Charles I - volume 312: January 21-31, 1636

Pages 174-203

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Charles I, 1635-6. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1866.

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January 21-31, 1636

Jan. 21. Docquet of the commission to Lieut. Colonel Francis Coningsby, which will be found calendared under the 22nd January instant, the date of the same commission.
Jan. 21. Another Docquet of Grant to Sir Thomas Reynell, his Majesty's servant, of fines upon judgments given in the King's Bench and Exchequer, wherein a capiatur shall be awarded against the plaintiff or defendant, similar to that which occurs and is calendared on the 15th January inst., with the addition of the following exceptions, "except fines upon informations or indictments for offence against the common law or any statute for which no pecuniary penalty is limited, but left to the discretion of the court."
Jan. 21. Grant to Thomas Mayhew, for twenty-one years, of the office of writing and entering passes granted in all the ports of England and Wales by virtue of his Majesty's commissions lately renewed, and for keeping a register of such persons as depart this kingdom, with such fees as have heretofore been received for the same; this grant to begin upon the determination of any former grants of this office. [Docquet.]
Jan. 21. Grant (upon the petition of Colonel Ludovic Lysley) to John Latch, of the benefit accruing to his Majesty by the outlawry of Robert Jason after judgment at the suit of Richard Harris, with proviso that Harris be first paid his debt, and the grantee be subject to the order of the Court of Exchequer, touching the mitigation of the forfeiture. [Docquet.]
Jan. 21. Grant to Arthur Upton and Roger Fursby, at the nomination of Sir Charles Barkley and others, of a third part of waste lands in the forest of Selwood, co. Somerset, whereof Sir Charles was seised, and his Majesty is to have the same in lieu of his Majesty's disafforestation there, and likewise in lieu of Sir Charles's claim to the office of lieutenant of that forest. His Majesty allows him 1,000l. out of the Exchequer, and discharges the other two parts of the said lands of all common and liberties of forest. And his Majesty (in consideration of 300l.) grants them a third part of John Hargill's 636 acres of land. There is also granted the land of John Fitzjames, being about 700 acres within that forest, which is in consideration of 800l., whereof 700l. is paid, and the other 100l. his Majesty allows to Fitzjames in recompence of his loss by highways cast upon his lands. There is also granted in consideration of 49l. paid by Henry Baynton, his Majesty's third part of 55 acres of Baynton's lands within that forest. A tenure of socage is reserved, and his Majesty promises to confirm the premises at the next Parliament. [Docquet.]
Jan. 21. Grant to John Etherington, yeoman of his Majesty's chamber, and Henry Stracy, for 31 years, of the oversight of a constant reel to be kept in all the clothing counties for reeling yarn and increase of the poor's wages twopence in a shilling more than formerly. This grant lately passed his Majesty's signature, but upon consideration since had, by a late order of the Council, a proviso is inserted that if it any time hereafter prove inconvenient, then upon signification the same to determine. [Docquet.]
Jan. 21. 1. Petition of Elizabeth Daniel, "a most miserable poor distressed creature," to Archbishop Laud, by the name of Thomas Archbishop of Canterbury. Complains of great wrongs, punishments, and imprisonments by David Rogers, John Sames, and others, by which petitioner was constrained to go into the hospital for cure of the stripes of her back. The same persons now design to lay her up in prison that there she may perish. As she has a suit depending in the High Commission, prays the Archbishop to signify to the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench that she may go peaceably about her affairs. [¾ p.] Underwritten,
1. i. Reference to Sir John Lambe to examine this business, and give the Archbishop an account. 21st January 1635-6. [¼ p.]
Jan. 21.
2. Philip Burlamachi to Sec. Windebank. The discourse which the writer had had with the [English] ambassador [in France] partly related to the affairs of his Majesty, partly to those of the writer. For those of his Majesty it was necessary that the Secretary should prevent Voile from perplexing the monies left in the Treasury of the Espargne, for satisfaction of the officers who have not sent in their tickets. The Secretary can easily do this by showing the King's Council that those monies belong properly to the King, which is really true. Burlamachi is surprised that Augier should support a knave against the service of his master. For Burlamachi's own business, he prays the Secretary that his friends may be protected against the frivolous demands which Voile makes upon Burlamachi, and which have nothing to do with the King's business. [French. Endorsed by Windebank "21 February 1635." 1 p.]
Jan. 21. 3. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 90l. paid by John Clarke, on behalf of John Witherden, mayor of Tenterden. in part of 8,000l. charged on Tenterden and other places in Kent for shipmoney by writ of 4th August last. [¾ p.] Annexed,
3. i. Similar receipt for 111l. 10s. 0d., paid by Robert Austen on behalf of John Austen, mayor of Tenterden, for shipmoney by writ of 20th October 1634. 18th April 1635. [1 p.]
Jan. 21. 4. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Jan. 22. 5. The King to Lieut. Colonel Francis Coningsby, Surveyor of the Ordnance. Commission whereby he is appointed CommissaryGeneral of all his Majesty's castles in England and Wales. Once every year he is to resort to the same castles and forts, and to examine by musters to be made by the poll what officers, soldiers, and gunners are there, and to pay only those that are able for service, without giving allowance for dead pays, outlivers, or absent men, according to an Order of Council of 9th May 1632. He is likewise to survey the decays of the said castles, and inquire into encroachments upon the same, and once every year or two years make report thereof to the Council and Treasury. He is to see that all instructions given to officers of castles and forts are observed, and is to receive and expend all monies assigned for their use, and render true accounts. His own pay was to be 13s. 4d. per diem, with allowances for transporting moneys, and he was authorized to retain dead pays on account of his salary. [Copy. Attested by Sir John Michell, Master in Chancery. 2½ pp.]
Jan. 22. The King to Thomas Viscount Wentworth, Lord Deputy of Ireland. Requires him to give order to the Vice-Treasurer there to issue out of the treasure for extraordinary services, to persons appointed to receive the same, such sums as the Lord Deputy shall hold needful, not exceeding 3,000l. English per annum, to be employed in rewards, works, and other services. [Docquet.]
Jan. 22. Warrant to Sir William Uvedale, Treasurer of the Chamber, to pay to William Basse, one of the yeomen of the privy buckhounds, in the place of William Wethered, wages of 18d. per diem, and 20s. yearly for a winter livery. [Docquet.]
Jan. 22.
6. Bailiffs of Carmarthen to the Council. According to their letter of 30th October last, the writers repaired to Sir Henry Jones and David Lloyd, and demanded the moneys required. The debt of Sir Henry Jones was 90l., which he did not pay, but sealed a bond for his appearance before the Council within ten days after date. Lloyd paid the 91l. due from him, which, together with the said bond, they return by William Gower. [Seal with arms. ¾ p.] Enclosed,
6. i. Bond of Sir Henry Jones, of Talley, co. Carmarthen, above mentioned. In the condition of the bond the 90l. is described as theretofore collected on privy seals. Dated; 1635, December 30. [Seal with arms (faint impression). ¾ p.]
Jan. 22.
Order of Commissioners for Pious Uses. On a petition of the inhabitants adjoining the great north door of St. Paul's, whose houses were forthwith to be demolished, praying that petitioners might be allowed the materials of the houses to be demolished, and receive such reasonable satisfaction for their estates as had been allowed to others in like cases; and also on a petition of John Rothwell, Edward Pigeon, Gabriel Cawood, Nicholas Fussell, Humphrey Moseley, George Browne, and George Greene, who had left their habitations at the said north door in obedience to their Lordships' order, and some part of whose houses were demolished in which they had interest for many years, and they therefore desired such recompence as had been given to others in like case; the Lords recommended it to the sub-committee for this business to order and dispose of the materials to such persons to whom they shall find the same to appertain; and those persons to whom the said materials shall be allowed by the said sub-committee are required forthwith at their own charges to demolish the houses of which every person respectively is to have the materials. And for the petitioners' request for further satisfaction and recompence for their estates, their Lordships will take such consideration thereof as they shall find fit, when the orders of the board are performed, and the houses demolished. [Copy. Vol. ccxiii., fol. 40a. 1⅓ p.]
Jan. 22. 7. Petition of Mary Baker, of London, spinster, to Archbishop Laud. Peter Robinson, being of the age of 23 years and son of William Robinson, of London, became suitor to petitioner, and somewhat before Easter last contracted lawful marriage with her, in the presence of three witnesses. Afterwards petitioner sued him upon the said contract in the Court of the Arches, where he refused to appear, and has stood excommunicated above forty days, being conveyed away by his father into obscure places, so as petitioner cannot proceed in her suit. Prays the Archbishop to order that Peter Robinson, if he can be found, may be attached, and that William Robinson may answer articles in the High Commission Court, and be bound to produce his son to answer in the Court of Arches. [½ p.] Underwritten,
7. i. Reference to Sir John Lambe to do as is desired, if he see just cause. January 22nd, 1635-6. [¼ p.]
Jan. 22. 8. Chr[istopher] Milles to [Edward Chute, Sheriff of Kent]. Answer to the reasons alleged by certain parishioners of Herne, Kent, why the writer should be assessed to the ship-money for the parsonage of Herne, of which he is farmer. (See Dom. Car. I., Vol. cccv., No. 47, and Vol. cccxi., No. 30). It does not beseem them to answer, but to obey what is commanded by the Council. To prove that his complaint is just, he refers to the report of the justices sent to Archbishop Laud. For any other refusal of his in country payments he is liable to the law, or to be complained of at the Quarter Sessions, which they would do were there cause. Let them but acknowledge they have done him wrong so to assess him, and he will hold himself paid for what is past. Beseeches the person addressed not to make himself a solicitor for them that in affectation of scholarship would prove white black. Argues that of those who have subscribed many are influenced by kindred and selfprofit. Of a hundred householders but sixteen have signed. The minister is not one, and of the sixteen, five be of one name and two never kept house. [¾ p.]
Jan. 22. 9. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 4,000l. paid by Humphrey Dolman, Sheriff of Berks, being the sum charged on that county for ship-money, by writ of the 4th August last. [¾ p.]
Jan. 22. 10. Similar receipt for 4,574l. 17s. 9d. paid by Sir William Culpeper, Sheriff of Sussex, in part of 5,000l., charged on that county for ship-money by writ of 4th August last. [¾ p.] Annexed,
10. i. Similar receipt for 2,694l., paid by the above named by virtue of writ of 20th October 1634. 23rd March 1634-5. [¾ p.]
Jan. 23. Commission to the Lords of the Treasury, the Lord Mayor of London for the time being, George Lord Goring, Sir Ralph Freeman, Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Sir Henry Mildmay, and divers others, authorizing them (whereof two of the said Commissioners, George Lord Goring, Sir Ralph Freeman, Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Sir Henry Mildmay, Sir Robert Rich, Sir William Parkhurst, Sir William Becher, Edward Johnson, and Lawrence Whitaker, to be of the quorum) to see to the execution of the proclamations for regulation of the business of gold and silver thread. These Commissioners are also enabled to convent offenders before them. [Docquet.]
Jan. 23. Grant to William Scriven and Philip Eden, of a messuage called York Farm, Surrey, and of divers other lands, of the yearly value of 88l. 7s., which is in part performance of a contract made by his Majesty with Sir John Heydon, Lieutenant of the Ordnance, and others, and in consideration of 1,767l. paid into the Exchequer. There is reserved to the Crown the yearly rent of 99l. 3s. [Docquet.]
Jan. 23. Protection for Sir George Marshall's lands and tenements, goods, and chattels, for one year from this date. [Docquet.]
Jan. 23.
11. The King to the Lord Mayor of London. His Majesty having bestowed the place of Attorney of the Court of Wards and Liveries upon Henry Calthrop, late Recorder of London, recommends Thomas Gardiner of the Inner Temple, to be chosen Recorder. [Copy. 1⅓ p.]
Jan. 23.
12. Sec. Windebank to the King. Has received the enclosed from Vienna, and, together with the originals, (deciphered,) both of Taylor's despatch, and of his answer to that which had been proposed by the Emperor, the Secretary now sends transcripts of both for his Majesty's ease. There are likewise, copies of the Emperor's letters to his Majesty, and of both the letters of the Infante Cardinal, sent to the Emperor and the King of Hungary by Taylor, when he touched at Brussels in his passage. But the principal piece is wanting, namely, the copy of the paper brought to Taylor by Walmerod, the Secretary, under the Emperor's seal, which had been worth the seeing, and likewise the copy of the King of Hungary's letter to his father, neither of which were in this packet. [Margin in the King's handwriting:—"For Tailors dispache, I should lyke it well, if he spoke not so much of Grace as he does; but his Memoriall is yet worse, for (in a manner) it propounds the relinquishing of the Electorall Dignety, (at least for a tyme,) whereas they should bee the first propoũders, & wee to bee drawen to give eare to it upon good conditions; Therefor, advertice him, that he may mend thease faltes in tyme."] For the business itself, it is in no ill condition; and if the Lower Palatinate be really intended to be restored, it is as much as his Majesty requires Taylor to insist upon. Taylor's pressing the taking off the Ban is warranted by his first instructions; and though this present Prince Elector cannot, indeed, with any colour of equity, be judged within the Ban, yet, if he be held to be so by them, the first work must be to clear it; so that Windebank takes these for no ill beginnings if they be real; only he apprehends the negotiation lately sent to Avery for treating with the contrary party, and wishes it may not give subject of jealousy to the Emperor, [Margin in the King's hand:—"If they make vs yeld that the Ban is of validety against my Nepueu, wee shall never haue good of this treatie; but wee must haue them declare it of no validety, & so not be taken off."] Darcy, one of the three that came out of Ireland, has been with Windebank, and upon his intimation that his Majesty liked not his proposition of his Majesty taking the customs into his own hands, he has since made offer to procure persons of worth to farm them at an increase of 11,000l. by the year above that which is now given. And he offers further, that a just account shall be made upon oath, of the uttermost farthing received by the customs, to the end his Majesty may know the true value of them, and so order them after to his best advantage. But, howsoever, they will improve them presently to 11,000l. yearly; and he has ground to believe they will reserve 1,000l. more to make up the sum of 12,000l. yearly. This is a very considerable offer, and Windebank beseeches his Majesty's advice upon it. [Margin by the King:— "Lett him put his proposition down in wryting, & then he shall haue an answer, but if this be all, (I meane, if he haue no other particulars to propound,) it was not worthe his stay."] The poor man vows he has no end herein but his Majesty's service, but withal is not ignorant what hazard he will run hereby of being utterly ruined, if the Lord Deputy ever come to know such an offer comes from him; and therefore, Darcy craves his Majesty's protection, that being a lawyer by profession, he may live here and follow his studies in one of the Inns of Court, as never daring to appear again in Ireland. [Margin in the King's hand, opposite the last eight words which the King has underscored:—"I lyke not this."] Darcy likewise makes all the vows a Christian can,—That he was so far from the least imagination of disserving his Majesty in the Parliament in Ireland, that he will make it appear upon peril of his life, that no man was more forward in his Majesty's service. [The passage in Italic is underscored by the King, who has written in the margin:—"What he did may easilie be seen by his imploiment "with his fellowes; but his intentions must bee left to God."] There is a business concerning Burlamachi, who was employed into France to receive the remainder of the moneys due for the Queen's marriage, and to pay such tickets as were appointed by the Commissioners, for satisfaction of the French officers of the Queen's household, divers of which officers, mistrusting they should not receive their moneys, petitioned the French King that the moneys might remain in the hands of the Treasurer of the Espargne, which was agreed to. But some of these moneys remaining yet unpaid upon some pretences of one Claude Voile against Burlamachi, the said Voile has stayed these moneys in the hands of the Treasurer of the Espargne, and thereupon a great clamour is being raised to his Majesty's notorious disservice. Burlamachi recommends the accommodation of this business to his Majesty's ambassador in France. If his Majesty please, Windebank will give order to Lord Scudamore. [Margin by the King:—"It is reason; therfor recom[m]end his Business accordinglie."] Windebank has a petition of one Austin, for leave to prosecute a business begun by Serjeant Ashley, deceased, for recovery of lands detained from the Prince in the Duchy of Cornwall, and that his Majesty would recommend it to the Lord Keeper to examine the particulars. [Margin:—"Doe so."] There is likewise a petition of Atkinson, his Majesty's milliner, for licence to import such quantities of kid skins as have been provided in France by Mons. Sivell; this was delivered Windebank by Mr. Kirke, and he craves his Majesty's pleasure in it. [Margin:—"Doe it, if ye fynde that it suite with my seruice."]—P.S. Sends an advice received from Holland, which together with the other pieces, he begs his Majesty to return at his best conveniency. [Margin by the King:—Returned & Apostiled this 24 of Jan. 1636." 4 pp.]
Jan. 23.
13. William Somner, Registrar of Canterbury, to Archbishop Laud. This gentleman, the Mayor of Canterbury, lately showed the writer letters sent him from the Spanish ambassador, (which he will acquaint the Archbishop withal,) wherein he taxeth him, that he and his ecclesiastical officers have shown some hard measure to the King of Spain's subjects, in troubling them in the courts, to their great expense. Now, the mayor has no such officers, and therefore, if there be such a fault, it must reflect upon the Archbishop's officers. Two or three years ago, some were presented to the Consistory from Dover for refusing to baptize their children in the church of the parish where they were born, and for refusing to come to divine service, who, so soon as they made it appear that they [were] but merchants who were to stay for a time, and were the King of Spain's subjects, they were forthwith dismissed; but the writer believes the ambassador's aim at the mayor was, because he lately imprisoned one (who said he was the King of Spain's subject) for refusal to take the oath of allegiance. The mayor will also acquaint the Archbishop with the miserable state of the poor folk in the late Lord Chief Baron Manwood's almshouse at St. Stephen's, near Canterbury, who are in arrear for their pay well nigh 100l. If the Archbishop would deal with the Lord Keeper for a commission upon the Statute of Charitable Uses, this would quickly be righted. The wrongs done to the charities in that city will appear more than anywhere else, as the writer knows, being a Commissioner about 10 or 12 years ago, when they returned answer into the Chancery of very much wrong done to the poor, but the commission and answer lost their due effect by reason of Sir James Hussey's death. [1 p.]
Jan. 23. 14. Petition of Thomas Skales and Richard Lee, to the same. Notwithstanding the Archbishop's answer to their former petition, they are still detained in suit by an appeal into the Court of Arches, which ought not to have been admitted; the Archbishop's metropolitical visitation being of equal jurisdiction with that Court. Pray that they may be no longer troubled by such undue courses for conscionably doing their duties. [½ p.] Underwritten,
14. i. Fiat of the Archbishop [to Sir John Lambe]. If this presentment were made during the Archbishop's visitation, he required that the inhibition should be instantly dissolved. 23rd January 1635-6. [¼ p.]
Jan. 23./Feb. 2.
15. Thomas Windebank to his father Sec. Windebank. Is now going to the Escurial, and after some few days resting himself at Madrid upon his return, shall begin his journey towards Italy, which will be about the latter end of March. On the 13/23 January he received of his merchant 300 pieces of 8 rials, which he beseeches the Secretary to pay to Mr. Richaut. His brother is in perfect health [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 23. 16. Francis Lord Cottington to Sir Robert Pye. To draw up an order for 200l. for Star Chamber diets, and to cause a tally to be struck upon the Receiver of Northampton for 129l. 4s. 4½d., remaining in his hands upon the woodward's account for the last year, as part of the 200l. [½ p.]
Jan. 23. 17. Account rendered by Sir William Russell, of moneys received and paid concerning the shipping business. Total received 55,870l. 6s. 5d., of which he had paid to the victualler 10,500l., and into the Exchequer 9,000l., and the balance, 36,370l. 6s. 5d., had been issued for provision of stores, and for wages, victuals, &c., of the 15 ships' companies last year. [1 p.]
Jan. 23. 18. Copy of the same, with appended remarks by Nicholas. There remained 37,386l. to be paid in of the ship-money levied under the last writ. [1 p.]
Jan. 23. 19. Account, showing in the hands of what particular sheriffs the sum of 37,386l., mentioned in the last article, remained. [1 p.]
Jan. 23. 20. List of letters directed to the Clerks of the Peace of the counties of England and Wales, and to the town-clerks of the cities and towns corporate, with receipt of John Graunt, Clerk of the Check, for the same. The total number was 257. [3 pp.]
Jan. 23. 21. Inventory of the Books of the Acts of Council, and other papers kept in the Council Chest, as it was taken this day. [6½ pp.]
Jan. 23. 22. Separate examinations of Dennis Lescaillon, a French gentleman; John Tisier, cook; William Lenwuy; Francis Taviley; John Fossey, barber; and John Solomon, shoemaker, respecting the escape of Antonio della Valle, an Italian, from the Gatehouse, all taken before Peter Heywood, justice of peace for Westminster. The witnesses all denied that they had any hand in the escape, or any knowledge of the means by which it was effected. On the 14th inst., at six o'clock, della Valle was found missing. On that day he had stated he had received letters with good news from Cardinal Barberini and from his father at Rome, and also (as one of the witnesses stated) from the King of Poland. Another of the witnesses stated that he had brought letters to della Valle from Signor "Gragoria" [Panzani ?]. From the course of the examination it would appear that "one Barsear, a French cook," who had been in the employment of Mr. Gibbons, who keeps "the tennis court in the Fields, unto whose house many noblemen resort and there eat," was suspected of having brought into the prison a collier's habit in which della Valle escaped, and that he had also gone away with him. [3 pp.]
Jan. 24. 23. Petition of Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh and Endymion Porter to the King. In London and Canterbury, stuffs are made of silk or other material, mixed with gold, silver, or tinsel, but without any mixture of wool or cotton, which, being made by strangers inhabiting there, are not regulated according to law for length, breadth, and goodness, but many of them are made of bad silk, narrow, slightly wrought, and uncertain for length, to the inconvenience of the subject, and the lessening of the King's customs. Pray directions that no plushes, tuff-taffities, damasks, wrought or figured satins, silk grograms, silk calimancos, wrought grograms or stitched taffities, be made of less breadth than full half yard and a nail within the list, and all other stuffs made of hair or mixed with silk and hair or linen be made full half yard within the list, and that all tiffinies and cobweb lawns be made full 12 yards long, and all ribbons 36 yards long, in the piece, and that all such articles be duly viewed and sealed. Pray also that authority be given to the petitioners to see such directions carried out during 31 years, receiving certain payments for the same and paying thereout to the King 100l. per annum. [3¾ pp.] Underwritten,
23. i. Reference to the Attorney and Solicitor General to certify their opinions. Newmarket, 24th January 1635-6. [¼ p.]
Jan. 24.
The Vanguard, in the Downs.
24. Sir John Pennington to Sec. Coke. Since he advertised the Secretary of the apprehending of William Fenner, the Deputy Marshal (David Spicer) had come thither with a warrant from Coke for the same business. Pennington had delivered Fenner over to Spicer, who promised to bring him safe to Coke. Fenner ratifies the news of a peace between the French King and the Turkish pirates of Sallee, and that Peter De Shallad, the French Admiral for that employment, had given them warrants for coming into these parts. It may prove very prejudicial if not prevented. Fenner can best declare the whole business to Coke. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 24.
25. John Goodwin to Nicholas. Yesterday, a man-of-war of Nieuport was chased in there by a Flushing man-of-war, it being a storm of wind out of the sea. Not six days before the same was chased in there with three States men-of-war, and after he was come within as far as the platform, they made a shot at him, and before they shot, made two or three false fires, but into the mouth of the harbour he came, and Goodwin had much ado when the wind was that he might go out. Goodwin was fain to threaten him that he would bring the pinnace along his side and sink him; but he answered he had rather they should sink him than they should force him into his enemies' hands, for the States ships lay wait for them under the Isle of Wight. He has promised to go out again as soon as the wind will suffer him, and if he does not, Goodwin will force him out. It is not possible, if it be a gale of wind out of the sea, to keep them out, except there was a chain. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 24. Report of Nicholas to the Council, respecting the business of ship-money in Kent. Edward Chute, the sheriff, will, at the beginning of this term, bring up all the money payable by that county. Hopes the residue payable by the ports will by that time be paid in. Sends up an answer concerning the assessment of Mr. Milles, farmer of the parsonage of Herne. [See Vol. cccii., No. 53. 6 lines.]
Jan. 24. Similar report respecting co. Gloucester. The sheriff advertises that there are divers persons in that county who refuse to pay their assessment, some of whose names he certifies, and also the names of constables that are refractory. The sheriff has sent a note of how the ship-money in that county is charged, what is paid, and what is behind. [See Vol. cccii., No. 54. 6 lines.]
Jan. 24. 26. Account by Nicholas of directions given by the Council concerning the shipping business this day. Humphrey Dolman, sheriff of Berks having paid in all the money required of that county was called in and received thanks for his diligence, and directions for disposing of the 10l. levied above the sum required, as the justices should direct. Robert Balam, sheriff of cos. Cambridge and Huntingdon, having certified that he had not levied 4,000l. of of the 5,500l. set on those two counties, that some persons are refractory and that there is in those counties much land assessed on which no distress is to be found, and the owners whereof live in other counties, it is ordered, that the sheriff send up all moneys in his hands, that he execute his Majesty's writ on such as are refractory, and if the owners of lands live out of these counties, and have no distress in neither of them, that then upon their refusal to pay he shall send up their names that messengers may be sent for them. John Newton, sheriff of Shropshire, has sent up bills for payment of 2,000l. and advertises that he will return 1,000l. more the 21st March next, and 500l. more (as yet uncollected), which makes up the full sum required of that county, in Easter term, if he may have authority to levy the same, his sherivalty being ended. The Lords wrote to him to hasten the payment of the 1,000l. and the levying the 500l. for the service will not bear delay. Edward Stephens, sheriff of co. Gloucester, having certified the names of some refractory persons that refuse to pay, and of some constables that refuse to distrain, the board wrote to him to execute his Majesty's writ upon such as refuse to pay, and that if the constables refuse to distrain he must do it by himself or other ministers. [1¾ p.]
Jan. 24.
Hounster [?]
27. Fra[ncis] Egiock to George Rawdon. If Rawdon did but know the contentment that a letter from Lord [Conway] would bring to Egiock's Lady [Conway, the dowager ?], Rawdon would remember him of it. Thanks for sending his trunk, and hopes Rawdon will allow him for the carriage of it to Bristol, together with the rest of the moneys laid out since he came from Rawdon.—P.S. Prays service to his young master and his love to his fellow servants. For his lease he will stand to Lord Conway's nobleness. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 25. 28. Order of the Council. The Lords, taking into consideration the great inconveniences that arise to the cities of London and Westminster, as well in time of infection as at other times, through the number of inmates in one house, have ordered, that all such persons as have been compounded with for erecting any building contrary to the proclamations, shall take forth by Whitsunday next letters patent of pardon, in which there shall be an express condition to annihilate the said letters patent if any inmates or more families than one shall be settled in any one house, or if any of the said houses shall be converted into more tenements than the same at the time of composition shall be. [Copy or draft, with additions by Nicholas. ¾ p.]
Jan. 25.
29. Thomas Johnson and Robert Sayers, Bailiffs of Great Yarmouth, to the Council. Notwithstanding the late proclamation, Thomas Brown, an inhabitant of that town, coming lately from Rotterdam, where the plague reigns, in a bark whereof he was master, being arrived in the haven and having one of his company sick of the pox (as he said), craved leave that himself and the rest of his company might depart out of the bark from Holland into another bark belonging to Brown, whereunto the writers yielded so far as that Brown and his company would keep aboard, and take care for the sick man. Notwithstanding Brown and his company came on shore and went abroad about the town, and sent away the sick man the writers know not wither, whereupon they sent for Brown who broke forth into most rude and contumacious speeches, insomuch that they caused him to enter into a recognizance for his appearance before the Lords within ten days after notice. It is a precedent of very ill consequence, and if there be not some exemplary course taken, it will encourage others to do the like, and be an affront to the Government. [Endorsed "From Mr. Sec., to be read tomorrow." 1 p.]
Jan. 25. 30. The same to Sec. Coke. Upon the 23rd inst. Balthasar Lannoy informed them that one Antonio was in that town, who had been committed by the Council and had escaped, whereupon the writers apprehended Antonio and took his examination. He calls himself Nicholas Avellin. Finding him much to be suspected, they have committed him to prison, and to Lannoy they have given commands that he stir not without their direction. Since committing Antonio they have seen a warrant from Sec. Windebank for the stay of all strangers, and especially of Antonio de la Ville, a man of low stature and with a little beard, aged about 30 years, and that can speak no English; all which agrees with the person of the said Antonio. Shall continue Antonio in custody until further order.—P.S. If it be ordered that the prisoner be sent up, their suit is that either the Keeper of the Gatehouse may send for him, or that they may deliver him to the sheriff of Norfolk, who may deliver him as Coke may appoint. [1 p.] Enclosed,
30. i. Separate information of Balthasar Lannoy and examination of Nicholas Avellin taken before the bailiffs of Great Yarmouth. Lannoy stated that having a friend in the Gatehouse at Westminster (John Tisier, cook to the French Ambassador,) he oftentimes visited him and there saw a prisoner, a stranger. On the evening of Thursday the 14th instant, coming forth from the prison the stranger followed informant without any notice taken of him by the keepers. Being both out of the prison, the stranger said to informant, that if he would travel with him to see the country, the stranger would bear his charges. Informant agreeing, they lodged that night near Whitehall at a house where informant was known. He understood the name of the stranger to be Antonio, and more he knew not. On Friday, about two or three of the morning, they went towards Cambridge, where they remained three or four days, from thence to Norwich, and so to Yarmouth about Thursday last. On Saturday following informant apprised the bailiffs, that two hours before Antonio had discovered to him that the cause why he was committed to the Gatehouse was for bringing letters concerning a marriage with some great person and the King of Poland, and that Antonio was to prepare the house in London for entertaining the ambassador of Poland. Informant did not know the cause of the imprisonment of Antonio before. On the 24th inst. Antonio being in prison sent for informant and entreated him to keep his secrets and he would give him 300 pistolets. 25th January 1635-6.
Nicholas Avellin stated that he was born at Posen in Hungary, and is aged 22, of poor parentage. About four years ago he travelled with Joannes Allows, his master, to Vienna and thence to Seville, where he left his master and travelled to Paris, where he remained seven months, and thence came to London in December last. He was entertained in the house of the French ambassador 7 or 8 days; thence he travelled to Cambridge, Norwich, and Yarmouth; a Frenchman accompanied examinant whose name he does not know, but supposes him to be a merchant come to England to look after his debtors. Intends to return to London and thence to Flanders and so to Hungary. 23rd January 1635. [3 pp.]
Jan. 25.
31. [Sir Abraham Dawes to Sec. Coke.] By that post received the Secretary's letter to the officers of the Customs and therein a copy of Sec. Windebank's letter for stay of all passengers to the end Antonio della Valle, an Italian, might be apprehended. He is already in Yarmouth Goal. He and a Frenchman begged alms of Mr. Brooke the minister of that town, as strangers not speaking English. Mr. Brooke gave them something, and told them in Latin that the bailiffs had a constant stock for the relief of strangers. They accordingly repaired to the bailiffs to one of whom the Frenchman in private gave a hint of the quality of his companion, whereupon sending for the minister they examined him in Latin. He escaped out of the Gatehouse by exchanging his black plush suit for the rags he wears. The Italian a little before his apprehension caused his beard to be clean shaven off. But that Sec. Coke's letter (dated the 15th) was so long on the road he had been taken at first; now only the crossness of the winds prevented his being gone. [Probably a P.S. to another letter. 1¼ p.]
Jan. 25.
32. Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh to Sec. Windebank. Thanks Windebank for lending him an Italian piece which he returns. The kings of France and Spain in their manifests, and their subjects in these kind of pasquils, have thrown dirt in the face one of the other, to their own shame, and by it have rendered themselves a subject of laughter to the rest of the world. If that be true, of which they accuse one another—breach of faith—they give their neighbours fair warning not to trust them. The sword, the only judge between kings, should fairly determine wrongs; scolding is so base, that the law will not suffer women to use their weapon the tongue, but punish it with the cuckstool. Two private men that have a suit, the offended party shall be punished for ill words. It is no more lawful for a king to offend against good manners than a subject. When the writer sees Windebank in London he will let him know whether he is in the right or no, for that he who does more converse with a king, knows better than the writer what befits kings. [1 p.]
Jan. 25.
33. Sec. Coke to Nicholas. Has received a letter from Sir John Pennington, that he has apprehended William Fenner, gunner in the French ship that took the Pearl, and killed Whetstone the master. Sir John desires some order for his fetching to London. Prays Nicholas to cause a warrant to be signed to bring Fenner up to the Marshalsea. Begs him to use expedition, that Sir John may not suffer by apprehending this fellow. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 25.
West Dean.
34. Dr. Matthew Nicholas to his brother Edward Nicholas. Omitted to write last week having been sent for to attend the death bed of Mr. Evelyn, whose death he describes. He died on Tuesday night of a lethargy. No will can be found. The value and descent of the estates are explained. He left a widow, his eldest son, Sir John Evelyn, and another son, Arthur. Gives details respecting a piece of land which Edward Nicholas wished to buy. The writer is sorry to hear that Edward Nicholas is so soon bereaved of his associate, but Edward's ability is such that he will want only the comfort of his company, not his assistance. Wishes Cottington all honour of his great office but envies not his greatness. Details respecting various children of the Nicholas family. [2½ pp.]
Jan. 25./Feb. 4.
35. John Dury to Sir Thomas Roe. Sends a letter to Dury's diocesan on Mr. Hartlib's case, who has furnished his lordship with intelligence from foreign parts for two or three years and has not yet got any consideration. Perhaps his lordship knows not how Hartlib has fallen to decay for being too charitable to poor scholars, and for undertaking too freely the work of schooling and education of children. If Hartlib and Roe were not in England, Dury would despair of doing any good, and would bethink himself of some way to prosecute his purpose without any great relation to it. If God has moved the King's heart to do really for his nephew that which all protestants wish him to do, Roe may be sure that for this year there will be no truce. The French King has sent five millions of florins thither, which the States are to manage for the war. They will not have any more French armies, which cannot be commanded and consume instantly to nothing. Notwithstanding the league with France a real concurrence may be expected in anything adverse to Austria and in favour of the Palatine. The ambassador that is to be sent to England is a burgomaster of Dort, Mynheer von Beveren. The causes of discontent with England are, 1. The favour shown to Spain above these countries at sea and in the ports. 2. The opening of a trade towards Dunkirk, which without the assistance of England could not be free to Spain. 3. The loss which these countries had by the English fleet when England was at war with France. 4. The breach of the league which Buckingham made with these countries in 1625. That which is past will soon be forgotten if there be assurance of real favour towards these countries, chiefly at sea. The Prince of Orange has sent the French cavalry up towards Emden to keep the frontier of Friesland from the Imperialists. Roe has heard no doubt of the Saxon's utter defeat. Nobody pities him. Is informed that the King of Denmark prepares an army and has sent for Count Henry Vanden Berg to be his general. Dury intends to hold on his course, perhaps his business will never be ripe till all be in human appearance quite lost. So long as they trust to the arm of flesh he doubts of their prosperity, not that they ought to neglect means, but he fears they trust too much to them. [3 pp.]
Jan. 25.
36. M — Aylworth to George Rawdon. Lady [Conway] would have a petticoat of black tabby made up for her, plain, without lace, some black ribbons, a fan, and a coif of the newest fashion, some cambric or lawn, which is worn; if there be a new fashion in for gorgets, prays him to send one. Her ladyship also wants shoes. Rawdon has put them in great hope of seeing Lord [Conway.] [1 p.]
Jan. 26. Grant of a pension of 50l. per annum to James Tunsted, appointed to preserve his Majesty's game of heath poults in co. Derby, in place of Francis Tunsted, his father. [Docquet.]
[Jan. 26.] 37. Petition of Inhabitants of hundred of Cleley, co. Northampton, to the Council. The hundred is of small extent, and for the most part of arable adjoining his Majesty's forests of Whittlewood and Salcey, yet in the late levy for shipping the sheriff has raised a greater sum upon it than upon the hundred where he lives himself, or upon some others that are of greater worth. Petitioners, out of obedience and willingness to further his Majesty's service, have paid their money, but pray a reference for examination. [Endorsed "The Judges of Assize to certify the King." 1 p.]
Jan. 26.
38. Bishop Pierce of Bath and Wells to the Council. In obedience to their Lordships letters to determine the difference between Sir Robert Phillips and the burgesses of Ilchester, co. Somerset, concerning the parish of Northover, whether the same ought to be assessed for shipping with Ilchester, or with the hundred of Tintinhull, he finds that Northover is no member of Ilchester, and so has determined this business in an order given to the sheriff of the county. [Seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 26.
39. Copy of the preceding. [¾ p.] Annexed,
39. i. Bishop Pierce of Bath and Wells [to] the sheriff of co. Somerset. Order respecting the assessment of Northover in conformity with the preceding letter. [Copy. ¾ p.]
Jan. 26.
Auckland Castle.
40. Bishop Morton of Durham, to Sec. Windebank. Although his letters do not blush, yet would their master, for not having written to Windebank since his coming to Durham. It was not from neglect, but lest he might be unnecessarily troublesome. Has often wished a parley with him at Lambeth, albeit but for some few hours, for he cannot think the weighty affairs of state have any way blunted Windebank's wit. Has been much beholden to Archbishop Laud for reviving him with his letters. In saying this much, he doubts Windebank will think he cants, and begs the like favour from himself. Begs him to satisfy the writer's greediness. [Imperfect seal with arms. 1 p.]
Jan. 26.
41. Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh to [George Rawdon ?] The person addressed will take care to send money that the writer may not want. The King has given a reference to the petition of Mr. Porter and the writer to the Attorney and Solicitor-[General]: so soon as the writer can get it he will send it. [½ p.]
Jan. 26. 42. Frances Lady Pelham to her brother Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh. The news in Lincolnshire is that Sir William Pelham is sheriff, therefore to make some accommodations against the assizes, where the parade will be as poor as the warning is short, she sends this bearer to London. Lord Clifford wrote last week to her husband, that this week he would go to Newmarket; she hopes Lord Conway will enjoy his company before he returns to Yorkshire.—PS. Requests the loan for Mr. Pelham of a black footcloth for the assizes. She received the last week a courteous letter from a gentlewoman whom her cousin Fulke Huncks has lately married, she is the daughter of Mrs. Asqu [Askew], a widow. [1 p.]
Jan. 26.
Bulwell Park.
43. Sir John Byron, Sheriff of co. Nottingham, to Nicholas. Doubted not to have been at London before this time and to have paid in all the money, for at the time of the assessment he found not any one refractory excepting Mr. Markham, but now that he comes to gather up the money there are very few that will pay without distraining, which is an excessive trouble and charge to him and a great loss to themselves, and extremely retards the service. He forbears to trouble the Lords with complaints of particular men, being no affront is done to authority by rescuing distresses or otherwise, and though it be much to his trouble yet he gets the money at last. By the end of February he doubts not to pay in all the money, or to make up what is wanting out of his own. Mr. Markham, upon receipt of the Lords letters, sent Sir John his assessment of 50l., together with the enclosed letter as a satisfaction for the wrong he had done him before. Markham taxes him with partiality to Sir James Clifton and others, who though men of more eminent quality and greater revenues, yet paid not so much as he; but they, though they be men of greater estates yet live according to their estates and quality, whereas Markham out of 800l. per annum in land, and as it is thought 40,000l. in money, spends not 40l. in all manner of expenses, and has none to leave all this to but two bastards that he will not acknowledge. Nicholas may likewise perceive by Markham's letter that the writer is not the only man that has this opinion of his wealth; but that the Sheriff of Yorkshire concurs with him, and Lord Newcastle in the knighting business had the like conceit of Markham. [Seal with arms and motto of "Crede Biron." 2 pp.]
Jan. 26.
44. John Lord Poulett to Frances, Duchess of Richmond and Lennox. Was sorry for the death of Lord Savage, the more for that she had lost a very able and humble servant. Intends to wait on her this term if he has health to carry him out of the country, otherwise he must stay till it be fairer weather. Whilst he was upon the seas in his Majesty's employments, Lord Chief Justice Finch did him very great courtesies in some business of his which was in disorder by his absence. Begs her to let Finch know that she takes notice of it, and also to be the means that his Majesty shall know the care Finch took of Poulett's affairs whilst he was in the King's service. [1 p.]
Jan. 26. 45. Order of the Court of Quarter Sessions held at Kettering for co. Northampton. Robert Sleath being accused to have begotten his daughter Elizabeth with child a second time, which he confessed in court, it is ordered that he shall remain in the house of correction and receive severe chastisement until the next sessions, and that Elizabeth being delivered and strong again shall be sent to the house of correction there to be chastised. Lastly, it is ordered that intimation be given to the Court of High Commission by Robert Sibthorpe, D.D., to the intent that condign punishment may be inflicted upon these delinquents. [Seal of the county of Northampton. ¾ p.]
Jan. 26. 46. Separate examinations of Peter Lettin, late of Flanders now of Dover, merchant, and Nicholas Eaton, Thomas Cullen, and Daniel Skinner, all of Dover. All save Skinner deposed to John Reading, minister of St. Mary's in Dover, having applied to John de la Villetta of that town, merchant, to bring his child to church to be baptized, which he agreed to do when his wife's mother came over from Flanders. Reading told de la Villetta that he being the King of Spain's subject, ought not to be required to conform to the Church of England, but for his child born at Dover he desired his answer that he might inform the Archbishop of Canterbury and receive his instructions. Lettin deposed that none of the King of Spain's subjects resident in Dover had ever been molested in matters of conscience, and Skinner stated that he had lived about twenty years at Antwerp from 1608, and had had born there eleven children, all which he had been compelled to take to their church to be baptized by the Romish priests, and that the Bishop of Antwerp peremptorily required him to frequent their churches, which he refused to do being the King of England's subject, and a few months after came from thence. [Copy. 2 pp.]
[Jan. 26.] 47. Statement by Sir Robert Heath of the comparative advantage to the King of the several proposals for incorporating the saltmakers of Shields or the new body comprising some fisher towns and some few salters and fishmongers of London, the warrant for incorporating which latter body was drawn up ready for the King's signature. Sir Robert shows a great balance of advantage to the King in the proposal of those of Shields. [1 p.]
Jan. 27. Grant to Michael Andrewes, his Majesty's surgeon, of the benefit of a bond wherein Sir Charles Manners conditioned for payment of 200l. to Henry Bowdock, which became forfeited to the Crown by reason that Bowdock in the reign of the late King murdered himself. [Docquet.]
Jan. 27. Warrant to pay to Mary Godbolt, late one of the rockers to the Duke of York, 150l. as his Majesty's free gift in reward of her service. [Docquet.]
[Jan.] 27.
48. [Nicholas to Archbishop Laud.] Forbore to importune the Archbishop for the money due to him last Michaelmas, in hopes his shifting to serve his own occasions otherwise at that time would have made the payment thereof infallible the first day of that term, which was full as long as the Archbishop demanded Nicholas's forbearance, and longer than he could well spare his money. This day being past, Nicholas's pressing occasions urge him to be earnest that he may have no longer delay. He has been glad and will hereafter account it a happiness to accommodate the Archbishop, but at present he is to pay a great sum for a purchase. [Draft. 1 p.]
Jan. 27.
49. Hugh Lloyd, Sheriff of co. Denbigh, to Nicholas. Has received the whole "mize" for setting forth a ship assessed on that county, save one hundred which is not as yet paid by the high constable, and that which is imposed on Denbigh and Ruthin, which have commissions by themselves. Has been these three months visited with sickness, and is now on the point of death, of which the bearer can make oath, and to prevent future danger, he entreats Nicholas's advice how the moneys may be safely conveyed, and his executor discharged thereof. [Seal with crest. ½ p.]
Jan. 27.
50. John Lloyd (son of the preceding Hugh Lloyd) to the same. Since his father's letter he had received 211l. 4s. 0d. imposed upon Ruthin, so there rested unpaid only the towns of Denbigh and Ruthin. The rest is in safe custody, and the writer, his father's sole executor, desires Nicholas to be a means whereby the same may be delivered to his father's successor, and that in regard of the writer's simplicity and tenderness of age he may not be compelled to undergo such a charge or come up in person with the same. [¾ p.] Underwritten,
50. i. Statement of ship-money charged upon co. Denbigh. The amount was 1,117l., of which Denbigh was assessed at 32l., Ruthin at 19l. 4s., and Holt at 10l., so that there remained charged upon the county 1,056l. [¼ p.]
Jan. 27.
51. Sir William Pelham to Edward Viscount Conway and Killultagh. His new troublesome and unexpected office of sheriff enforces him to employ this servant to London, to enable him the best he can on so short warning to perform his Majesty's service. Has given him charge to wait on Lord Conway. Hopes he will bring news of his health, and should be glad that this might be added that he had an office much more profitable than this will be. [1 p.]
Jan. 27.
Ferford [?] [Fairford.]
52. Sir Robert Tracy to the same. Has lately received a fall from his horse, with which he has been so lame and ill that it has hindered his journey to London, which he is sorry for, having a desire to wait upon Lord Conway; in the meantime presents to him the faithful service of his nearest cousin. [¾ p.]
Jan. 27. 53. Notes of Sec. Windebank taken on the hearing in the Star Chamber of the cause of Dr. Thomas Temple versus Bray Ayleworth and others. These notes comprise the speech of the recorder for the defence, and the substance of evidence given on that side. The charge against Ayleworth and his wife was that they procured John Toms, the parish clerk of Bourton, and his wife, to bring a false accusation against the plaintiff of having committed adultery with Toms's wife in the church of Bourton, of which parish plaintift was the incumbent. Other papers on the same subject will be found in the last published volume of this calendar. [5 pp.]
Jan. 27. Warrant of the Governors, Assistants, and Fellowship of the Soapmakers of Westminster, together with Sir John Hales, Edmund Wyndham, John Gifford, and Winter Grant, the searchers appointed by them, and by whom only it is signed, appointing Andrew Edwards their deputy for three months, to search for and seize prohibited soap. [See Case D., No. 1. 26 lines, on parchment.]
Jan. 27. Similar warrant of the same, but signed only by Sir John Hales, one of the searchers, appointing Henry Wemme as a deputy searcher for three months. [The like, No 2. 21 lines on parchment.]
Jan. 27. 54. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Jan. 28. Warrant to the Chief Justice and the rest of the Judges of the Common Pleas, to suffer James Long, son and heir of Sir Walter Long, within age, by his guardian or prochein amy, to join with Sir Walter in a common recovery of lands in Wilts, for settling a jointure upon Ann Dodington, daughter of Sir William Dodington, with whom James Long is to marry. To which lands the said Sir Walter is tenant for life, and they are entailed upon James his son. [Docquet.]
Jan. 28. 55. Petition of the Governor and Company of Silkmen of London to the King. By letters patent of the 23rd May 1631 his Majesty incorporated petitioners for well ordering the silk trade, and provided that all persons interested in the same should be made free of the company, to the end that remedy might be had for abuses arising in the trade, which had been pursued with great charge to the petitioners. But of late, upon pretences of service to his Majesty, references have been obtained upon petitions, praying new authorities to be granted to private men for a new government to be put upon several branches of that trade, which grants will tend to the prejudice of the customs in the East Indies, Turkey, and Eastland trades, and in the clothing of this kingdom, and be the ruin of poor people, 200,000 being employed in the same. Pray stay of all such references and patents and a hearing at which the customers and merchants of the companies interested may attend. [¾ p.] Underwritten.
55. i. Reference to the Commissioners of the Revenue to hear the parties on both sides and report. Newmarket. 28th January 1635-6. [Copy. ¼ p.]
Jan. 28.
56. Thomas Crampporne, Mayor of Plymouth, to the Council. Acknowledges receipt of their letter of the 15th inst. concerning the English lately serving with the Dutch. They can only give evidence against the steersman, who is apprehended upon words spoken, but cannot relate anything of the murder committed by the Dutch, they being aboard when it was committed. According to the order of the Lords they shall be in safe keeping. Some of those that were in the fray he has bound over to give evidence against the Dutch, and will bind over more if it be the pleasure of the Lords. Before their letter came he had sent away the Irishman [O'Reordaen] to the common gaol, but has sent a copy of their letter to the sheriff of the county that he may send him to the Lords. His two trunks and his books the writer has this day sent to them by the carrier. [Town seal. 1 p.]
Jan. 28. 57. Officers of Navy to Lords of the Admiralty. Having considered divers things that may conduce to the advancement of the Navy, they present their opinions. 1. Touching the first Fleet, that the Lords will procure letters from the board to the ViceAdmirals and others of counties wherein men are to be pressed, to assist the pressmasters in such manner as they did last summer for the 10 ships; the number of men to be pressed they have set down in a list enclosed. 2. It was his Majesty's pleasure last year to have certain number of watermen entered on board the ships to breed them for sea service, but the captains for the most part discharged them, and pressed seamen out of the merchant ships in their room; pray order to the captains to continue the watermen, whereby, they may save so much press and conduct-money. 3. Have had many complaints of the supernumerary company of landsmen on board ships, persons employed in no service at all, nor likely to do any; the writers advise that the pursers enter all the gentlemen and followers by themselves, and that his Majesty allow no wages, though they be victualled, to any exceeding the number of the captain's retinue, the officers of the ships being aggrieved that their cabins are taken from them, and the common men for the choice of victuals before they be served, for men incapable (as they say) to do service. 4. Offer to the consideration of the Lords to make it an article in the captain's and purser's instructions, that if any of their men be discharged before the ship comes into harbour to be paid, unless they come presently to receive their wages (if restraint of liberty, want of health, or death prevent them not) they shall lose their claim, and if such as are restrained forbear to come, nor any lawfully authorized on their behalf, within six months, the same to be forfeited. 5. Pray a proclamation that every master of a merchant ship go not out of the river before they bring in a list of men belonging to their ships to be registered by the Marshal of the Admiralty at London, and by the town clerks of remote towns. 6. The ancient allowance of a halfpenny a mile conduct-money to pressed men is too little, and a great grievance to poor men that are oft-times forced to beg or steal in their travel to and from remote parts; the officers recommend the Lords to give warrant for doubling it. 7. Hear that Sir William Monson and other captains have delivered to his Majesty propositions for the advancement of the service at sea; the officers would be glad to have a sight of them, especially if they trench upon complaints that lay in their power to redress. [2 pp.] Inclosed,
57. i. Account of the numbers of men to be pressed in several counties, the total being 1,900 men. [¾ p.]
Jan. 28. 58. Order of the Court of Aldermen of the City of London made on hearing the report of Sir Hugh Hammersley, Sir Maurice Abbot, Richard Gurney, and John Cordell, aldermen, with John Stone and Peter Pheasant, committees appointed by the court of aldermen to consider a petition presented to the King by Elizabeth Viscountess Savage, praying for a grant of recognizances pretended to be forfeited by persons who had acknowledged the same to the chamberlain of London on their admittance to the freedom of the city. The referees pointed out that such recognizances were given to the city and not to the King, and that the statements in Lady Savage's petition were in many respects inaccurate. The Lord Mayor and aldermen ordered that the Lords to whom his Majesty had referred the petition should be attended with a copy of the report. [3 pp.]
[Jan. 28.] 59. "Mr. Chancie's [Chauncey's] reasons delivered in his last sermon at Ware, in what cases a minister may leave his parish or his congregation." He may not leave them; 1, for advancement; 2, or for want of competent means; 3, nor for disconvenience of air. But he may leave them; 1, in case of personal persecution against his ministry; 2, in case the Word of God has not entertainment in a congregation of the greatest and chiefest among the people; 3, in case he cannot exercise his ministry freely without sin. "If anything that is contrary to the conscience of a minister be laid on him, though in the judgment of others it be a thing in different, yet he ought not to wound his conscience . . . It is a heavy thing that a people should be willing to be rid of a minister for these small matters, called but "tailes" and trifles by them, but though these be never so small, if he cannot do them without wounding his soul, God gives him leave to depart." 4, in case his removal be for the greater benefit of the church. [Endorsed by Sir John Lambe and Archbishop Laud. [1¾ p.]
Jan. 28. 60. Brief or Statement in the cause of the Ministers beneficed within the liberties of Romney Marsh, co. Kent, plaintiffs, against Thomas Earl of Winchelsea, Sir Edward Hales, Percival Brett, Rich Ginder, John Barrow and others, owners and occupiers of the said marsh, defendants. The defendants alleged that according to the custom of the Marsh, 2d. per acre should be paid to the clergy in lieu of tithes of wool and pasturage, which were the main profit of the lands. It is stated that the marsh land was worth between 20s. and 30s. per acre, per annum; that the country had been so depopulated by great men within a few years that there was scarcely one in ten of the inhabitants that there were formerly; and that the payment of 2d. per acre had been set on foot by Sir Edward Hales who had procured many poor ministers to agree to it. [It appears from the endorsement that this paper was received by Archbishop Laud this day. 1 p.]
Jan. 28. 61. Receipt written as if for the signature of Bishop Mountague, of Chichester, but unsigned, for 407l. paid by Henry Browne, his Receiver General, in full of all demands for rents, tenths, and other profits of the see received by Browne. [½ p.]
Jan. 28. 62. Statement, signed by Edward Chute, Sheriff of Kent, of the sum assessed for ship-money upon every hundred of that county, besides what was assessed on the corporate towns; total, 6,309l. [1 p.]
Jan. 28. 63. Receipt of Sir William Russell, for 1,389l. paid by Watkin Lougher, Sheriff of co. Glamorgan, in part of 5,000l. charged on that county for ship-money, by writ of 4th August last. [¾ p.]
Jan. 28. 64. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 75l. paid by Benjamin Scarlett on behalf of Abraham Kenchley, Bailiff of Pevensey, in part of 5,000l. charged upon Sussex by writ of 4th August last. [¾ p.]
Jan. 29. 65. Thomas Crampporne, Mayor of Plymouth, to the Council. Duplicate, save that it is dated this day, of letter calendared under the date of the 28th inst. [Seal of the borough. 1 p.]
Jan. 29. 66. Deputy Lieutenants of Middlesex to the Lords Lieutenants of that county. They had taken a muster of persons, not of the trained bands, inhabiting in that county, from the age of 16 to 60. The number appearing before them amounted to 25,000, out of whom they had selected 1,000 to furnish themselves with arms, but the prices being lately much enhanced they have given them until the next muster, to provide themselves. They have also viewed the trained bands, appointed several provost-marshals, and directed the beacons to be repaired. The stock of the county for providing a magazine, being 268l., remains in the hands of Mr. Walker, clerk of of the peace. The captains of the trained bands complain of the charge they undergo in paying their drums and officers by way of salaries at every muster, and also on Shrove Tuesday, May Day, and other days of muster. The trained band complain of the charge of their apparel and arms, nor are the officers satisfied with the payments made to them by their captains, being per diem, lieutenants, 20s., ensigns, 15s., every sergeant and corporal, 10s., every drum, 10s. The number of the horse of the county was 120, of the foot, 1,461. The names of the captains are stated. [Paper Roll.]
Jan. 29. 67. Resolutions of the same Deputy Lieutenants respecting Provost-Marshals. It was resolved that provost-marshals were most necessary, and where they did not exist should be appointed. Also that their salaries should be collected by the assistance of the high constables, and that where any petty constable should be denied in the payment, that he should make due certificate thereof. [¾ p.]
Jan. 29. 68. Paper endorsed by Archbishop Laud. "1. Reasons why the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury should not visit London diocese. 2. Reasons why if he visit, the deputation should be only to the officers of the bishop's consistory." The reasons against visitation are principally want of precedent, and the continual power exercised by the Archbishop in his courts which were held within the diocese of London. [1¾ p.]
Jan. 29. 69. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 18l. 15s. paid by Benjamin Scarlett on behalf of Thomas Elphick, bailiff of Seaford, part of 5,000l. ship-money charged upon Sussex by writ of the 4th August last. [¾ p.]
Jan. 29. 70. Similar receipt for 447l. 2s. 8d., paid by Lewis Owen, on behalf of John Wynn, Sheriff of co. Carnarvon, part of 4,000l. shipmoney charged upon that county. [¾ p.]
Jan. 29. 71. Receipt of Sir William Russell for 448l. 4s. 8d. paid by John Wood on behalf of Edward Wynn, sheriff of Anglesea, part of 4,000l. ship-money charged upon North Wales. [1 p.]
Jan. 29. 72-3. See "Papers relating to Appointments in the Navy."
Jan. 30. 74. List of houses remaining to be demolished about St. Paul's London with marginal notes as to the willingness, or the contrary, of the tenants to take down the houses upon having the old materials. [1 p.]
Jan. 30. 75. Account rendered by Sir William Russell, of ship-money under the last writ received to this date. Total received 72,465l. 13s. 3d., of which Sir William had paid the Victualler 12,500l., and into the Exchequer 9,000l. and the balance, 50,965l. 13s. 3d., had been partly issued for provisions to supply his Majesty's stores, and the rest remained in cash in Sir William's office. [1 p.]
Jan. 30. 76. Account of ship-money levied and now remaining in the hands of the sheriffs; total 46,628l. [1 p.]
Jan. 31.
77. The Council to Bishop Pierce, of Bath and Wells, and [John] Mallett, sheriff of co. Somerset. Send a petition presented to the Board by inhabitants of the hundreds of Horethorne. Bruton, and Norton Ferris, co. Somerset, wherein they complained that those hundreds were assessed for the business of shipping by the late sheriff, first at 800l., after at 560l., and that last of all an assessment was agreed on by the sheriff and the justices of peace, and yet the same is not observed. The Council pray the bishop and the sheriff appointed for this year to examine this complaint, and if they find the allegations true, to take course for petitioners' relief. [Copy. 1 p.] Annexed,
77. i. Copy of the petition of the inhabitants of the hundreds of Horethorne, Bruton, and Norton Ferris, co. Somerset, to the Council above mentioned. [1¾ p.]
Jan. 31.
78. Order of the Council. Edward Wakeman, of Beckford, co. Gloucester, having appeared before the Council Board the beginning of this Hilary term according to his bond, in regard he has occasions to return into the country, it is ordered that he should be discharged from further attendance, provided he fails not of making his attendance on the Board on the 14th May next. [¾ p.]
Jan. 31.
79. The Council to Sir Lewis Pollard and Sir John Chichester, Justices of Peace of Devon, and to John Stewkley, and Thomas Methewish. Upon consideration of another petition of Edward Hext, to be relieved against Andrew Walton for his contempt in not appearing before the persons addressed, to answer the differences depending between petitioner and him, the Lords request them again to summon Walton before them, and thereupon to settle those differences, or otherwise, whether Walton appear or not, to make certificate. [Imperfect. 1 p.]
Jan. 31. 80. The Council to William Leachland, of Mincing Lane. Warrant to forbear to take any impost of Sir John Lambe, Dean of the Arches, for two tuns of wine to be had in that port [London ?] for his own expense in his household. [1 p.]
[Jan. 31.] 81. Petition of the Lord Mayor and Commonalty of York to the Council. By former writ for ship-money the sheriffs of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire charged the county of this city with 2,130l., and declared themselves to lay upon it so great a proportion, by reason that his Majesty by his late charter had added some towns to the county of this city, which charge they underwent, and the same was very heavy to many. Upon the second writ, whereby direction was given to the mayor and sheriffs of the city to levy the sums thereby charged upon the city and the county thereof, they assessed those towns so of late added, and appointed collectors who have levied a good part of the sum assessed. But after they had so far, proceeded, the sheriff of co. York by distress enforced those towns to contribute with the county at large, under pretence of an order heretofore made by the Lord Deputy of Ireland. Pray order that the new added towns may contribute with the city and the county thereof in this charge as formerly they did in the other. [1 p.]
Jan. 31. 82. Notes of reports made from time to time by Nicholas to the Council, of the state of the ship-money collection in Suffolk. On the 15th November last he reported that the sheriff had not been able to assess the county, by reason of a dispute as to the sums to be set on the corporate towns, but that question having been settled by the Lords, he was about to proceed with the assessment on the 17th November; on the 6th December Nicholas reported that the sheriff had assessed the county, and had given order for the collection. This day Nicholas reported that Sir John Barker, the sheriff, had collected all the money except about 100l., and would come up next week and pay it in. [¾ p.]
Jan. 31. 83. See "Returns made by Justices of Peace."
Jan. 84. Archbishop Neile, of York, to the King. Certificate of the state of his province. In his own diocese he scarcely finds a beneficed minister stiffly unconformable. A few poor stipendiary curates have been found unconformable, but most of them, upon being called to account, have submitted themselves. Touching his Majesty's Declaration for settling questions in doctrine, a watchful eye is had, if any fly out, to call them to account. The Declaration touching catechising has brought many of the ministers to perform both catechising and preaching. The command concerning lecturers has so prevailed that many of the clergy that were forward for market-day sermons, finding how negligent the inhabitants were of coming to the sermon, and that their preaching was more desired to draw company to the market than for the comfort of the preaching, resolve rather to employ themselves in visiting neighbour churches that want preaching ministers; and to all such places where such weekly sermons are permitted (which are very few) the rule is, "Either observe his Majesty's directions in every particular, or have no sermon." For men's having ministers in their houses, some gentlemen that have impropriations but are to find a curate make the poor minister's living in their houses a part of his stipend, but none such are permitted save conformable men. Complains of the negligence of churchwardens in not presenting those who come to sermons but not to public prayers. The Declaration to permit recreations on Sundays after divine service is received with reluctancy by a few ministers, but with petition of some time to consider better of the business, and liberty to read the Bishop of Ely's book lately written, upon reading whereof they promise either to conform or submit to censure. In the past year there has been expended in the archdeaconries of York, the East Riding, and Nottingham, in repairing and adorning churches, 6,562l. 15s. 7d., and in the Archdeaconry of Cleveland a great sum of which the Archbishop has not the particulars. Visiting the collegiate church of Southwell this year the Archbishop has taken order for a choir service there. Presents,
84. i. Copy Certificate of Bishop Bridgeman, of Chester, of the state of his diocese. The King's instructions are run through point by point and declared to be observed, except the one respecting the frequenting divine service, as to which the bishop remarks that he has done his best endeavour to see it performed. The King has written in the margin; "But whether is it performed or not?"
84. ii. Similar copy Certificate of Bishop Potter, of Carlisle. Concerning the instruction respecting attendance at prayers as well as at sermon, the bishop states that he has employed his pains to the uttermost, "but having no assistance herein from the churchwardens (who never present any for absence) nor from the justices (who never punish any)," he could not yet effect so much as he desired. Against this the King has written:—"This I take to [be] his falte, for he should cale to the Churchwardens to doe ther deutie." In reply to a point respecting the granting leases of episcopal lands and felling timber, the bishop replied "When his Majesty shall be pleased graciously to look upon me and nominate me to another bishopric, I shall be careful to observe these so religious and royal instructions." The King has commented thus:—"He then hes less to doe."
The Archbishop had delayed presenting these certificates in expectation of receiving the certificates of the bishops of Durham and the Isle of Man, which had not been received. The King commented in these words:—"I lyke your diligence, but they must bee cheked for there slakness." The Archbishop concluded his report with the following prayer:—
"God of his infinite mercy bless your sacred Majesty with all heavenly, spiritual, and temporal blessings in this life, and reward you with eternal felicity for your exceeding great mercy extended to me, my wife and my son [See Calendar, 11th January 1635-6], in our extreme calamity, whereby your Royal goodness hath delivered us from more than the fear of death; so great was our affliction till your sacred Majesty's abundant mercy and Royal Pardon relieved us. And therefore (according to our bounden duty) we pray:
"O Lord, grant the King a long life, that his years may endure throughout all generations.
"He shall dwell before God for ever: O, prepare thy loving mercy and faithfulness that they may preserve him. Psal. lxi. 6. 7." [6½ pp.]
Jan. 85. John Highlord and John Cordell, Aldermen of London, and late Sheriff of Middlesex, to the Council. By letters of the 25th inst. the writers were directed to signify what the clergy in the said county had been assessed at for ship-money, and by other letters directed to the writers, and the present sheriff to certify concerning the payment of monies received. Certify the receipt of the writ of 4th August last, and that they proceeded as far therein as the time of their continuance in office would permit, but not to the assessing the inhabitants of any town within the county. The day of their going forth of office (the 28th September) they delivered the writ and a certificate how far they had proceeded to their successors. [1 p.]
Jan. 86. Petition of John Edwards, of London, chandler, to the same. Petitioner (being a very poor man, and having a wife and children) for his contempt mentioned in the affidavit of Cuthbert Holland, one of the Searchers for Soap, was from Christmas last to the 16th inst. under the hands of a pursuivant, and since the 16th inst. has been a prisoner in Newgate. Forasmuch as the soap found in petitioner's hands is but of small value, and a great part was taken from him by Holland and other searchers, and as petitioner is willing to submit himself to such order as the Lords shall settle, he prays them to remit all further proceedings, and to order his enlargement. [¾ p.]
[Jan ?] 87. Sir Philip Monckton, Sir John Ramsden, and Matthew Ray, to Thomas Viscount Wentworth, Lord President of the Council of the North. In obedience to his letters, they gave warning to the inhabitants of Drax, Newland, Rusholme, Sharphill, and to those of Roecliffe, as also to the Dutchmen, to come before them at Turnbridge on the 15th December last, whither the writers then repaired, but could not punctually inform themselves of the losses of the inhabitants, being prevented by a great snow, so as they could not travel to all the places complained of, but they heard both parties, and viewed the sluice made by the Dutch in the mouth of the river Dunn and the banks adjoining, which must needs be a great cause of the extraordinary high waters in the petitioners' grounds, in regard that they stop the course of the waters of Aire, not suffering the superfluity of the waters to have its outlet as formerly, and so must needs drown them below, the height of the banks being level with the houses' heavings (sic) in Roecliffe. In some of the banks the writers perceived breaches made by the Dutch (as was proved to them) for their own safety, which the writers hold to be an especial cause of the complainants' prejudice, and also that they will be subject to be drowned with waters upon every small flood if the sluice and banks remain. And if complainants should be forced to heighten their banks, it would be sure to drown the country a great way about them. The inhabitants, as was justified to the Dutchmen's faces, had no safe grounds to relieve their cattle, but were forced to fodder them upon bushes. Furthermore, not only their corn in their barns but their sown corn is in great danger to be spoiled, and so they will lose two years profits of their lands. Petitioners made it manifest that there are two acres of ground within the lordship of Sharphill quite taken away and sunk into the river Ouse. Finally they heard grievous complaints made by the inhabitants of great losses sustained by the water, and for anything they could perceive, not without good cause. [Copy. 1 p.]
[Jan ?] 88. Philip Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, and his Associates in the Fishing Company, to the Council. Answer to the petition of the Resident of the King of Spain, complaining of the reprisals made by the Earl of Lindsey and Sir John Pennington, for the capture of the buss Salisbury belonging to the Fishing Company. The answerers detail the variety of applications for redress made at Dunkirk and Brussels, all which being fruitless, they had no other appeal than to the King. They state that the Resident's offer of his own caution for the return of the ship in three months was more than they knew, and that if the ship had not been returned it would have been a cold and discourteous suit against a person of his quality and a public minister; they desired no better caution than the ship itself, because "ready money is better security than an alderman's bond." Hope that after the Company has brought the matter in a lawful way to his Majesty's own justice, they shall not be sent back to seek that at Dunkirk which they could not have at Brussels, nor any hope of until after these reprisals. If the ship seized in reprisal be once set at liberty, they are like to have as little justice at Dunkirk as the Resident expects of Sir Henry Marten, an imputation upon the justice of England which they leave to the Lords and that worthy gentleman, who they believe will defend himself. [See the Resident's petition calendared under 8th December 1635. (Vol. ccciii., No. 75.) 4 pp.]
[Jan. ?] 89. Petition of — to Sec. Windebank. Divers merchants resident at Dover, subjects of the king of Spain, and there maintaining a great trade, notwithstanding the articles of peace betwixt the two crowns, whereby it is provided for freedom of conscience on either part, and in virtue whereof subjects of Great Britain through the King of Spains's dominions enjoy freedom in that behalf, have been troubled in the Ecclesiastical court at Canterbury for their religion, and have been lately forced to attend there, to their great charge. Their petition is that Sec. Windebank will write to Sir Nathaniel Brent, that he dismiss them from further attendance upon his court, and do not permit them to be any more cited thither for matter of religion. [1 p.]
Jan. 90. Particulars of the state of the Chest at Chatham, taken in January 1635–6. The rents of Chislett farm amounted to 160l. per annum; 542l. was in hand, and there remained to be received of the sailors of the late fleet 6d. per month per man. 4,382l. 13s. 4d. was the amount of debts owing to the Chest, of which 3,005l. was owing from Sir Sackville Crow, and 750l. from Sir William Russell. Nicholas has endorsed on this account that the paymaster was allowed 13l. 6s. 8d. per annum for collecting the 6d. per mensem, but he being a servant of the Treasurer of the Navy calls not on him for payment, as appeared by the debt owing from Sir Sackville Crow. [1 p.]
Jan. 91. Overture tending to his Majesty's great profit and the ease of his subjects concerning the manufacture of malt. Maltsters were abused by a variety of causeless informations and suits upon which they were obliged to attend the Exchequer or the other courts at Westminster and if successful were not allowed costs. The annoyance and charge of a multitude of vexatious suits were so great that the maltsters were obliged to compound with the informers even when there was no cause of suit. For remedy the writers suggests that such causes should be tried in the counties where the maltsters where known, and a standing commission be granted to the Masters of Requests for licensing maltsters and determination of questions arising in the course of their trade. [2 pp.]
Jan. 92. Proposal transmitted from the Hague by Sir William Boswell for sale to the King of a new invention of iron pieces wrought with the hammer, to be used in place of those made of cast-iron; with a statement of the difference between the two in length and weight, and in the quantity of powder required in using them. Annexed is also a statement of the terms upon which the inventor was willing to come to England, manufacture his new cannon at the King's forge, and dispose of his invention. The differences between the two kinds of pieces are thus stated: a piece fitted to discharge a 6 lb. bullet would require according to the new invention 6 lb. less powder than the cannon then in use, would be 7 feet less in length, and 2,200 lbs. less in weight, and so with others, in proportion to the size of the bullet to be discharged. [2 pp.]
Jan. 93. Report of Sir John Heydon on the preceding proposal. He deemed the statement plausible but contrary to daily experience. The terms offered by the propounder he considered very reasonable but recommended that instead of arranging for the inventor to come to England, he should send hither some of his pieces upon which trial might be made. [1 p.]
[Jan. ?] 94. Sir Thomas Roe to the Lords of the Treasury. "Demand and proposition" for liquidation of the debt owing to him for diamonds sold to his Majesty, on 28th December 1630. He solicited present payment of 500l. to enable him to pay off certain other persons who had a share in the property of the diamonds and to whom he was still paying interest. There would then remain owing to him 3,760l., in discharge of which he solicited a lease for 31 years of 1,200 acres of the King's part of the Eight Hundred Fen, at a rent of 8d. per acre, Sir Thomas dividing, fencing, and ditching it, and bringing it into a condition for pasture. [1¾ p.] Annexed,
94. i. Account of the money paid and due to Sir Thomas Roe for two pendant diamonds sold by him to his Majesty, 28th December 1630. The diamonds were sold for 3,500l. ready money, but he had received only 1,000l. in December 1633 and 500l. in June 1635; deducting those sums but adding the immediate interest, there remained due 3,761l. [= 1 p.]
Jan. 95. Bill of Joseph Woodgate, tailor, for goods supplied to Robert Cherry between 26th March 1633 and this date ; total 99l. 5s. 4d. Very minute and explicit in the entries. Authenticated by the signatures of Joseph Woodgate and Elizabeth Cherry. [7 pp.]