Nicholas (St.) Aldred, Aldrethegate - Nicholas (St.) in Distaflane.

A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.


In this section

Nicholas (St.) Aldred, Aldrethegate

See Nicholas (St.) Shambles.

Nicholas (St.) Alley

See Nicholas Passage, Nicholas Lane.

Nicholas (St.) Bernard

Grant to the church of St. Nicholas Bernard and to Master Nicholas the Rector of some land on the west side of the church with a solar above, 1250 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 22).

See Nicholas (St.) Olave.

Nicholas' (St.) Chapel

Situate by the Hospital of St. Bartholomew (S. 37).

No later mention.

Nicholas' (St.) Chapel, by the Tower

See Mary and Nicholas (SS.) Chapel by the Tower of London.

Nicholas (St.) Cole Abbey

On the south side of Knightrider Street, near its junction with Queen Victoria Street, in Queenhithe Ward (P.O. Directory). The parish extends into Bread Street Ward.

Earliest mention found in records: " Sancti Nichi Coldabbei," 1241-59 (D. and C. St. Paul's, W.D. 9, fo. 52).

Other forms : " St. Nicholas le Coldabbay," 52 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2240). " St. Nicholas Coldhabey," 13th cent. (ib. B. 2279). St. Nicholas Coldabbey," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. 230, 225). " St. Nicholas Coldabbee," 1316 (Ct. H.W. I. 264). " St. Nicholas Colabei-Coldabei," 1331 (ib. 367). " St. Nicholas called la Coldabbaye near Old fisshstrete," 1352 (ib. 666). " St. Nicholas Wyllyms in Bredstrett," 1553 (Machyn's Diary, p.42). "St. Nicholas Welleys or St. Nicholas Coldabbey," temp. Elir. (Proc. in Chanc. II. 75). " St. Nicholas Coldabbey "-shops in parish in West Fish Street, 4 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2488).

Seems to be referred to as " St. Nicholas in Dystaflane " in 1305 (Ct. H.W. I. 169).

"Sci Nichi retro fihstrate," 1272-3 (HarI. Ch. 85, E. 22).

See St. Nicholas, New Fish Street, West Fish Street.

In 1377 licence was granted for the alienation in mortmain of a piece of land adjoining the church of St. Nicholas Coldabbey, 48 ft. long and 12 ft. broad for the enlargement of the church (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1377-81, p.87).

In 1352 a void plot of land adjoining the church was acquired 86 ft. long and 43 ft. broad at one end and 34 ft. at the other end to make a graveyard for the church, 26 Ed. III.1352 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III.1350-4, p.240).

Stow argues in favour of the antiquity of the church from the fact that the" wayes" thereabout were raysed, so that" men are forced to descend into the body of the church"

In 20 Rich. II. a messuage and a shop in Distaffe lane and olde Fishstreete were given to the Parson and Churchwardens for the repair of the body of the church, the Belfry, or steeple and ornaments (S. 356).

Repaired and beautified 1630.

Burnt down 1666 and rebuilt, the first to be rebuilt after the Fire. Parish of St Nicholas Olave united to it (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. iii. 209).

Repaired 1873.

A Rectory. Patron: Dean of St. Martin le Grand (Lib. Cust. I. 230-5). Afterwards belonged to the Hacker family, and on the attainder of Colonel Francis Hacker, to the Crown.

The designation "Cole Abbey" similar in origin to " Coldharbour" (q.v.). Original form" Cold Abbey."

The designation " Wyllyms," "Welleys," is difficult to account for, and the mention of Bredstrett suggests that the church referred to by Machyn is "St. Nicholas Olave" and not " St. Nicholas Cole Abbey," especially as the latter church is mentioned by its usual designation in the preceding paragraph.

Nicholas (St.) Cornhill

Messuage and garden in parish of St. Nicholas Cornhill, parcel of the possessions of the late College of Acon, commonly called St. Thomas of Acres, 6 Eliz. (1564) Lond. I. p.m. II. 25), and 1591 (ib. III. 151).

Probably an error for St. Michael Cornhill.

Nicholas (St.) de Berkyngchirche, Chapel of

See Mary and Nicholas (SS.) Chapel by the Tower.

Nicholas (St.) de Bucher'

See Nicholas (St.) Shambles.

Nicholas (St.) de Candelwryhtestrate

See Nicholas (St.) Acon.

Nicholas (St.) de Candelwykestrate Lane.

-See Nicholas Lane.

Nicholas (St.) de Colmanstrete

Mentioned in Will of 1329-30 (Ct. H.W. I. 355).

Sharpe suggests that it is either S. Stephen Coleman Street, or St. Nicholas Coleabbey.

Nicholas (St.) de Stallo

See Nicholas (St.) Shambles.

Nicholas (St.) de Westmacekaria

See Nicholas (St.) Shambles.

Nicholas (St.) Flesshameles, Fleshshambles

See Nicholas (St.) Shambles, and Newgate Street.

Nicholas (St.) Guild of, Guildhall Chapel

See Mary (St.) Magdalen of the Guildhall.

Nicholas (St.) Hacon or Hakoun

See Nicholas (St.) Acon.

Nicholas (St.) Hakun Lane.

-See Nicholas Lane.

Nicholas (St.) Halle

Tenement of John de St. Edmund called "Seint Nicholas Halle" in parish of S. Nicholas Hacon (Ct. H.W. I. 611), '349.

Not further identified.

Qy. = St. Nicholas Alley, now Nicholas Passage (q.v.).

Nicholas (St.) in Distaflane.

-See Nicholas (St.) Cole Abbey.