BHO

James 1 - volume 130: May 1622

Pages 383-401

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: James I, 1619-23. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1858.

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May 1622

May 1.
Rye.
1. Mayor of Rye to Sir Geo. Calvert. The Rochelle man-of-war, which took the French barks and brought them into Rye, was licensed by the Reformed Church of La Rochelle. Some of the prize goods are sold, but shall be stayed until further orders. Another Rochelle vessel, meeting a Flemish ship, took all the Papist money on board, but restored the bark, and such goods as seemed to be Protestant. Incloses,
1. i. Certificate by the Assembly of the Reformed Churches at La Rochelle, that Jehan de Millon, captain of the bark Le Lièvre, has their commission to do them what service he can for five weeks, and requesting aid for him therein. April 17, 1622. French.
May 1.
Rye.
2. Ant. Hill to Lord Zouch. Much bullion is in one of the prizes brought by the Rochellers into Rye. The Master declares he delivered up all the Protestant goods he found. Sec. Calvert has written to order stay of the prizes. Wishes the Rochellers might make the best of them, as they do in the west country. Has nearly completed the musters.
May 1.
Newark.
3. Justices of Nottinghamshire to the Council. Cannot make out the schedule [for contributions to the Palatinate] by the day appointed.
May 1.
Carlisle.
4. Sheriff and Justices of Cumberland to the Same. Although clothmaking is allowed to the county by statutes, the general poverty prevents any cloths, kersies, or cottons being made there; have therefore no commissioners to send up.
[May 1.] 5. Declaration of John Beale, Constable of the Parish of St. Botolph without Aldersgate, to the Council, that on April 28 in the night, he arrested two gentlemen belonging to the Ambassador of Venice, for fighting in the streets; that the Ambassador's secretary required him to release them, which he could not do without an order from the Lord Mayor. This being obtained, they were set free, but have since attacked and threatened him.
May 2. 6. Declaration of Hen. Kyme and John Pennyall, King's Messengers, that on a warrant from Council, they went to commit John Beale, Constable of London, to the Marshalsea, but he refused to go, and appealed to the Lord Mayor; that Sir Clement Edmondes sent them to request the Mayor to send the constable; that the Mayor reproved them for attempting to execute any warrant in the City without his knowledge, treated them harshly, and dismissed them, saying that he would write to the Council.
May 2 ? 7. Similar declaration, by the Same, of their treatment by the Lord Mayor.
May 2
Morpeth.
8. Sheriff and Justices of Northumberland to the Council. No cloth trade is carried on in the county, the wools being too coarse. Formerly sent their wools to Berwick or Newcastle for export, and suffer loss by the prohibition for export of wool.
May 2. 9. Justices of Cambridgeshire to the Same. Find on survey that the stores of corn within the county are barely sufficient to last till the next harvest, but the prospects of harvest are good.
May 3.
Rye.
10. Mayor and Jurats of Rye to Lord Zouch. Arrival of two Rochelle ships with French prizes. Some of the goods have been sold by the captain for the expenses of himself and his men. Ask directions. Some Spanish ryals have been stolen from one of the vessels, but the robbers are imprisoned.
May 3.
Rye.
11. The Same to Sir Hen. Mainwaring. Give the names and trades of two Dutchmen and three Frenchmen, who, with twenty women and thirty children, are the only strangers resident at Rye.
May 3.
Lewes.
12. Justices of Sussex to the Council. Request further time to collect the voluntary contribution for His Majesty.
May 3.
Chelmsford.
13. Justices of Essex to the Same. Complaints are made throughout the county against the Clerk of the Market, for levying, at his own pleasure, unwonted fines, and inflicting imprisonment, and matters are made worse by his letting out to farm the profits of his office. Request the stay of all suits for collecting these fines, and a settlement of the power and extent of the Clerk's office.
May 3.
Whitehall.
14. Order in Council desiring the Merchants' Committee for inquiring into the decay of merchandise and inequality of trade, to make their report with diligence, as extreme injury will arise from any delay therein.
May 4.
Harrington House.
15. Countess of Bedford to Carleton. Hopes the Queen [of Bohemia] is well enough to write urgently to the Prince and Sec. Calvert. Would see her again at the Hague this summer, but is troubled with an encumbered estate.
May 4.
Whitehall.
16. The Council to Lord Zouch. The Rochellers are not to make sale of French prizes in the ports, but they are to be deposited in charge of the Admiral there, and the goods carefully kept till decision of the Admiralty Court. Possession to be taken of the two French barks, brought by a Rocheller into Rye.
May 4. 17. Copy of the above [by Nicholas].
May 4.
Westminster.
18. Grant to John Van Hesse, Lord of Piershill and Wena in Holland, at request of the King's only daughter, of restoration of his ancestors' honours forfeited by his entering into trade, the exercise of honest merchandise being not so ignoble as to stain noble blood; with addition to his coat-of-arms of a cross of St. George between four thistles of Scotland. Latin.
Sign Manual of the above, dated March 9. [Sign Man., vol. XIII., No. 21.]
May 5.
Tichfield.
19. Earl of Southampton to the Council. Has taken much pains about the contribution, but the sum is likely to fall far short of their Lordships' expectations. Incloses,
19. i. Justices of Hampshire to the Earl of Southampton, Lord Lieutenant. Have taxed themselves at 5d. in the pound upon their subsidy assessments towards the contribution, although both in free gifts and subsidies they have already done beyond the proportion of other counties. Winchester, May 1.
May 5.
Whitehall.
20. Petition of Gilbert Southworth to the King, for further remuneration for his three years' services in increasing the revenue in Ireland, having received but 40l., and his expenses being 250l. With reference thereon.
May 5.
Dover.
21. Mayor and Jurats of Dover to Lord Zouch. The Rocheller in their road offers to bring in a French prize, laden with wheat, if he may be permitted to sell the wheat. Request this permission, for benefit of the poor in the present dearth, wheat being at 5s. 6d. the bushel.
May 6.
Weymouth and Melcombe Regis.
22. Mayor, &c. of Weymouth and Melcombe Regis to the Council. Have called the gentlemen of the county before them for the voluntary contribution; send an account of their offerings, which, though small are large considering how their trade is depressed by their losses from Turkish pirates, who have attacked and taken almost every bark sent last year to Spain or Gibraltar, and have caused such a damp on trade, that, instead of thirty-nine ships, as before, only eleven have gone this year to Newfoundland.
May 6.
Grange.
23. High Sheriff of Dorsetshire to the Same. Desires further time for collecting the voluntary contribution.
May 6.
Norwich.
24. Justices of Norfolk to the Council. Find the people willing to give even beyond their poor ability for the contribution, but they require a little delay to complete the service.
May 6.
Dover.
25. Wm. Leonard to Nicholas. The Dutch ship is stayed according to Lord Zouch's orders. Has heard nothing of Signor Cappone, who owes money on its account. A Rochelle man-of-war offers to sell the corn from a French prize which he has taken, at 4s. a bushel, if he may sell it at Dover.
May 6.
Winterbourne.
26. Matt. Nicholas to Edw. Nicholas. Fears his mistress will not consent to a speedier marriage. Has not met with a happy device for the motto on the wedding ring.
[May 6.] 27. Petition of the Master, Wardens and Assistants of the Trinity House of Deptford Strond, to Buckingham, that the King's former permission, for them to be charged only 1,000l. instead of 2,000l. per ann., for two years, towards the expedition against pirates, may be adhered to, and that they be not compelled by Council to pay the other 2,000l. at suit of the merchants, who, by their errors, have greatly mismanaged the business.
May 6. Commission to Sir John Ashley to take up for the King's service embroiderers, tailors, and other artificers. [Grant Bk., p. 51.]
May 6. Grant to John Dwaris of the place of a child of the leash, for life. [Ibid., p. 353.]
May 6. 28. Notes [by Sir Robt. Heath] of the opinions of merchants of different counties relative to the cause of decay in the cloth trade, being chiefly heavy impositions, restrictions laid by merchant companies, and false making of cloth.
May ? 29. Suggestions [by the Same] as to the mode of establishing a bank; also as to regulations to be determined upon, touching the impost on tobacco; with notes about saltpetre and the customs.
May 30. Project [by the Same], for establishing a bank, and paying debts by assignations of money due to the debtors.
May 31. Propositions showing the great utility of a bank, and recommendation for erecting one in London, to be regulated by a Council of trade, as a means of detecting the export of money, of working trade with smaller capital, &c.
May ? 32. Arguments [by Sir Robt. Heath] on the benefit to trade of establishing a bank, and details of the regulations proposed for it.
May 6.
Rome.
33. Letters commendatory from Pet. Lombard, Titular Archbp. of Armagh and Primate of Ireland, for John Stychius, an English Papist, certifying his good conduct during his sojourn at Rome, and recommending him to the charity of religious houses. Latin.
May 7.
Hereford.
34. Justices of Herefordshire to the Council. The people of the county earnestly plead to be excused from the voluntary contribution. The letters of Council thereon urging a cheerful giving were read in a public assembly, but received with dead silence. Request further directions.
May 7.
Winchester.
35. Mayor, &c. of Winchester to the Same. Have called up one by one all the citizens able to pay towards the voluntary contribution, and send the names of those who will pay, those who refuse, and those who profess to pay elsewhere.
May 7.
Ludlow.
36. Bailiffs of Ludlow to the Same. Certify the names of those who consent, and of those who refuse to pay towards the voluntary contribution. The town is poor and much decayed.
May 7. 37. Statement by John Plant, King's Messenger. Being on business at Sandwich, Thos. Hopkins told him privately, that sundry merchants in the town, aided by Edw. Kelk, Customer, had defrauded the customs of 4,000l. or 5,000l., and that he was ready to come to London and prove it. Told this report to Mr. Randall, Clerk of the Cheque, who bade him return to Sandwich and fetch up Hopkins. He delayed his coming till May 5, and then said he would prove his accusations; but, for some reason unknown, apprehended Plant the same night as a malefactor.
[May 7.] 38. Declaration by Thos. Hopkins and Rich. Norwood, that when Plant went down to Sandwich to bring up Hopkins, he spoke of him as his prisoner.
[May 7.] 39. Declaration by the Same, that Plant, contrary to his oath as a messenger, had refrained from complaining of Geo. Snowden, of Ash, Kent, for saying there was never anything good came out of Scotland, &c., Snowden's wife having promised him a suit of apparel if her husband might not be called in question.
May 7. Note of the opinions of the Merchant Adventurers, that the causes of decay in the cloth trade are the advantage taken by the Dutch of the former orders for dyeing and dressing cloth in England to manufacture cloth of their own, which, though coarse, is much used in Germany, now that war makes traffic unsafe; also the impositions on cloth at home and abroad, its false making, the export of wools, &c. [Dom. Corresp., May 5.]
May 8. Notes of the opinions of the Eastland merchants, that the decay in trade is caused by abundance of wool abroad, and might be remedied by leave to import corn in lieu of cloth, &c.; the Guinea Company neither carry on their own trade as far as promised, nor allow others to do it. [Ibid.]
May 8.
Southampton.
40. Mayor, &c. of Southampton to the Council. The citizens have subscribed 47l 11s. 2d. towards the voluntary contribution, but cannot do more, having raised 300l. towards the Algiers fleet, lent 140l. for the Palatinate wars, and contributed towards the French Protestants; they lose much by having most of their trade in France.
May 8.
Stafford.
41. High Sheriff of Staffordshire to the Council. Desires further time for raising the voluntary contribution.
May 8.
Ipswich.
42. Bailiffs of Ipswich to the Same. The inhabitants have contributed beyond their power, considering the want of money and general decay of trade; request directions where to pay in their money.
May 8.
Harwich.
43. Mayor, &c. of Harwich to the Same. Have contributed beyond their power, considering that the general loss in sea trading this year disables them more than ever before.
May 8.
Bridgewater.
44. Mayor, &c. of Bridgewater to the Same. Send a schedule of the promised contributions, but, owing to the decay of trade, no merchant vessels are now employed in the town except to carry coals, and great poverty prevails.
May 8.
Plymouth.
45. Mayor, &c. of Plymouth to the Same. Jas. Mules, passenger in a ship arrived from Avero in Portugal, voluntarily repaired to them to give certain information. Inclose,
45. i. Examination of Jas. Mules, of Westchester, resident in Dublin, and step-son of Sir Wm. Mears, of Dublin. Went on a merchant voyage to Gibraltar, but their ship was taken by the Turks; escaped in a boat to Lisbon; met there Father Forcer, Rector of the English Jesuit colleges in Spain, John Baptist, and — Moralis, confessor to the young Earl of Tyrone, all Jesuits, who told him they were going to Waterford, and thence to England; afterwards, finding that he was English and a Protestant, they feared he might betray them, and had him put into the Inquisition, where he was kept a month, and cruelly tortured. The Viceroy of Lisbon compelled a ship of Waterford to carry over the Jesuits. Great preparations both of vessels and troops are making in Spain and Portugal. Plymouth, May 8.
May 8.
London.
46. Nicolas de Rebbe to Sec. Calvert. Requests him to deliver to His Majesty the inclosed, which contains a secret advertisement very necessary for the safety of his person. French.
May 8. 47. Jean Ardu to Lord Zouch. Thanks for having restored to him the gold which he brought into England; prays to be heard in his own cause, and will travel whither he may be ordered to have an audience; wishes to devote himself to the study of truth, this being the reason of his coming into the kingdom. French.
May 9.
Bromsgrove.
48. Justices for one division of Worcestershire to the Council. Find the people well affected towards the contribution; send a classed list of those who give in proportion to their ability, those who give too little, those who refuse being very few, and those who have not appeared at all.
May 9.
Chichester.
49. Mayor, &c. of Chichester to the Council. Send the names of those who contribute and of those who refuse; the merchants are poor, and not able to give more.
May 9.
Donnington.
50. Earl of Huntingdon to the Same. The justices of the county are zealous for the contribution, especially Sir Richard Morrison, but require longer time for payment than the end of May.
May 10.
Taunton.
51. Constables of Taunton to the Same. Present a schedule of their small contribution, but have no knights nor men of ability resident in the borough, and the decay of the cloth trade has greatly impoverished the town.
May 10.
Beccles.
52. Justices of Suffolk to the Same. The sums subscribed by the county towards the contribution amount to 363l. 9s. 6d., which is less than they hoped, but the times are so exceedingly hard. Dunwich, Southwold, and Walberswick have petitioned to be excused.
May 10.
Hague.
53. Sir Dud. Carleton to Locke. Directions about letting his house at Westminster. Lady Savile is to have the refusal of it.
May 10.
Winterbourne.
54. Matt. Nicholas to Edw. Nicholas. Their sister Susan is at the point of death.
May 10.
Custom House, London.
55. Sir John Wolstenholme to Mr. Billing. Requests him to deliver to the bearer an unopened packet which has arrived from France for the Spanish Ambassador. Incloses,
55. i. Count Gondomar to the Officers of the Customs. Desires them to give free passage to a packet sent to him from France. London, May 8. Spanish.
May 10. Licence to Sir Edw. Harwell to make soap, soap-ash, potash, &c., for eleven years. [Grant Bk., p. 354.]
May 11. 56. Examination of Rich. Fyle, of Sandwich. The earth in his garden is not fullers' earth, but may be used for scouring baize. Once sold thirty loads of it, at 18d. a load, to a Dutchman, who professed to want it for making earthen pots. Told the officers of the port, who gave free leave for its export.
May 11.
Dover.
57. Commissioners of Passage at Dover to Lord Zouch. The owner of the French shallop taken by a man-of-war of Rochelle, and brought into Dover, has petitioned for its restoration. Beg instructions. The books lately landed are placed in safe custody, and will be sent to his Lordship.
May 11 ? 58. Bills of sale for wines, signed "Philemon Powell, John Chambers."
May 11.
Dover.
59. Wm. Leonard to Lord Zouch. Has sold the wreck wines in his custody for 153l.; refused to pay customs thereon. The French King has sustained heavy loss before Reion, which is at the mouth of the Bordeaux river.
May 11. Grant to Lady Elizabeth, wife of Sir John Ogle, and to John, Thomas, Cornelius, and Dorothy, his children, born in the Low Countries, of denization. [Docquet.]
May 11. Warrant dormant to the Treasurer of the Chamber to pay 84l. now due, and 84l. per ann., to Robt. and John Wood, for their charges in yearly journeys to the North, in providing haggards and cormorants, for the King's disport in fishing. [Docquet.]
May 11. Grant to Wm. Painter of discharge of the remainder still unpaid of 7,800l., supposed to have been taken from the late Queen Elizabeth by his grandfather, Wm. Painter, in his office as Clerk of the Ordnance. [Docquet.]
May 11.
London.
60. Chamberlain to Carleton. Had heard of Foscarini's trial, but not of his execution. Thinks it strange that a lady of rank [the Countess of Arundel] should go to the college to justify herself from idle rumours, and wonders at her lingering so long on so little pretence. Barclay's "Argenis" has grown so scarce that the price has risen from 5s. to 14s.; the King has ordered Ben Jonson to translate it, but he will not be able to equal the original. The States were praised on a false report that they had allowed their god-daughter [the Princess Palatine, Louisa Hollandina] 2,000l. a year, and now the 1,000 guilders they have given seems a small pittance. The benevolence fails in the country, though carried on with dexterity. The King is at Greenwich or Eltham, and supped with the Lord Treasurer at Chelsea on May-day. At a masque he sat between Gondomar and Don Carlos de Colonna, the new Spanish Ambassador, who has had his audience. Gondomar invited himself to dine with the Duke and Duchess of Lenox, and named Tobie Matthew for one of the guests. The Duchess of Lenox has got 10,000l. which His Majesty promised her to pay her husband's debts, before she consented to the marriage. Lord Falkland's eldest daughter is to be married, in the King's presence, to young Earl Home. Irish Viscounts to be created. Sir Geo. Shirley dead. Dr. Gifford, an English divine, said to be made Archbp. of Rheims. Report of an overthrow of Count Mansfeldt.
May 11. Grant to William, son of Sir Hen. Goring, of Burton, co. Sussex, of the rank of a Baronet. [Docquet.]
May 11. Grant to the Same of discharge of 1,095l., due on being created a Baronet. [Docquet.]
May 11. Warrant for discharge to the Marquis of Buckingham, of 400l., delivered to him as Master of the Horse, for providing horses for the King, for payment of 71l. expended by him therein, and for advance of 400l. more. [Docquet.]
May 11. Warrant to pay to Sir Wm. Russell 1,023l., as the King's gift, in recompence of his service in advancing 15,500l. for the King's important affairs, and paying 1,000l. in April last for His Majesty's pressing wants; also to pay to him 300l., in lieu of 200l. and interest thereon, lent by him in the City loan in 1617. [Docquet.]
May 11. Grant to Wm. Jackson, late clerk, of pardon for horse-stealing. [Docquet.]
May 11. Warrant to the officers of the port of Chester to suffer Sir Fras. Blundell to transport 1,500 ounces of silver and gilt plate for his necessary use. [Docquet.]
May 11. Grant to Edw. Sydenham, Page of the Bedchamber, of a pension of 300l. per ann., upon surrender of other grants to the same amount. [Docquet.]
May 11. Grant to John Leviston of an almsroom in Ely Minster. [Docquet.]
May 12.
Bath.
61. Mayor, &c. of Bath to the Council. Send a schedule of their contributions, but theirs is "a verie little poore cittie," and clothing much decayed. Have no resident sojourner but Lady Booth, who contributes willingly.
May 13.
Mansfield.
62. [Justices] of Nottinghamshire to the Same. None who are able to contribute have refused, but most of the county is in the hands of non-residents.
May 13.
Worcester.
63. Mayor, &c. of Worcester to the Same. Have collected the contribution, but the liberties of the city extend scarcely beyond the walls, and the Cathedral and St. Michael's parish are excepted. The city living chiefly by clothing, is much impoverished. Inclose,
63. i. Schedule of moneys collected in Worcester, with names of the contributors, and of some who were summoned, but were absent.
May 13.
Whitehall.
64. The Council to the Justices of Essex. The King is offended that no better attention has been paid to repair of the highways, especially of those frequented by him. If the townships cannot bear the charge of their several roads, the hundreds, or even the whole county, to be taxed, and a return of progress made in twenty days.
May 13. 65. [Justices of Essex] to the Council. Find the complaints of abuses in the manufacture of cloths and stuffs in the county well grounded; they arise chiefly because the makers of new drapery do not consider themselves bound by the statutes for cloth making, and do not adhere to the laws of apprenticeship, so that unskilful people exercise the trade. Also the spinners make their knots too short and thin. Know of no remedy but through their Lordships' authority.
May 13. 66. Commissioners for the expedition against pirates to the Same. Acknowledge that the merchants used the ship Goodwill to carry some of their men to Portsmouth, and that if they claim part of the oil brought back in her, they should pay part of the cost, for which the owner cries out importunately.
May 13.
Harrington House.
67. Countess of Bedford to Carleton. Thinks if the Queen [of Bohemia] likes her Chaplain, she had better keep him, as good preachers will scarcely be induced to go abroad, where no ways of preferment are open. Has received the watch by Sir Edw. Harwood.
May 13.
Court.
68. Lord Admiral Buckingham to [Capt. Pennington ?]. The Nonsuch and Dreadnought are to be brought to Chatham and discharged, and also the Spy, unless she have provisions enough to remain to guard the coasts. He is to take command of the Victory and Assurance, to transport Count Gondomar to Spain. If they meet with pirates in going, the Count is to decide whether or not to attack them; if in returning, they are to be attacked, unless the ships will be thereby endangered. Capt. Love is to command as Vice-Admiral.
May 13. 69. Relation by Fras. Beedon, Marshal of Dover Castle. John Wade, Jurat of Dover, reproaching Randolph Partridge for being a Castle man, said the Lord Warden had done some things contrary to the oath by which he swore to uphold the privileges of the Cinque Ports.
May 14.
Leicester.
70. Mayor, &c., of Leicester to the Council. Have raised 94l. 14s. towards the contribution, and send a schedule of the contributors.
May 14. 71. The King to Sir Robt. Heath. To prepare a grant, with survivorship, to Robt. Tichborne and Robt. Seyliard of the office of receivers of the sums levied by the Commissioners for aliens, to be paid by them for licence-to continue their trades in England. Also to prepare a warrant for the same to pay the above moneys in equal parts to the Marquis of Buckingham and Earl of Montgomery.
May 14. 72. Abstract of the accounts of Edm. Nicholson, Farmer of Pretermitted Customs at Hull, Newcastle, Sandwich, and Ipswich, from Christmas 1620 to Lady Day 1622. Taken by Sir Fras. Gofton and Sir Rich. Sutton [Auditors of the Exchequer]; with statement by them of inconveniences arising from Nicholson's claim to make up his accounts at Lady Day, whereas those of the Custom officers are made up at Christmas.
May 14.
Burton.
73. High Sheriff of Somersetshire to the Council. The disorderly proceedings towards persons going to market with corn are suppressed, but the multitudes of poor spinners, weavers, &c. in the county, now without work, tend to mutiny. Will endeavour to have the peace kept.
May 14.
Winterbourne.
74. Matt. Nicholas to Edw. Nicholas. Their sister is still alive. Lady Mompesson is dead, and has left Edw. Nicholas and his father trustees to her strange will, made much to the prejudice of her husband.
May [14 ?]. 75. Petition of Chris. Lepton, Goldsmith, to Sir Geo. Calvert. Was committed to Newgate for saying that justice had not been done in his cause against Ann, wife of Edmund Lasenby, and Judith, her maid, whom he indicted for murder, but the verdict was given without hearing his witnesses. Prays for his discharge, his plate having been stolen during his imprisonment.
May 15.
Westminster.
76. The King to Earl Marshal Arundel. There having arisen much confusion about the precedence, &c. of Knights, for want of due registry, all Knights are henceforth to give in a certificate of the date, &c. of their knighthood, within a month after, for enrolment in the Office of Arms, which, if they neglect, they are only to claim precedency from the time when they make their enrolment, not from the date of their creation.
May 15.
Crosby House.
77. Merchants of the several trading companies, and Master and Wardens of the Trinity House, to [the Council]. Have considered the propositions of Sir Thos. Roe's letter for suppression of pirates. Think the captives lately taken should be redeemed by treaty, but owing to the decay of trade, it is impossible to raise another contribution for suppressing pirates. Think the trade may be better secured if the ships going southward sail together in fleets, &c. If that fail, trade with Turkey will have to be abandoned, and letters of reprisal on the Grand Seignior's subjects requested.
May 15. 78. [Justices of Essex] to the Same. No new draperies, baize, or fustians are made in the country; but the makers of worsted and says confess that the manufacture of stuffs by persons who have never served apprenticeship, and the want of statutes to enforce the keeping of journeymen, cause much false making of worsted, and deserve reformation.
May 15.
Pool.
79. Mayor, &c. of Pool to the Same. Request acceptance of their willing contribution of 22l. 6s. The decay of trade, losses by pirates, and by the contribution towards suppressing them, prevent their giving more to so important a service.
May 15.
Winchester.
80. Justices of part of Hampshire to the Same. The smallness of contributions is through the poverty of the people, not through negligence. Alton division sends 254l. 10s. 4d., Portsdown, 211l. 19s. 10d., and New Forest, 162l. 11s. 4d.
May 15. 81. Justices of Somersetshire to the Same. The county is sensible of the calamities of the King's children in Germany, and the danger to religion, which is the greater from the daily increase of English Papists in numbers and insolency, but the manner of levying the contribution is thought a dangerous precedent. This fear, with the poverty of the county from decay of cloth trade, makes the contributions small. There is great want of money; the breed of cattle is decayed by import of Irish cattle, wools and cloth are grown almost valueless, the people desperate for want of work, and harvest prospects bad.
May 15.
Derby.
82. Justices, &c., of Derbyshire to the Same. To the like effect. Have sent schedules of subscribers to the contribution, and appointed fit collectors.
May 15. 83. Sir Nich. Stoddart to [the Same]. Has been ordered to attend about a free gift for the Palatinate, but is so oppressed by debt as hardly to be able to maintain his family.
May 15.
Dover.
84. Pastors and Elders of the French Congregation at Dover to Lord Zouch. Thanks for the courtesy with which they have been received at Dover. Would have written earlier, but hoped to see his Lordship there. French.
May 15.
Longton.
85. Earl of Leicester to Carleton. The King has his old complaint, but went yesterday to Theobalds. Little hope of peace in France. Lord Doncaster is returning thence. Gondomar is visiting Visct. Montague at Cowdry, or Mr. Cotton at Warblington, till his ship is ready at Portsmouth.
May 16.
Whitehall.
86. Earl of Arundel and Surrey to the Same. The Countess of Arundel, being at Venice, was accused of allowing Antonio Foscarini to meet the Pope's Nuncio, and other foreign ministers, secretly at her house; but on complaining thereof to the State, she received ample satisfaction, and was even seated by the Doge in the Colleggio. She is detained there by the illness of their second son, but hopes to see the Queen of Bohemia on her way home.
May 16.
Lambeth.
87. Sentence of deprivation [by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners], against John Arwyn, Perpetual Vicar of Bethesden, co. Kent, for drunkenness. Latin.
May ? 88. Petition of Jas. Hamilton, Lord Paisley, to the King. Complains of the delay of the officers of the Crown Office in passing the proclamation for reforming abuses in making starch, by which the Corporation are unable to proceed.
May 16.
Theobalds.
Proclamation of the King's grant to the Starchmakers, of incorporation, for the remedy of abuses in making starch of wheat, &c., which might be used for food, and in erecting starch-houses in places where the smell is injurious. All who make starch, not being of the company, are to be brought before the Star Chamber. Printed. [Proc. Coll., No. 101.]
May 17.
Portsmouth.
89. Mayor of Portsmouth to the Council. Sends a schedule of the names and sums subscribed for the contribution.
May 17.
Winterbourne.
90. Matt. Nicholas to [Edw. Nicholas]. Their sister is somewhat better. Suggests some mottoes for the wedding ring.
May 17.
Truro.
91. Sir Fras. Vivian and others to the Council. Did not receive their letters of Feb. 24 till May 3. Have examined the Mayors of Truro and Penryn according to instructions. Inclose,
91. i. Answer of Thos. Lukey, Mayor of Penryn. Received a letter from Council, ordering stay of all prizes brought in by Rochellers, and sent it to the officer of Pendennis Castle, Falmouth, and the Mayor of Truro, that they might see and copy it. On Jan. 11, the proprietors of two French vessels, just brought into Falmouth by Rochellers, entreated him to make stay of them. Sent off messengers at once, but the ships had sailed, and were beyond Pendennis Castle, before their arrival. Did not neglect the orders of Council.
91. ii. Answer of Rich. Daniel, Mayor of Truro. Saw the letter from Council, directing stay of French prizes, but never heard of those brought into Truro by the Rochellers till they were gone, nor of any claim of proprietorship in them. Was ill at the time with a broken leg.
May 17.
Faversham.
92. Thos. Fulnetby to Lord Zouch. The cargo of a French boat, taken by a Rocheller, was sold at sea. Will stay her if she comes into port, but she intends to unload elsewhere.
May 18. 93. Sir Fras. Gofton to Sir Clem. Edmondes. Hopes the enclosed will give the Lords full satisfaction, and if the troublesome man is not now satisfied, can do no more. Inclose,
93. i. The Same and Sir Rich. Sutton, Auditors [of the Exchequer, to the Council]. Send an account prefixed of the receipts and payments of Abm. Dawes and John Harrison, collectors of pretermitted customs in the outports, since Feb. 25, 1621. Think Mr. Nicholson has no interest in it, except in his annuity of l,010l. therefrom, which is duly paid, and that the only ground of difference is the time of settlement of the accounts, &c. May 18.
May 18.
Whitehall.
94. The Council to Lord Zouch. To take a general muster of all the trained bands of the Cinque Ports, the yearly musters proving very beneficial, and the state of Christendom rendering it necessary to provide for the safety of the realm. The forces are to be always in readiness, especially to suppress any tumultuous assemblies, such as have lately happened in the western parts.
May 19.
Lyme Regis.
95. Mayor, &c. of Lyme-Regis to the Council. Have collected the contribution, but it is very small, the town being greatly impoverished by the troubles in France and the piracies of Turks on the coasts of Spain.
May 19. 96. Petition of Edw. Harward to Lord Zouch. Complains that Lawrence Baker has deprived him of 30l. per ann., for eight years past, by means of a forged will, and keeps him in prison on an unjust judgment given against him; begs that Baker may either restore his rights or accept his offer of a compromise.
May 20. 97. Justices of Suffolk to the Council. Sam. Salmon, clothier, of Creeting, long a high constable, has incurred great debts by losses in the cloth trade; most of his creditors accept his offers of composition, but some refuse, whereby he may be ruined, and his 200 workpeople thrown out of employ; request protection for him from their arrests, for three years, till he has settled with his other creditors.
May 20.
Guildhall.
98. Edw. Barkham, Mayor, and the Recorder and Aldermen of London, to the Same. Although in a sudden disturbance that arose in the Court of Aldermen, on the remonstrance of a constable against a Council warrant for his apprehension, some persons said it was usual in such cases to have recourse to the Lord Mayor, yet the City pleads no right for non-execution of Council warrants without acquainting the Lord Mayor.
May 20.
Burton.
99. [High Sheriff] of Somersetshire to the Council. The riotous assemblies about corn are suppressed; sends rolls of the contribution from his division of the county.
May 20. 100. [Justices of] Anglesey to the Same. Will give two whole subsidies to the contribution themselves, but many of the parties summoned refuse altogether on account of their losses for want of sale of cattle; the rest will give one subsidy, viz., 4s. in the pound on lands, and 2s. 8d. on goods. Send their names.
May 20.
Whitehall.
101. The Council to Lord Zouch. To examine John Ardu, a French friar, who professes to wish to conform, and attends the French church at Dover, and to liberate him if no cause appear to the contrary.
May 20.
Pool.
102. Mayor of Pool to the Council. The captain of a Rochelle man-of-war offered to restore some goods which he had taken, and which he thought belonged to the English; has stayed his prize, which he brought into the port, and waits directions thereon.
May 21.
Winterbourne.
103. Matt. Nicholas to Edw. Nicholas. Their sister has relapsed into a violent fever, &c.
May 21. 104. Locke to Carleton. The States' Commissioners and those of England often meet, but conclude on nothing. Lord Falkland is not yet gone to Ireland; the King permits him to sell his place [of Comptroller of the Household] as he best can; it is thought it will be to Visct. Grandison.
May 22.
Pinkie.
105. Earl of Dunfermline to Robt. Abercromby. Requests delivery of a letter to the Venetian Ambassador.
May 22.
Lambeth.
106. The Archbp. of Canterbury and twelve Bishops to the Council. Report, at the King's request, their opinion that the doctrine in the book of David Pareus on the Epistle to the Romans, that subordinate magistrates may rise against their Prince if he interfere with religion, is most dangerous and seditious. Leave the further branding of the book to the Council. Inclose,
106. i. Declaration by the Archbp. of Canterbury and twelve Bishops, on a sermon preached at Oxford by Mr. Knight, tending to sedition and rebellion, that they consider the positions of Pareus and others, on which it was founded, contrary to Scripture and the Church of England, and therefore caution the heads of colleges, &c. to beware of allowing students in divinity to read them, but rather to study the Scriptures, the fathers, and the constitutions, canons and writers of the Church of England.
May 22.
Sheriff Hutton.
107. [Justices] of the Wapentake of Bulmer, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, to the Council. Send schedules of their own contributions and those of others in the Wapentake; but the last bad harvest and reduction in price of cattle and wool make it only small.
May 22.
Liverpool.
108. Mayor, &c. of Liverpool to the Same. Request acceptance of their contribution.
May 23.
Wells.
109. Mayor, &c. of Wells to the Same. The people are willing to spend their blood in His Majesty's quarrel, but the decay of clothing so increases the number of poor that riots are constantly threatening; beg His Majesty's acceptance of the small amounts that can be given, many of which will have to be raised by borrowing.
May 24.
Emneth.
110. Justices of the Hundred of Freebridge in Marshland to the Same. Have contributed as much as they can, but their lands are subject to many inundations and casualties.
May 24. Commission to Sir Rich. Morrison and Sir John Hay to sell the ammunition in the Tower. [Grant Bk., p. 351.]
May 25. Presentation of Fras. Cooper to the Prebend or Canonry of Middleton, alias Long Parish. [Ibid., p. 352.]
May 25.
Northampton.
111. Mayor, &c. of Northampton to the Council. Have themselves freely contributed, but the decay of the town prevents the general contribution from being good. Send schedules of those who promise and those who refuse to pay.
May 25. 112. Bond of Nich. Cardine, of Dieppe, master of the shallop Gift of God, and John Stanton, of Dover, in 8l., to indemnify Lord Zouch for delivery to Cardine of the said shallop, taken by the Rochellers and brought into Dover Harbour.
May 25. 113. Memorandum by Nich. Cardine and his crew of receipt of the above shallop, and of their kind and friendly usage by the Lord Warden and his officers, and the inhabitants of Dover.
May 26. 114. Petition of the owners of the bark Hunter to Lord Zouch, for renewal of his warrant to release the said bark and net produce of her cargo, it being proved to be no pirate, but acting under letters of marque from Count Maurice and the States.
May 26. 115. Estimate [by the Navy Commissioners] of the additional charge of the Victory, Dreadnought, Assurance, and Nonsuch, while lying in the river six weeks beyond the time for which they were victualled. Total, 1,232l.
May 27. 116. Petition of Jas. Wilcox to the Council. John Clark, late Mayor of Hereford, taxed the city with 300l., expense of the new charter, which they refuse to pay, as the charter did not prove beneficial to the city, but was got up for the benefit of Clark, who wished to secure to himself the place of Town Clerk for life. Appeal was made thereon to the Council, and the matter referred first to the inhabitants of the city, then to the President of Wales, and lastly, to Sir Walter Pye and John Hoskins. Requests dismissal, with payment of expenses, being summoned on the cause, though living under the Bishop's fee, and therefore exempt from all taxations. With reference thereon to Pye and Hoskins.
May 27. 117. Bishop, Dean, and Canons of Hereford to the Council. Complain that some Mayors and Aldermen of the city have lately invaded the rights and liberties of the Dean and Chapter, and that although the differences between them and the city are referred for settlement to Sir Walter Pye and John Hoskins, yet James Wilcox, Bishop's tenant, has been summoned for nonpayment towards the city charter; request that if the case is heard before counsel, the charters of both the city and cathedral may be produced, and that meanwhile suits against individuals may be suspended.
May 27. Grant to Rich. Cartwright of licence to hold a market every week, and two fairs yearly, in the borough of Aynho, co. Northampton. [Grant Bk., p. 352.]
May 28.
Inner Temple.
118. Sir Thos. Coventry and Sir Robt. Heath to [the Council]. Send a draft of a letter of assistance for the patentee for suppressing logwood, which they think legal and agreeable to precedent, but dare not decide on the expediency of such letters.
May 29. 119. Commissioners of the Navy to the Same. Complain of frequent desertions from the service, and pray for exemplary punishment of seven fugitives lately apprehended, the law thereon being somewhat defective.
May 29. 120. [Justices of the division of Basingstoke, Hampshire] to the Same. Send schedules of the contributions in their divisions, amounting to 235l. 15s.; also the names of those refusing to contribute.
May 3.
Ripon.
121. Mayor, &c. of Ripon to the Same. The town consists chiefly of poor handicraftsmen. Send schedules of contributors, and of those who refuse, or who will not contribute fitting amounts.
May 31.
Barnstaple.
122. Mayor, &c. of Barnstaple to the Same. The people plead late heavy taxations and decay of trade,—400 poor being now relieved by the town, and the inhabitants having many of their goods in Rochelle,—as reasons why they can offer so little to the contribution.
[May.] 123. The late Burgesses of Shafton [Shaftesbury] to the Same. Are unable to raise any contribution, their corporation being dissolved, by default of the Steward of the Court Leet refusing to swear the Mayor elect, but will subscribe in the county.
May 31 ? 124. [Committee of Council to the Same.] Report on the case between Massey, Clerk of the Sewers, and Bridges, Under Sheriff [of Cambridgeshire], that certain fines set on Sir John Cage, the High Sheriff in 1609, were afterwards declared unlawful; but that order not being entered in the books, Massey certified their nonpayment into the Exchequer, and was prosecuted by the High Sheriff for so doing; think that Massey should be freed from such suits, and the High Sheriff and Under Sheriff from the heavy fines imposed in 1609; but as Sir John Cage, High Sheriff, has appealed to the towns to defend their right, and received contributions from them towards the suit, he should be fined 300l. for this improper conduct.
May 31.
Whitehall.
125. Order in Council, recapitulating the above report, and adopting the decisions therein recommended.
May 31. 126. Justices of Essex to Sir Clement Edmondes. Think it needful for the service of the highways that a Commission of Oyer and Terminer be appointed for two or three years; also that some of the judges be authorized to explain certain doubtful points in the Statutes for highways, which much hinder the service.
May 31.
Greenwich.
127. Petition of Sam. Ward, Preacher of Ipswich, to the King, that as His Majesty has promised to pardon his errors, and restore him to his former liberties, or otherwise to provide for him, he may be allowed meanwhile to preach in Ipswich, or to have his cause heard before the Council. With reference thereon.
May 31. 128. Bond of Peter Priaulx, of Southampton, and others, in 240l., to indemnify Lord Zouch for surrender of 400 crowns, which they claim as rightful owners, being part of a sum of 4,000l., taken out of a Flemish bark by Fleurie, Captain of a ship-of-war of Rochelle, and left in custody of the Mayor of Rye, &c.
[May.] 129. Notes of actions for debt brought by Ralph Brooke, York Herald, in the Court of Common Pleas, in Hilary Term last, against John Philpott, Rouge Dragon, for his share of fees at the Prince's first tilt, and at the funeral of the late Queen Anne; also against Sir Wm. Segar, Garter, Wm. Camden, Clarencieux, and Sir Rich. St. George, Norroy, for his share of fees on the creation of eighty-five Baronets; also, this present Easter Term, against Sampson Lennard, Bluemantle, for usurping his office at a funeral, and taking his fees and perquisites.
May ? 130. Account of an entire subsidy collected from the laity, specifying the amounts contributed by the several counties, towns, boroughs, &c. in England and Wales. Total 71,382l. 10s. 2d.
May. 131. Table of the Fees of the Clerk of Assizes on the Western Circuit.
May ? 132. Petition of Nath. Butler to Sir Geo. Calvert. Was committed to the custody of a messenger, by the Archbp. of Canterbury, twenty-eight days since, for printing a book concerning the Emperor; acknowledges his fault, and prays release, on bail to be always ready to confirm his confession.
May ? 133. Petition of the Same to the Same, to the same effect.
May ? 134. Petition of Robt. Dure, on behalf of Thos. Martin and others, Merchants of St. Malo in France, to the Council. Their ship was taken by a Rochelle pinnace, and brought into Plymouth, where the officers of the Admiralty refused to take it into charge, but aided their captors in embezzling and selling the goods therein, and in maltreating and imprisoning the master and mariners, and finally sold the ship for a very small sum. Request that Sir Edw. Seymour, Jas. Bagg, and Thos. Harding, the Admiralty officers, may be called before them to answer for their conduct. Annexing,
134. i. Statement by Robt. Dure, of the capture of the ship Mary, of St. Malo, of the refusal of the Admiralty officers of Plymouth to restore it, the entry of the ship in the Custom House registers, under the false name of Gabriel Valea, a Rocheller, who pretended to have bought it, and of the partial dealings of the Admiralty Court therein.
134. ii. Articles by Robt. Dure against the Commissioners of the Admiralty Court, giving the proofs on his own part in the above cause, and stating in detail the proceedings of the Court.
May ? 135. — Brooke to Lady [Eleanor] Davies. Reproaches her for abuse of his wife and innocent child. Declares she has abandoned all goodness and modesty, is mad, ugly, blinded with pride of birth, &c.; threatens to scratch a mince-pie out of her, and wishes her, as the most horrible of curses, to remain just what she is.
May ? 136. Notes of points to be represented to Council for reduction of the King's expenses, viz.: settlement of salaries of Ambassadors at 4l., and of Agents at 2l., per day; their expenses of transport to be fixed, and their secret intelligence money limited to 400l. a year; also, that they provide and pay their own secretaries; extraordinary Ambassadors to have from 5l. to 10l. a day, according to their rank, &c. Also, that several expensive and ruinous forts and castles be sold, and the money employed in repairing the rest; with note that a new fort is required at the mouth of the river at Chatham Also that the King be requested to grant no more reversions of offices; that supernumerary officers be allowed to fall by lapse, &c.
May ? 137. Copy of the above.
May ? 138. Petition of John Knight, prisoner in the Gatehouse, to the King, for pardon for a sermon which he preached at St. Peter's, Oxford, maintaining the lawfulness, in some cases, of resisting kingly power. Spoke on the authority of Pareus, a writer much honoured in the University, whom he believed orthodox, and not from Jesuitic or Puritanic disloyalty. Detests his error, and will ever maintain the contrary doctrine.
May ? 139. Copy of the above, with slight variations.
May ? 140. Petition of the Drapers of England to the Commissioners [for cloth trade]. The decay of their trade arises from inexperienced persons manufacturing cloth; pray that clothiers, dyers, weavers, tuckers, cloth workers, and others who deal in cloth, may be restricted to their proper trades, and cloth searched and sealed before it is sold.
May ? 141. Complaint of the Drapers of England to [the Commissioners for the cloth trade]. The decay is caused chiefly by the deceitful making of cloth; these deceits are encouraged by the corruption or remissness of the alnagers, by the cloth being sold privately instead of in public markets, and by interlopers into the trade, &c.; also by night funerals, and the wearing of stuffs which hinder the sale of cloth. Suggest for remedy the encouragement of the drapers, as the principal pillars of woollen manufacture.
May ? 142. Answer made to the Council by the Drapers of London to the arguments of the clothmakers, who wish not to be prevented from selling cloth themselves by retail.
May ? 143. Notes on the reasons of and remedies for the decay of the cloth trade in England, viz.: heavy customs and duties, too free export of wool and fullers' earth, &c. With notes of the profits yielded by the sale abroad of 1,000l. worth of cloth.
May ? 144. Suggested regulations, to be established by proclamation without Parliament, for redress of deceits practised in the manufacture of the new draperies, whereby trade is much injured.