Henry VIII: September 1535, 26-30

Pages 143-165

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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September 1535, 26-30

[26 Sept.?]
R. O.
441. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
On Friday last I sent, as commanded, Grenefeld, the King's serjeantat-arms, with a commission under the King's seal, which he will show you, with instructions that neither he nor the other Commissioners should meddle with the possession of the manor, but only take away the evideuces and have them surely kept. Wrote to Poynynges it was the King's pleasure he should suffer the commission to be executed. Nevertheless, neither the serjeant nor the Commissioners must be suffered to come in, as Grenefeld will explain. The evidences lie in the house, locked in a closet, of which Sir Edmund Bedyngfeld has the key, so that they cannot easily be got without sending to him. As he is executor, he might be written to to put the evidences in safety; nevertheless, these persons, resisting the King's commission, should be punished. Tell the King Poynings was not there, and ask what is to be done. I send the instructions for Ireland. Sunday.
Pp. 2. Add.: Mr. Secretary to the King's highness.
[26 Sept.]
R. O.
442. Stephen Bishop of Winchester to Cromwell.
I send you by the bearer my answer to the brief according to your letters, and if I might have had it with me this night I intended to have polished it, as I have done my oration, which I will at London deliver to Bartlet to be printed. I have no other copy of the answer, except what I now send, so that you will hardly be able to read it. If you bring it with you I will in a day and a night put it in mundum, and put a good portion at the end as I devised with my lord of Canterbury. Winchester, Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
Add. MS. 25, 114, f. 96.
B. M.
443. Henry VIII. to Gardiner.
From experience of his wisdom and discretion the King appoints him ambassador to the French court to negotiate such articles in the treaty as shall be for the interest of the two crowns, consequent upon the friendly letters sent by Francis in his own hand by Mons. de Tyndevile, bailly of Troyes. On presenting his credentials he shall inform Francis that the King, in consideration of his faithful friendship and his desire of amity at a time when the King's proceedings have been exposed to slander, accepts his kindness; although the bishop of Rome's malicious proceedings against his Grace are no novelty, and only bring to his memory the saying of Francis at their late being together at Boulogne, that the King would find the bishops of Rome "false, untrue, and malicious." Has accordingly sent the bishop of Winchester, who is to enter into a full detail of the late occurrences, and shall declare that the King has only proceeded in such a way as becomes a Christian prince, "declaring unto him how all such reverence and orders in the Church and religion of Christ as may by any temperance be suffered be in the realm of England untouched and unmoved." He is to offer any conference of learned men to be appointed to defend what the King has done in relation to the bishop of Rome, and shall explain why the bishop of Hereford was sent to the duke of Saxony to defend the King's proceedings, as the King is resolved to defend himself in all parts against the slanders of the bishop of Rome. The said bishop of Hereford is to learn their state in religion that unity may be established. Gardiner is to do what he can to discover the real intentions of Francis, and whether his message is simulated or not, and whether he wishes to make advantage of the King's affairs for his interests with the Pope (fn. 1) or the Emperor; and is for that purpose to communicate with Sir John Wallop. He shall endeavour to induce them to capitulate by express words, and bind them to take the King's part against the Emperor and the Pope, who has sent a brief to the French King sounding greatly to the dishonor of Henry, and summoned him not only to abandon the friendship of England, but to make war upon it whenever the Pope shall require him. And the French king shall bind himself, on a certain day specified in the treaty, to signify by his letter to the Pope that as he knows the whole progress of the King's cause, and the grounds of his separation from his first incest and unlawful matrimony to be virtuous, and his extirpation of the said Bishop's authority, he will support him against all ecclesiastical censures, any inhibition notwithstanding. If he can accomplish this, he shall get them to despatch the letters at once, and obtain leave to compose them, or see that they be correspondent to the words of the treaty. If they decline to write such letters, which he shall press by all the "means he can excogitate," he shall then with good words and countenance proceed to the following:—1. The King is willing to join with Francis in raising an army in France at what time he shall think meet, but will not allow his moiety of the expense to exceed 200,000 crowns. He is to see if it can be diminished. 2. The King will contribute one-third of the expense of an army to invade Italy and recover the rights of the French in Genoa and Milan; and if the Bishop can induce them to begin the war in the Low parts the King will be content to contribute 300,000 crowns in two years, these sums to be deducted out of the pensions due to the King, in part payment. 3. After the treaty the French king is to take no peace with the Pope or Emperor without the King's consent. 4. In case the Pope or the Emperor invade England Francis shall be ready to molest them. 5. To revise the treaties for intercourse with Flanders. 6. Nothing to be concluded prejudicial to former treaties. 7. He shall tell them that the Emperor intends to secure for himself the whole monarchy of Christendom, and with that view has begun to practise with Denmark. And in urging these arguments the Bishop shall watch the French king's inward demeanour. Signed by the King.
Pp. 13. In Wriothesley's hand. Endd.: "Instructions to the bp. of Winchester, ambassador in France."
[26 Sept.]
R. O.
444. Richard Layton to Cromwell.
On Friday night I came to an abbey called Durforde, in Sussex. It might better be called Dirtford,—the poorest abbey I have seen, as this bearer, the abbot, can tell you,—far in debt and in great decay. This young man, for his time, has done well, and I have licensed him to repair to you for the liberty of himself and his brethren, as I could not meddle. A priory of nuns and another of canons close together, near Chichester, being of their poverty unable to lodge us, we were compelled to ride to Waverley and lodge there on Saturday night. Of these houses, there are three canons in one and four nuns in the other. We will despatch them on Monday by the way, and so on to Chichester cathedral; and after we have visited the church, if the bishop is not able to come to us, we will visit him at his house three miles distant; so to Arundel college, then to Lewes and Battle, and so to Kent. The last I will visit shall be the exempt monastery of St. Salvator, Barmondesay, St. Mary Overy's, and the bawdy hospital of St. Thomas, in Southwark. These I will visit on my return out of Kent. I enclose the names of the abbeys in Winchester dioc., which Dr. Lee and I have not meddled with. Waverley, this Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
26 Sept.
R. O.
445. Wm. Tresham to Cromwell.
Dr. Cockes, chancellor of my lord of Canterbury, is dangerously ill. He has in Kent a parsonage called Medeley, worth 40l. a year, of the gift of my lord Windsor. I beg you will write to his Lordship to give you the next nomination, and I shall be ever bound to you. Oxford, 26 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary and Master of the Rolls. Endd.: Doctor Tresham.
26 Sept.
R. O.
446. John Poletensis, [Abbot] of Pershore, to Cromwell.
On Saturday last I received a letter from you dated Winchester, 23 Sept., for the advowson of Coley. Four years ago, at the entreaty of various gentlemen of the county, I granted it to Will. Clerk and Nich. Butler, for their friend, the bearer. Parshore, 26 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
26 Sept.
R. O.
447. Dame Jane Knyghtley, Widow, to Cromwell.
I have received your favorable letters touching my suit for the liberties of my park, at the instigation of my lord Leonard Grey. Before the receipt of your letters I sent lord Leonard a bill, to be "assigned" by the King. I should have been glad to have sent my servant to you, now being at Winchester with the King, but that he is employed by the King's commission on the subsidy. He shall wait upon you when the King comes to Notley. I send you the grant of the mastership of the game of my park, with such a fee as I hope will content you. Falwesley, 26 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.: My lady Knyghtley.
26 Sept.
R. O.
448. Jas. Hawkyssworthe to Lady Lisle.
Has received her letter. Hopes her "gayssys" and other stuff are well handled. Some stuff yet remains behind at Sobertone and at the castle, as will be seen by the inventory. Have no "hogtrowys" (hog-troughs ?) at present, but she shall have some provided with buckets against the next return. It would have delayed her ship to have sent them now. Was at her lodging by 4 o'clock, "but I would I hayd waygyd the nyght so that I hayd spkyng (spoken?) with yow." Has delivered the bed she wrote for to father Tey. "My wyfe has send your Ladyshep a lyttyll barrell of verges." Portsmouth, 26 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
26 Sept.
Vienna Archives.
449. Granvelle to Chapuys.
The Emperor, awaiting the issue of the interview between the two Queens, which was to be 16th Aug., has delayed replying to several letters received during the expedition to Barbary and since, dated 5th, 8th, and 24th May; 5th, 16th, and 30th June; 11th and 25th July; and 3rd August; all which his Majesty has read carefully, commending your diligence. It is indeed to be thought that God will not leave unpunished the horrible cruelties done in England, and, on my faith, I feel extremely the death of these two good Catholics and martyrs, Rochester and More, whom I consider happy for their good life and holy death. His Majesty also delays replying to viscount Hannaert, even touching the writing delivered to him by the English ambassador on the practice of new friendship and intelligence, until he has news of the said interview, which cannot be long delayed, and when a full reply will be made to you with all necessary instructions. I likewise defer writing to you more fully, being much occupied at present in matters of police and government of this realm (Sicily), with which his Majesty is so engrossed, that, on my faith, I have scarce leisure to breathe; nevertheless, I cannot refrain from saying two words, that I am astonished at the strange language which, as I hear from Rome, is used by the archbishop of Canterbury even in the matter of the Queen and Princess of England, seeing that, while he was resident in this Court, he blamed exceedingly what the King, his master, and his ministers were doing in the matter of the divorce and against the said Queen and Princess. But I see he has changed his opinion. The Emperor is surprised that your letters make no mention of the procedures and executions which, as others write, the king of England makes against the prelates, churchmen, and religious of his kingdom. The Emperor will shortly leave this for Naples by land. The estates of this kingdom have freely and willingly granted him 250,000 ducats, to be paid in four months, besides the ordinary aid. Palermo, 26 Sept.
Modern copy. Fr., pp. 2. Headed: "Copie de la minute dune lettre du Sr de Granvelle a lambassadeur en Angleterre ecrite a Palerme le 26 Septembre 1535."
[27] Sept.
R. O.
450. Sir Thomas Audeley to Cromwell.
Has received his letter, with the books of Bath and Winchester for valuation of the spiritualities. Only 12 or 13 books have yet come to his hands. Wonders the Commissioners are so negligent. Has lain at Old Ford only for this cause these 14 or 15 days, and cannot proceed till all the books come in. Intends to write letters, in the names of Cromwell and himself, to the Commissioners of the shires where they lack. and send them with the writs of the prorogation of Parliament, and with the commissions and proclamations for wheat, which will all be ready tomorrow. Wishes to know the King's pleasure about proclamations for clothiers. Must ride to the burial of Sir David Owen, who has named him one of his executors. Wishes to know what Cromwell has done for London, Middlesex, and Surrey. Thanks him for moving the Queen for her house, and desires him to thank her Highness for lending it to him. Would be glad to gratify Cromwell about the nomination of the under-sheriff of Middlesex, "and am right well content ye take your pleasure in it, praying you to consider that it is given me, and that of good congruence and reason ye cannot take it from me." You have done me much greater pleasures, and this is not for my own profit, but for my poor servant's, to whom I can give nothing. Remember, I moved you once for poor Dyne to have the controllership of the dispensations, "with poor 10l. fee. Ye have his bill." Each of us must have a clerk, with 20 marks' fee, to make up books of benefices, as it will be a great business. I shall be near the Court when I go to Mr. Owen's burial, but dare not approach the King's presence till I know his pleasure. I have long wished to see his Grace, "but I have a little resorted to London, and some suitors of London daily have come to my house." Can never be rid of them. Sends humble recommendations to the King and Queen. Old Ford, Monday before Michaelmas Day.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Thomas Crumwell, Esq., Chief Secretary to the King's Highness. Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
451. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
I send you the certificate from the mayor of London. Lately at my house Sir Edmund Bedingfield, steward of the Princess Dowager's household, came to me for money, which he is clean without. The debts amount to 1,000 marks, of which 200l. is owed to the fishmonger in London and 180l. to the grocer. I wish to know your pleasure whether I shall deliver him any part of the money received from the abbot of St. Mary's, York, until I obtain some from my lord of Canterbury and others, to whom I will write forthwith, as you desire. I shall remain here till your return, begging you to send me my warrants, that they may be entered whilst I have leisure. London, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
[27 Sept.]
R. O.
452. Richard Layton to Cromwell.
I have licensed the abbot of Waverley, the bearer, to repair unto you for liberty to survey his husbandry, in which the wealth of his monastery consists. The man is honest, but none of the children of Solomon. Every monk is his fellow, and every servant his master. Mr. Treasurer and other gentlemen have put servants to him, whom he dares neither command nor displease. Yesterday in the morning, sitting in my chamber in examination, I could get neither bread, drink, nor fire of these knaves till I was "fretisshed." The abbot durst not speak to them. I took away their keys and made new officers, perhaps as stark knaves as the others. It will be expedient for you to tell the poor fool what he should do with his monks. Waverley, this Monday before day, ready to depart towards Chichester.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
453. John Bishop of Lincoln to Henry VIII.
I lately received your letters for the institution of Master Rokes to the benefice of Shirington, which has been of the patronage of the bishops of Lincoln without interruption for 242 years; and although an office has been found that it belongs to your patronage, if I had licence to show my title this next term, and the present incumbent meanwhile to enjoy it, I should be greatly bound to your Grace. The present incumbent left a benefice almost of like value, and has compounded for the first-fruits of Shirington and paid 10l. in hand. There are few men so learned in divinity, Latin, and Greek, or so meet to serve your Highness as touching good letters. He lately preached a sermon against the usurped power of the bishop of Rome, such as few in the realm have done. Woburn, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. and Endd.
R. O. 2. Another copy, not addressed.
27 Sept.
R. O.
454. John Bishop of Lincoln to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his letters, permitting his officer to proceed to the election of the prior of Ellisham. Begs him to be good master to his chaplain (fn. 2) the bearer. Begs that the admission of Rokes to the benefice of Shirington may be deferred till the bishop's title be examined and the King's pleasure ascertained. Desires his favour for the archdeacon of Lincoln, (fn. 3) whose great charges at this time are beyond what his income can bear. Wooborn, 27 Sept.
Sends copy of his letters to the King. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
455. Thomas Abbot of Abingdon to Cromwell.
Your commissary Dr. Leyton enjoined us among other things that no monk should pass the precincts. So I and my brethren continue within, although we have been accustomed at Michaelmas to look over our farms, see what wastes have been done, and keep courts in the manors. Desires liberty to do this at times. Abingdon, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, chief secretary to the King's Highness and Master of his Rolls. Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
456. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Begs him to remember his letter sent by Jas. Rookby, auditor, and that in his old days he may have some office about these monasteries for his support. John Northe, Will. Holme, and John Lewes, who, at the assessment of the subsidy named themselves under 20l. in goods, have regrated a large quantity of corn in Lincolnshire and Holderness, enhancing the price in this city. Thinks the King should issue a commission to inquire and set reasonable prices. Holme is now elected one of the sheriffs of York, and doth occupy much, though he is presented not worth 20l. It is said he has bought corn to the value of 100l., and is one of those who made the business about St. Christopher's guild. Writes only of good will to this poor city, which is in danger of utter ruin. York, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my right hon. Master Secretary. Endd.: Sir George Lawson.
27 Sept.
R. O.
457. John Tregonwell to Cromwell.
After leaving Oxford I went to Godstowe, where I found all things well, both the abbess and the convent, except that one sister, 13 or 14 years ago, then being of a Northern house, had a child, and was sent to Godstowe for correction by the bishop of Lincoln, and has ever since lived virtuously. At Ensham I found "a raw sort" of religious persons and all sorts of offences amongst them, etiam crimen pessimum, for which they have been punished by the ordinary. The abbot is chaste in his living; looks well to the reparation of the house; but he is negligent in overseeing his brethren, which he excuses by his daily infirmity. At Bruwerne the abbot is well learned in Holy Scripture; has repaired the house ruined by his predecessor's negligence, and has brought the convent into good order. Wraxton is a house of small rents. The prior is a good husband, but rude and unlearned; et qualis pater, tales filii. At Clathercott of the Gilbertines I found a prior and three canons. The house is old, foul, and filthy. They said that you had given authority to the prior of Sempringham to visit all their order, and begged to be excused from my visitation; so I departed, negotio infecto. Catesby, a house of nuns of the Cistercian order, has 90l. lands yearly, and is under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Lincoln, by usurpation, I suppose, as the order has always been exempt. The prioress and sisters are free from suspicion. At Canons Asbye the house is 160l. in debt, by the preferment of the late prior. The house is in decay by negligence of his predecessor. But the prior, though unlearned, is disposed to do well, and has a learned and religious sub-prior under him. At Chacombe the prior is newly come, and is competently well learned in Holy Scripture. He is bringing into some order his canons, who are rude and unlearned. I am only afraid that he is too familiar and easy with them. At Burcestre, the prior looks well to his brethren and his house, and all are in good order except one, who, being punished for incontinence, ran away, and remains in apostacy. Yesternight I came to Stoudlye, intending to go to Notley, and thence to Tame Abbey, and lastly to Dorchester. (fn. 4) Let me know whether you will remain in the Court or return to London. Stoudley, 27 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
458. Water Blackewell, cater, to Cromwell.
All your households are in good health, as we hope you and your family are. A little before you left London for the Court, I, being at Sarum, ordered one John Hancull, a Breton, to be staid, as appears by the bill enclosed, which I intended to present on my return to London. But you had left the Court, and I have been since vexed with an ague. As the King is coming shortly to Hampton, and so to Sarum, I can wait on you there, and will bring with me witnesses of the matters in the bill. From your place in Chancery Lane, 27 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Sealed.
27 Sept.
R. O.
459. Peter Rede to Geoffrey Loveday, spear of Calais.
Commendations to my sister your wife. The 15th June, the Emperor entered the Gulf of Tunis with little resistance except from one castle. On the 16th he landed and subdued three villages, with all the fortresses there except the Goulet. He pitched his field, and continued there from 16 June to 14 July, making bastions and entrenching his host, though often assailed by Moors and Turks. On the 27th June, the king of Tunis, whom Barbarossa had expelled, came into camp with 200 horsemen. On the 14th July assault was laid to the Goulet by water with 65 galleys, 3 karvels of Portyngall, and the karrake of Rodes and of Gane; and by land with the whole army. Assault lasted from 5 a.m. to 1 p.m., when the walls were beaten down about their ears, and they fled by water towards Tunis, leaving 200 dead; 60 galleys, with much artillery, were taken. On the 21 July the Emperor set out for Tunis, and, on the way, was assailed by an infinite number of enemies; if they had set upon us we had all been slain, for we were overcome by heat, hunger, and thirst. "I wished myself in Calles with my back full of stripes." There were Moors and Turks 160,000, and the Emperor had not 40,000 fighting men. Next day, four hours before day, fled Barbarossa out of Tunis with 2,000 Turks, and at 10 o'clock the Emperor entered and sacked the city. All the Moors there were sold like beasts; I had a part, but they took it again and made me to take the water or I had been slain with 20 more. I will no more go to Tunis, for they have no good water. News is here current that Barbarossa, departed from Argill, has invaded a small isle by Minorca, called Mavn (Layre de Mahon), and slain and taken 3,000 Christians. The Emperor entered Palermo 12 September; the nobles of the city gave him 250,000 ducats. We shall shortly depart towards Naples. Palerm, 27 September.
Send me your mind what answer I shall make to the letters of my father and John Suttun.
Pray send me some money; 40s. a year will not keep me in hose and shoes. I must sell my cloak if Mr. Masun come not within 15 days. I will not borrow of Weldun; he warned me out of my master's service. Now I am in again, for I got the French ambassador to speak to my master, who said he never gave Weldun commission to put me out.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
460. James Hawkysworthe to Lord Lisle.
Your ship sailed from Fareham on Sunday, 27 Sept. (fn. 5) Has sent in her 7,000 of "tayll wod," and a great ox from the prior of Christchurch; 4 anchor stocks, with a piece of ash to make axles of; a hogshead of white salt. Roger Milles sends him and my lady three capons. On the 26th the King removed from Waltham to Winchester. On Tuesday next he comes to Hampton, after which he goes to Portsmouth. It is not known whether he will come to the castle, but there is provision made with us. Pers Arnalde will give him the news. Cannot come, as he cannot keep Lisle's courts till the King is out of Hampshire, as Master Wyndsor waits all that time upon the King. Written in Darby's tower, 27 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 Sept.
R. O.
461. James Hawkysworth to Lady Lisle.
Hopes she and hers are in good health. Thanks her for her kind letter, and so do Master Wyndsor and my Lady, and Master Will. Wayte, his bedfellow. Has too much business on hand to come with the ship, but will prepare to wait on my Lord and her as soon as possible. Commends the bearer, Pers Arnold, who comes in your ship, and is a good mariner. Fears she will have some ado with the master, if she continue him. Expects he will make some complaint against himself. Will never be matched with him again with his own will. "Wretyn in Darbys tower," 27 Sept.
The parson of Motham (?) has sent my Lord and you a 1,000 of wood for your chamber.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 462. Wm. Waytte to Lady Lisle.
Lord Dawbeney is dead, (fn. 6) which, he hears, will be nothing to her hindrance. Ambrose thanks her for her loving letter. He can get no covenant place as yet, and desires to stay at Subberton till he may make better provision. Warns her not to let the company of her ship come to her too hastily. They never died so sore at Porchester since he had any understanding. Sends two barrels of white salt. Wishes they were full of angels. "And good madame, if you have ever a waste pasty of venison, that your Ladyship will be so good lady as to save the rangers' honesty among the company, for else I break a promise with them; but the fault is not all in me, for I promised one whole teg."
His wife and his cousin Waytte desire to be commended to her. The poor country prays heartily for them both. Asks her to look on the bill he sends to lord Lisle.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
28 Sept.
R. O.
463. Sir Ric. Tempest to Cromwell.
Since, by Cromwell's command, he showed Serjeant St. Johns where Dr. Haldworth, vicar of Halifax, was, the vicar has delivered to the writer and his sons divers injunctions, under a penalty of 500 marks, to keep the peace against him and not burn his houses. He is very cruel, and is maintained by Sir Henry Savell. He reports he shall have 1,000 marks to put his neighbours and me to trouble. Since he departed from you he has been indicted for felony at York assizes. An information was given to the justices that he had found great sums of gold in an old wall of a house. Encloses a bill delivered by Will. Bodnam. The Dr. and other of the spiritualty have full hollow hearts towards Cromwell. Sends a bill of complaint by the parishioners of Halifax against their vicar. Begs Cromwell to remember his old suits "for such parks as ye have my bills in your keeping." Bollyng, 28 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Petition of the parishioners of Halifax, Yorkshire, to Sir Ric. Tempest, steward of the lordship of Wakefield, complaining of their vicar, Dr. Robert Haidesworthe, and stating that they had laboured to London about 12 or 14 days, for some good reformation of him, with petitions to the King, as Supreme Head of the Church, to the Lord Chancellor, to Master Cromwell, his Grace's secretary, and to the Queen's secretary. If the King had instituted an inquiry, it would have been worth 6,000l. or 7,000l. to him. Dr. Haldesworth never troubles to make any entreaty or lovedays among his parishioners, when they are at debate, but procures them to murder and annoy each other. He has not preached to his parishioners at Halifax, 10,000 people or more, over twice at the most these six years; and he boasts against us, who have complained of him, that he will put us to six times as much cost and pain as he was at; saying he is thoroughly quit of the same, and has the King's pardon under the broad seal, and that all the business he had therein cost him not half one year's income; and that he has cast such a flower in the Queen's lap, that he shall be heard as soon as Sir Ric. Tempest. He says he will spend 1,000l. or 2,000l., but he will undo both your Mastership and many of us who complain against him, for, be says, you caused him to be arrested in London. He procures many busy fellows, who care not about oaths, to put bills against you and us, although we complained of him without malice, and warned him beforehand that if he would be reformed we would forbear. He threatens to obtain a commission to such persons as please him best. He has delivered injunctions to some of us, under penalty of 500 marks, to keep the King's peace against him, and also for burning of his houses, although we take God to judge we never intended harm against him nor his houses; but divers times since the injunctions his servants and kinsfolk by his procurement taunt us to make us forfeit the injunctions, as we fear some light fellow may do, so that he may lay it to our charge. He does not scruple to forswear himself by his priesthood, by St. John Baptist, or by any book before him, if it can turn to his profit, or to the hurt of his parishioners; and your Mastership and other the King's Commissioners at Wakefield know how he deceived the King about the first-fruits and tenths of his benefice. After which you caused him to make a new bill, and he then put in 16 more than in his first. Beg him either to certify the premises to the King or to let them know, that they may seek other remedy.
Since the above was written, understand that the said Doctor withdraws his goods, money, and plate into other places, and offers to sell his temporal lands that he has purchased to divers persons.
ii. Reply of Sir Ric. Tempest:—"Neighbours, I have received this writing from you, and I am right sorry that ye are so handled with your vicar. But if this be matter of truth, and that ye may abide therewith, then set your hands hereunto, and then I shall be glad to inform the King's Majesty and his gracious Council thereof."
Nearly 100 signatures are appended, in very confused order, beginning with John Lacy, Jamys Stanfelde, Thomas Sayvell, Ric. Longbotham, Henry Sayvell, and at the end is written "with 1,000 mo if they had space."
Large paper, pp 4. Endd.
R. O. 464. Richard Waterhous, Gilbert Otes, and Rob. Waterhous to [the Prior of Lewes]. (fn. 7)
"By the help of God Almighty, and partly us farmers and deputies to your Lordship, your Lordship had one fair day of the inheritance of Halifax at Scrobe, after my Lord's grace of York; for in faith the common people had such great comfort by some great man in the commission and other, that the matter should have gone straightforward with them to their own purpose, nawther fearing God ne the devil then the day of dome; and that made such number of people come to Scrobe." Trust they are not in so much comfort now. Advise his Lordship to "look substantially" upon it, especially on his tithe corn "at free liberty." He need have no doubt of my lord of York. Advise him to give the other Commissioners fair words, and trust them as he finds them. If my lord of Northfoyke would speak in his favor to the Commissioners now at London, think my lord of York would do indifferent justice; "but we think it will do much better with favor for the Duke's grace letter or Mr. Cromwell, or both." Advise him to send to my lord of York and such other Commissioners as he thinks proper,—Mr. Prior of Horton, and Dr. Breatan, with authority from his Lordship to appoint a day for all parties. Both parties should give the Commissioners warning, and on behalf of the inhabitants of Halifax not more than 12 or 20 should come. My lord of York promised to examine the matter deliberately. Divers of the inhabitants of the vicarage of Halifax, and of Skyrcot and Northowrom, keep to their own use this tithe corn of this harvest last past, and declare they mean to do so henceforth. Think a commission ad audiendum et determinandum may be procured in Chancery, "in so much as my lord's grace of York be one," for my lord of York told the people of Halifax plainly that no matter of tithes could be determined in Chancery, as he will see by a copy of his Lordship's letter to the Lord Chancellor inclosed. Advise him to look well to it, and preserve the rights of his monastery. Signed.
Hol., pp. 2.
28 Sept.
R. O.
465. Robert Stradlyng.
The confession of Robt. Stradlyng, bastard, taken at Beaudeley, 28 Sept., anno xxvii.
About two years ago took part with his father-in-law, Watkyn Lougher, who disputed certain lands with Chr. Turbill. Confesses to having kept one Lewes of North Wales, and one Griffith of Caermarthenshire, who robbed and murdered Piers Dere, for five or six weeks in his house, and they gave him one royal of Dere's. Killed Gitto Jenkyn, who quarrelled with him while coursing at the White Crosse, on the said lands in variance. Was outlawed, and to escape the search, boarded with six persons a balinger of Patstowe, in the haven near the Abbey of Neath, and made the mariners put to sea for three weeks. Did no harm to any one. Landed at Milford Haven, and went to Waterford in the latter end of April. Hearing that proclamations were made in Wales against him, returned.
Pp. 3. Endd.
28 Sept.
R. O.
466. John Ap Rice to Ralph Sadler.
This morning at 7 o'clock my gossip, your wife, was in good health, and having word from you yesternight that Humphrey should come to you with your gear, she sent him forth in the night, that nothing should stay your expedition hitherwards. Every day is a year. Therefore make haste hither when the King comes from Winchester. Ric. Lee and I communed of our going to St. Alban's. If, therefore, you wish to write to us anything touching your farm there, send it to us at our being there on Monday next. Halywell, 28 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my assured friend and companion Mr. Raphe Sadler, with my master, Mr. Secretary. Endd.
28 Sept.
R. O.
467. Richard Towris to Lord Lisle.
The French ambassadors are yet at the Court. This day se'nnight the King will be at the Harry Grace Dieu, at night at the castle of Porchester, thence to Hampton, so to Salisbury and Claryngton. "And as no (now), ther is commandment that the see shall have is course to Wynchester, and that the myllys shalbe stoppyd along uppon the ryver; for I harde Mayster Secretary speke in the premyssez to Thomas Fyscher of Woodnyll, commanding him nat to speke against the said water course." Has given his commands to Windsor and to Thos. Uvedall. On Saturday last wheat was, at Winchester and Salisbury, 12sa qr. This day the clerk of the market keeps his court at Titchfield, and has commanded that no man shall sell above 8s. on pain of imprisonment and forfeiture. If that commandment take effect, Lisle will be able to have 40 qrs. at 8s., as the writer will explain at his coming to Calais. My Lord and my Lady have been wished for at Subberton. When the King lay at Wal[t]ham, Lisle's gentleman could get no lodgings. Portsmouth, 28 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
28 Sept.
Corp. Ref. ii. 943.
468. J. F. Duke of Saxony to Henry VIII.
Understanding from the King's letters and from Dr. Barnes his good will towards him, did not wish to dismiss Barnes without a letter to testify to his diligence in his embassy, and to assure the King of the affection which he has always entertained for him, both on account of the old connection between the kings of England and the dukes of Saxony and of the King's reputation. The news of the King's zeal for religion has greatly increased this feeling. Rulers cannot worship God better than by endeavouring to spread the glory of Christ; and it cannot be concealed that many faults have crept into the Church through the negligence and covetousness of the Popes, which need reformation. If the King will aid in reforming doctrine and correcting abuses, he will perform a sacrifice most pleasing to God, and deserve well of the whole Church and posterity. Will never renounce the doctrine which he confesses, and which he considers pious and necessary for the Church. Desires credence for Barnes. Jena, 4 kal. Octobris 1535.
28 Sept.
Bibl. Nat. Paris, MSS. Fr. 19,577.
469. Montmorency to Card. Du Bellay.
The bailly has gone to England with the brief. The King told the Nuncio that as the Emperor had obtained these briefs he ought to be the first to execute it. After Charles had begun to do so he would see how he might help him. The negociations in Germany continue. Langey will go there.
French copy. Abstract by Mr. Friedmann.
29 Sept.
R. O.
470. [Cromwell] to —.
Directing him to pay to the bishop of Worcester the half year's rent of the whole bishopric due this last year. Winchester, 29 Sept.
In his own hand.—The King's express wish is that you pay half of this last year's profits of the bishopric of Worcester to the Bishop, and the other half to Mr. Gostwyke for the King. Winchester.
Draft, p. 1.
29 Sept.
R. O.
471. John Bishop of Lincoln to Cromwell.
I received your letters on Michaelmas day declaring the King's pleasure that Rokes shall have the benefice of Sheryngton. I am sorry, but will obey: but would ask that some other than I or my officer should admit him, else I destroy my own title. I wrote of this three days ago both to the King and to you. The day abovesaid.
P.S.—I thank you for the letters you sent by my chaplain, Master Robynson. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
29 Sept.
R. O.
472. Thos. Legh to Cromwell.
Whereas of late the King sent my lord of Winchester and Mr. Treasurer to see the order of Chertsey Abbey, and they reported all was well, you will know somewhat more by the "compertes" which I send. At Merton Abbey I dismissed two canons; ten more would have been dismissed, but I would not consent till I knew your pleasure, for then only eight would have been left. I intend to make a preparation for you at Westminster and at Paul's, which ye may end when it pleases you. Let me know what shall be done at Cambridge. Haliwell, 29 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 2. "Compendium Compertorum apud Chertsey."
The abbot has alienated some things. "Incontinentes," seven with women: "incontinentes et sodomitae" four with women, boys, and by voluntary pollutions: "patientes sodomiticum," two: "apostatæ," two. Superstition:—Amongst the relics they have, as they say, the arm bone of St. Blasius, through which they give wine in cases of illness; there is also an image of St. Faith, before which they place a candle on behalf of sick persons, and hold that if the candle remain lighted till it is consumed, the sick person will recover, but if it goes out he will die.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Thos. Cromwell, chief secretary. Endd.
29 Sept.
R. O.
473. Thomas Benet, Priest, to Cromwell.
Offering the use of his house when the King comes to visit Sarum. Sarum, 29 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
29 Sept.
R. O.
474. The Mayor of Winchelsea to Cromwell.
Whereas you commanded us to seize all such goods and chattels as belonged to the late John Cowleye for payment of debts due to the Crown, we have done our best and made an inventory, which we send you, subscribed by our hands. Winchelsea, 29 Sept. Signed: Wylliam Chapell, mayre, Thomas Ensyng, George Lowys.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
29 Sept.
Lamb. MS. 695.
vol. ii. c. 17.
475. T. Magnus to the Earl of Shrewsbury.
Has received his letters, dated Sheffield 28 inst., stating that as the Parliament shall be adjourned to Wynnessor and kept there shortly, he wishes to have Magnus' house there. Is content that he shall have it. Being sore diseased so that he cannnot write, will go to York tomorrow and devise a letter accordingly. Benyngburgh Grange, in the forest of Galtrie: 29 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
29 Sept.
R. O.
476. Windsor Castle.
Account of Henry marquis of Exeter, Constable of Windsor Castle, by patent dated 10 April 16 Hen. VIII., and of Geo. Woodward, his attorney, and clerk of the castle, by patent dated 28 Oct. 1 Hen. VIII., of the issues and profits of the said office from Michaelmas 26 Hen. VIII. to Michaelmas 27 Hen. VIII.
Arrearages: 171l. 15s. 4d.
Receipts: Castle guard, left silver, rents in Windsor, Shawe, Eaton, Foly John, &c., 231l. 11s. 0½d.; perquisites of court at Datchet and the outer gate of the castle, 19s. 6d.
Total, 404l. 5s. 10½d.
Rents paid: To the vicar of Old Windsor, Reading Abbey, Burneham Abbey, &c., 4l. 0s. 9d. Allowances: Rents granted to divers persons, &c., 29l. 3s. 10¾d. Fees and wages: marquis of Exeter, 30l.; Sir Wm. Sandes, 4l. 11s. 3d.; and others, 126l. 12s. 10d. Necessary expenses: Taking bucks and does in Windsor forest for Westminster Abbey at the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, nil; carriage of firewood, mowing, &c., 118s. Repairs: At the palace and lodge in the Little Park, the Great Park, Juettes loge, le Motte parke, Foly John, Cranbourne lodge, the postern gate near Datchett, and Esthampsted, Thos. Warde being comptroller, 57l. 6s. 8d.
Total, 223l. 1s. 8¾d.
"Super:" Rents from lord Sands, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, and Sir Antony Browne, Sir John Wallop, and queen Anne.
Large paper, pp. 9.
29 Sept.
R. O.
477. The Queen's Lands.
Account of Geo. Tayllour, receiver-general to queen Anne, for one year ending Michaelmas 27 Hen. VIII.
Received from her lands in England, 4,423l. 3s. 1¾d.; in Wales, 633l. 13s. 10d.; out of the Queen's coffers, 1,324l. 11s. 10d.
Total, 6,381l. 8s. 9¾d.
Payments: Fees, wages, and annuities, 976l. 13s. 4¼d.; gifts and rewards, 186l. 8s. 7d.; riding expenses, 96l. 10s. 3d.; lodgings, 35l. 13s. 8d.; Wardrobe of Robes, 68l. 17s. 6d.; Wardrobe of Beds, 44l. 7s. 8d.; the barge, 22l. 6s. 6d.; rewards for New Year's gifts, 254l. 16s. 8d.; offerings in chapel, 16l. 9s. 2d.; outward offerings, 19l. 3s. 1d.; stable, 593l. 4s. 9¼d.; necessary emptions, 1,525l. 9s. 8¼d.; delivered to the Queen's coffers, 2,508l. 14s. 1½d.
Total, 6,348l. 16s. 0¼d.
And so he oweth 32l. 12s. 9½d.
P. 1, large paper. Endd.: A book of accounts declared by George Tailour, receivergeneral for the late queen Anne.
29 Sept.
R. O.
478. Thomas Cromwell.
View of the account of Henry Polstede, receiver of the possessions of the right honorable Thomas Cromwell, from Michaelmas 25 Hen. VIII. to Michaelmas 27 Hen. VIII.
Receipts:—Arrearages—"none, because it is the first account of the said accountant." Rumney—from Morgan Kemmys, 70l. Eggecote—from Thomas Carrill, 25l. Donton—from Wm. Underwoode, 26l. 8s. 8d. Tenements in the parish of St. Peter's the Powre, London, 8l. 9s. Waltham—from the Abbot, 50l. Hackney—from John Mylsent, 8l. 19s. 9d. Canbury—from John Meryng, 97l. 9s. 5d. Hattefeld Hall—from John Stonarde, 18l. 12s. 1d. Shepton—from George Powle, 56l. 19s. 5d. Edelmonton—from John Gremson, 118l. 21d. Fees and annuities.—As Master of the Rolls, 284l. 18d.; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 65l. 10s.; Master of the Jewelhouse, 75l.; Clerk of the Hanaper, 58l. 6s. 0½d.; High Steward of the Queen's lands, 20l.; from Wm. Popeley as profits of the Privy Signet, 94l. 8½d.; Constable of Herts, from Roger Chaloner, 12l. 15s.; High Steward of the duchy lands of Herts and Middlesex, from Roger Chaloner, 10l.; Steward of the Savoy, from John Brayfort, 20s.; Steward and bailiff of Enfield, from John Grymson, 8l. 13s. 4d., from Roger Chaloner, 66s. 8d. Annuities.—From the prior of St. Mary's without Bishopsgate, 40s.; lord Cobham, 66s. 8d.; the abbot of Holm Coltram, 66s. 8d.; the lord of St. John's, 10l.; and the prior of Shelbred, 26s. 8d. Received from Thomas Avery, at divers times, 286l. 13s. 4d.; from Nicholas Stathom, 66l. 13s. 4d.; the executors of Dr. Tayllor, 133l. 6s 8d.; the dean of Henry VIII.'s College, Oxford, for the fees of their patents, 15l. 11s. 8d.; the prior of Warwick, 13l. 6s. 8d.; the prior of Tynemouth, 13l. 6s. 8d.; Henry Clyfforde, 220l.; the prioress of Wyntney, 10l.; Wm. Body, 300l. and 1,067l.; John Williamson, 266l. 6s. 8d.; Robert Hugan, 100l.
"Sum of all the receipts for the said two years, 4,011l. 17s. 4¼d."
Expenses:—To Henry Clyfforde, Ant. Vyvald, William Wylforde, Thomas Kytson, Sir Henry Seymour, and Sir Henry Gascoigne, for purchase of lands, &c., 819l. 4s. 2d. For assurances of the manors, &c. of Donton, Kingestaynton, Edelmeton, the land purchased of Mr. Kytson and Ant. Vivald, for statutes of lord Braye and Sir Henry Gascoigne, and for finding offices after the death of Wm. Rede, in county Surrey, and Robert Wrothe, county Midd., 20l. 10s. 9d. To John Judde, under clerk of the Hanaper, for sealing Cromwell's patent as Master of the Rolls, 20s. 4d. To Mr. Ergall's clerk for writing copies of Bartholomew Rede's will, 12d. Riding costs, 33s. 8d. Money lent to George Robynson for the debt of Sir John Dudley, 1,333l. 6s. 8d. Money paid to Thomas Avery—directly 480l. 13s. 11½d., through John Grymson, 6l., and through John Stonard, bailiff of Hattefelde Hall, 12l. 15s. 0½d. To Thomas Thacker, 1,155l. 12s. 5d. Money paid for the farm of Waltham, for wine and robes, and for the stewardship of the Queen's lands, 99l. 15s.
Sum of all the allowances and livery aforesaid, 3,920l. 13s.
Thus, if the accountant is allowed 53s. 4d., paid to John Grymson, he owes 88l. 11s. 2d.
Wm. Symondes for half year's rent of his tenement at the Austen Friars, 40s. Roger Chaloner, for a year's fee of the high stewardship of the duchy lands of Herts and Middlesex, 10l. [In the margin, in another hand:my Master should have but half a year's fee which I received 22 June 1535, the other half year's is allowed to Mistress Wrothe.] John Judd, for 22 patents remaining unset out, 44s. Roger Chaloner, for a year's fee of the Baillywick of Endfeld, 66s. 8d. [In the margin: "nota: my master must have but half a year's rent, eadem causa supra dict."] Wm. Popley, for part of the profit of the Privy Signet, 66l. 6s. 10¾d. John Anthony, for two quarters of oats, 4s. John Mering, 4l. 13s. 1d.
So the accountant owes 9l. 16s. 4½d., which he has paid to Thomas Avery, 5 Jan. 27 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, pp. 8. Endd.: "Computus Henrici Polsted anno 27 Henrici VIII. vi."
29 Sept.
R. O.
479. The Earl of Devon's Lands.
Account by Thomas Spurwey, receiver, of the lands which descended to Edward, late earl of Devon, from his father, Hugh Courtenay, once earl of Devon, for the year ending Mich. 27 Hen. VIII.
Arrearages: 25l. 7s. 6½d.
Devonshire.—Rents, &c. from Ilfardecomb, Chulmelegh, and Huntecott, Luerlegh, Knyzghtecott, Losemore, Westhorne, Baunton cum Pestersheys, Taunton, Exeter, Beworthy, Newham, Cherube, Westopwill, Southalyngton, Skyrydon, Newton Abbot and Totton cum Membris, Dertyngton, Coperneslond, Chetylhampton, Langtre, and Staimer, 234l. 17s. 6d.
Somersetshire.—From Hynton and Muddeford, Huysshe Champflour, Cleyhanger and Wylscomb, 64l. 9s. 5¼d.
Surrey. —Kew, 26s. 8d.
Cornwall, &c.—From John Loure, receiver of Cornwall, 227l. 5d. and 2 part. ob. (? 2/3 ob. = ⅓d.), and from the sale of the wardship and marriage of Wm. Courtenay, son and heir of Edward, late earl of Devon, 120l. Total, 347l. 5d. and 2 part. ob.
Total receipts, 683l. 18¾d. and 2/3 ob.
Whereof—paid for fees of bailiffs and other servants, 12l. 12s. 8d.; delivered to the cofferer of the marquis of Exeter, 180l. Total, 192l. 12s. 8d.
The accountant owes 390l. 8s. 10¾d. and 2 part. ob.
To Margaret Courtenay, widow, 20l. To the occupier of the farm, &c. of Trethynneck juxta Wylton, 24l. John Hynton, 12l. 7s. 6½d.
Leaving, finally, 334l. 16¼d. and 2/3 ob., which was paid into the coffers of the marquis of Exeter.
Pp. 6.
29 Sept.
R. O.
480. The Earl of Devon's Lands.
Account of John Loure, receiver in Cornwall of the lands of Edward Courteney, late earl of Devon, which he either inherited from his father, Sir Hugh, or purchased, from Mich. 26 Hen. VIII. to Mich. 27 Hen. VIII.
Receipts.—Boconnacle, from John Dyngell, 63l. 7s. 4½d. Tynten, from Thomas Langman, 48l. 10s. 8½d. Raskere, from Walter Blyzght, 23l. 8s. 7d. Penpont, from Walter Blyzght, 22l. 17s. 8½d. Glynne, from John Tubbe, 17l. 18s. 9d. Brodock, from John Bawedon, 24l. 5s. 10d. Lands purchased, from Walter Blyzgh, 103s. 8½d. Tin works, 64s. Tin, 114s. Calylond, from John Lytheby, 16l. 13s. 31/6d. Sales—Nihil.
Total receipts, 231l. 3s. 91/6d.
Rewards, 30s. Fees, 53s. 4d. Delivered to Thomas Spurwey, receiver general, 227l. 51/6d. Total, 231l. 3s. 91/6d.
Lat., pp. 3. Large paper.
29 Sept.
R. O.
481. Marquis of Exeter.
Account of Richard Gyfford, receiver general of lands in Surrey, Essex, Hertford, Kent, and Rutland, from Mich. 26 Hen. VIII. to Mich. 27 Hen. VIII.
Surrey.—West Horseley, Okham, Effyngham, 75l. 18s. 11¼d.
Essex.—Lilford Sayes, Wekeham Hall, Hokes, and Pynacles, 46l. 18s. 10d.
Herts.—Mylkeley, Ayott St. Laurence, Bedwell, 88l. 2s. 8½d.
Kent.—Greenwich, nil.
Rutland.—Markett Orton, 17l. 18s. 6½d.
Total receipts, 228l. 19s. 0¼d.
Fees, 9l. 6s. 8d. Money delivered to the coffers of the marquis of Exeter from 17 May 27 Hen. VIII. to 20 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII., 113l. 4s. 3d. Total disbursements, 122l. 10s. 11d.
Balance, 106l. 8s. 1¾d.
Whereof—paid to Fras. Hastings, Esq., and Roger Elys, bailiff of Greneway, 30l. 17s. 8d. and 75l. 10s. 5d., delivered to the Lord's coffers.
Large paper, pp. 4. Endd.
29 Sept.
Paludan Müller, Aktstykker, III. 468.
482. Christian III. of Denmark to Peter Suavenius.
Instructions on his being sent to Francis I.
He is to ask Francis for aid, and to send an embassy to him at Hamburg about six weeks after Michaelmas. He is to use as arguments the fear of Imperial domination, and the treaty made with England last year by the Lubeckers, who offered Denmark to the King. Copenhagen, Michaelmas Day, 1535.
29 Sept.
Paludan Müller, I. 474.
483. Jurgen Wullenwefer to Albert Duke of Mecklenburg.
Touching a diet to be held between Imperial and Hanseatic envoys on the affair of the Count Palatine. Lubeck, Michaelmas Day '35.
P.S. The English embassy is here which has been with Marcus Meyer. Another will shortly follow. If Copenhagen could hold out till Easter all would come right. Wishes the Count Palatine would persevere. The Holsteiners have devils for informers (?). Dr. Oldendorpp is gone to Bremen. He had much to say before; now he is dumb. I told him before how it would go with us. If the Palatine's expedition do not go on, you might, along with the Count, Copenhagen and Elbagen, send full powers to your brothers and others.
Holstein dialect.
30 Sept.
Vienna Archives.
484. Cromwell to Chapuys.
Took much pleasure in Chapuys' former letters, especially in the news of the Emperor's success. These more recent are still more acceptable as giving a succinct account of the whole expedition, so vivid that Cromwell imagined himself present. The King was greatly interested. As to the message Chapuys sent by his servant, in which he suspects delays, begs him to consider, whatever delay there may be, that nothing will be omitted which the honor of the King demands for the more secure and wholeso educa tion of the lady Mary, seeing that no one feels more anxiety about her than her father. Begs Chapuys therefore to defer his proposal to visit her to some more convenient time, especially as he may have been deceived by a false report of inattention paid to her health, of which Cromwell assures him the utmost care is taken. The plague is so severe at London and neighbouring places that a man might seem wanting in attention who should go from thence to her. Will discuss matters with him at more length shortly. Winchester, 30 Sept. 1535.
Latin, pp. 2. From a modern copy docketed (by the archivist?): "A joindre à la lettre du 13 8bre."
30 Sept.
R. O.
485. Thos. Cromwell to Anne Countess of Oxford.
Desires her to restore the bearer, Master Tirrell, to the park and bailiwick of Camps, and a certain copyhold which he bought in the same town, from which she has expulsed him. Thinks she has done him wrong, and it would be dishonorable to have it tried in open court of audience. Is forced to inform her that the King is minded to have justice proceed without respect in that cause. Desires her, therefore, to be good lady to him. Winchester, 30 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: A letter direct from my master, &c.
R. O. 2. Corrected draft of the preceding, dated Winchester, Michaelmas Day.
30 Sept.
R. O.
486. Thos. Cromwell to Davye Morgan Kemys.
Has seen the deed made [to] John Crede for lands in Cromwell's manor of Rompney, called Splottes, and other lands there. Takes it to be a good deed, but understands that Kemys intends to put Crede out of it. Requires him to allow Crede to keep possession till he can show a reasonable cause why he should be put out. Winchester, 30 Sept.
Headed: Dat. per copiam. P. 1. Add.
30 Sept.
R. O.
St. P. i. 450.
487. Sir Thos. Audeley, Lord Chancellor, to Cromwell.
Has sent forth writs for prorogation of the Parliament; commissions and proclamations for corn and clothiers; and writs for the adjournment of term until Hallowmas; and has sent letters for the certificate of the residue of the books of spiritual possessions, wherein the Commissioners have been very negligent. Sends a book of instructions for corn. Is informed that Dr. Lee has been appointed by Cromwell to visit religious houses in London. Begs him to spare the visitation of Barking till his return that Audeley may speak to him about it. Does not ask this from suspicion of Dr. Lee. Recommendations to the King and Queen. Morrow after Michaelmas Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
30 Sept.
R. O.
488. Sir George Throkmarton to Cromwell.
I received from you a letter by this bearer and, accordingly, caused the farmer to deliver unto him the indenture he had of my lord Bray, which, before, he denied having; the bearer shall enter at Christmas. I cannot make him any lease, for it is in feoffement to my brother Englefelde until I pay him his money; at my coming you shall order me therein; he has 10 years yet by lord Bray's lease. I trust you will command him not to let the house down, for his father and brother have made such repairs that it is like to fall. I received, 18 September, your letter dated Wynchcombe, 9 August, in favour of Sir Peter Irlam, vicar of Aston Cawntley, whose supersedeas I would not allow either out of King's Bench or Chancery. He has undone his whole parish, and arrested most of them with latitats, supplicavits, and citations. I appeal to the justices of all Warwickshire. You marvel I do not my duty to see the King; I was not within 50 miles of his Grace all the while he was in these parts. At the assizes at Warwick and the morrow after I sat finishing the commission concerning the spirituality, which I send to you to London. My wife and I have lain in Buckinghamshire this year, for great part of my house here is taken down. I trust you will make mine answer to the King. Coughton, 30 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add: Secretary. Endd.
30 Sept.
R. O.
489. John Lord Lumley to Cromwell.
Whereas I promised you by letters patent 10l. fee yearly, of which I paid the first half when last in London, I now send you by my servant, Hen. Wethereld, the other half. Whenever my servant or counsel repair to you for furtherance of their causes, and for the right of a water sewer, and punishment of heinous riots committed by my lord of Westmoreland, it may like you to be good master unto me; also when Parliament shall hold to obtain my excuse to the King for non-appearance; in all which I shall be glad to recompense you. At the Ylle, 30 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
[30 Sept.]
Vit. B. xiv. 146.
B. M.
490. [A Servant of Richard Pate] to Master Philyp [Hoby ?].
"Right worshipful ................... is to advertise yo[u] ................. very sore marvelling ................. have put him out of perp ................ Naples sick of ague hereid a fraga ............... Sir, I cannot marvel a little that I ................ ne yet from my brother Byr, but sp.............. which should have been to my great consolation, I have written ............ and to my brother B." Barbarossa has been put to flight till he took to the seas in desperation. The news is now that he invaded, with 30 galleys, a small isle joined to Minorca, ca[lled] ......, where he slew and took 3,000, sparing no age, besides setting everything on fy[re]. The 26th inst. the Emperor was informed of this by a ship of Majorca. He entered into ....... this present, and was honorably received by the spyrit[ualty and tempo] raltie with most sumptuous cost. He intends to redress enormities and make a viceroy. The nob[les have] given his Majesty 250,000 ducats towards his wars ....... to Naples. My Master, Peter Reed, Thos. Cole, and C ....., namely, Mr. Bramsitour, with Mr. Harvi, desire to be recommended to you. I desire to be recommended to my brother B., his wife, and my brother H. Palermo, [30 Sept. 1535]. (fn. 8)
P. 1, mutilated. Add.: To ........ Master Philyp to Master Crumwell, [secretary t]o the King his [Grace].
30 Sept.
R. O.
491. Anthony Heron.
Indictment of Antony Heron, late of Connesclif, Durham, for saying on Sept. 30 and other times in 27 Hen. VIII. at York castle and elsewhere that the King is not Head of the Church, but the Pope is. Signed: Xpfore Lasselles.
Paper roll. Endd.: Billa Vera.
30 Sept.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 123 b.
B. M.
492. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
Gurone, from the Knight Casale, arrived here yesterday on his way to England. He was sent from Bologna by Casale on the 12th, and has letters for the Grand Master.
Ital., pp. 3. Copy headed: Al Sig. M. Ambrogio, alli 30 7bre. 1535, da Gemeaulx, &c.
30 Sept.
R. O.
493. The Abbot of Brewern.
Acknowledgement by John Crocker, of Hokenorton, gent., of the receipt from Richard abbot of Brewern, of 6l. 13s. 4d. due at Michaelmas last, in part payment of the pension granted to Dr. Foxe, King's almoner, John Tregunwell, of the Council, Rob. Whytteney, John Wadham and John Chudelegh, during the life of John Chaffecomb alias Macye, late abbot of Brewern. Witnesseth also that Crocker has repaid to the King for the tenth, 13s. 4d. of the said pension, not due till January next. 30 Sept. 27 Henry VIII. Signed and sealed.
P. 1, small paper.
30 Sept.
Vit. B. xxi. 108.
B. M.
494. Frederick Count Palatine of the Rhine and Duke of Bavaria to [Christian III. of Denmark ?].
Has recently married the elder daughter of Christiern king of Denmark, and wishes to do what he can for the liberation of his father-inlaw, and to procure justice for his heirs, with the aid of the Emperor, the king of the Romans, and other princes. Desires his correspondent to cease from his persecution of king Christiern, to give up the expedition which he is preparing, and restore to his heirs the towns and castles in his possession.
Requests an answer in writing by the bearer. Heidelberg, 30 Sept. 1535.
Copy ? Lat., pp. 2. Begins without any salutation: Post promptam nostrorum obsequiorum oblatio[nem].
30 Sept.
R. O.
495. Clement Urmeston.
A statement of expense by John Wethers, servant to Mr. Clement Armyston of London, grocer, in felling and cutting timber and carrying it from Pyllingbery Wood to Water Okeley between 28 Oct. 25 Hen. VIII. and 30 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 20.Slightly mutilated.
R. O.
496. Edmund Lomnor to Cromwell.
I have sent you by Mr. Pyckerell the commission and the books within the liberty of our partition. And, inasmuch as our auditor waited on you at London but could not keep his promise as I advertised you, we have drawn out a book more at large, and beseech your favor to him, as he was visited by a fever. He is meeter to serve the King than the Bishop. (fn. 9) Asks him to move the King that the writer may have a reasonable fee of the first-fruits. Manyngton, the—Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
R. O. 497. John Musard, Monk of Worcester, to Cromwell.
Notwithstanding your patience with my last letter, I must presume further to express my mind to you. At the election of my lord Bishop, our Chancellor caused a decree to be read that all excommunicati should be expelled, and thereupon commanded me to avoid and, an hour after, to prison. At which, those who favor my unkind and ignorant master, were very glad. If others had suffered the same penalty, it should have fallen on Thos. Blockley "that stole the letter of treason out of my cell, that should a be direct unto my lord president. Your mastership hath or should have a copy thereof." Dr. Lee showed openly that he was comperted by many of our convent for his incontinency, and a sower of discord between us, when he was at Gloucester. Yet nothing is laid to his charge, which is greatly mused at amongst our convent. It is supposed that he, or two or three others, have redeemed their penance of master Dr. and Mr. Pryce. The reward my master prior gave them will hurt me much unless you favor me. Your injunction that there shall be no buying and selling in our hallowed ground is not regarded; "for under our church side there be houses made there as Christian bodies were buried within this two year past, and now there is pedlar shops." What is here said of Mr. Dr. and Mr. Price I hope will be kept secret.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
R. O. 498. Cromwell's "Remembrances."
First, for the dispatch of my lord of Hereford. For answer to be made to Stephen Vawghan's letter. For the proclamations and letters for the pulling down the weirs in Somerset, Wiltshire, and Devonshire. The report of Sir John Alayn's letters of London. The report of Sir Greg. Cassalys' letters. To know the King's pleasure for Tyndalle, and whether I shall write or not. Touching the royal assent and congé d'élire for Hereford. The restitution of the temporalities for Rochester, Worcester, and Hereford to be signed. To present the election of Hereford to the King. To examine the person that came from the traitor James Griffith Ap Howell. Of the visitations, and how [little] (fn. 10) much it grieveth the heads to be kept within their monasteries. Of the Charterhouse of Henton. Of the religious in divers places.
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1.
R. O. 2. "Remembrances." First, for the dispatch of barley into Scotland. For the dispatch of all the Irish matters. For the dispatch of Dyricke. To remember lord Leonard to the King. For sending away Thos. Fytzgarard to London. For dispatching my lord of Herteforthe (Hereford) into Allmayne.
P. 1.
Titus B., i. 412.
B. M.
3. "A memorial for the expedition of the bishop of Winchester."
A letter of credence in the King's own hand. Letters to the Great Master, Admiral and Chancellor, and to Wallop. A commission for the Bishop and Wallop. Silver vessel. Money.
For Scotland.—Letters to the Scotch king and to the Scotch queen. Instructions to be assigned to both. What silk and money the King will send to the Scotch queen.
For my lord of Hereford's dispatch. Letters to all the princes. A general letter of recommendation to all the princes under the broad seal. A commission general to the duke of Sax. A letter to Tuke for money. Money for Heth and Barnes. Whether he shall have any other commission to the residue of the German princes.
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 2. Endd.
Vit. B.
xiii. 234. B. M.
499. [Henry VIII. and the Germans.]
"Articles to be declar[ed unto Mr.] Secretary by Mais[ter].....
"First, the long tarrying of Ph[ilip] (fn. 11) ....... with the school which might ........... hither for fear, and the dukes sp ........ to cause him to come and to leave ....... behind him.
"The practice to set forth how to ....... of the King's cause, and to leave ........ tacion of the cause of religion ...... doctrine, until that were first ....... discussed.
"The reasons to join the King's c[ause]...... causa religionis the until that were first ....... discussed. adversaries ........ that it was but only politica .........
"These obtained, the protestation .........the King, ne his subjects migh[t] ........ the sentence they be now in, w........ should be determined or conclu[ded.]
"The reasons why this disputa[tion should] be necessary and requisite, not[withstanding] that protestation.
"Entered into this cause how the ........ framed, formed, and builded their ........ first, upon the affections of their p .......... and all other in these courts and ......... [to]wards the mother and the daughter saying [quod] non possent ferre sermones et odia ipsorum, and second upon the fear of the Emperor's displeasure and indignation towards them in case they should agree with us, whereby might ensue war and the subversion of their doctrine, and should convert all upon their own heads.
"Persisting in this conscience how they neither knew the grounds nor the justice of the cause, nor would labour to search and try out the same, but would needs continue in crassissima et supinissima ignorantia, and were wonderous loth to be otherwise taught or instructed or to hear anything to the contrary thereof; and therefore studied to defend all cavillations.
"And first they stood with us that the King's highness was ductus solis affectibus non honestis, and that the other party had wrong quia non audiebantur, and were so deprived from their dignity, &c.
"Item quod Levitica Lex non esset Divina. Item quod non esset moralis et naturalis. Item quod esset intelligenda de solis vivis et non de mortuis. Item quod Deuteronomica posset denuo institui ab ecclesia. And that the gospel did constrain no man to any certain policy, but that it might be .......... Christen men to institute an ........ Laws of Moses they would a ........ same again in their own pol ........ other such things.
"How and by what reasons and ........ they were after long disputation ......... much travail brought from the ........... and so induced to write their se[ntence] ..... is as you know.
"The understanding of their ce .......... because in their opinion lex Leu[itica est] dispensabilis et quia olim disp[ensata] fuit per Julium, ergo contract[um] ..... matrimonium non debuit postea d[irimi] scandala et omnes leges debent .... ritati.
"How it was again disputed quod [non est] dispensabilis ab hominibus l[icet] ...... dispensatum a Deo, and though [it were] dispensable, yet it might not [be dispensed with] nisi ob maximas gravissimas e[t] ........ simas causas, cujusmodi nullæ sub[sistunt] in nostro casu, with divers other thing[s.]
"Whereunto, although they had no n[other] thing material to answer, yet th[ey must] needs stick unto it, and so requir[ed more] leisure to consider.
"[H]owe this their respect and delay is [gr]ounded upon the affection and fear aforesaid and to the intent they would not be seen to [a]gree and consent with us in all things, they woll have one starting hole and refuge until this matter may be better declared and knowen in the world here, which they think can be by no means so well as by setting forth in print of the book my lord is now in hand with, so as the same may afterward be translated into Dutch."
Mutilated, pp. 4.
R. O. 500. Customs.
Fragment of an account touching sums received from collectors of customs in Devon, Sussex, and Bristol, apparently for prizes sold. The proceeds seem to be allotted to different persons by writs of Privy Seal, one of which was issued in Mich. term 27 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
R. O. 501. Jas. Hawkysworth to Lady Lisle.
Hopes that she and my Lord are well. Is sorry he cannot give Edward Russell the money to convey Master John Basset to London, having laid out most part of her money on her business. "As for your shepe (ship), ze shall persayfe by my Lordes letter howe fayr forthe she ys in." Has received the Michaelmas rent peaceably, and hopes she will be content at his coming. Begs her not to be displeased at his not having answered her letters, "for I am so ell a wryter cawsys me oft tymys yt[I] do not wrete."
Has, however, given Russell 40s.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 502. Augustine Skerne to Lady Lisle.
Apologises for his negligence in not answering her letter dated 3 June. Her thanks are beyond his deserving. Thanks her for her good gift to his wife, her late servant. Will do his best in advising and instructing her son Mr. Bassett in such things as will hereafter be to his advancement. He inclines himself to virtue and learning, as few do of his time; so that he does much more of his own proper courage and mind. Her servant Bramelcum is a diligent and obedient servant to his master, exhorting him to the best, where others would rather counsel such a young gentleman to worldly vanity. As the city has been long infected and the air so contagious, he has sojourned with Skerne's uncle Dannaster part of last summer, all which time he has virtuously spent in hawking and hunting, with other pastimes.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Corp. Ref. ii. 945.
503. Melanchthon to Justus Jonas.
The Prince (Elector of Saxony) has received Antony, the Englishman [Barnes], with great kindness, and given him presents.
Sept.—Grants. 504. Grants in September 1535.
1. The bishopric of Hereford. Assent to the election of Master Edw. Fox, S.T.P., the King's councillor, as bishop. Del. Berechurch, 2 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
Pat. p. 2, m. 11. Rym. xiv. 552.
2. Thos. ap Glin, late of Ewiasland, Marches of Wales. Pardon, for having, on the 20 Sept. 13 Hen. VIII., at Maikhole, in the lordship of Kylpeck, Heref., feloniously entertained John Ap Harry Madock, know ing him to have been guilty, with others, of having broken and entered the close of James Balle at Vouchurch (Vowchurch), Heref., and stolen two oxen. Wollfall, 7 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., "die et anno infrascripto."—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
3. Thos. Daniell, late of Kylbreste, in the parish of Tretyre, Heref., laborer. Pardon for the death of Rob. Morys, at Kylbreste. Wollfall, 7 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., "die et anno infrascripto."—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 10.
4. The convent of Wharwell. Congé d'élire to the prior and convent, vice Anne Colt, last abbess, resigned. Westm., 15 Sept.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 44.
5. John Stoner. To be one of the serjeants-at-arms, vice Will. Cartwright, deceased; with fees of 12d. a day. Del. Westm., 17 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
6. John Porter. To be gunner in the Tower of London, with fees of 8d. a day, vice Clement Wilshir, deceased. Wollfall, 6 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Oldeforde, 17 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
7. John Heyward, of Hereford, goldsmith. Pardon of all offences before the 14 June 27 Hen. VIII. Monastery of Gloucester, 1 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Oldeforde, 18 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
8. Anth. Knevet, gentleman usher of the Privy Chamber, and Matilda, his wife. Grant in survivorship of the manor of Aldersbroke, in the parish of Ilford Parva, Essex, and the tenement called Dragin ford, thereto adjoining, in the parish of Wansted, Essex; certain lands called Naked Hall grove and Millfeld, pertaining to the said tenement of Draginsford; the tenement in the parish of Ilford Parva wherein John Harvy dwells; the tenement in the parish of Wansted wherein John Ferney dwells; and all messuages, lands, &c. in Wansted and Ilford Parva, belonging to the said manor of Aldersbroke:—which premises were granted to the King by Giles Heron. Del. Oldford, 18 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
9. James Leche, esquire of the Royal Body. Annuity of 20 marks out of the Exchequer (de Scriniis sive de Scaccario) of the principality of S. Wales. Del. Oldford, 18 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
10. John Fatt. Reversion of the office of gunner in the Tower of London, which was granted to John Mayer alias Hans Gonner, by pat. 20 May 8 Hen. VIII., with fees of 6d. a day. Woolfall, 7 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Oldeforde, 20 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
11. Sir John White. Annuity of 100 marks, out of the subsidy of tunnage and poundage of the port of London. Monastery of Tukesbery, 29 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Oldeforde, 20 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
12. Thos. Crumwell, the King's chief secretary. Grant of the manor or principal messuage in the parish of Hackney, Middx., with all messuages, gardens, &c. thereto belonging. Del. Oldford, 24 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6. Vacated on personal surrender, 1 May 28 Hen. VIII.
13. John Brereton, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Astbury, Cov. and Lich. dioc., void by death and at the King's disposal hac vice by grant of Will. Brereton. Westm., 24 Sept.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
14. Giles Churchehill. To be keeper of the park and woods of Copped Hall alias Copthall, Essex, and of the house or mansion in the park; with an annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d. Bromham, 31 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Oldeforde, 24 Sept.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
15. Monastery of Wharwell, Winchester dioc. Assent to the election of Morphita Kingesmyll as abbess, on the resignation of Anne Colt. Westm., 25 Sept.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 44.
16. Denizations.
John Mason, a born subject of the king of the French. Westm., 30 Sept.
Peter Menell, as above. Westm., 30 Sept.
Michael Vase, as above. Westm., 30 Sept.
Nic. Moket, as above. Westm., 30 Sept.
Peter Ant. Ardeson, as above. Westm. 30 Sept.
Pat 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.


  • 1. "Bp. of Rome" here and elsewhere in orig.
  • 2. His name was Robertson, or Robynson. See Nos. 349, 471.
  • 3. Richard Pate, the writer's nephew, who was ambassador with the Emperor.
  • 4. In Oxfordshire.
  • 5. Should be 26th.
  • 6. A false report, whatever be the date of this letter, as lord Daubeney was created earl of Bridgwater in 1538, and died in 1548.
  • 7. The rectory of Halifax belonged to the priory of Lewes.
  • 8. Supplied from a modern marginal note.
  • 9. Of Norwich.
  • 10. Struck through.
  • 11. Melancthon.