express pleasure under his own hand be first particularly signified to him, according to His Majesty's letters dated at Westminster, 8 July 1609.—Dated at the Camp at the Cavan, 24 September 1609.

P. 1. Orig. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Mr. John Leigh and Mr. Daniel Leigh, 1609."

485. Sir Thomas Phillips to Salisbury. [Sept. 24.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 130.

They arrived at Knockverges [Knockfergus] the 22d August; from thence, Coleraine, where they stayed two days; from thence to Lemavadie, some twelve miles off, where they met the Lord Deputy and continued in his company till he came to the Lyffar, where they remained four days; and afterwards he brought them to the Derry, and so to Coleraine, in which travel he brought them several ways, to the end they might have a full view of the country. From thence through part of Tyrone, and so to Toome, within which circuit he showed them good land, very fair woods, and rivers. At Toome caused some of the ore to be sent for, of which he caused a smith to make iron of before their faces, and of the iron made steel within less than one hour. Mr. Broad, one of the agents for the city, who has skill in such things, says that this poor smith has better satisfied him than Jarmaynes [Germans] and others that presumed much of their skill. Has sent a sample of each to his Lordship. The ore is rich, for they judge by what they see wrought that very near the sixth part will be iron. From Toome brought them by boat along the river of the Bann, where he showed them a goodly river, fair woods, and good land, as likewise the eel fishing which they saw experience of; so that in all things he finds them exceeding well satisfied, and can say no less but everything is answerable to what it pleased his Lordship he should acquaint the citizens with, and for their better satisfaction they have detained the ship they came over in, in which they will send some of the country commodities, as salmon, eels, yarn, hides, tallow, iron ore, and pipe staves. Protests all his care and endeavour is to further this worthy enterprise undertaken by his Lordship, in which he will not let to hazard life and all he has in the world to perform the faith and service ever vowed to his Lordship. Has resolved, with the consent of the agents, on the felling of 10,000 trees to be seasoned against the spring. The three ships which are to carry the soldiers for Swetheland are some five days past arrived at Derry. Of the idle men who are fitting to go many hide themselves, so that he knows not as yet how the number will be made up, for they are very fearful to go thither.—Coulrayn, 24 September 1609.

P. 1. Sealed. Signed. Add. Endd.

486. Robert Treswell Somersett to Salisbury. [Sept. 26.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 131.

Expresses his great satisfaction with the country he has viewed in company with Sir Thomas Phillips. Will not survey any other part. The commodities here named are salmon eels, herrings, yarn, hides, tallow, wheat, barley, oats, barrel boards, and iron ore.—Coleraine, 26 September 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

487. Captain Edward Dodington to Salisbury. [Sept. 28.] S. P., Ireland, vol. 227, 132.

Has undertaken a settlement in Ireland. Desires to be favoured and encouraged.—Dongeven, 28 September 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.: "Capt. Dodington."

488. Army Account. [Sept. 29.] Lansdowne MSS., l59, 30, p. 139.

The charge of the army in Ireland for fourteen years, begun primo Octobris 1595, and ending at Michaelmas 1609.

Pp. 3. Endd.

489. The Passages upon the Inquiry of the Lord Bourke. [Sept. 29.] Carte Papers, 61, p. 74–77.

A commission in the nature of a diem clausit extremum, issued to Sir Richard Morrison, Knight, then President of Munster, Sir Dominic Sarsfield, Chief Justice of the province, and to other commissioners; and a jury being returned before the said commissioners at Kilmallock upon the 29th September A.D. 1609, the evidence and matters urged before the jury, as well on the King's behalf as the now suppliant Lord Bourke, were these following: For the King it was alleged that Edmund Bourke, a child of 11 years of age, then was His Majesty's ward, inasmuch as the lands whereof Richard late Lord Bourke died seised, descended with the title of honour to the infant, being cousin and heir unto the said Richard Lord Bourke, viz., son and heir to Thomas Bourke, brother and next heir to the said Richard Lord Bourke, begotten upon the body of Honora ny Mulryan, the said Thomas's lawfully married wife; and so His Majesty was entitled to the wardship of the said Edmund, because that barony was held in capite of His Majesty.

Then follows an account of the points urged by the possessor of the lands and title of honour, the proofs, the arguments on both sides, the conduct of the commissioners. Finally, the counsel for the King, fearing the corruption of the jury and subornation of the witnesses, would have withdrawn the commission without a verdict, but this the commissioners denied them. And the commissioners, having that day conference with the jury, the next day following dismissed the jury before they acquainted any of both parties therewith, because, as the commissioners then said, the jury could not agree. And this was the substance of all the proceeding at Kilmallock, for the King's ward against the supposed Lord Bourke.

Pp. 7. Copy. Not add. Not endd.

On the back of the last page is the following:—

The principal points questioned in the Lord Bourke's cause

Sir John Davys's notes of the evidence produced at the trial, first to prove the marriage between Thomas, third son of Lord William first Lord Bourke and Honora O'Mulryan. Then the evidence offered against it. And the counter proofs.

P. 1. Hol. of Sir John Davys. Not endd.

490. Sir John Davys to Salisbury. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 133.

Are now at last come to the Cavan, which is the last period of their long progress, and have there performed their several services in the same form as in the former counties. In distinguishing the church land from the rest, find also in this county that the tenants of the Termon lands were the true proprietors and inheritors thereof, and that the bishops had only certain rents and refections; so that the universal consent of all the juries in Ulster proves their offices taken the last year to be true in that point, and not false, as it was suggested by the Bishop of Derry with a little too much confidence; and they assure themselves that, if the like inquisitions were taken in Munster and Connaught (for there are also Termon lands in every diocese within those provinces), the like presentments would be made there, and everywhere throughout the kingdom; for the Archbishop of Cashel, who was present with them in Fermanagh, affirmed his own knowledge, that the Bishops in Munster and Connaught are so far from removing those tenants or enhancing their rents, that they would be glad to receive all the duties contained in their registers without demanding the land itself; for they find divers duties mentioned in their registers which the tenants refuse to pay, because the payment thereof has been discontinued for some space of time.

And now although they have ended this journey (for this day their camp is broken up), they have not yet ended their business; for the making up of these inquisitions in form of law, the drawing of the titles into cases, the engrossing, enrolling, and exemplification thereof, the absolute finishing of the maps, the limiting and setting forth of the parishes, precincts, and proportions, which must be done upon the maps, with divers other real parts of the main service are to be performed after they return home, which will require extraordinary labour and diligence, and two months' time at least.

Have left the province of Ulster in more complete peace and obedience than has ever been seen since the Conquest. For the Lord Deputy has taken in all the woodkerne and loose people in every county, and has bound them with sureties to depart into Sweden with Colonel Stewart, who is like to prove a better justice of gaol delivery in clearing the country of malefactors than the Lord Chief Justice and he (Davys) have been; for two persons only have been executed by their doom in all this long circuit.—From the Camp upon the border of Meath, near Lough Raen, 30 September 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

491. A Note of the Termon Lands. [1609.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 133 a.

The Termon lands escheated to the Crown in Ulster, which the Bishops claim as their demesnes in possession, amount to 39,921½ acres, viz., in Tyrone, 18,275 acres; in Coleraine, 6,090 ac.; in Tyrconnell, 9,168 ac.; in Fermanagh, 3,022 ac.; in Cavan, 3,366 ac. Of these lands the Bishop of Derry claims as belonging to his three bishoprics of Derry, Clogher, and Raphoe, 27,280 ac., viz., in Tyrone, 9,000 ac.; in Coleraine, 6,090 ac.; in Tyrconnell, 9,168 ac.; in Fermanagh, 3,022 ac. Besides, in Monaghan, he claims at least 5,000 ac. In all 32,280 acres.

P. 1. In Sir J. Davys's hand. Endd.: "Termon lands in Ulster."

492. The King to the Lord Deputy. [Sept. 30.] Docquet Book, 30 Sept.

Letter to the Lord Deputy, at the suit of the Portreeve, &c. of the town of Athboy, in co. Meath, to accept a surrender of their houses, lands, &c., and to re-grant the same.

493. Baron Oglethorpe to Salisbury. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 134.

Objects to Mr. Hassett superseding him as second Baron of the Exchequer. Hopes to have a grant of land, as he offered to be an undertaker.—Dublin, last of September 1609.

P. 1. Signed. Add. Endd.

494. A Relation of the Proceedings of the Lord Deputy and the rest in Ireland, from 31 July to 30 September, when the camp was discharged. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 135.

The last of July (being Monday) the Lord Deputy and all his attendants came to Dundalk, where they rested the 1st of August, and agreed of a course for their proceeding.

In every county they were to summon the assizes, whereunto all people of any worth used to resort, of whom they were to swear some for the grand jury, others chosen of every barony for a jury of survey or inquiry, what ecclesiastical lands, tenements, or hereditaments the clergy had in every parish within each county, and by what title; what lands and tenements belonged to the King's Majesty; and other articles prescribed from His Majesty; and also they agreed to select out of every barony men that were able to nominate, meere, and bound every parish, balliboe, or ballibetaghe; and these were to attend Sir Josias Bodley and the surveyor, who were to make card [chart] or maps of every county.

On Wednesday, the 3rd of August, they marched from Dundalk; the weather being foul, the camp pitched in the midst of the Fewes. The next morning they rose and passed through the rest of the Fewes, a long march, and pitched their tents within four miles of Armagh, and there rested the Friday and Saturday, which they spent in hearing the claims of the Lord Primate, the surveyors setting in certainty the limits of some land. They passed the Thursday in observing many particulars from the inhabitants of the country, who gathered to the camp as they passed.

On Monday, the 7th of August, they came to Armagh there they began the assizes, proceeding according to their former resolutions, and ended on Saturday following.

On Saturday following, the 12th of August, they rose and passed by Charlemount on the Blackwater, through wood and paces, and pitched their tents within three miles of Dun gannon, and began the assizes and other businesses in the county of Tyrone, the 13th of August, and ended the 23rd of of August. The 24th, they marched towards Coleraine; the mountains of Slewsishe and Slewgannon not being passable with carriages, they were constrained to pass by Deserte Linn and Glanconkane, near to Kilulter, the greatest fastness of Tyrone. Through the glens in this passage they were enforced to camp three nights.

The 27th day, being Sunday, they obtained Limavaddie the chief house of O'Cahan, and the best town of that country and camped a mile and more from the town.

The 28th day of August, being Monday, they began the assizes and the rest of their business at Limavaddie, and ended the Thursday following. The Lord Bishop of Derry came to them there and heard the presentments of the jury but was not at the swearing of them. There also came to them the four agents for London.

On Friday, being the 1st of September, they began the assizes and business at the Derry, where in the afternoon the Lord Primate, the Lord Bishop of Derry, and Sir Oliver St John came to them. About this island grew great contention betwixt the Lord Bishop and Sir Thomas Phillips. They themselves and the jury trod the island, and swore the Lord Bishop's witnesses on the ground (the Lord Primate interpreting); but yet, he not being contented with their proceeding, they on the Monday adjourned the jury to the Liffer where they were to meet the Lord Deputy and the rest of the Council, his Lordship having rode to see Enishowen.

The 7th of September, they began the assizes at the Liffer for Donegal. The 5th day, the Lord Deputy and Council coming all thither together, they swore the jury for survey and inquiry; and the 10th day they heard the claims of divers of the country of Donegal. With much difficulty they ended there the 13th day late, their camp being then gone 10 miles towards Fermanagh. They all, but the Bishop of Derry, were enforced to ride in the night to the camp.

The 14th day, being Thursday, they rose early, being environed with strong waters, and passed by the Omy some five miles towards Fermanagh.

Friday morning, the 15th, the Lord Deputy urged the writer, not being well, to go from the camp to Monaghan to Sir Edward Blainey's for recovery of his health, and the dis patch of the assize there, whilst his Lordship and the rest of the commissioners, with Mr. Attorney, were in Fermanagh; which he performed the 12th day at night. He was in his travel enforced to Sir Cormocke M'Baron's house, now prisoner in the Tower. His lady gave them house room, but had neither bread, drink, meat, nor linen to welcome them, yet kindly helped them to some two or three muttons from her tenants. At Monaghan, he ended the business on Friday, the 22nd of September, and then the Lord Deputy and the rest ended at Fermanagh. On Sunday the 24th, they all met at the Cavan, and there ended at Michaelmas-day, and then marched some nine miles. The next day, the last of September, the camp was discharged, and they returned towards Dublin.

Pp. 3. Endd.

495. Treasurer-at-War's Account. October 1607—September 1609. [Sept. 30.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 136.

A brief declaration of the account of Sir Thomas Ridgewaie, Knight, Treasurer-at-War in the said realm of Ireland, for two whole years, begun the first of October 1607 and ended the last of September 1609, anno septimo regni Dñi nostri nunc Regis Jacobi.

Pp. 6. (Three sheets pasted together.) Endd.

496. Estimate of Charges which may be spared. [Sept.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 136 A.

Statement of the entertainment and charges which may be best spared; abatements in various forts and wards.

Pp. 4.

497. Army Account, 1595–1609. [Sept.] S.P., Ireland, vol. 227, 136 b.

Charges of the army in Ireland for 14 years, from 1 October 1595 to Michaelmas 1609. Sum totals, late Queen's time, 1,845,696l.; the King's, 571,000l.

P. 1. Endd.


  • 1. Marginal note —" I am not of his opinion."